GREAT BASIN UNIFIED AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT
RULE 424 - GEOTHERMAL EMISSIONS STANDARDS
(Adopted 9/05/74; Revised 2/09/81, 7/06/95)
- No person shall discharge into the atmosphere from any geothermal operation, sulfur compounds, calculated as
sulfur dioxide (SO2), in excess of 1,000 ppm.
- No person shall discharge into the atmosphere from any geothermal power plant more than 100 grams/MwHr of hydrogen
- No person shall discharge into the atmosphere from any geothermal well, including well drillings, well reworking
and well testing, more than 2.5 kg/hr/well of hydrogen sulfide H2S.
- No person shall discharge into the atmosphere from any miscellaneous steam supply operation more than 2.5 kg/hr/
source of hydrogen sulfide H2S.
- Upon an unscheduled outage, an operator shall, within four (4) hours or less, reduce H2S emissions: (1) by
90% or more for dual units or, (2) by 65% or more for single units or when both units of a dual unit system have
a simultaneous outage or, (3) to not more than 15 kg/hr. For scheduled outages, the same emissions standards shall
be met within one (1) hour or less.
- A summary of the data required to determine compliance with applicable provisions of this rule shall be submitted
to the Air Pollution Control Officer. This summary shall be presented in the manner, frequency and form as prescribed
by the Air Pollution Control Officer.
- Gross Megawatt Hour (MwHr) means the gross amount of electrical generating capacity of a power plant as guaranteed
by the turbine generator manufacturer, prior to internal plant requirements, expressed in megawatt hours.
- Miscellaneous Steam Supply Operation means any operation associated with providing steam for a geothermal power
plant, excluding well drilling, well reworking, and well testing.
- Active Developer means any entity with one or more valid Permit(s) to Operate for a geothermal well utilized
for electrical power generation within the KGRA.
- Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections A and C, the active developers in a KGRA may jointly petition the
Air Pollution Control Officer to establish a Real-time Monitoring Program (RMP) to determine allowable H2S emissions
from well drilling, testing, return to production and clean-out. This petition must include an agreement signed
by all the active developers in the KGRA to comply with the RMP requirements. The agreement must include a method
of assigning responsibility if any requirement of the RMP is violated, and acceptance of the higher well authority
to construct and permit renewal fees as outlined in Rule 301. Schedule of Permit Fees, Schedule 7.
The RMP shall be developed and implemented by the active developers in a KGRA, and shall include the following
If the APCO grants the petition for an RMP, all the terms of the RMP automatically become permit conditions of
all existing well authorities to construct and permits to operate held by active developers in that KGRA. If wells
are to be added later, the developer of the well must submit with the application for authority to construct an
updated venting plan using worst-case assumptions for the new well emissions.
- All active developers shall continuously record well venting to determine the H2S emission rate and venting
duration from all wells subject to the program.
- All active developers shall continuously record meteorological data sufficient to estimate H2S ambient impacts
through dispersion modeling techniques.
- All active developers shall continuously record ambient H2S concentrations through ambient monitoring techniques
to help monitor program compliance.
- All active developers shall stay below venting limits for the subject wells under -
- a routine venting plan based on an acceptable range of H2S venting rates from all sources and meteorological
conditions that can be used routinely without causing ambient impacts to exceed 15 parts per billion by volume
(ppbv) H2S in any area where the public has access, and/or
- a non-routine venting plan that utilizes real-time meteorology and venting rates from all sources in a dispersion
model to ensure that ambient impacts will not exceed 15 ppbv H2S in any area where the public has access.
- In the Coso KGRA, during Naval Air Weapons Station approved Native American visits all active developers will
utilize real-time meteorology and venting rates from all sources in a dispersion model to ensure that ambient impacts
will not exceed 15 ppbv H2S at the upwind boundary of the visitation area.
- All active developers shall monitor and control worker exposure to H2S so that it does not exceed the permissible
exposure limits established by Cal-OSHA.
- If hourly average H2S readings at any RMP-designated ambient monitor site;
- exceeds an average of 15 ppbv for any one hour period, all active developers shall reduce well venting so that
the one-hour average reading is reduced to less than 15 ppbv within one hour, or
- exceeds an average of 18 ppbv for any one hour period, all active developers shall suspend well venting until
the hourly average ambient H2S reading is reduced to less than 15 ppbv.
The RMP will be revoked if any active developer withdraws from the agreement, or if a new active developer does
not wish to join the agreement. The APCO can, upon 30 days notice to all developers, withdraw permission for the
RMP for any reasonable cause.