GLENN COUNTY AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT

***** ARTICLE IV PROHIBITIONS *****


INDEX

SECTION 75 PROHIBITIONS UNDER STATE LAW 
SECTION 76 VISIBLE EMISSIONS
SECTION 77 EXCEPTIONS
SECTION 78 NUISANCE 
SECTION 79  EXCEPTIONS 
SECTION 80  OPEN FIRES 
SECTION 81  EXCEPTIONS 
SECTION 82  BURNING OF GARBAGE 
SECTION  83 PETROLEUM STORAGE AND DISPENSING 
SECTION  83.1 SERVICE STATIONS AND BULK STORAGE PLANTS 
SECTION  83.2 PETROLEUM SOLVENTS 
SECTION  84 EXCEPTION 
SECTION  85 PARTICULATE MATTER CONCENTRATION 
SECTION  86 DUST AND FUMES TOTAL EMISSIONS
SECTION  87 REDUCTION OF ANIMAL MATTER 
SECTION  88 EXCEPTIONS 
SECTION  89 SULFUR OXIDES 
SECTION  90 REDUCED SULFUR EMISSION STANDARDS 
SECTION  91 INCINERATOR BURNING 
SECTION  92 LEAD
SECTION  93 CIRCUMVENTION 
SECTION  94 SEPARATION OF EMISSIONS 
SECTION  95 ANALYSIS REQUIRED 
SECTION  95.1 RECORDS 
SECTION  95.2 MALFUNCTION OF EQUIPMENT 
SECTION  96 VARIANCES 
SECTION  97 EXCEPTIONS 
SECTION  98 AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE RETAIL SERVICE STATIONS 
SECTION  98.1 HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM EMISSIONS FROM CHROME PLATING & CHROMIC ACID ANODIZING OPERATIONS 
SECTION 98.2 HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE FOR COOLING TOWERS 
SECTION  98.3 ETHYLENE OXIDE AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE STERILIZERS & AERATORS 
SECTION  98.4 DIOXINS AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE - MEDICAL WASTE INCINERATORS 
SECTION 98.5 ASBESTOS AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE - ASBESTOS CONTAINING SERPENTINE 
SECTION 99.1  CUTBACK & EMULSIFIED ASPHALT 
SECTION 99.2  FIREPLACE & SOLID FUEL HEATING DEVICE USAGE 
SECTION  100 INDUSTRIAL, INSTITUTIONAL, AND COMMERCIAL BOILERS, STEAM GENERATORS, AND PROCESS HEATERS OXIDES OF NITROGEN CONTROL MEASURE 
SECTION  101 POLYESTER RESIN OPERATIONS 
SECTION  102 VOLATILE ORGANIC WASTE DISPOSAL CONTROL 
SECTION  103 ORGANIC SOLVENT CLEANING AND DEGREASING OPERATIONS 
SECTION  104 MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS 
SECTION  105 VEHICLE AND MOBILE EQUIPMENT COATING OPERATIONS 



SECTION 75  PROHIBITIONS UNDER STATE LAW. The provisions of Division 26, Part 4, Chapter 3, of the State of California Health and Safety Code, entitled "Emission Limitations", are applicable within the boundaries of the Glenn County Air Pollution Control District. 
SECTION 76 

VISIBLE EMISSIONS. A person shall not discharge into the atmosphere from any single source of emission whatsoever, any air contaminant for a period or periods aggregating more than three minutes in any one hour which is:

  1. As dark or darker in shade as that designated as No. 2 on the Ringlemann Chart, as published by the United States Bureau of Mines, or
  2. of such opacity as to obscure an observer's view to a degree equal to or greater than does smoke described in subsection "A" above. 
SECTION 77 

EXCEPTIONS. The provisions of Section 76 do not apply to:

  1. Smoke from fires set by or permitted by any public officer if such fire is set or permission given in the performance of the official duty of such officer, and such fire in the opinion of such officer is necessary:
    1. For the purpose of the prevention of a fire hazard which cannot be abated by any other means, or
    2. for the instruction of public employees in the methods of fighting fires.
  2. Smoke from fires set pursuant to permit on property used for industrial purposes for the purpose of instruction of employees in methods of fighting fire.
  3. Agricultural operations.
  4. Orchard or citrus grove heaters which do not produce unconsumed solid carbonaceous matter at a rate in excess of one (l) gram per minute.
  5. The use of other equipment in agricultural operations in growing of crops or raising of fowls or animals.
  6. Smoke from fires set for the disposal of solid waste at dump sites operating under permit from the Air Resources Board pursuant to Section 39297.4 of the Health and Safety Code. 
SECTION 78  NUISANCE. A person shall not discharge from any source whatsoever such quantities of air contaminants or other material which cause injury, detriment, nuisance or annoyance to any considerable number of persons or to the public of which endanger the comfort, repose, health or safety of any such persons or the public or which cause or have a natural tendency to cause injury or damage to business or property. Air contaminants shall not be declared a nuisance except by a court of competent jurisdiction or the District Hearing Board upon its own motion or motion of the Air Pollution Control Officer. 
SECTION 79  EXCEPTIONS. The provisions of Section 78 do not apply to odors emanating from agricultural operations necessary for the growing of crops or the raising of fowls or animals. 
SECTION 80  OPEN FIRES. No person shall, after December 31, 1971, use open fires for the purpose of disposal of petroleum wastes, demolition debris, tires, tar, trees, wood waste, or other combustible or flammable solid or liquid waste; or for metal salvage or burning of automobile bodies. 
SECTION 81 

EXCEPTIONS. The provisions of Section 80 do not apply to:

  1. Fires set or permitted by any public officer when such fire is, in his opinion, necessary for any of the following purposes:
    1. For the purpose of the prevention of a fire hazard which cannot be abated by any other means, or
    2. the instruction of public employees in the methods of fighting fire,
    3. set pursuant to permit on property used for industrial purposes for the purpose of instruction of employees in the methods of fighting fires.
  2. The setting of backfires necessary to save life or valuable property pursuant to Section 4426 of the Public Resources Code.
  3. Abatement of fires pursuant to Chapter 2, (commencing with Section 41704), of Part 1 of Division 12 of the California Health and Safety Code.
  4. The burning for disposal of combustible waste, except garbage, of a single or two family dwelling on the premises of the dwelling between the hours of 7:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
  5. Burning for right-of-way clearing by a public entity or utility or for levee, reservoir and ditch maintenance, except that a permit must be obtained and all the requirements for Agricultural Burning in Article II, must be followed just as if the burning was open burning in agricultural operations.
  6. Agricultural burning for which a permit has been issued pursuant to Section 10 of these Regulations.
  7. Fires used to dispose of unusable wood waste from trees, vines, or shrubs only on the property where grown and being developed for commercial or residential purposes may be authorized by the Air Pollution Control Officer under the following minimum conditions, and under any more stringent conditions, which he may specify to maintain the ambient air quality in the District:
    1. There has been a general finding by the Glenn County Health Officer that it is more beneficial, in terms of the general public health, to burn such waste on location, than to dispose of it by other means.
    2. A permit for such burning shall be issued by the Air Pollution Control Officer prior to time of ignition. No such permit shall be issued unless satisfactory evidence has been submitted by the applicant to prove the following:
      1. That the proposed burn shall not create a nuisance.
      2. That the proposed burn is approved by the Fire Protection Agency having jurisdiction.
      3. That the moisture content of the wood waste is low enough to insure a clean burn.
    3. The wood waste shall be prepared and burned so as to minimize emissions to the atmosphere. This shall include but not necessarily be limited to the following:
      1. The wood waste shall be reasonably free of dirt, mud and soil.
      2. The wood waste shall be free of extraneous materials including, but not limited to tire, tar paper, plastics and demolition debris.
      3. The wood waste shall be stacked or piled so as to insure quick ignition and clean, efficient burning.
      4. Only approved ignition devices, as published by the Air Pollution Control Officer, shall be used for ignition of fires.
      5. If economically and technically feasible, brush shall be treated at least six months prior to burning.
      6. Unwanted trees over six (6) inches in diameter at the base shall be felled and dried for thirty (30) days prior to burning.
    4. The burning shall be done only on permissive burn days as declared by the State Air Resources Board.
    5. If either condition A. or B. of Section 15 of these Regulations is expected to occur, the Air Pollution Control Officer may declare a "No Burn Day" under the provisions of Section 15.
    6. It is unlawful to dispose of wood waste by open burning on a "No Burn Day" as declared by either the Air Resources Board or the Control Officer.
  8. Fires used only for the cooking of food for human consumption, and are not a nuisance pursuant to these regulations.
  9. Fires set for the disposal of solid waste at dump sites operating under permit from the Air Resources Board pursuant to Section 41808 of the Health and Safety Code. 
SECTION 82  BURNING OF GARBAGE. Not withstanding any other provisions of these Regulations, the open burning of garbage is prohibited within the boundaries of the District at any time. 
SECTION 83  PETROLEUM STORAGE AND DISPENSING. No new gasoline storage tank with a capacity of 250 gallons or more shall be installed unless it is equipped with a permanent submerged fill pipe as described in Section 41950, Health and Safety Code, or unless such tank is a pressure tank as described in Section 42400, Health and Safety Code, or is equipped with a vapor recovery system as described in Section 41952, Health and Safety Code, or with a floating roof as described in Section 41953, Health and Safety Code. 
  Sec 83.1. SERVICE STATIONS AND BULK STORAGE PLANTS. When filling bulk storage tanks at service stations and bulk plant facilities, a 90% (or greater) vapor balance system shall be utilized during filling. Service stations with throughputs of less than 300,000 gallons per year are exempt when receiving shipments from local distributors with facilities not equipped to handle returning vapors. Listing of efficiencies for vapor recovery units may be obtained through the California Air Resources Board. (Full compliance to be completed by November 1, 1980.)

Sec 83.2. PETROLEUM SOLVENTS. When it is determined by emission inventory that petroleum solvent degreasing operations amounts to 1 ton per day, the District shall notify, in writing, each distributor in the county that the following statement is required on all such solvent containers holding 49 gallons or more. "Keep contents in a closed container".
SECTION 84  EXCEPTION. Section 83 shall not apply to any stationary tank which is used primarily for the fueling of implements of husbandry, as such vehicles are defined in Division 16 of the Vehicle Code. 
SECTION 85  PARTICULATE MATTER CONCENTRATION. Except for emissions from agricultural operations, no person shall discharge into the atmosphere from any source particulate matter in excess of 0.3 grains per cubic foot of gas at standard conditions. When the source involves a combustion process, the concentration must be calculated to 12 per cent carbon dioxide (CO2). In measuring the combustion contaminants from incinerators used to dispose of combustible refuse by burning, the carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by combustion of any liquid or gaseous fuels shall be excluded from the calculation to 12 per cent of carbon dioxide (CO2). 
SECTION 86 

DUST AND FUMES TOTAL EMISSIONS. Except for emissions from agricultural operations, no person shall discharge in any one hour from any source dust or fumes in total quantities in excess of the amounts shown in the following table: 

ALLOWABLE RATE OF EMISSION BASED ON PROCESS WEIGHT RATE  

Process Weight Rate 

 Rate of Emission

 Process Weight Rate

 Rate of Emission

 Lb/Hr

 Tons/Hr

 Lb/Hr

 Lb/Hr

 Tons/Hr

 Lb/Hr

 100

 0.05

 0.551

 16,000

 8.0

 16.5

 200

 0.10

 0.877

 18,000

 9.0

 17.9

 400

 0.20

 1.40

 20,000

10.0  

 19.2

 

 600

 0.30

 1.83

 30,000

15.0 

 25.2

 800

 0.40

 2.22

 40,000

 20.0

 30.5

 1,000

 0.50

 2.58

 50,000

 25.0

 35.4

 

 1,500

 0.75

3.38 

 60,000

 30.0

 40.0

 2,000

 1.00

 4.10

 70,000

 35.0

 41.3

 2,500

 1.25

 4.76

 80,000

 40.0

42.5 

 

 3,000

1.50

 5.38

 90,000

45.0 

43.6

 3,500

 1.75

 5.96

 100,000

 50.0

 44.6

 4,000

 2.00

 6.52

 120,000

 60.0

 46.3

 

 5,000

 2.50

 7.58

 140,000

 70.0

 47.8

 6,000

 3.00

 8.56

 160,000

 80.0

 49.0

 7,000

 3.50

 9.49

 200,000

 100.0

 51.2

 

 8,000

 4.00

 10.4

 1,000,000

 500.0

 69.0

 9,000

 4.50

 11.2

 2,000,000

 1,000

 77.6

 10,000

 5.00

 12.0

 6,000,000

 3,000

 92.7

 12,000

 6.00

 13.6

 

 

 


To use the table, take the process weight per hour as such is defined in Section 2 of these Regulations. Then find this figure on the table, opposite which is the maximum number of pounds of contaminants which may be discharged into the atmosphere in any one hour. As an example, if A has a process which emits contaminants into the atmosphere and which process takes 4 hours to complete, he will divide the weight of all materials in the specific process, in this example, 2,400 lbs. by 4 giving a process weight per hour of 600 lbs. The table shows that A may not discharge more than 1.83 lbs. in any one hour during the process. Interpolation of the data in the table for process weights up to 60,000 pounds/hour shall be accomplished by use of the equation:

E = 4.10P 0.67

and interpolation and extrapolation of the data for process weight rates in excess of 60,000 pounds/hour shall be accomplished by use of the equation:

E = 55.0P 0.11 - 40

E = Rate of emission in pounds/hour.
P = Process weight rate in tons/hour.

SECTION 87 

REDUCTION OF ANIMAL MATTER.

  1. No person shall operate or use any article, machine, equipment or other contrivance for the reduction of animal matter unless all gases, vapor and gas-entrained effluents from such an article, machine, equipment or other contrivance are:
    1. incinerated at temperatures of not less than 1200 degrees Fahrenheit for a period of not less than 0.3 second; or
    2. processed in such a manner determined by the Air Pollution Control Officer to be equally, or more, effective for the purpose of air pollution control than A. above.
  2. A person incinerating or processing gases, vapors or gas-entrained effluents pursuant to this Regulation shall provide, properly install and maintain in calibration, in good working order and in operation devices for indicating temperature, pressure or other operating conditions. 
SECTION 88  EXCEPTIONS. The provisions of Section 87 shall not apply to any article, machine, equipment or other contrivance used exclusively for the processing of food for human consumption. Dead animals on farms are considered agricultural waste. 
SECTION 89  SULFUR OXIDES. No person shall discharge into the atmosphere from any single source of emission whatsoever, any sulfur oxides in excess of 0.2 percent by volume (2000 ppm) collectively calculated as sulfur dioxide (SO2). 
SECTION 90  REDUCED SULFUR EMISSION STANDARDS. No person shall cause or permit the emission of air contaminants from any premises which will result in ground-level concentrations of TRS, expressed as hydrogen sulfide, in excess of 0.03 ppm for a period of 60 minutes. 
SECTION 91  INCINERATOR BURNING. Except as otherwise provided by Sections 80 and 81 of these Regulations, no person shall burn any combustible waste within the boundaries of the Glenn County Air Pollution Control District unless the burning is performed in an incinerator from which the combustion products pass through a flue or chimney. The smoke or other emissions from such incinerator burning must meet the visible emissions requirements as provided in Section 76 of these Regulations. 
SECTION 92  LEAD. (Standards for lead emissions will be adopted at a later date.) 
SECTION 93 

CIRCUMVENTION.

  1. No person shall build, erect, install, or use any article, machine, equipment or other contrivance, the use of which, without resulting in a reduction in the total release of air contaminants to the atmosphere, reduces or conceals an emission which would otherwise constitute a violation of the Health and Safety Code of the State of California or of these Regulations. This Regulation shall not apply to cases in which the only violation involved is of Section 78 of these Regulations.
  2. When the presence of uncombined water is the only reason for the failure of an emission to meet the limitation of Section 76, that Regulation shall not apply. The burden of proof which establishes the application of the Regulation, shall be upon the person seeking to come within its provisions.
SECTION 94  SEPARATION OF EMISSIONS. If air contaminants from a single source operation are emitted through two or more emission points, the total emitted quantity of any air contaminant limited in this Regulation cannot exceed the quantity which would be the allowable emission through a single emission point, the total emitted quantity of any such air contaminant shall be taken as the product of the highest concentration measured in any of the emission points and the combined exhaust gas volume from all emission points, unless the person responsible for the source operation establishes, to the satisfaction of the Air Pollution Control Officer, the correct total emitted quantity. 
SECTION 95  ANALYSIS REQUIRED. The Board at any time may require from any person such information or analysis as will disclose the nature, extent, quantity or degree of air contaminants which are or may be discharged by such source, and may require that such disclosures be certified by a professional engineer registered in the State of California. In the event the findings show that no excess contaminants are in fact being discharged, then the Air Pollution Control District shall be responsible for the entire cost of the investigation. 
 

Sec 95.1. RECORDS

  1. Except for agricultural operations constructed prior to the enactment of these Regulations, the owner or operator of any stationary source causing emissions in excess of 100 tons per year of any pollutant for which there is a national air quality standard, or which causes emissions in any amount from those sources listed in Appendix C of 40 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 51, shall maintain records of the nature and amounts of emissions from such source and/or any other information as may be deemed necessary by the Air Pollution Control Officer to determine whether such source is in compliance with these Regulations.
  2. The information recorded shall be summarized and reported to the Air Pollution Control Officer on forms furnished by the District, and shall be submitted within 45 days after the end of the reporting period. Reporting periods are January 1 through June 30, and July 1 through December 31.
  3. Information recorded by the owner or operator and copies of the summarizing reports submitted to the Air Pollution Control Officer shall be retained by the owner or operator for two years after the date on which the pertinent report is submitted.

Sec 95.2. MALFUNCTION OF EQUIPMENT.

  1. Emissions exceeding any of the limits established in these Regulations as a result of equipment or installation malfunction or shutdown shall be deemed in violation. However, the Control Officer may elect to take no enforcement action if the owner or operator(person responsible for the equipment or installation operations) demonstrates to the Control Officer's satisfaction that a malfunction of equipment exists and the following requirements are met:
    1. The Control Officer must be notified prior to shutdown or within two(2) hours of onset of a malfunction which would be expected to result in increased emissions.
    2. The person responsible for the equipment or installation operations, upon request of the Control Officer, shall make a full report including causes and preventative measures to be taken to minimize or eliminate a reoccurrence within ten (10) working days of occurrence.
    3. The Control Officer shall be notified when the condition causing the malfunction or shutdown has been corrected and the equipment is operational.
  2. On receipt of notification the Control Officer may permit the continuance of operation for a period not to exceed thirty (30) days, provided, however, if the malfunction is for a period greater than ten (10) days, the applicant must provide the Control Officer with a program of the corrective action to be taken that will bring the source into compliance. The Control Officer shall not issue permits for the continuance of operation for any single emission source for an aggregate of more than sixty (60) days during any one calendar year. 
SECTION 96  VARIANCES. The provisions of this Article do not prohibit the discharge of air contaminates to a greater extent or for a longer time, or both, if not of a greater or longer time than the Hearing Board finds necessary pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 4, Article 2, Division 26 of the California Health and Safety Code. 
SECTION 97 

EXCEPTIONS. The Hearing Board is not empowered to grant variances for:

  1. Emissions which result in a nuisance prohibited by Section 78 of these Regulations.
  2. Emissions resulting from open fires prohibited by Sections 80 and 81 of these Regulations. 
SECTION 98 

AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE: RETAIL SERVICE STATIONS.

  1. Purpose. To comply with the California Code of Regulations, Section 93101 of Title 17 by reducing benzene emissions from retail service stations.
  2. Applicability. This rule shall apply to any new or modified retail service station, or to any existing retail service station with an annual gasoline throughput of 480,000 gallons or greater.
  3. Throughput Determination. The annual throughput at an existing retail service station shall be determined from actual operations during the calendar year immediately preceding the date of district adoption. Subsequently thereafter, each retail service station shall submit to the district documentation verifying annual throughput.
  4. Phase I Vapor Recovery Requirements. No owner or operator shall transfer, permit the transfer, or provide equipment for the transfer of gasoline, and no other person shall transfer gasoline from a gasoline delivery vessel equipped with a vapor recovery system into a stationary storage tank unless an ARB-certified Phase I vapor recovery system is installed on the stationary storage tank and used during the transfer.
    1. Exemptions
      1. Small tanks. A transfer to a stationary storage tank with a capacity of less than 250 gallons.
      2. Agricultural tanks. A transfer to a stationary storage tank used the majority of the time for the fueling of implements of husbandry as defined in Division 16, Chapter 1, of the Vehicle Code.
      3. Deliveries from local distributors not equipped with vapor recovery. A transfer of gasoline to a stationary storage tank exempt vapor recovery requirements pursuant to Section 83.1.
    2. Tank replacement/underground piping repair--Phase I requirement. Upon replacement of a stationary storage tank or repair of underground piping at an existing retail service station, an ARB-certified Phase I vapor recovery system shall be installed and used thereafter on all tanks at the facility unless exempted from the Phase I requirement pursuant to Section 98, Subsections D.1.a. and D.1.b.
  5. Phase II Vapor Recovery System Requirements. No owner or operator of a retail service station shall transfer, permit the transfer or provide equipment for the transfer of gasoline from a stationary storage tank at a retail service station into a motor vehicle fuel tank unless an ARB-certified Phase II vapor recovery system
    1. Exemptions
      1. Phase I exempt tanks. A transfer of gasoline from a stationary storage tank which is exempt from Phase I requirements pursuant to Section 98, Subsections D.1.a. and D.1.b.
  6. Tank replacement/underground piping repair--Phase II requirement. Upon replacement of a stationary storage tank or repair of underground piping at an existing retail service station, an ARB-certified Phase II vapor recovery system shall be installed and used thereafter on all tanks at the facility unless exempted by Section 98, Subsection E.1.a.
  7. Hold-open latch requirement. All new or existing retail service stations, regardless of annual gasoline throughput, shall install hold-open latches on all gasoline dispensing nozzles.
  8. Posting of operating instructions. The owner or operator of a retail service station requiring either Phase II vapor recovery or hold-open latches shall conspicuously post in the gasoline dispensing area operating instructions for the system as well as both the district and the Air Resources Board telephone numbers for complaints. The instructions shall clearly describe how to fuel vehicles correctly using vapor recovery nozzles and hold-open latches and shall include a statement addressing the health benefits associated with the system in use as well as a warning that topping off may result in spillage or recirculation of gasoline.
  9. Compliance schedule.
    1. New facility. The owner/operator of a new retail service station shall comply with the provisions of this rule at the time gasoline is first received and/or dispensed.
    2. Tank replacement. Upon replacement of a stationary storage tank or repair of underground piping, the owner/operator of an existing retail service station shall, regardless of annual throughput, comply with the provisions of this rule at the time gasoline is first received and/or dispensed following completion of the tank replacement or piping repair.
    3. Throughput in excess of 480,000 gallons after district rule adoption. If during either 1.) the calendar year immediately preceding or 2.) any calendar year after the date of district adoption of this rule, the gasoline throughput from an existing retail service station meets or exceeds 480,000 gallons, the owner/operator of that facility shall comply with the provisions of this rule in accordance with the following schedule:
      1. Secure all necessary permits and other approvals for the installation of Phase I and Phase II vapor recovery systems within fifteen (15) months from the date the facility becomes subject to this rule.
      2. Install the Phase I and Phase II vapor recovery systems within two (2) years from the date the facility becomes subject to this rule.
  10. Equipment maintenance. A person shall not transfer, permit the transfer or provide equipment for the transfer of gasoline from a stationary storage tank subject to Phase II requirements into any motor vehicle fuel tank unless:
    1. The vapor recovery system is operating in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and is maintained to be leak free, vapor tight, and in good working order; and
    2. The equipment subject to this rule is operated and maintained with none of the defects identified in the California Code of Regulations, Section 94006, Subchapter 8, Chapter 1, Part III, of Title 17.
  11. Defective Phase II equipment--prohibition of use. Whenever the Air Pollution Control Officer or Air Pollution Control District designee determines that a Phase II vapor recovery system, or any component thereof, contains a defect specified by the Air Resources Board pursuant to Section 41960.2 (c) of the Health and Safety Code, the APCO or designee shall mark such system or component "out of order". No person shall use or permit the use of such marked component or system until it has been repaired, replaced or adjusted, as required to permit proper operation, and the APCO or designee has reinspected it or has authorized its use pending reinspection.
  12. The following definitions shall apply to this section:
    1. ARB-Certified Vapor Recovery System means a vapor recovery system which has been certified by the state board pursuant to Section 41954 of the Health and Safety Code.
    2. Excavation means exposure to view by digging.
    3. Existing Retail Service Station means any retail service station operating, constructed, or under construction as of the date this regulation is adopted.
    4. Stationary Storage Tank means any stationary storage container, reservoir, or tank used for the storage of gasoline that is equipped with no vapor control, or is equipped with splash loading, submerged fill pipe loading, or Phase I or II vapor recovery loading systems.
    5. Leak Free means a liquid leak of less than four (4) drops per minute.
    6. New Retail Service Station means any retail service station which is not operating, constructed or under construction as of the date this regulation is adopted.
    7. Owner or Operator means any person who owns, operates, controls or supervises an affected facility, or a stationary source of which an affected facility is a part.
    8. Phase I Vapor Recovery System means an ARB-certified gasoline vapor recovery system which recovers vapors during the transfer of gasoline from delivery vessels into stationary storage tanks.
    9. Phase II Vapor Recovery System means an ARB-certified gasoline vapor recovery system which recovers vapor during the fueling of motor vehicles from stationary storage tanks.
    10. Retail Service Station means any new or existing motor vehicle fueling service station subject to payment of California sales tax on gasoline sales.
    11. Tank Replacement/Underground Piping Repair means replacement of one or more stationary storage tanks at any facility or excavation of 50 percent or more of an existing facility's total underground liquid piping from the stationary storage tank to the gasoline dispensers.
    12. Vapor Recovery System means a vapor gathering system capable of collecting the hydrocarbon vapors and gases discharged and a vapor disposal system capable of processing such hydrocarbon vapors and gases so as to prevent their emission to the atmosphere, with all tank gauging and sampling devices vapor-tight except when gauging or sampling is taking place.
    13. Vapor Tight means a leak of less than 100 percent of the lower explosive limit on a combustible gas detector measured at a distance of 2.5 cm (one inch) from the source or no visible evidence of air entrainment in the sight glass of a liquid delivery hose.
 

Sec 98.1. HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM EMISSIONS FROM CHROME PLATING AND CHROMIC ACID ANODIZING OPERATIONS.

  1. Purpose. To comply with the California Code of Regulations, Section 93101, by controlling airborne emissions of hexavalent chromium.
  2. Definitions.
    1. Ampere-hours means the integral of electrical current applied to a plating tank (amperes) over a period of time (hours).
    2. Anti-mist Additive means a chemical which reduces the emission rate from the tank when added to and maintained in the plating tank.
    3. Chrome means a Metallic chrome.
    4. Chrome Plating means either hard or decorative chrome plating.
    5. Chromic Acid means an aqueous solution of chromium trioxide (CrO3), or commercial solution containing chromic acid, dichromic acid (H2CrO7), or trichromic acid (H2Cr3O10).
    6. Chromic Acid Anodizing means the electrolytic process by which a metal surface is converted to an oxide surface coating in a solution containing chromic acid.
    7. Chromium means hexavalent chromium.
    8. Control Equipment means any device which reduces emissions from the emissions collection system.
    9. Decorative Chrome Plating means the process by which chromium is electrodeposited from a solution containing compounds of chromium onto an object resulting in a chrome layer 1 micron (0.04 mil) thick or less.
    10. Emission Factor means the mass of chromium emitted during a test conducted in the emissions collection system in accordance with ARB Test Method 425, divided by the ampere-hours consumed by the tanks in the tested emissions collection system, expressed as the mass of chromium emitted per ampere-hour of electrical current consumed.
    11. Emissions Collection System means a device or apparatus used to gather chromium emissions from the surface of a chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing tank or tanks.
    12. Facility means a business or businesses engaged in chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing which are owned or operated by the same person or persons and are located on the same parcel or on contiguous parcels.
    13. Facilitywide Emissions from Hard Chrome Plating or Chromic Acid Anodizing means the total emissions from all hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing at the facility over a calendar year. Emissions shall be calculated as the sum of emissions from the emissions collection system at the facility. The emissions from an emissions collection system shall be calculated by multiplying the emission factor for that emissions collection system by the sum of ampere-hours consumed during that year for all of the tanks served by the emissions collection system.
    14. Hard Chrome Plating means the process by which chromium is electrodeposited from a solution containing compounds of chromium onto an object resulting in a chrome layer thicker than 1 micron (0.04 mil).
    15. Plating Tanks means any container used to hold a chromium or chromic acid solution for the purposes of chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing.
    16. Uncontrolled Chromium Emissions from the Hard Chrome Plating or Chromic Acid Anodizing Facility means the chromium emissions from the emissions collection systems at the facility calculated as if no control equipment is in use. For the purpose of determining compliance with this rule, the uncontrolled chromium emissions shall be calculated using an emission factor based on tests conducted in accordance with ARB Test Method 425 or 14 mg/ampere-hour, whichever is less.
  3. Requirements for Decorative Chrome Plating Facilities.
    1. No person shall operate a decorative chrome plating tank unless an anti-mist additive is continuously maintained in the plating tank, or control equipment is installed and used, in a manner which has been demonstrated to and approved by the Control Officer as reducing chromium emissions by 95 percent or more relative to chromium emissions when an anti-mist additive is not maintained, or control equipment is not installed and used.
  4. Requirements for Hard Chrome Plating and Chromic Acid Anodizing Facilities.
    1. The owners or operators of all hard chrome plating and chromic acid anodizing facilities shall maintain a continuous record of current integrated over time (ampere-hours) for all plating tanks for each collection system used in the hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing operations and shall, within six months after adoption of Section 98.1 and upon request thereafter, submit the information to the Control Officer.
    2. No person shall operate a plating tank for hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing unless the tank has an emissions collection system.
    3. No person shall operate a hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing tank unless:
      1. the chromium emissions from the emissions collection system serving the plating tank have been reduced by 95 percent or more of the uncontrolled chromium emissions or
      2. the chromium emissions from the emissions collection system serving the plating tank have been reduced to less than 0.15 milligrams (mg) of chromium per ampere-hour of electrical charge applied to the plating tank.
    4. No person shall operate a hard chrome plating tank or chromic acid anodizing tank at a facility if facilitywide chromium emissions from hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing are greater than 2 pounds per year, but less than 10 pounds per year, unless:
      1. the chromium emissions from the emissions collection systems serving the plating tanks have been reduced by at least 99 percent of the uncontrolled chromium emissions from the hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing facility or
      2. the chromium emissions from the emissions collection systems are reduced to less than 0.03 mg of chromium per ampere-hour of electrical charge applied to the tanks.
    5. No person shall operate a hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing tank at a facility if facilitywide chromium emissions from hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing are 10 pounds per year or greater unless:
      1. the chromium emissions from the emissions collection systems serving the plating tanks have been reduced by at least 99.8 percent of the uncontrolled chromium emissions from the hard chrome plating or chromic acid anodizing facility or
      2. the chromium emissions from the emissions collection systems are reduced to less than 0.006 mg of chromium per ampere-hour electrical charge applied to the tanks.
  5. Compliance Schedule. The owner or operator of any facility subject to this rule shall comply with its provisions at the time the facility begins operation.


Sec 98.2. HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE FOR COOLING TOWERS.

  1. Definitions.
    1. Cooling Tower means any open water recirculation device which evaporates circulating water to remove heat from a process, building, or refrigeration device, and puts the heat into the ambient air.
    2. Hexavalent Chromium means a cancer-causing substance existing as part of various inorganic chromate compounds, for example, sodium dichromate or lead chromate.
    3. Water Treatment Chemicals means any combination of chemicals added to cooling tower water including tracers, corrosion inhibitors, antiscalants, dispersants, biocides.
  2. Requirements.
    1. Hexavalent Chromium Removal. Effective April 16, 1992, no person shall add any hexavalent chromium containing chemicals or any compound that may produce hexavalent chromium to a cooling tower operating in the District.
    2. Circulating Water Concentration - Wooden Cooling Towers. Effective April 16, 1992, no person shall operate a wooden cooling tower in the District unless the following requirements are met:
      1. After April 16, 1992, hexavalent chromium levels in the circulating water are not to exceed 0.15 milligrams/liter of circulating water.
      2. A decrease in hexavalent concentrate in the circulating water must be demonstrated each month during a period of up to six months following the compliance date in order to avoid being cited for a violation of the 0.15 milligrams/liter limit.
    3. Circulating Water Concentration - Non-wooden Cooling Towers.
      1. a. Effective April 16, 1992, no person shall operate non-wooden cooling towers unless the hexavalent chromium levels do not exceed 0.15 milligrams/liter of circulating water.
  3. Reporting.
    1. Effective April 16, 1992, any owner/operator of a cooling tower shall notify the District in writing regarding the following information about the cooling tower. Any owner/operator of a newly constructed cooling tower shall provide the District with the following information at least 90 days before the tower is operated:
      1. Owner/operator of the tower
      2. Location of the tower
      3. Cooling tower type and material of construction
      4. Whether hexavalent chromium based treatment chemicals were previously used in the cooling tower
      5. If hexavalent chromium based chemicals were previously used, when they were discontinued
      6. A description of the alternate treatment program chosen, as well as the circulating water monitoring plan.
  4. Monitoring - General.
    1. Effective April 16, 1992, any person subject to the requirements of (B)(2) or (B)(3) shall test the circulating water in the cooling tower at least once every six calendar months to determine the concentration of hexavalent chromium. Testing may be discontinued when two consecutive required tests show hexavalent chromium concentrations less than 0.15 milligrams/liter of circulating water. The District may require testing of the circulating water at any time if the District has reason to believe the water may contain hexavalent chromium.
    2. Any person subject to the monitoring requirements in (D)(1) above or (E)(1) below shall maintain records of the results of all required tests of circulating water for two years and provide them to the District upon request.
    3. Monitoring requirements may be waived by the District for any owner/operator of a cooling tower who demonstrates to the District that the hexavalent chromium based treatment chemical has never been used in the cooling tower or has not been utilized for a period of at least one year prior to the appropriate compliance date.
  5. Monitoring - Wooden Cooling Towers.
    1. Any person subject to the requirements of (B)(2)(b) shall test the circulating water at least once every calendar month to determine the concentration of hexavalent chromium.
  6. Determination of Hexavalent Chromium Content.
    1. Samples of circulating water shall be analyzed for hexavalent chromium using American Public Health Association Method 312B or an equivalent method approved by the District.

Sec 98.3. ETHYLENE OXIDE AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE - STERILIZERS AND AERATORS.

  1. Definitions: For the purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:
    1. Acute Care Facility means any facility currently licensed by the California Department of Health Services as a general acute care hospital (as defined in Title 22, CCR, Section 70005), or any military hospital.
    2. Aeration is the process during which residual ethylene oxide dissipates, whether under forced air flow, natural or mechanically assisted convection, or other means, from previously sterilized materials after the sterilizer cycle is complete.
    3. Aeration-only Facility means a facility which performs aeration on materials which have been sterilized with ethylene oxide at another facility.
    4. Aerator means any equipment or space in which materials previously sterilized with ethylene oxide are placed or remain for the purpose of aeration. An aerator is not any equipment or space in which materials that have previously undergone ethylene oxide sterilization and aeration can be handled, stored, and transported in the same manner as similar materials that have not been sterilized with ethylene oxide.
    5. Back-draft Valve Exhaust Stream is the air stream which results from collection of ethylene oxide-contaminated air which may be removed from the sterilizer through a back-draft valve or rear chamber exhaust system during unloading of the sterilized materials.
    6. Control Device means an article, machine, equipment, or contrivance which reduces the amount of ethylene oxide between its inlet and outlet and which is sized, installed, operated, and maintained according to good engineering practices, as determined by the District.
    7. Control Efficiency is the ethylene oxide (EtO) mass or concentration reduction efficiency of a control device, as measured with ARB Test Method 431 (Title 17, CCR, Section 94143) according to the source testing requirements herein, and expressed as a percentage calculated across the control device as follows:

      EtOin - EtOout

         

      x 100 = % Control Efficiency

      EtO in

         
    8. Date of Compliance means the time from District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure until a facility must be in compliance with specific requirements of this rule.
    9. District means the local air pollution control district or air quality management district.
    10. Ethylene Oxide (EtO) is the substance identified as a toxic air contaminant by the Air Resources Board in Title 17, CCR, Section 93000.
    11. Facility means any entity or entities which: own or operate a sterilizer or aerator, are owned or operated by the same person or persons, and are located on the same parcel or contiguous parcels.
    12. Facility-Wide Pounds of Ethylene Oxide Used Per Year is the total pounds of ethylene oxide used in all of the sterilizers at the facility during a one-year period.
    13. Leak-Free refers to that state which exists when the concentration of sterilant gas measured 1 cm. away from any portion of the exhaust system of a sterilizer or aerator, during conditions of maximum sterilant gas mass flow, is less than:
      1. 30 ppm for sterilant gas composed of 12% ethylene oxide / 88% chlorofluorocarbon-12 by weight, and
      2. 10 ppm for other compositions of sterilant gas,as determined by ARB Test Method 21 (Title 17, CCR, Section 94124) using a portable flame ionization detector, or a non-dispersive infrared analyzer, calibrated with methane, or an acceptable alternative method or analytical instrument approved by the District. A chlorofluorocarbon-12 specific audible detector using a metal oxide semi-conductor sensor shall be considered an acceptable alternative for exhaust systems carrying a sterilant gas mixture of ethylene oxide and chlorofluorocarbon-12.
    14. Local Medical Emergency means an unexpected occurrence in the area served by the acute care facility resulting in a sudden increase in the amount of medical treatments which require a significant increase in the operation of a sterilizer or aerator.
    15. Sterilant Gas means ethylene oxide or any combination of ethylene oxide and (an) other gas(es) used in a sterilizer.
    16. Sterilizer means any equipment in which ethylene oxide is used as a biocide to destroy bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other unwanted organisms on materials. Equipment in which ethylene oxide is used to fumigate foodstuffs is considered a sterilizer.
    17. Sterilizer Cycle means the process which begins when ethylene oxide is introduced into the sterilizer, includes the initial purge or evacuation after sterilization and subsequent air washes, and ends after evacuation of the final air wash.
    18. Sterilizer Door Hood Exhaust Stream is the air stream which results from collection of fugitive ethylene oxide emissions, by means of an existing hood over the sterilizer door, during the time that the sterilizer door is open after the sterilizer cycle has been completed.
    19. Sterilizer Exhaust Stream is all the ethylene oxide-contaminated air which is intentionally removed from the sterilizer during the sterilizer cycle.
    20. Sterilizer Exhaust Vacuum Pump means a device used to evacuate the sterilant gas during the sterilizer cycle, including any associated heat exchanger. A sterilizer exhaust vacuum pump is not a device used solely to evacuate a sterilizer prior to the introduction of ethylene oxide.
  2. Applicability. Any person who owns or operates a sterilizer or an aerator must comply with this regulation.
  3. Notification. Any person subject to this regulation must provide the District with the following information, in writing, within 30 days of the date of District adoption:
    1. the name(s) of the owner and operator of the facility, and
    2. the location of the facility, and
    3. the number of sterilizers and aerators at the facility, and
    4. an estimate of the total pounds of ethylene oxide and sterilant gas use by the facility, in all sterilizers, during the previous calendar year, as determined by a method approved by the District.
      The District may exempt a source from this requirement if the District maintains current equivalent information on the source.
  4. Reporting. Any person who owns or operates a sterilizer shall furnish a written report to the District annually on the date specified by the District, or, at the District discretion, shall maintain such a report and make it available to the District upon request. This report shall include one of the following, as determined by the District:
    1. the number of sterilizer cycles and the pounds of ethylene oxide used per cycle for each sterilizer during the reporting period, as determined by a method approved by the District; or
    2. the total pounds of sterilant gas and the total pounds of ethylene oxide purchased, used, and returned in the previous calendar year, as determined by a method approved by the District.
  5. Requirements. No person shall operate a sterilizer or aerator after the applicable date shown in column (d), Table I, unless all of the following requirements are satisfied:
    1. there is no discharge of sterilizer exhaust vacuum pump working fluid to wastewater streams, and
    2. the exhaust systems including, but not limited to, any piping, ducting, fittings, valves, or flanges, through which ethylene oxide-contaminated air is conveyed from the sterilizer and aerator to the outlet of the control device are leak-free, and
    3. all of the control requirements shown in Table I below for the applicable control category are met, and
    4. for facilities using more than 600 pounds of ethylene oxide per year, the back-draft valve is ducted to the control device used to control the sterilizer exhaust stream or the aerator exhaust stream, and
    5. for facilities using more than 5,000 pounds of ethylene oxide per year, the sterilizer door hood exhaust stream is ducted to the control device used to control the aerator exhaust stream.

     TABLE I
    CONTROL AND COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS

    CONTROL CATEGORY

     REQUIREMENTS

     

     (a)

     (b)

     (c)

     (d)

    Facility-wide Pounds of Ethylene Oxide Used per Year 

    Exhaust Streams to be Controlled 

    Exhaust Streams to be Tested 

    Control Efficiency (%) 

    Date of Compliance (months) 

    less than or equal to 25 

    None 

    None 

    None 

    None 

    more than 25 and less than or equal to 600 

    Sterilizer 

    Sterilizer 

    99.0 

    24 

    more than 600 and less than or equal to 5,000 

    Sterilizer 
    Aerator
    Back-draft Valve

    Sterilizer 
    Aerator 

    99.9
    95.0
    N/A* 

    18 

    more than 5,000 

    Sterilizer 
    Aerator
    Sterilizer Door Hood
    Back-draft Valve

    Sterilizer 
    Aerator  

    99.9
    99.0
    N/A* 
    N/A*

    12 

    Aeration-Only Facilities

    Aerator 

    Aerator 

    95.0 

    18 

    * Not Applicable

           
  6. Exemptions.
    1. The requirements set forth in subsection (E) above do not apply to any facility which treats materials in a sterilizer and which uses a total of 25 pounds or less of ethylene oxide per calendar year.
    2. The District Hearing Board may grant an emergency variance from items (a) and (c) in Table I of subsection (E), Requirements, to a person who owns or operates an acute care facility if response to a local medical emergency requires increased operation of a sterilizer or aerator such that the requirements cannot be met.

      The demonstrated need for such increased operation shall constitute "good cause" pursuant to Health and Safety Code Section 42359.5. The emergency variance shall be granted in accordance with this section and any applicable District rule regarding the issuance of emergency variances for such occurrences, including the requirement that the emergency variance shall not remain in effect longer than 30 days; however, the emergency variance shall be granted only for the period of time during which increased operation of a sterilizer or aerator is necessary to respond to the local medical emergency.
  7. Compliance. The facility shall be in compliance with all provisions specified in subsection E. Requirements. no later than the date specified in column (d) of Table I.
    1. For the purpose of determining compliance with the control efficiency requirement shown in column (c) of Table I, subsection (E), if a reduction in the amount of ethylene oxide across the control device is demonstrated, but the control efficiency cannot be affirmatively demonstrated because the concentration of ethylene oxide measured in the outlet of the control device is below 0.2 parts per million ethylene oxide, the facility shall be considered to be in compliance with this requirement.
  8. Alternate Compliance Date. The owner or operator of any facility which uses more than 600 pounds of ethylene oxide per year may choose this alternate compliance option which addresses the date for compliance with the requirements of subsection (E). If this compliance option is chosen, the owner or operator shall:
    1. within 3 months of the date of District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure, comply with the requirements shown in subsections (E)(1) and (E)(2) and demonstrate a control efficiency of 99.9% for the sterilizer exhaust stream, in accordance with the source testing requirements set forth in subsection (I), and
    2. within 6 months of the date of District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure, submit to the District a plan to discontinue operation of all sterilizers and aerators or comply with the District requirements to submit a plan to comply with the requirements of subsections (E)(3), (E)(4), and (E)(5), and
    3. within 18 months of the date of District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure, do one of the following:
      1. demonstrate to the satisfaction of the District that operation of all sterilizers and aerators at the facility has been permanently discontinued, or
      2. demonstrate compliance with the requirements of subsections (E)(3), (E)(4), and (E)(5), in accordance with the source testing provisions set forth in subsection (I), below.
  9. Source Testing. Source testing shall be conducted according to ARB Test Method 431 (Title 17, CCR, Section 94143) and the method evaluations cited therein or an acceptable source test method approved by the Executive Officer of the Air Resources Board. Specific requirements for application are given below:
    1. The test on a control device for a sterilizer exhaust stream shall be run with a typical load, as approved by the District, in the sterilizer.
    2. The test on a control device for an aerator exhaust stream shall be run with a typical load, as approved by the District, in the aerator.
    3. The inlet and outlet of the control device shall be sampled simultaneously during testing to measure the control efficiency.
    4. The efficiency of each control device shall be determined under conditions of maximum ethylene oxide mass flow to the device, under normal operating conditions. To measure the control efficiency of the control device on the sterilizer exhaust stream, sampling shall be done during the entire duration of the first sterilizer evacuation after ethylene oxide has been introduced. To measure the control efficiency of the control device on an aerator exhaust stream with a constant air flow, sampling shall be done during a period of at least 60 minutes, starting 15 minutes after aeration begins. To measure the control efficiency of the control device on an aerator exhaust stream with a non-constant air flow, sampling shall be done during the entire duration of the first aerator evacuation after aeration begins.
    5. There shall be no dilution of the air stream between the inlet and outlet test points during testing.


Sec 98.4. DIOXINS AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE - MEDICAL WASTE INCINERATORS.

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:
    1. ARB means the State of California Air Resources Board.
    2. ARB Test Method 2 means the test method specified in Title 17, California Code of Regulations, Section 94102.
    3. ARB Test Method 428 means the test method specified in Title 17, California Code of Regulations, Section 94139.
    4. Control Equipment means any device which reduces emissions from medical waste incinerators.
    5. Dioxins means dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans chlorinated in the 2,3,7, and 8 positions and containing 4,5,6, or 7 chlorine atoms and is expressed as 2,3,7,8, tetrachlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxin equivalents using current California Department of Health Services toxic equivalency factors.
    6. Facility means every building, structure, appurtenance, installation, or improvement located on land which is under the same or common ownership or operation, and is on one or more contiguous or adjacent properties.
    7. Medical Facilities means medical and dental offices, clinics and hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, research facilities, research laboratories, clinical laboratories, all unlicensed and licensed medical facilities, clinics and hospitals, surgery centers, diagnostic laboratories, and other providers of health care.
    8. Medical Waste Incinerator means all of the furnaces or other closed fire chambers that are located at a facility and used to dispose of waste generated at medical facilities by burning.
    9. Uncontrolled Emissions means the dioxins emissions measured from the incinerator at a location downstream of the last combustion chamber, but prior to the air pollution control equipment.
    10. Waste means all discarded putrescible and nonputrescible solid, semisolid, and liquid materials, including garbage, trash, refuse, paper, rubbish, food, ashes, plastic, industrial wastes, demolition and construction wastes, equipment, instruments, utensils, appliances, manure, and human or animal solid and semisolid wastes.
  2. Requirements For Medical Waste Incinerators That Incinerate More Than 25 Tons of Waste Per Year. The following requirements shall apply only to medical waste incinerators that incinerate more than 25 tons of waste per year:
    1. No person shall operate a medical waste incinerator unless:
      1. The dioxins emissions have been reduced by 99 percent or more of the uncontrolled emissions; or
      2. The dioxins emissions have been reduced to 10 nanograms or less per kilogram of waste burned.
    2. No person shall operate a medical waste incinerator unless the control equipment is installed and used in a manner which has been demonstrated to and approved by the District Air Pollution Control Officer to meet the following requirements:
      1. The flue gas temperature at the outlet of the control equipment shall not exceed 300 degrees Fahrenheit, unless it has been demonstrated to, and approved in writing by, both the ARB and the District Air Pollution Control Officer that lower emissions are achieved at a higher outlet temperature; and
      2. For a single chamber incinerator, the combustion chamber shall be maintained at no less than 1800 degrees (± 200 degrees) Fahrenheit. For a multiple chamber incinerator, the primary combustion chamber shall be maintained at no less than 1400 degrees Fahrenheit, and the secondary chamber shall be maintained at no less than 1800 degrees (± 200 degrees) Fahrenheit. The furnace design shall provide for a residence time for combustion gas of at least one second. Residence time shall be calculated using the following equation:
        Residence Time = V
          Oc
        where:
        V means the volume, as expressed in cubic feet, from the point in the incinerator where the maximum temperature has been reached until the point where the temperature has dropped to 1600 degrees Fahrenheit.
        Qc means the combustion gas flow through V, as expressed in actual cubic feet per second, which is measured according to ARB Method 2, after adjusting the measured flow rate to the maximum combustion chamber temperature (Tc) by using Tc instead of Tstd in the Method 2 calculation for Qc.

        The volumetric flow rate measured at the sampling points must be adjusted to chamber pressures.

        Alternative methods may be used if conditions for determining the combustion gas flow rate by Method 2 are unacceptable. The determination shall be within the guidelines of Method 2 and at the discretion of the Air Pollution Control Officer.

        The calculation of the gas flow rate using the following combustion stoichiometry equation for Qc is one alternative to measuring the gas flow rate:

        Where:


        EAwf means the excess air ration (lbs excess air per lbs theoretical air) for the waste feed expressed as a percentage.
        EAaf means the excess air ratio (lbs excess air per lbs theoretical air) for the auxiliary fuel expressed as a percentage.
        Tc = means the maximum temperature, in degrees Fahrenheit, that has been reached in the incinerator.
        In order to estimate Qstoiwf and EAwf, a representative sample of the waste must be characterized by chemical analysis.
    3. No person shall operate a medical waste incinerator unless the bottom ash, fly ash and scrubber residuals are handled and stored in a manner that prevents entrainment into ambient air.
    4. The owner or operator of a medical waste incinerator shall maintain the following:
      1. A continuous data recording system which provides for each day of operation continuous recording of the primary and secondary combustion chamber temperatures; carbon monoxide emissions; the key operating parameters of the air pollution control equipment, as specified by the District Air Pollution Control Officer; the hourly waste charging rates; and the opacity of stack emissions or other indicator of particulate matter which is approved by the District Air Pollution Control Officer;
      2. Maintenance records for the incinerator, control equipment, and monitoring equipment; and calibration records for the monitoring equipment; and
      3. Equipment for determining and recording the weight of waste charged to the incinerator.
    5. For purposes of demonstrating compliance with subsection (B)(1) of this rule the owner or operator of a medical waste incinerator shall conduct a minimum of two annual source tests for the dioxins stack emissions using ARB Test Method 428, using the high resolution mass spectrometry option. Annual source tests shall be conducted until at least two consecutive tests demonstrate compliance, at which time the frequency of future source tests is at the discretion of the Air Pollution Control Officer. For purposes of determining compliance with subsection (B)(1)(a) of this rule, emissions shall be sampled simultaneously from the flue at a location downstream of the last combustion chamber, but prior to the control equipment, and from the stack during source testing. For purposes of determining compliance with subsection (B)(1)(b) of this rule, the source testing shall be conducted at the stack. The information regarding the composition (moisture content, and amount of the total waste that is infectious, pathological, hazardous, or radioactive) and feed rate of the fuel charged during the source test shall be provided with the test results. In those cases where incinerator operators are required to submit information in the permit application on the type and quantity of waste burned, composition and representativeness of the waste for the compliance test will be determined by inspection and comparison with the permit application. When this comparison is not possible, the determination of composition and representativeness will be based on source generation data and inspection. The District Air Pollution Control Officer can require additional necessary information regarding the composition of the waste. Source testing shall be conducted at the maximum waste firing capacity (± 10 percent) allowed by the air district permit. A copy of all source test results conducted for the purposes of demonstrating compliance with this rule shall be provided to the ARB at the same time that it is provided to the local Air Pollution Control District.
    6. Any violation, malfunction, or upset condition on the incinerator, the air pollution control equipment, or the continuous data recording system, shall be reported to the District within 1 hour of occurrence or by 9 a.m. the next business day if the malfunction occurs outside normal business hours and the District does not maintain a radio room or an answering machine.
    7. No person shall operate a medical waste incinerator unless each individual who operates or maintains the incinerator obtains either a certificate of training in medical waste incineration issued by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers within nine months of the commencement of the training program, or equivalent training as determined by the Air Pollution Control Officer. Copies of the training certificates for the operators and maintenance engineers shall be submitted to the District and the original certificates shall be available for inspection at the facility with the Permit to Operate.
  3. Requirements For Medical Waste Incinerators That Incinerate 25 Tons Or Less Of Waste Per Year. The following requirements shall apply to incinerators that incinerate 25 tons or less of waste per year:
    1. No person shall operate a medical waste incinerator that incinerates 25 tons or less of waste per year unless the requirements specified in subsections (B)(3), (B)(4)(c), and (B)(7) are met.
    2. The owner or operator of a medical waste incinerator that incinerates more than 10 but less than 25 tons of waste per year shall conduct an initial source test at the incinerator stack as specified in subsection (B)(5).
  4. Compliance Schedule.
    1. No later than 90 days after District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure, the owner or operator of a medical waste incinerator that incinerates more than 25 tons of waste per year shall submit to the District Air Pollution Control Officer an application for an Authority to Construct the equipment necessary to meet the requirements of sections (B)(1) or (B)(2), and no later than 15 months after District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure, the owner or operator of a medical waste incinerator shall be in compliance with this regulation.
    2. The owner or operator of a medical waste incinerator who intends to permanently shut down operation of the incinerator shall notify the District of the shutdown date within 90 days after District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure. The shutdown date shall be no later than six months after District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure.
    3. The owner or operator of a medical waste incinerator that incinerates 25 tons or less of waste per year who intends to remain in operation shall notify the District within 90 days after District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure. The owner or operator of a medical waste incinerator shall be in compliance with this regulation no later than 15 months after District adoption of regulations enacting this control measure.
  5. This Control Measure Shall Not Apply To Those Incinerators Which Are Exclusively Crematoria Of Human Or Animal Remains.


Sec 98.5. ASBESTOS AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE-ASBESTOS CONTAINING SERPENTINE.

  1. Definitions. For the purpose of this section, the following definitions shall apply:
    1. Aggregate means a mixture of mineral fragments, sand, gravel, rocks, or similar minerals.
    2. Alluvial Deposit means any deposit of sediments laid down by running water including, but not limited to, streams and rivers.
    3. ARB Test Method 435 means the test method specified in Title 17, California Code of Regulations, Section 94147.
    4. Asbestos means asbestiforms of the following hydrated minerals: chrysotile (fibrous serpentine), crocidolite (fibrous riebecktite), amosite (fibrous cummingtonite - grunerite), fibrous tremolite, fibrous actinolite, and fibrous anthophyllite.
    5. Asbestos-containing Serpentine Material means serpentine material that has an asbestos content greater than five percent (5.0%) as determined by ARB Test Method 435.
    6. Receipt means any written acknowledgment that a specified amount of serpentine material was received, delivered, or purchased. Receipts include, but are not limited to, bills of sale, bills of lading, and notices of transfer.
    7. Road Surface means the traveled way of a road and any shoulder which extends up to 10 feet from the edge of the traveled way.
    8. Sand and Gravel Operation means any aggregate-producing facility operating in alluvial deposits.
    9. Serpentine means any form of hydrous magnesium silicate minerals including, but not limited to, antigorite, lizardite, and chrysotile.
    10. Serpentine Material is any material that contains at least ten percent (10%) serpentine as determined by a registered geologist. The registered geologist must document precisely how the serpentine content of the material in question was determined.
    11. Surfacing means the act of covering any surface used for purposes of pedestrian, vehicular, or non-vehicular travel including, but not limited to roads, road shoulders, streets, alleys, lanes, driveways, parking lots, playgrounds, trails, squares, plazas, and fairgrounds.
  2. Requirements For Use Or Sale Of Asbestos-Containing Serpentine Material.
    1. No person shall use or apply serpentine material for surfacing in California unless the material has been tested using ARB Test Method 435 and determined to have an asbestos content of five percent (5.0%) or less. A written receipt or other record documenting the asbestos content shall be retained by any person who uses or applies serpentine material, for a period of at least seven years from the date of use or application, and shall be provided to the Air Pollution Control Officer or his/her designee for review upon request.
    2. Any person who sells, supplies, or offers for sale serpentine material in California shall provide with each sale or supply a written receipt containing the following statement: "Serpentine material may have an asbestos content greater than five percent (5.0%). It is unlawful to use serpentine material for surfacing unless the material has been tested and found to contain less than or equal to five percent (5.0%) asbestos. All tests for asbestos content must use California Air Resources Board Test Method 435, and a written record documenting the test results must be retained for at least seven years if the material is used for surfacing."
    3. No person shall sell, supply, or offer for sale serpentine material for surfacing in California unless the serpentine material has been tested using ARB Test Method 435 and determined to have an asbestos content of five percent (5.0%) or less. Any person who sells, supplies, or offers for sale serpentine material that he or she represents, either orally or in writing, to be suitable for surfacing or to have an asbestos content that is five percent (5.0%) or less, shall provide to each purchaser or person receiving the serpentine material a written receipt which specifies the following information: the amount of serpentine material sold or supplied; tested, and supplied or sold; and the asbestos content of the serpentine material as measured by ARB Test Method 435. A copy of the receipt must, at all times, remain with the serpentine material during transit and surfacing.
    4. Any person who sells, supplies, or offers for sale serpentine material, shall retain for a period of at least seven years from the date of sale or supply, copies of all receipts and copies of any analytical test results from asbestos testing of the serpentine material. All receipts and test results shall be provided to the Air Pollution Control Officer or his/her designee for review upon request.
    5. If ARB Test Method 435 has been used to perform two or more tests on any one volume of serpentine material, whether by the same or a different person, the arithmetic average of these test results shall be used to determine the asbestos content of the serpentine material.
  3. Exemptions.
    1. The provisions of subdivision (B)(2) through (B)(5) shall not apply to sand and gravel operations.
    2. The provisions of subdivision (B)(1) shall not apply to roads located at serpentine quarries, asbestos mines, or mines located in serpentine deposits.
    3. The provisions of subdivision (B)(1) shall not apply to maintenance operations on any existing road surfaces, or to the construction of new roads in serpentine deposits, as long as no additional asbestos-containing serpentine material is applied to the road surface.
    4. Emergency Road Repairs. The Air Pollution Control Officer may issue a temporary exemption from the requirements of subdivision (B)(1) to an applicant who demonstrates that a road repair is necessary due to a landslide, flood, or other emergency and that the use of material other than serpentine is not feasible for this repair. The Air Pollution Control Officer shall specify the time during which such exemption shall be effective, provided that no exemption shall remain in effect longer than six (6) months.
    5. Bituminous and Concrete Materials. The provisions of subdivision (B) shall not apply to serpentine material that is an integral part of bituminous concrete, portland cement concrete, bituminous surface, or other similar cemented materials.
    6. The provisions of subdivision (B)(1) shall not apply to landfill operations other than the surfacing of public-access roads dedicated to use by vehicular traffic. 
SECTION 99.1.

CUTBACK AND EMULSIFIED ASPHALT.

  1. General.
    1. Purpose. To limit emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the use of cutback and emulsified asphalt in paving, construction, or maintenance of parking lots, driveways, streets and highways.
    2. Exemptions. The provisions of this rule shall not apply to the use of:
      1. Cutback and emulsified asphalt sold in the Sacramento Valley Air Basin (Basin) for shipment and use outside of the Basin, if cutback and emulsified asphalt is approved for use by the receiving district.
      2. The use of medium cure cutback asphalt as a penetrating prime coat until such time as the Air Pollution Control Officer determines that a suitable substitute material is available.
      3. Medium-cure cutback asphalt for road patching work when used by a city or county public works agency until such time as the Air Pollution Control Officer determines that a suitable substitute material is available.
      4. Medium-cure cutback asphalt at any elevation in the District from November 1st to May 1st each calendar year.
  2. Definitions. For the purpose of this rule, the following definitions shall apply:
    1. Asphalt means a brownish-black cementious material (solid, semi-solid, or liquid mixture) of which the main constituents are bitumens that occur naturally or are obtained by distillation from coal or petroleum.
    2. Cutback Asphalt means paving-grade asphalt liquefied with petroleum distillate and as further defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) specifications as follows:
        Rapid-cure Type ASTM D2028
        Medium-cure Type ASTM D2027
        Slow-cure Type ASTM D2026
    3. Dust Palliative means any light application of liquefied asphalt (cutback or emulsified asphalt) for the purpose of controlling loose dust.
    4. Emulsified Asphalt means a rapid-, medium-, or slow-setting grade as described under Section 94 of the January, 1981 State of California Department of Transportation Standard specifications.
    5. Emergency Road Maintenance is road maintenance activities required for traffic safety considerations requiring immediate response and of a nature that the maintenance cannot be rescheduled.
    6. Penetrating Prime Coat means any application to an absorptive surface to penetrate that surface, to bind the aggregate, and/or promote adhesion to new construction. Dust palliatives or tack coats shall not be included in this definition.
    7. Road Oils shall be synonymous with slow-cure asphalt.
    8. Tack Coat is any application of asphalt to an existing surface to provide a bond between new surfacing and existing surface and to eliminate slippage places where the new and existing surfaces meet.
    9. Volatile Organic Compounds means any compound containing at least one atom of carbon, except methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonate, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, methylene chloride, trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11), dichlorofluoromethane (CFC-12), chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22), trifluoromethane (HFC-23), 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113), 1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethane (CFC-114), chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115), 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123), 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-124), pentafluoroethane (HFC-125), 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134), 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a), 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b), 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b), 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a), 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a), and the following four classes of perfluorocarbon (PFC) compounds:
      1. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes;
      2. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations;
      3. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely flourinated tertiary amines wtih no unsaturations; and
      4. Saturated perfluorocarbons containing sulfur with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine.

      Perfluorocarbon compounds will be assumed to be absent from a product or process unless a manufacturer or facility operator identifies:
      1. The specific individual compounds (from the broad classes of perfluorocarbon compounds), and
      2. The amounts present in the product or process, and
      3. Provides the validated test method that can be used to quantify the specific compounds.
  3. Requirements.
    1. Cutback Asphalt. A person shall not manufacture, sell, offer for sale, use, or apply for paving, construction, or maintenance of parking lots, driveways, streets, or highways any:
      1. Rapid- or medium-cure cutback asphalt, or
      2. Slow-cure cutback asphalt material that contains more than 0.5 percent by volume VOC's that evaporate at 500° F (260° C) or less.
    2. Emulsified Asphalt. A person shall not manufacture, sell, offer for sale, use, apply for paving, driveways, streets, or highways any asphalt material that contains more than 3.0 percent by volume VOC's that evaporate at 500° F (260° C) or less.
  4. Test Methods.
    1. Measurement of VOC content in content in cutback asphalts pursuant to Part 3.1 of this rule shall be conducted and reported in accordance with ASTM Test Method D402-76.
    2. Measurement of VOC content in emulsified asphalts pursuant to Part 3.2 of this rule shall be conducted and reported in accordance with ASTM Test Method D244-89.
    3. Measurement of exempt compound content in cutback and emulsified asphalts pursuant to Subsections 3.1 and 3.2 of this rule shall be conducted and reported in accordance with ASTM Method D4457-85.
  5. Record-Keeping. Any person who manufactures, sells, offers for sale, uses, or applies any asphalt material subject to this rule shall maintain a current record of all asphalt materials in use and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) or manufacturer specifications for each asphalt material containing sufficient information to readily determine compliance with Part 3 of this rule, as applicable. These records shall be kept on site for at three (3) years and be made available to the district upon request.
SECTION 99.2. 

FIREPLACE AND SOLID FUEL HEATING DEVICE USAGE.

  1. Definitions:
    1. EPA-certified wood heating device means any wood or other solid-fuel-burning appliance utilized for space or water heating or cooking that meets the performance and emission standards as set forth in Part 60, Title 40, Subpart AAA Code of Federal Regulations, Feb. 26, 1988.
      1. Phase I appliances must meet the emission requirements of no more than 5.5 grams per hour particulate-matter emission for catalytic and 8.5 grams per hour for non catalytic appliances.
      2. Phase II emission requirements are 4.1 and 7.5 grams per hour, respectively.
    2. Fireplace means any permanently installed masonry or factory built device designed to be used with an air-to-fuel ratio greater than or equal to 35-to-1. Fireplaces installed with a dedicated natural gas connection as decorative units under the Uniform Building Code Section 3707 (n) are exempt from the requirements of this Rule.
    3. Garbage means all solid, semi-solid, and liquid wastes generated from residential, commercial, and industrial sources. This definition excludes paper and cardboard, but includes trash, refuse, rubbish, industrial wastes, asphaltic products, manure, vegetable or animal solid and semi-solid wastes.
    4. Pellet-Fueled Wood Heater means any wood heater that operates on pellet wood and is either EPA certified or is exempted under EPA requirements as set forth in Part 60, Title 40, Subpart AAA of Federal Regulations, 2-26-88.
    5. Wood-Heating Device means any enclosed wood-burning appliance capable of and intended for space heating or domestic water heating. This term does not include fireplaces.
  2. Requirements.
    1. All wood-heating devices used for the first time in existing buildings and those used in all new residential and commercial building projects constructed after the date of adoption of this rule within the boundaries of the District shall be EPA-certified or certified and labeled in a permanent and accessible manner as set forth in Part 60, Title 40, Subpart AAA Code of Federal Regulations, February 26, 1988.
    2. No person shall cause or allow any of the following materials to be burned in a fireplace or wood-heating device: garbage, chemically treated wood, plastic products, rubber products, waste petroleum products, paints and paint solvents, or coal.
    3. No person shall sell, offer for sale, supply, install, or transfer a used wood heating device unless:
      1. It is certified by the EPA, or Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, or other agencies acceptable to the APCO, or
      2. It is a pellet-fueled wood heater, or
      3. It has been rendered permanently inoperable.
    4. The Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO) shall issue an advisory through local communications media to voluntarily curtail the use of uncertified solid fuel appliances whenever weather conditions are projected to cause ambient air quality concentrations of inhalable particulate matter (PM10) that exceed 60 micrograms per cubic meter.
    5. After July 1, 1995, all fireplaces used in new construction projects within the boundaries of Glenn County shall conform to a maximum emission limit of 7.5 grams per hour by either:
      1. being initially and permanently equipped with an insert device which is EPA-certified to meet the above standard, or
      2. being certified and labeled in a permanent and accessible manner to meet the above emission limit by an EPA accredited laboratory, or other agencies acceptable to the APCO.
  3. Enforcement.
    1. Noncompliance with any part of this Rule shall be considered to be a violation of a District regulation and subject the violator to a civil penalty of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000) per day in which a violation occurs (Health and Safety Code Section 42402).
    2. Any person who negligently emits an air contaminant in violation of this Rule's limitations concerning prohibited materials to be burned shall be liable for a civil penalty of up to ten thousand dollars ($10,000) per day in which a violation occurs (Health and Safety Code Section 42402.1).
  4. Effective Date.
    1. This Rule shall become effective upon the date of adoption by the Air Pollution Control Board of Glenn County.
SECTION 100 

    INDUSTRIAL, INSTITUTIONAL, AND COMMERCIAL BOILERS, STEAM GENERATORS, AND PROCESS HEATERS OXIDES OF NITROGEN CONTROL MEASURE

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply.
    1. Annual Capacity Factor means the ratio of the amount of fuel burned by a boiler in a calendar year to the amount of fuel it could have burned if it had operated at the rated heat input capacity for 100 percent of the time during the calendar year.
    2. Boiler or Steam Generator means an individual piece of combustion equipment fired with liquid, gaseous, or solid fuel with the primary purpose of producing steam. Boiler or steam generator does not include water heaters, any waste heat recovery boiler that is used to recover sensible heat from the exhaust of a combustion turbine, nor does it include equipment associated with a chemical recovery cycle.
    3. Btu means British thermal unit.
    4. Gas-Fired means using natural gas, propane, or any other gaseous fuel for firing the boiler or steam generator.
    5. Heat input means the chemical heat released due to fuel combustion in a boiler, using the higher heating value of the fuel. This does not include the sensible heat of incoming combustion air.
    6. Higher Heating Value means the total heat liberated per mass of fuel burned (Btu per pound), when fuel and dry air at standard conditions (68°F and one atmosphere pressure) undergo complete combustion and all resultant products are brought to their standard states at standard conditions. Higher heating value shall be determined by one of the following test methods:
      1. ASTM D 2015-85 for solid fuels;
      2. ASTM D 240-87 or ASTM D 2382-88 for liquid hydrocarbon fuels; or
      3. ASTM D 1826-88 or ASTM D 1945-81 in conjunction with ASTM D 3588-89 for gaseous fuels.
    7. Oxides of nitrogen emissions means the sum of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in the flue gas, collectively expressed as nitrogen dioxide.
    8. Process heater means any combustion equipment fired with liquid, gaseous, or solid fuel and which transfers heat from combustion gases to water or process streams. A process heater does not include any kiln, furnace, recovery furnace, or oven used for drying, baking, heat treating, cooking, calcining, vitrifying or chemical reduction.
    9. Rated heat input capacity means the heat input capacity specified on the nameplate of the combustion unit. If the unit has been permanently altered or modified such that the maximum heat input is different than the input capacity specified on the nameplate and this alteration or modification has been approved in writing by the Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO), then the new maximum heat input shall be considered as the rated heat input capacity.
    10. Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) means the lowest emission limitation that a particular source is capable of meeting by the application of control technology that is reasonably available considering technological and economic feasibility.
    11. Unit means any boiler, steam generator or process heater as defined in this definition section.
  2. Applicability.
    This rule applies to all boilers, steam generators, and process heaters used in military, industrial, institutional, and commercial operations that exist within the boundaries of the Glenn County Air Pollution Control District on the date of adoption of this Rule.
  3. Requirements.
    1. No later than one year following District adoption of this Rule, all existing units with a rated heat input capacity greater than or equal to 5 million Btu per hour shall demonstrate final compliance with the following reasonably available control technology (RACT) emission limitations dependent upon the specific fuel fired in the unit and based upon a three-hour averaging period. All new units shall comply with the requirements of District Rule Article III, Section 51. - New Source Review.

      EMISSION LIMITS FOR OXIDES OF NITROGEN (AS NO2)

      Gaseous (only) fuel firing Gaseous & Non-gaseous fuel co-firing Liquid or Solid fuel firing
      0.084 lbs/MMBtu of heat input or 70 ppmv Heat input weighted average of gaseous and non-gaseous fuel limits as calculated per Section C.1.a) 0.15 lbs/MMBtu of heat input or 115 ppmv
      1. The weighted average shall be calculated as follows:

        Emission Limit = (70 ppmv * X)+(115 ppmv * Y) ppm

        X+Y



        Or Emission Limit = (0.084 * X) + (0.15 * Y) #/MMBTu Heat Input

        X+Y


        Where:
        X = annual heat input from gaseous fuel
        Y= annual heat input from non-gaseous fuel
    2. No later than one year following District adoption of this Rule, the owner or operator of any existing unit(s) with a rated heat input capacity less than 5 million Btu per hour shall submit for the approval of the Air Pollution Control Officer a list of all units operating within the District boundaries and a selection of one of the following four options to be added as a permit condition to the Permit to Operate for each such unit in order to achieve compliance with this rule:
      1. Operate in a manner that maintains stack gas oxygen concentrations at less than or equal to 3% by volume on a dry basis for any 15 consecutive minute averaging period; or
      2. Operate with a stack gas oxygen trim system set at 3% by volume oxygen. The operational tolerance of the setting shall be within the range of 2.85% to 3.15%; or
      3. Tune the unit at least once per year by a technician that is qualified to the satisfaction of the Air Pollution Control Officer to perform a tune-up in accordance with the procedure described in either Attachment 1 or Attachment 2; Note: The owner/operator of any unit(s) who specifies the annual tune-up option in the plan is required to submit an annual report verifying that the tune-up has been performed. The report shall contain any other information or documentation that the Air Pollution Control Officer determines to be necessary.) or
      4. Operate in compliance with the emission limits specified in Section C.1. of this rule.
    3. Emissions from units subject to this rule shall not exceed a carbon monoxide concentration of 400 parts per million by volume when using only gaseous or a combination of gaseous and liquid fuels. Solid fuel-fired units shall not exceed carbon monoxide limits expressed in permit to operate conditions.
    4. No person shall allow the discharge into the atmosphere from any emission control device installed and operated pursuant to the requirements of Section C. of this Rule, ammonia (NH3) emissions in excess of 20 ppm by volume at dry stack conditions adjusted to 3% oxygen unless compliance with this requirement is deemed to be technically or economically infeasible by the APCO due to fuel type, boiler configuration, or any other design characteristic of the unit.
  4. Exemptions.
    1. The requirements of Section C. shall not apply to the units which are willing to accept a permit condition that restricts operation to an annual capacity factor of 15% or less.
    2. To continue to qualify for the exemption provided in Section D.1. the owner or operator of any applicable unit(s) shall submit to the Air Pollution Control Officer annual fuel use data that demonstrates that the unit(s) operated at or below the allowable 15% annual capacity factor(s). For the purposes of this section, the annual capacity factor for multiple units may be calculated based on the total fuel input to multiple like units.
    3. Following adoption of this rule, an exemption granted for any unit will become null and void if that unit operates for more than 1 calendar year at an annual capacity factor greater than 15%.
    4. The requirements of Section C. shall not apply to units that the APCO has determined that it is not technically or economically feasible to comply with the RACT emission limitations.
    5. The requirements of Section C. shall not apply to units with a rated heat input capacity less than one (1) million Btu per hour.
  5. Compliance Determination.
    1. An owner or operator of any unit(s) shall have the option of complying with either the pounds-per-million-Btu emission rates or parts-per-million-by-volume emission limits specified in Section C.1. of this Rule. All units covered under Sections C.1 and C.2 shall be tested for compliance not less than once every 12 months, except that units complying with Section C.2.(c) shall be tuned not less than every 12 months.
    2. All emission determinations shall be conducted at the maximum firing rate allowed by the district permit, and no compliance determination shall be established within two hours after a continuous period in which fuel flow to the unit is zero, or shut off, for 15 minutes or longer.
      1. All ppmv emission limits for gaseous, liquid, or gaseous/liquid fuel firing specified in Section C. of this rule are referenced at dry stack-gas conditions and corrected to 3% by volume stack gas oxygen.
        Emission concentrations shall be corrected to 3% oxygen as follows:

        [ppm]corrected = 20.95% - 3.00% * [ppm]measured
          20.95% - [%O2]measured  
      2. All ppmv emission limits for solid fuel firing specified in Section C. of this rule are referenced at dry stack-gas conditions and corrected to 12% by volume stack gas CO2.

        Emission concentrations shall be corrected to 12% CO2 as follows:

        [ppm]corrected = 12% * * [ppm]measured
          [CO2]measured  


      All emission concentrations and emission rates shall be calculated or obtained from continuous emission monitoring data obtained by utilizing the test methods specified in Section F. of this Rule.
  6. Test Methods.
    1. Compliance with the emission requirements in Section C.1. shall be determined using the following test methods:
      1. Oxides of Nitrogen - EPA Method 7E or ARB Method 100
      2. Carbon Monoxide - EPA Method 10 or ARB Method 100
      3. Stack Gas Oxygen - EPA Method 3A or ARB Method 100
      4. NOx Emission Rate (Heat Input Basis) - EPA Method 19
      5. If certification of the higher heating value (HHV) of the fuel is not provided by a third party fuel supplier, it shall be determined by the test methods specified in the definition of HHV found in Section A. of this rule.
    2. For determination of the NH3 concentrations in stack gases, Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD) Source Test Procedure ST-1B, "Ammonia, Integrated Sampling" shall be utilized for stack sampling and EPA Method 350.3, "Ion Specific Electrode," shall be utilized as the analysis method. (Reference EPA 600/4-79-020.)

    3. Alternate methods may not be used without prior approval of the Air Pollution Control Officer.
  7. Recordkeeping Requirements.
    1. Any persons subject to the provisions of Subsection C.1. of this rule shall install, no later than one year following District adoption of this rule, a non-resettable totalizing volumetric or mass-flow fuel meter in each fuel line for each applicable unit that fires gaseous and/or liquid fuel. The meter shall be used to demonstrate that each unit operates at or below the applicable emission limitation.


      Meters shall be accurate to (+ or -) one (1) percent, as certified by the manufacturer in writing. Meter readings shall be recorded at the end of each operating day in units of either cubic feet per day or gallons per day. At the end of each month, daily records shall be compiled into a monthly report. Both monthly reports and daily records shall be maintained for a period of four (4) years and shall be made available for inspection by the Air Pollution Control Officer upon request.

    2. Any person subject to the provisions of Subsection C.1. of this rule who fires a solid fuel in an applicable unit shall provide a means of calculating or verifying fuel input to the unit in lbs/hr that is acceptable to the Air Pollution Control Officer for purposes of documenting compliance with the specified emission limit. 
 

Tuning Procedure1

Nothing in this Tuning Procedure shall be construed to require any act or omission that would result in unsafe conditions that would be in violation of any regulation or requirement established by Factory Mutual, Industrial Risk Insurers, National Fire Prevention Association, the California Department of Industrial Relations (Occupational Safety and Health Division), the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or other relevant regulations and requirements.

  1. Operate the unit at the firing rate most typical of normal operation. If the unit experiences significant load variations during normal operation, operate it at its average firing rate.
  2. At this firing rate, record stack gas temperature, oxygen concentration, and CO concentration (for gaseous fuels) or smoke-spot number2 (for liquid fuels), and observe flame conditions after unit operation stabilizes at the firing rate selected. If the excess oxygen in the stack gas is at the lower end of the range of typical minimum values3, and if CO emissions are low and there is no smoke, the unit is probably operating at near optimum efficiency -- at this particular firing rate. However, complete the remaining portion of this procedure to determine whether still lower oxygen levels are practical.
  3. Increase combustion air flow to the unit until stack gas oxygen levels increase by one to two percent over the level measured in Step 2. As in Step 2, record the stack gas temperature, CO concentration (for gaseous fuels) or smoke-spot number (for liquid fuels), and observe flame conditions for these higher oxygen levels after boiler operation stabilizes.
  4. Decrease combustion air flow until the stack gas oxygen concentration is at the level measured in Step 2. From this level gradually reduce the combustion air flow, in small increments. After each increment, record the stack gas temperature, oxygen concentration, CO concentration (for gaseous fuels) and smoke-spot number (for liquid fuels). Also, observe the flame and record any changes in its condition.
  5. Continue to reduce combustion air flow stepwise, until one of these limits is reached:
    1. Unacceptable flame conditions -- such as flame impingement on furnace walls or burner parts, excessive flame carryover, or flame instability.
    2. Stack gas CO concentrations greater than 400 ppm.
    3. Smoke at the stack.
    4. Equipment-related limitations -- such as low windbox/unit pressure differential, built in air-flow limits, etc.
  6. Develop an 02/CO curve (for gaseous fuels) or 02/smoke curve (for liquid fuels) similar to those shown in Figures 1 and 2 using the excess oxygen and CO or smoke-spot number data obtained at each combustion air flow setting.
  7. From the curves prepared in Step 6, find the stack gas oxygen levels where the CO emissions or smoke-spot number equal the following values:
    1. This tuning procedure is based on a tune-up procedure developed by KVB, Inc. for EPA.
    2. The smoke-spot number can be determined with the ASTM test method D-2156 or with the Bacharach methods. The Bacharach method is included in a tune-up kit that can be purchased from the Bacharach Company.
    3. Typical minimum oxygen levels for boilers at high firing rates are:
      1. For natural gas: 0.5 - 3%
      2. For liquid fuels: 2 - 4%

    FUEL

    MEASUREMENT

    VALUE

    Gaseous

    CO emissions

    400 ppm

    #1 and #2 Oils

    Smoke-spot number

    number 1

    #4 Oil

    Smoke-spot number

    number 2

    #5 Oil

    Smoke-spot number

    number 3

    Other Oils

    Smoke-spot number

    number 4


    The above conditions are referred to as the CO or smoke thresholds, or as the minimum excess oxygen levels.

    Compare this minimum value of excess oxygen to the expected value provided by the combustion unit manufacturer. If the minimum level found is substantially higher than the value provided by the combustion unit manufacturer, burner adjustments can probably be made to improve fuel and air mix, thereby allowing operations with less air.
  8. Add 0.5 to 2.0 percent to the minimum excess oxygen level found in Step 7 and reset burner controls to operate automatically at this higher stack gas oxygen level. This margin above the minimum oxygen level accounts for fuel variations, variations in atmospheric conditions, load changes, and non repeatability or play in automatic controls.
  9. If the load of the combustion unit varies significantly during normal operation, repeat Steps 1-8 for firing rates that represent the upper and lower limits of the range of the load. Because control adjustments at one firing rate may affect conditions at other firing rates, it may not be possible to establish the optimum excess oxygen level at all firing rates. If this is the case, choose the burner control settings that give best performance over the range of firing rates. If one firing rate predominates, settings should optimize conditions at that rate.
  10. Verify that the new settings can accommodate the sudden changes that may occur in daily operation without adverse effects. Do this by increasing and decreasing load rapidly while observing the flame and stack. If any of the conditions in Step 5 result, reset the combustion controls to provide a slightly higher level of excess oxygen at the affect firing rates. Next, verify these new settings in a similar fashion. Then make sure that the final control settings are recorded at steady-state operating conditions for future reference.
 

Equipment Tuning Procedure for Natural Draft-Fired Equipment2

Nothing in this Equipment Tuning Procedure shall be construed to require any act or omission that would result in unsafe conditions or would be in violation of any regulation or requirement established by Factory Mutual, Industrial Risk Insurers, National Fire Prevention Association, The California Department of Industrial Relations(Occupational Safety and Health Division), the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or other relevant regulations and requirements

  1. Preliminary Analysis
    1. Verify that the boiler, steam generator or process heater (unit) is operating at the lowest pressure or temperature that will satisfy load demand. This pressure or temperature will be used as a basis for comparative combustion analysis before and after tune-up.
    2. Verify that the unit operates for the minimum number of hours and days necessary to perform the work required.
    3. Verify that the size of air supply openings is in compliance with applicable codes and regulations. Air supply openings must be fully open when the burner is firing and air flow must be unrestricted.
    4. Verify that the vent is in good condition, properly sized, and free from obstruction.
    5. Perform a combustion analysis (CO, 02, etc.) at both high and low fire, if possible. Record all data, as well as the following:
      1. Inlet fuel pressure at burner at high and low firing rates.
      2. Pressure above draft hood or barometric damper at high, medium, and low firing rates.
      3. Steam pressure, water temperature, or process fluid pressure or temperature entering and leaving the unit.
      4. Inlet fuel use rate if meter is available.
  2. Checks and Corrections
    1. Clean all dirty burners or burner orifices. Verify that fuel filters and moisture traps are in place, clean, and operating properly. Confirm proper location and orientation of burner diffuser spuds, gas canes, etc. Replace or repair damaged or missing burner parts.
    2. Remove external and internal sediment and scale from heating surfaces.
    3. Verify that the necessary water or process fluid treatment is being used. Confirm flushing and/or blow-down schedule.
    4. Repair all leaks. In addition to the high-pressure lines, check the blow-off drain, safety valve, bypass lines and, if used, the feed pump.
  3. Safety Checks
    1. Test primary and secondary low water level controls.
    2. Check operating and limit pressure and temperature controls.
    3. Check pilot safety shut-off operation.
    4. Check safety valve pressure setting and verify that the setting is consistent with unit load requirements.
  4. Adjustments - Perform the following checks and adjustments on a warm unit at high fire:
    1. Adjust unit to fire at the maximum inlet fuel use rate; record fuel manifold pressure
    2. Adjust draft and/or fuel pressure to obtain acceptable, clean combustion at both high, medium, and low firing rates. The carbon monoxide(CO) value should not exceed 400 parts per million (PPM) at 3 percent 02.
    3. Verify that unit light-offs are smooth and safe. Perform a reduced fuel pressure test at both high or low firing rates in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.
    4. Check and adjust the modulation controller. Verify proper, efficient, and clean combustion through the range of firing rates.

    When optimum performance has been achieved, record all data.
  5. Final Test - Perform a final combustion analysis on the warm unit at high, medium, and low firing rates. Record data obtained from combustion analysis, as well as the following:
    1. Inlet fuel pressure at burner at high and low firing rates.
    2. Pressure above draft hood or barometric damper at high, medium, and low firing rates.
    3. Steam pressure, water temperature, or process fluid pressure or temperature entering and leaving the unit.
    4. Inlet fuel use rate if meter is available 
SECTION 101  POLYESTER RESIN OPERATIONS
 
  1. Purpose. The purpose of this rule is to control Volatile Organic Compound emissions from polyester resin operations
  2. Applicability. This rule is applicable to all commercial, industrial and military stationary sources performing polyester resin operations.
  3. Exemption. Touch-Up And Repair - The provisions of Section E. shall not apply to touch-up and repair.
  4. Definitions.
    1. Airless Spray means a coatings spray application system using high fluid pressure to atomize the coating without compressed air.
    2. Air-Assisted Airless Spray means a coating application system in which the coating fluid is supplied to the gun under fluid pressure and air is combined at the spray cap.
    3. Catalyst means a substance added to the resin to initiate polymerization.
    4. Cleaning Materials means materials used for cleaning, including but not limited to, hands, tools, molds, application equipment, and work areas.
    5. Closed Mold System means a method of forming an object from polyester resins by placing the material in a confining mold cavity and applying pressure and/or heat.
    6. Control System means an emission control device and its associated collection system.
    7. Corrosion-Resistant Materials means polyester resin materials used to make products for corrosion resistant applications such as tooling, fuel, or chemical tanks and boat hulls.
    8. Cross-Linking means the process of chemically bonding two or more polymer chains together.
    9. Cure means to polymerize, i.e., to transform from a liquid to a solid or semi-solid state to achieve desired product physical properties, including hardness.
    10. Electrostatic Spray means the spray application of coatings where an electrostatic potential is created between the part to be coated and the coating particles.
    11. Fiberglass means a fiber similar in appearance to wool or cotton fiber but made from glass.
    12. Fire Retardant Material means polyester resin materials used to make products that are resistant to flame or fire.
    13. Gel Coat means a polyester resin surface coating that provides a cosmetic enhancement and improves resistance to degradation from exposure to the environment.
    14. General Purpose Polyester Resins means materials that are not corrosion resistant, fire retardant, high strength, vapor suppressed, or gel coats.
    15. Grams Of VOC Per Liter Of Material means the weight of VOC per volume of material as calculated by the following equation:

      D

      =

      (Ws - Ww - Wes)

         


         

      Vm

      where:
      D = Grams of VOC per Liter of Material
      Ws = Mass of volatile materials in grams
      Ww = Mass of water in grams
      Wes = Mass of exempt compounds in grams
      Vm = Volume of materials in liters.


    16. High-Strength Materials means polyester resins which have casting tensile strength of 10,000 psi or more and which are used primarily for manufacturing of high performance boats and skis.
    17. High Volume-Low Pressure means spray equipment used to apply coatings by means of a gun which operates between 0.1 and 10 psi air pressure at the air cap of the spray gun.
    18. Inhibitor means a substance used to slow down or prevent a chemical reaction.
    19. Low-VOC Emissions Resin Systems means polyester resin materials which contain vapor suppressants to reduce monomer evaporation loss.
    20. Monomer means a comparatively volatile unsaturated compound such as styrene used to dissolve and subsequently copolymerize with less volatile unsaturated polyesters; for practical purposes, the volatile portion of a polyester resin liquid.
    21. Polyester means a polymer containing repeating ester groups and multiple sites of unsaturation and which is soluble in styrene.
    22. Polyester Resin Materials means materials including, but not limited to, unsaturated polyester resins such as isophthalic, orthophthalic, halogenated, bisphenol-A, vinyl-ester, or furan resins; cross-linking agents; catalysts, gel coats, inhibitors, accelerators, promoters, and any other VOC-containing materials in polyester resin operations.
    23. Polyester Resin Operations means methods used for the production, rework, repair or touch-up of products by mixing, pouring, hand lay-up, impregnating, injecting, forming, winding, spraying, and/or curing unsaturated polyester resin materials.
    24. Polymer means a chemical compound comprised of a large number of chemical units and which is formed by the chemical linking of monomers.
    25. Pultrusion means a process where continuous roving strands are moved through a strand-tensioning device into a resin bath for impregnation and then passed through a die for curing.
    26. Repair means that part of the fabrication process that requires the addition of polyester resin material to portions of a previously fabricated product in order to mend structural damage.
    27. Resin means any of a class of organic polymers of natural or synthetic origin used in reinforced products to surround and hold fibers, and is solid or semi-solid in the cured state.
    28. Specialty Resin means any halogenated, furan, bisphenol-A, vinyl ester, or isophthalic resin used to make products for exposure to one or more of the following extreme environmental conditions: acute or chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic or acidic agents, or flame.
    29. Touch-Up means that portion of the fabrication process that is necessary to cover minor imperfections.
    30. Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) means any compound as defined in District Rule 99.1.B.9 Definitions.
    31. Vapor Suppressant means a substance added to a resin to minimize the outward diffusion of monomer vapor into the atmosphere.
    32. Waste Material means those materials that include, but are not limited to, scraps resulting from cutting and grinding operations, any paper or cloth used for cleaning operations, waste resins, and any spent cleaning materials.
  5. Requirements.
    For each process, a person operating a polyester resin operation shall comply with the material requirements or one of the applicable process requirements set forth below:
    1. Material Requirements
      1. The use of polyester resin material with monomer content of no more than the following limits:
    2. Process Requirements
      1. The use of a resin containing a vapor suppressant, so that weight loss from VOC emissions does not exceed 60 grams per square meter of exposed surface area during resin polymerization.
      2. The weight loss of polyester materials shall be less than four (4) percent when closed mold systems is used.
      3. A pultrusion operation shall have covered wet-out baths. From exit of the bath to the die, all but 18 inches of the preform distance shall be enclosed to minimize air flow. The weight loss of polyester materials shall be less than (3) percent in a pultrusion operation.
      4. The use of a closed-mold system; or
      5. Only airless, air-assisted airless, high volume-low pressure, or electrostatic spray equipment shall be used for the application of polyester resin materials in spraying operations.
    3. Storage and Disposal Requirements
      1. Closed containers shall be used for the storage of all uncured polyester resin materials, cleaning materials, and any unused VOC-containging materials except when being accessed for use.
      2. Self-closing containers shall be used in such a manner that effectively controls VOC emissions to the atmosphere for the disposal of all uncured polyester resin materials, cleaning materials, and any unused VOC-containing materials.
    4. Cleaning Material Requirements:
      Where the use of cleaning materials containing more than 1.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of material as applied and as determined by Section I.5. of this rule or having an initial boiling point less than 190°C, as determined by Section I.3. of this rule, exceeds four (4) gallons per day, a cleaning material reclamation system shall be used. Such a reclamation system shall operate with at least 80 percent efficiency. Solvent residues for on-site reclamation systems shall not contain more than 20 percent VOC by weight as determined by Section I.4. of this rule.
  6. Control Equipment.
    A person may install and operate an emission control system approved by the APCO which is designed and operated for the collection of fugitive emissions from polyester resin material, and which has a control device with an overall control and capture efficiency of 85 percent or more on a mass basis as determined by Sections H.1 and H.6 of this rule.

  7. Compliance Dates.
    1. Any person subject to the requirements of this Rule shall be in compliance with all provisions within twelve months from date of adoption.
    2. Facilities operating prior to the date of adoption of this Rule which elect to install and operate an emission control system pursuant to the requirements of Section F. shall have the control system installed and operating within 18 months from date of adoption of this Rule.
  8. Test Methods.
    The analysis of cleaning materials, polyester resin materials, and control/collection efficiency shall be determined by the appropriate test methods as follows:
    1. South Coast AQMD Method 309, "Static Volatile Emissions" shall be used to determine weight loss of volatile organic compound from vapor suppressed resins.
      1. EPA Method 25A, "Determination of Total Gaseous Organic Concentration Using a Flame Ionization Analyzer".
      2. EPA Method 18, "Measurement of Gaseous Organic Compound Emissions by Gas Chromatography".
    2. ASTM D1078-86, "Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids".
    3. California Air Resources Board Method 401, "Gravimetric Purge and Trap".
    4. EPA Method 24, "Determination of Volatile Matter Content, Water Content, Density, Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings".
    5. 40 CFR 52.741, Appendix B, "VOM Measurement Techniques for Capture Efficiency".
  9. Records.
    Any person subject to this rule shall comply with the following requirements:
    1. A person shall maintain, or have available, a current list of polyester resins and cleaning materials in use which provides all of the data necessary to evaluate compliance, including the following information:
      1. Polyester resin, catalyst, and cleaning materials used;
      2. The weight percent of monomer in each of the polyester resin materials, and the grams of VOC per liter for the cleaning materials.
      3. For approved vapor suppressed resins, the weight loss (grams per square meter) during resin polymerization, the monomer percentage, and the gel time for each resin.
      4. The amount of each of the polyester resin materials and cleaning materials used during each day of operations.
      5. The volume of polyester resin materials and cleaning materials used for touch-up and repair during each day of operation.
      6. Records of hours of operation and key operating parameters for any emissions control system.
    2. All records required by this rule shall be retained and made available for inspection by the Air Pollution Control Officer for the previous 24 month period.  
 SECTION 102

VOLATILE ORGANIC WASTE DISPOSAL CONTROL

  1. Purpose.
    To reduce volatile organic waste emissions during the generation, storage, transfer, treatment, recycling or disposal of volatile organic wastes.
  2. Applicability.
    This rule applies to any person who generates, stores, transfers, treats, recovers, recycles or disposes of volatile organic wastes.
  3. Exemptions.
    1. Household Wastes - Wastes generated by household users shall be exempt from the requirements of this rule.
    2. Exempt Wastes - Organic agricultural chemicals (pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, and fertilizers) used to grow and harvest crops or raise fowls, animals, or bees in order to make a profit, provide a livelihood or to conduct agricultural research or instruction by an educational institution are exempt from the requirements of this rule.
  4. Definitions.
    1. Dispose means to abandon, deposit, or otherwise discard any volatile organic waste, contained or non-contained, into or on any land or water so that such waste or any constituent of it may be emitted to the atmosphere.
    2. Generator means any person whose act or process produces volatile organic waste.
    3. Incompatible Volatile Organic Wastes means volatile organic wastes which are unsuitable for mixing under controlled conditions because the mixing could render some or all of the volatile organic wastes unsuitable for recycling or for application of other resource recovery process.
    4. Organic Compound means any compound of carbon except:
      1. Carbonates
      2. Metallic carbides
      3. Carbon monoxide
      4. Carbon dioxide
      5. Carbonic acid
      6. Methane
      7. Perchloroethylene
      8. carbon tetrachloride
    5. Leak means the dripping of liquid volatile organic compounds in excess of three drops per minute or, a reading as methane on a portable hydrocarbon detection instrument of 10,000 ppm or greater above background when measured within one centimeter of the source using EPA Reference Method 21 - Determination of VOC Compound Leaks or, the appearance of a visible mist.
    6. Resource Recovery Process means any method, technique, or process which transforms a volatile organic waste into a usable material (such as a fuel supplement or recyclable solvent).
    7. Storage means the containment of volatile organic waste prior to treatment, recovery, transfer, or disposal.
    8. Treatment means any method, technique, or process designed to reduce the organic compound content of any volatile organic waste.
    9. Volatile Organic Waste means any waste which contains volatile organic compounds in excess of one percent by weight as determined by ARB Method 401 (Gravimetric Purge and Trap method) or by an equivalent method approved by the Air Pollution Control Officer, the California Air Resources Board, and the U.S. EPA.
  5. Requirements.
    1. Condition of Containers - All containers holding volatile organic waste shall be maintained in a leak-free condition.
    2. Compatibility of Waste With Container - The owner or operator must use a container made of or lined with materials which will not react with the volatile organic waste to be stored so that the ability of the container to contain the waste is not impaired.
    3. Management of Containers - A container holding volatile organic waste must always be closed during storage, except when it is necessary to add or remove waste. Each storage container shall be labeled with the contents identified and the dates noted on when waste solvent was added.
    4. Inspections - The owner or operator shall inspect containers, at least weekly, looking for leaks and for deterioration caused by corrosion or other factors.
    5. Special Requirements for Ignitable or Reactive Wastes - Containers holding ignitable or reactive waste must be located within the property boundary at least 15 meters (50 feet) from the facility's property line.
    6. Special Requirements for Incompatible Wastes
      1. Incompatible wastes must not be placed in the same container. The treatment, storage, and disposal of ignitable or reactive waste, and the co-mingling of wastes, or wastes and materials, must be conducted so it does not:
        1. Generate extreme heat, pressure, explosion, or violent reaction;
        2. Produce uncontrolled toxic mists, fumes, dusts or gases in sufficient quantities to threaten human health;
        3. Produce flammable fumes or gases in sufficient quantities to pose a risk of fire or explosions;
        4. Damage the structural integrity of the device or facility containing the waste; or
        5. Through other means threaten human health or the environment.
        6. Transfer - Persons transferring liquid volatile organic wastes into any container having a capacity larger than 500 gallons shall utilize submerged filling or bottom loading, or an equivalent method as approved by the air pollution control officer.
    7. Disposal - A person shall not dispose of any volatile organic waste unless the disposal of such waste has been approved by the State of California Regional Water Quality Control Board and the County Director of Environmental Health. All hazardous volatile organic waste as defined in Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations shall be disposed of in a Class I landfill or treated, stored, or handled in a manner acceptable to the State of California Department of Toxic Substance Control.
    8. Treatment - Any person operating a facility for the treatment of volatile organic waste shall reduce the volatile organic compound (VOC) content of the waste by no less than 99 percent by such treatment. The Air Pollution Control Officer may establish requirements to ensure that emissions from the treatment process do not endanger public health. ARB Method 401 shall be used to quantify VOC content of treated and untreated waste.
    9. Resource Recovery - Any person operating a process for the recovery of resources from any volatile organic waste shall recover or reduce at least 80 percent of the volatile organic compound (VOC) content of the waste during such recovery process. ARB Method 401 shall be used to quantify VOC content of the waste.
    10. Record Keeping - Any person who generates, stores, transfers, treats, recovers, recycles, or disposes of volatile organic wastes shall maintain records for a minimum of the most recent two (2) calendar years for inspection by the Air Pollution Control Officer documenting the following information:
      1. Amount of solvent sent to waste;
      2. Amount of solvent sent to resource recovery; and
      3. Amount of solvent sent to treatment facility. 
SECTION 103 

ORGANIC SOLVENT CLEANING AND DEGREASING OPERATIONS

  1. Definitions.
    For the purposes of this rule, the following definitions apply:
    1. Air-Vapor Interface means the top of the solvent-vapor layer, and the air touching this layer.
    2. Batch-loaded means material placed in a nonconveyorized container for cleaning.
    3. Cold Cleaner means any cleaner using solvent which, if heated, is maintained below the initial boiling point temperature. The cleaners include, but are not limited to, remote reservoirs, spray sinks and batch-loaded dip tanks.
    4. Condenser (or primary condenser) means a device, such as cooling coils, used to condense (liquefy) solvent vapor.
    5. Condenser Flow Switch means a safety switch connected to a thermostat which shuts off the sump heater if the condenser coolant is either not circulating or exceeds its designed operating temperature.
    6. Control Device means a device for reducing emissions of VOC to the atmosphere.
    7. Conveyorized Solvent Cleaner means any conveyorized cold or vapor solvent cleaner, including but not limited to gyro, vibra, monorail, cross-rod, mesh, belt and strip cleaners. Strip cleaners clean material by drawing the strip itself through the unit for cleaning prior to coating or other fabrication processes.
    8. Emulsion means a suspension of small droplets of one liquid in a second liquid.
    9. Evaporation means to change into a vapor, normally from a liquid state.
    10. Evaporative Surface Area
      1. Cold Cleaner:
        1. The surface area of the top of the solvent.
        2. The surface area of the solvent sink or work area for a remote reservoir.
      2. Vapor Solvent Cleaner: The surface area of the top of the solvent vapor-air interface.
      3. Conveyorized Solvent Cleaner:
        1. Cold Cleaner: The surface area of the top of the solvent.
        2. Vapor Solvent Cleaner: The surface area of the top of the solvent vapor-air interface.
    11. Freeboard Height:
      1. Cold Cleaner: The vertical distance from the top of the solvent, or the solvent drain of a remote reservoir cold cleaner, to the top of the cold cleaner.
      2. Batch-loaded Vapor Solvent Cleaner: The vertical distance from the top of the solvent vapor-air interface to the top of the solvent cleaner.
      3. Conveyorized Solvent Cleaner:
        1. For non-boiling solvent, the vertical distance from the top of the solvent to the bottom of the lowest opening in the solvent cleaner where vapors can escape.
        2. For boiling solvent, the vertical distance from the top of the solvent vapor-air interface to the bottom of the lowest opening in the solvent cleaner where vapors can escape.
    12. Freeboard Ratio means the freeboard height divided by the smaller of the inside length or the inside width of the solvent cleaner evaporative area.
    13. Initial Boiling Point means the boiling point of a solvent as defined by ASTM D-1078-7B.
    14. Leak means three (3) or more drops of liquid solvent per minute.
    15. Lip Exhaust means a system which collects solvent vapors escaping from the top of a cleaner and directs them away from personnel using the cleaner.
    16. Low Volatility Solvent means a solvent with an initial boiling point which is greater than 120°C (248°F) and with a temperature as used, at least 100°C (180°F) below the initial boiling point.
    17. Make-up Solvent means that solvent added to the solvent cleaning operation to replace solvent lost through evaporation or other means.
    18. Refrigerated Freeboard Chiller means a secondary cooling coil mounted above the primary condenser which provides a chilled air blanket above the solvent vapor air-interface to cause the condensation of additional solvent vapor.
    19. Remote Reservoir means a cold cleaner with a tank which is completely enclosed except for a solvent return opening no larger than 100 square centimeters which allows used solvent to drain into it from a separate solvent sink or work area and which is not accessible for soaking workloads.
    20. Solvent means compounds which are used as diluents, thinners, dissolvers, viscosity reducers, cleaning agents or for other similar uses.
    21. Spray Safety Switch means a manually reset switch which shuts off the spray pump if the vapor level drops more than 10 cm (4 inches).
    22. Ultrasonic means enhancement of the cleaning process by agitation of liquid solvents with high frequency sound wave vibrations.
    23. Vapor Level Control Thermostat means a manually reset safety switch which turns off the sump heater if the thermostat senses the temperature rising above the designed operating level at the air-vapor interface.
    24. Vapor Solvent Cleaner means any solvent cleaner that cleans through the condensation of hot solvent vapor on colder workloads.
    25. Volatile Organic Compound means any compound containing at least one atom of carbon, except methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonate, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, methylene chloride, Tetrachloroethylene, carbon tetrachloride, trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11), dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12), chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22), trifluoromethane (HFC-23), trichlorotrifluoroethane CFC-113), dichlorotetrafluoroethane (CFC-114), chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115), dichlorotrifluoroethane (HCFC-123), 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-124), pentafluoroethane (HFC-125), 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134), tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a), dichlorofluoroethane (HCFC-141b), chlorodifluoroethane (HCFC-142b), 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a), 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a), and the following four classes of perfluorocarbon (PFC) compounds:
      1. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes;
      2. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations;
      3. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations; and
      4. Saturated sulfur containing perfluorocarbons with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine.
    26. Volatile Solvent means any solvent that is not a low volatility solvent.
    27. Waste Solvent Residue means material which may contain dirt, oil, metal particles, and/or other waste products concentrated after heat distillation of the waste solvent either in the solvent cleaner itself or after distillation in a separate still.
    28. Wipe Cleaning means that method of cleaning which utilizes a material such as a rag wetted with a solvent, coupled with a physical rubbing process to remove contaminants from surfaces.
    29. Workload means the objects put in a cleaner for the purpose of removing oil, grease, soil, coating, dirt or other undesirable matter from the surface of the objects.
    30. Workload Area:
      1. The plane geometric surface area of the top of the submerged parts basket, or
      2. The combined plane geometric surface area(s) displaced by the submerged workload, if no basket is used.
  2. Applicability.
    Except as provided in Section E.- Exemptions, this rule shall apply to all volatile organic compound solvent cleaning and degreasing operations.
  3. Requirements.
    1. Equipment Requirements
      1. All cleaners shall be equipped with the following:
        1. An apparatus or cover(s) which reduces solvent evaporation, except as provided in Section C.1.b.3).
        2. A permanent, conspicuous label summarizing the applicable operating requirements contained in Section C.3.
        3. A device for draining cleaned parts which permits the drained solvent or drag-out to be returned to the cleaner solvent tank.
      2. Remote Reservoir Cold Cleaners shall be equipped with all of the following:
        1. A sink or work area which is sloped sufficiently towards the drain to prevent pooling of solvent.
        2. A single drain hole, not larger than 100 square centimeters (15.5 square inches) in area, for the solvent to flow from the sink into the enclosed reservoir.
        3. Except for cleaners using low volatility solvents, a drain plug or a cover for placement over the top of the sink, when the equipment is not in use.
        4. A freeboard height not less than 6 inches.
      3. Cold Cleaners:
        1. Freeboard Requirements:
          1. Cold cleaners using only low volatility solvents which are not agitated, shall operate with a freeboard height not less than 6 inches.
          2. Cold cleaners (including remote reservoir cold cleaners) using solvents which are agitated, heated above 50° C (120°F) or volatile solvents, shall operate with a freeboard ratio equal to or greater than 0.75.
          3. A water cover may be used as an acceptable control method to meet the freeboard requirements, if the solvent is insoluble in water and has a specific gravity greater than 1.
        2. Cover requirements - For cold cleaners using volatile solvents, a cover that is a sliding, rolling or guillotine (bi-parting) type which is designed to easily open and close.
        3. A permanent, conspicuous mark locating the maximum allowable solvent level conforming to the applicable freeboard requirements.
      4. Batch-loaded Vapor Cleaners shall be equipped with the following:
        1. A cover that is a sliding, rolling or guillotine (bi-parting) type which is designed to easily open and close without disturbing the vapor zone.
        2. A vapor level control thermostat.
        3. A condenser flow switch.
        4. A spray safety switch.
        5. A freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 0.75.
        6. A primary condenser.
        7. In addition to the above, cleaners with an evaporative surface area greater than or equal to 1 square meter, shall be equipped with a refrigerated freeboard chiller for which the chilled air blanket temperature (°F) at the coldest point on the vertical axis in the center of the air-vapor interface shall be no greater than 30 percent of the initial boiling point (°F) of the solvent used or no greater than 40°F. If the chiller operates below the freezing temperature of water, it shall be equipped with an automatic defrost.
      5. Conveyorized Cold Cleaners shall be equipped with the following:
        1. A rotating basket or other method, to prevent cleaned parts from carrying out solvent liquid.
        2. Minimized entrance and exit openings which silhouette the work loads such that the average clearance between material and the edges of the cleaner openings is less than 10 centimeters (4 inches) or less than 10% of the opening width.
        3. A freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 0.75 which is physically verifiable.
      6. Conveyorized Vapor Cleaners shall be equipped with the following:
        1. An enclosed drying tunnel or other method, such as a rotating basket, sufficient to prevent cleaned parts from carrying out solvent liquid.
        2. Minimized entrance and exit openings which silhouette the work loads such that the average clearance between material and the edges of the cleaner openings is less than 10 centimeters (4 inches) or less than 10% of the opening width.
        3. A primary condenser.
        4. A vapor level control thermostat.
        5. A condenser flow switch.
        6. A spray safety switch.
        7. A freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 0.75 which is physically verifiable, or a refrigerated freeboard chiller for which the chilled air blanket temperature (°F) at the coldest point on the vertical axis in the center of the air-vapor interface shall be no greater than 30 percent of the initial boiling point (°F) of the solvent used or no greater than 40°F. If the chiller operates below the freezing temperature of water, it shall be equipped with an automatic defrost.
    2. Alternative Control Requirements
      Alternatively, a system to collect emissions which are vented to a control device may be used to satisfy the requirements of C.1.c.1), C.1.d.5) and 7., C.1.e.3) and C.1.f.7) provided that the overall efficiency (the collection efficiency multiplied by the control efficiency) of the total system shall not be less than 85 percent by weight in reducing total non-methane hydrocarbons as determined by EPA Method 25. The collection system shall have a ventilation rate not greater than 20 cubic meters per minute per square meter over the total area of the solvent cleaner openings unless the rate must be changed to meet Federal and State Occupational Safety and Health Administration requirements. The system must be approved in writing by the Air Pollution Control Officer.
    3. Operating Requirements
      1. a. All Cleaners
        1. The solvent cleaning equipment and emission control device shall be operated and maintained in proper working order.
        2. Cleaners shall not be operated when leaking.
        3. All solvent, including waste solvent and waste solvent residues, shall be stored in closed containers at all times. The containers shall have a label indicating the name of the solvent/material they contain.
        4. Waste solvent and residues shall be disposed of by one of the following methods:
          1. A commercial waste solvent reclamation service licensed by the State of California.
          2. At a facility that is federally or state licensed to treat, store or dispose of such waste.
          3. Recycling in conformance with Section 25143.2 of the California Health and Safety Code.
        5. Solvent cleaners, except remote reservoir cold cleaners using low volatility solvent, shall be covered except to process work or to perform maintenance.
        6. Solvent carry-out shall be minimized by the following methods:
          1. Rack workload for drainage.
          2. Limit the vertical speed of a powered hoist, if one is used, to not more than 3.3 meters per minute (11 ft/min).
          3. Retain the workload below the air-vapor interface until condensation ceases, as applicable.
          4. For manual operation, tip out any pools of solvent remaining on the cleaned parts before removing them from the cleaner, and
          5. Do not remove parts from the solvent cleaner until visually dry and all dripping ceases. This requirement does not apply to emulsion cleaner workload that is rinsed with water within the cleaner immediately after cleaning.
        7. The cleaning of porous or absorbent materials such as cloth, leather, wood or rope is prohibited.
        8. Solvent agitation shall be achieved using pump recirculation, a mixer, or ultrasonics. Air agitation shall not be allowed.
        9. Solvent spray shall only be a continuous fluid stream. An atomized or shower type spray shall not be used. In conveyorized cleaners, a shower type spray may be allowed provided that the spray is conducted in a totally confined space that is separated from the environment.
        10. The solvent spray system shall not be used in a manner such that liquid solvent splashes outside the container.
        11. For those cleaners equipped with water separators, no solvent shall be visually detectable in the water exiting the water separator.
        12. Wipe cleaning materials containing solvent shall be kept in closed containers at all times, except during use.
        13. A cleaner shall not be located where drafts are directed across the cleaner.
        14. Drain cleaned material, within the freeboard area, so that the drained solvent is returned to the container.
      2. b. Batch-loaded and Conveyorized Vapor Cleaners. In addition to the requirements in Section C.3.a), the operating requirements below shall apply:
        1. The following sequence shall be used for start-up and shut-down:
          1. When starting the cleaner, the cooling system shall be turned on before, or simultaneously with, the sump heater.
          2. When shutting down the cleaner, the sump heater shall be turned off before, or simultaneously with, the cooling system.
        2. The workload area shall not occupy more than half the evaporative surface area of the solvent cleaner.
        3. The spray must be kept below the top of the air-vapor interface.
  4. Prohibition.
    After the date of adoption, a lip exhaust system shall not be added to any cleaner, unless it is vented to a control device, as described in Section C.2.
  5. Exemptions.
    1. Solvents Containing Less Than 2 percent VOC. Solvent cleaning operations using solvent (including emulsions) containing no more than 2 percent of volatile organic compounds (wt) as determined by EPA Method 24 shall not be subject to the requirements of this determination.
    2. Cold Cleaners with less than 929 square centimeters (1 square foot) of liquid surface area are exempt from the equipment requirements in Section C.1. of this Rule, except for the requirements that the cleaners shall be covered when work is not being processed.
  6. Compliance Schedule.
    Any person subject to any of the requirements of this Rule, shall comply with the following increments of progress:
    1. By (30 days from date of adoption), be in full compliance with the operating requirements of this Rule.
    2. By (one year after date of rule adoption), be in full compliance with the equipment requirements of this Rule.
  7. Test Methods.
    1. Initial Boiling Point of Solvent. The initial boiling point of the solvent shall be determined by ASTM D-1078-93.
    2. Capture Efficiency. Capture efficiency shall be determined by the appropriate method described in 40 CFR 52.741, Appendix B.
    3. Control Efficiency. EPA Method 25 shall be used to determine control efficiency, in combination with the appropriate method in the reference mentioned in Section G.2.
    4. Volumetric Flowrate. Volumetric Flowrate shall be determined by EPA Methods 2, 2A, 2C and 2D.
    5. Exempt Compounds. Determination of exempt compounds, shall be performed in accordance with ASTM D-4457-85 (Solvents and Coatings) and be consistent with the provisions set forth in the Federal Register (FR, Vol. 56, No. 52, March 18, 1991).
    6. Volatile Organic Compounds. For the purposes of this determination, the content of VOCs in solvents shall be determined by the appropriate procedures contained in EPA Method 24. Perfluorocarbon compounds shall be assumed to be absent from a product or process unless a manufacturer or facility operator identifies the specific individual compounds (from the broad classes of perfluorocarbon compounds) and the amount present in the product or process and provides a validated test method which can be used to quantify the specific compounds.
  8. Administrative Requirements.
    Solvent Records. The following records shall be retained for the previous 24-month period and be available at the time of a district inspection:
    1. Each time waste solvent or waste solvent residue is removed from the facility for disposal.
    2. On a quarterly or shorter basis, record the facility-wide total volume of make-up solvent used for all cleaners.
    3. Mix ratios of solvent compounds.
    4. VOC content of solvents.
    5. Maintenance records on solvent cleaning and/or degreasing operation.
SECTION 104 

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS

  1. Purpose. The purpose of this rule is to limit non-methane organic compound (NMOC) emissions from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills by implementing the provisions of Title 40, Code of Federal regulations, Part 60, Subpart Cc- Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for MSW Landfills.
  2. Applicability. This rule applies to all MSW landfills meeting the following conditions:
    1. Construction, reconstruction or modification was commenced before May 30, 1991; and
    2. The MSW landfill has accepted waste at any time since November 8, 1987, or has additional design capacity available for future waste deposition.
  3. Definitions. Terms used but not defined in this rule have the meaning given them in 40 CFR Part 60.751 (Definitions) except:
    1. Administrator, for the purposes of this rule, means Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO) of the Glenn County Air Pollution Control District, except that the APCO shall not be empowered to approve:
      1. Alternative or equivalent test methods, alternative standards; or
      2. Alternative work practices unless included in the site-specific design plan as provided in 40 CFR Section 60.752 (b)(2)(i).
    2. Design plan or plan means the site-specific design plan for the gas collection and control system submitted under section E.3 of this rule.
    3. Modification is defined for landfills as "increase in the permitted volume design capacity of the landfill by either horizontal or vertical expansion based on its permitted design capacity as of May 30, 1991". Increased emissions from landfills are based on the amount and character of the waste placed in the landfill. Therefore, modification is defined in terms of permitted design capacity, rather than physical or operational changes to equipment or production methods.
  4. Effective Date. The effective date of this rule shall be 30 days after the adoption of this rule.
  5. Standards.
    1. Each owner or operator of a MSW landfill that has a design capacity equal to or greater than 2.5 million megagrams or 2.5 million cubic meters, and an NMOC emission rate of 50 megagrams per year or more, as calculated pursuant to 40 CFR 60.754 (Test Methods and Procedures) shall install a collection and control system meeting the conditions provided in 40 CFR 60.752 (b)(2)(ii) and (iii).
    2. The owner or operator of each MSW landfill shall submit an initial design capacity report and amended design capacity report as specified in 40 CFR 60.752 (Standards for Air Emissions from MSW Landfills). Any density conversions shall be documented and submitted with the report.
    3. The owner or operator of a MSW landfill subject to part E.1. of this rule shall submit a site-specific collection and control system design plan to the APCO as provided under 40 CFR 60.752 (b)(2)(i). The design plan shall include any alternatives to the operational standards, test methods, procedures, compliance measures, monitoring, record keeping or reporting provisions of 40 CFR 60.753 through 60.758. The APCO shall review and either approve or disapprove the plan, or request that additional information be submitted. The design plan shall either conform with specifications for active collection systems in 40 CFR 60.759 or include a demonstration to the APCO's satisfaction of the sufficiency of the alternative provisions to 40 CFR 60.759. The design plan may include alternatives as specified in 40 CFR. 752(b)(2)(i)(B).
    4. Each MSW landfill required to install a gas collection and control system under this section shall meet the operational standards in 40 CFR 60.753; the test methods and procedures in 40 CFR 60.754; the compliance provisions in 40 CFR 60.755; and the monitoring provisions in 40 CFR 60.756, except that the APCO may approve alternatives in the design plan as provided in Section E.3 of this rule.
  6. Record Keeping and Reporting Requirements. The owner or operator of each MSW landfill shall meet the record keeping and reporting requirements of 40 CFR 60.757 and 40 CFR 60.758, as applicable, except that the APCO may approve alternative record keeping and reporting provisions as provided in Section E.3 of this rule. Any records or reports required to be submitted pursuant to 40 CFR 60.757 or 40 CFR 60.758 shall be submitted to the APCO.
  7. Compliance Schedule.
    1. The design capacity and the NMOC emissions reports required pursuant to 40 CFR 60.752 and 40 CFR 60.754 shall be submitted within ninety (90) days of the effective date of this rule.
    2. The site-specific collection and control system design plan required under section E.3 of this rule shall be submitted within one (1) year after determining that the MSW landfill has a NMOC emission rate greater than or equal to fifty (50) megagrams per year.
    3. The planning, awarding of contracts, and installation of the collection and control equipment required pursuant to section E.1 of this rule shall be accomplished within thirty (30) months after the effective date of this rule or within thirty (30) months after meeting the condition in section E.1 of this rule.
    4. The initial performance test of the collection and control system equipment shall be accomplished within six (6) months of the control system startup. 
SECTION 105 

VEHICLE AND MOBILE EQUIPMENT COATING OPERATIONS

  1. Definitions.
    1. Active Solvent Losses means the active solvent losses are the emissions during all steps of a spray gun equipment cleaning operation and are expressed in units of grams of solvent loss per cleaning cycle.
    2. Antiglare/Safety Coating means a coating which does not reflect light.
    3. Camouflage Coating means a coating applied on motor vehicles to conceal such vehicles from detection.
    4. Catalyst means a substance whose presence initiates the reaction between chemical compounds.
    5. Color Match means the ability of a repair coating to blend into an existing coating so that color difference is not visible.
    6. Coating means a liquid, liquefiable or mastic composition which is converted to a solid protective, decorative, or functional adherent film after application as a thin layer.
    7. Electrophoretic Dip means a coating application method where the coating is applied by dipping the component into a coating bath and an electrical potential difference exists between the component and the bath.
    8. Electrostatic Application means a sufficient charging of atomized paint droplets to cause deposition principally by electrostatic attraction. This application shall be operated at a minimum of 60 KV power.
    9. Exempt Organic Compounds means any compound identified as exempt under the definition of "Volatile Organic Compounds".
    10. Extreme Performance Coating means any coating used on the surface of a vehicle, mobile equipment or their parts or components which is exposed to extreme environmental conditions such as high temperatures, corrosive or erosional environments, during the vehicle's principal use.
    11. Four-stage Coating System means a topcoat system composed of a ground coat portion, a pigmented basecoat portion, a semi-transparent midcoat portion, and two transparent clearcoat portions. Four-stage coating systems' VOC content shall be calculated according to the following formula:

         

      VOCgc + VOCbc + VOCmc + 2 VOCcc

      VOC T4-stage =

      --------------------------------------------

         

      5


      Where:     
      VOC T4-stage  = the average of the VOC content as applied in the ground coat (gc), basecoat (bc), midcoat (mc), and clearcoat (cc) system. 
      VOCgc   = the VOC content as applied of any given groundcoat.  
      VOCbc   = the VOC content as applied in the basecoat.  
      VOCmc   = the VOC content as applied of any given midcoat.
      2 VOCcc    = two times the VOC content as applied of any given clearcoat.  
    12. Grams of VOC per Liter of Coating Less Water and Less Exempt Organic Compounds means the weight of VOC per combined volume of VOC and coating solids and can be calculated by the following equation:

      Grams of VOC per Liter of Coating Less Water   Ws - Ww - Wes
      and Less Exempt Organic Compounds = Vm - Vw - Ves

      Where:
      Ws = Weight of volatile compounds (grams)
      Ww = Weight of water (grams)
      Wes = Weight of exempt organic compounds (grams)
      Vm = Volume of material (liters)
      Vw = Volume of water (liters)
      Ves = Volume of exempt organic compounds (liters)


    13. Grams of VOC per Liter of Material means the weight of VOC per volume of material and can be calculated by the following equation:
      Grams of VOC per Liter per Liter of Material  =

      Ws - Ww - Wes

         

      Vm


      Where:
      Ws = Weight of volatile compounds (grams)
      Ww = Weight of water (grams)
      Wes = Weight of exempt organic compounds (grams)
      Vm = Volume of material (liters)


    14. Washer means an electrically or pneumatically operated system that is designed to clean spray application equipment while enclosed. A gun washer may also be considered a gun cleaning system that consists of spraying solvent into an enclosed container using a snug fitting.
    15. Hand Application Methods means the application of coatings by non mechanical hand-held equipment including but not limited to paint brushes, hand rollers, caulking guns, trowels, spatulas, syringe daubers, rags, and sponges.
    16. High-Volume, Low-pressure Application (HVLP) means spray equipment which uses a high volume of air delivered at pressures between 0.1 and 10 psig and which operates at a maximum fluid delivery pressure of 50 psig.
    17. Low emission spray gun cleaner means any properly used spray equipment cleanup device which has passive solvent losses of no more than 0.6 grams per hour and has active solvent losses of no more than 15 grams per operating cycle as defined by the test method in Subsection E.6.
    18. Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat means any topcoat which contains more than 5 g/l (.042 lb/gal) of iridescent particles, composed of metal as metallic particles or silicon as mica particles, as applied, where such particles are visible in the dried film.
    19. Mobile Equipment means any equipment which may be drawn or is capable of being driven on a roadway, including, but not limited to, truck bodies, truck trailers, camper shells, mobile cranes, bulldozers, concrete mixers, street cleaners, golf carts, all terrain vehicles, implements of husbandry, and hauling equipment used inside and around airports, docks, depots, and industrial and commercial plants, but excluding utility bodies.
    20. Operating Cycle means an operating cycle consists of all steps carried out during a cleaning operation.
    21. Passive Solvent Losses means the passive solvent losses are the emissions from spray gun cleaning equipment when the equipment sits idle between cleaning cycles and are a result of natural evaporation from the equipment.
    22. Precoat means any coating which is applied to bare metal primarily to deactivate the metal surface for corrosion resistance to a subsequent water-based primer.
    23. Prep Station means any spraying area that meets the requirements for a "Limited Spraying Area" from Section 45.207 of the Uniform Fire Code and that prevents the escape to the atmosphere of overspray particulate matter using properly maintained filters and positive mechanical ventilation.
    24. Pretreatment Wash Primer means any coating which contains a minimum of 0.5% acid by weight, is necessary to provide surface etching and is applied directly to bare metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and adhesion.
    25. Primer means any coating applied prior to the application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance and adhesion of the top coat.
    26. Primer Sealer means any coating applied prior to the application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance, adhesion of the topcoat, color uniformity, and to promote the ability of an undercoat to resist penetration by the topcoat.
    27. Primer Surfacer means any coating applied prior to the application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance, adhesion of the topcoat, and which promotes a uniform surface by filling in surface imperfections.
    28. Reactive Organic Compound (ROC) for the purposes of this rule, the term "reactive organic compounds" (ROC's) are assumed to be the same as these compounds defined under the "volatile organic compound" (VOC) definition (See VOC definition).
    29. Reducer means any volatile liquid used to reduce the viscosity of the coating. This liquid may be solvents, diluents , or mixtures of both.
    30. Specialty Coatings means coatings which are necessary due to unusual and uncommon job performance requirements. These coatings include, but are not limited to, weld-thru primers, adhesion promoters, uniform finish blenders, elastomeric materials, gloss flatteners, bright metal trim repair, and antiglare/safety coatings.
    31. Spray Booth means any power ventilated structure of varying dimensions and construction provided to enclose or accommodate a spraying operation and which meets the Uniform Fire Code. A spray booth shall confine and limit, by dry or wet filtration, the escape to the atmosphere of overspray particulate matter.
    32. Three-Stage Coating System means a topcoat system composed of a pigmented basecoat portion, a semi-transparent midcoat portion, and two transparent clearcoat portions. Three-stage coating systems' VOC content shall be calculated according to the following formula:

      VOC T3-stage = VOCbc + VOCmc + 2 VOCcc
         

      4


      Where:     
      VOC T3-stage  = the average of the VOC content as applied in the basecoat (bc), midcoat (mc), and clearcoat (cc) system. 
      VOCbc   = the VOC content as applied in the basecoat.  
      VOCmc   = the VOC content as applied of any given midcoat.
      2 VOCcc    = two times the VOC content as applied of any given clearcoat.  
    33. Topcoat means any coating applied over a primer or an original OEM finish for the purpose of protection or appearance.
    34. Transfer Efficiency means the ratio of the weight of coating solids which adhere to the object being coated to the weight amount of coating solids used in the application process, expressed as a percentage.
    35. Two-stage Coating System means a topcoat consisting of a pigmented basecoat and a transparent clearcoat. Two-stage coating systems' VOC content shall be calculated according to the following formula:
      VOC T2-stage = VOCbc + 2 VOCcc
         

      3


      Where:     
      VOC T2-stage  = the average of the VOC content as applied in the basecoat (bc) and clearcoat (cc) system. 
      VOCbc   = the VOC content as applied in the basecoat.  
      2 VOCcc    = two times the VOC content as applied of any given clearcoat.  
    36. Undercoat means any pretreatment wash primer, precoat, primer, primer surfacer, or primer sealer.
    37. Utility Body means a special purpose compartment or unit that will be bolted, welded, or affixed onto an existing cab and chassis. The compartment may serve as storage for equipment of parts.
    38. Vehicle means a vehicle is any of the following: passenger cars, large/heavy duty truck cabs and chassis, light and medium duty trucks and vans, motorcycles, public transit buses, mobile equipment, or military tanks or other tracked military vehicles.
    39. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) for the purposes of this rule, the term VOC shall be the following: (For the purposes of implementing District Rule 102 and Rule 103 the term ROC is assumed to be the same as those compounds defined under the VOC definition):

      Any compound of carbon excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates and ammonium carbonate, which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions. This includes any such organic compounds other than the following, which have been determined to have negligible photochemical reactivity by the USEPA:
        methane,
        methylene chloride (dichloromethane);
        1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform);
        trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11);
        dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12)
        1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113);
        1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2 tetrafluoroethane (CFC-114);
        chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115);
        chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22);
        1,1,1-trifluoro-2,2-dichloroethane (HCFC-123);
        1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b);
        1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b);
        2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetraflouroethane (HCFC-124);
        trifluoromethane (HFC-23);
        1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134);
        1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a);
        pentafluoroethane (HFC-125);
        1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a);
        1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a);
        cyclic, branched or linear completely methylated siloxanes;
        The following classes of perfluorocarbons:
        1. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes;
        2. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations;
        3. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations;
        4. Sulfur containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds to carbon and fluorine;

        Perfluorocarbon and siloxane compounds shall be assumed to be absent from a product or process unless the manufacturer or operator specifies which specific individual compounds from these broad classes are present and identifies a test method approved by the District, California Air Resources Board, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for quantifying the specific compounds.
        The following low-reactive organic compounds which have been exempted by the U.S. EPA:
        acetone
        ethane
        parachlorobenzotrifluoride
    40. Water-Based Temporary Transit Coating means any water-based coating that is intended to protect new motor vehicle finishes from certain forms of damage such as iron dust, soot, acid rain, and other airborne pollutants during transit and is removed prior to sale of the vehicle.
    41. Weld-Thru Primer means any primer applied from an aerosol can, 16 ounces or less, to bare steel prior to welding that steel area. The purpose of the weld-thru primer is to inhibit corrosion in the weld area.
  2. Applicability. The provisions of this rule apply to any person who supplies, sells, offers for sale, applies or specifies the use of coatings for vehicles, mobile equipment, and their parts or components.

    The following provisions of this rule, except Subsection C.9., Spray Booths and Prep Stations, shall become effective July 1, 1999. Subsection C.9. shall become effective July 1, 2000.

  3. Requirements.
    1. After the date expressed below, no person shall manufacture, solicit, require for use, specify, sell, or coat any vehicle, mobile equipment, or their parts or equipment, as defined in this Rule, using any coating with a Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) content in excess of the following limits, expressed as grams of VOC per liter of coating applied (lbs/gal), excluding water and exempt organic compounds:

       Limits
      Grams of VOC per Liter of Coating (lbs/gal), Less Water
      and Less Exempt Organic Compounds

       

       July 1, 1997

       July 1, 1998

       

      Color Match Required 

      No Color Match Required 

      Color Match Required 

      No Color Match Required 

       Pretreatment Wash Primer

       780 (6.5)

       780 (6.5)

       780 (6.5)

       780 (6.5)

       Precoat

       780 (6.5)

       780 (6.5)

       780 (6.5)

       780 (6.5)

       Primer/Primer Surfacer

       575 (4.8)

       575 (4.8)

       340 (2.8)

       340 (2.8)

       Primer Sealer

       550 (4.6)

       550 (4.6)

       340 (2.8)

       340 (2.8)

       Single-Stage/Two-Stage Topcoats

       600 (5.0)

       420 (3.5)

       600 (5.0)

       420 (3.5)

       Topcoats of More Than 2 Stages

       625 (5.2)

       420 (3.5)

       600 (5.0)

       420 (3.5)

       Specialty Coating

       840 (7.0)

       840 (7.0)

       840 (7.0)

       840 (7.0)

       Extreme Performance (*)

       ----------

       750 (6.2)

       ----------

       750 (6.2)

       Camouflage (*)

       ----------

       420 (3.5)

       ----------

       420 (3.5)

       (*) Coating for "No Color Match Required" only
    2. Coatings Containing 1,1,1-Trichloroethane: No person shall apply any coating to any vehicle, mobile equipment, or their parts or components, if that coating contains 1,1,1-trichloroethane.
    3. Extreme Performance Coating Petition: Any person seeking to apply an extreme performance coating as defined in this Rule to a vehicle, mobile equipment, or their parts or components shall comply with the following requirements:
      1. A petition shall be submitted to the Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO) stating the performance requirements, volume of coating and VOC level that is attainable.
      2. If the APCO grants written approval, then that approval shall be valid for one year. If applicable, such petition shall be resubmitted on an annual basis.
      3. If the APCO grants written approval, such approval shall contain volume and VOC limit conditions.
    4. Add-on Control Equipment Option:
      1. A person may comply with the provisions of Subsection C.1., Coating Limits, by using air pollution control equipment provided that:
        1. The combined control and capture efficiency shall reduce VOC emissions from an emission device by at least 85 percent, by weight; and
        2. The control system must be designed and operated for the maximum collection of fugitive emissions according to the EPA's "Guideline for Developing Capture Efficiency Protocols''; and
        3. Written approval in the form of an Authority to Construct and a Permit to Operate for such equipment is received from the Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO)
      2. A person may comply with the provisions of Subsection C.5. (transfer efficiency) by using add-on control equipment provided the combined control and capture efficiency of VOC is at least 92 percent, by weight.
    5. Transfer Efficiency: No person shall apply any coating to any vehicle or mobile equipment or their parts and components unless one of the following methods is properly used:
      1. Hand application methods
      2. Electrophoretic dip coating
      3. Electrostatic application
      4. High-volume, Low-Pressure (HVLP) application
      5. Any other coating application method which has been demonstrated to be capable of achieving at least 65 percent transfer efficiency.
    6. Compliance Statement Requirement: The manufacturer of coatings subject to this Rule shall include a designation of the VOC content as supplied, including coating components, expressed in grams per liter or pounds per gallon, excluding water and exempt organic compounds, on labels or data sheets. This designation shall include a statement of manufacturer's recommendation regarding thinning, reducing, or mixing with any other VOC containing materials. This statement shall include the VOC on an as-applied basis, excluding water and exempt organic compounds, based on the manufacturer's recommendations.
    7. Surface Preparation and Cleanup Solvent: The requirements of this Subsection shall apply to any person using organic solvent for surface preparation and cleanup.
      1. Closed containers shall be used for the storage or disposal of solvent-containing cloth or paper used for surface preparation and cleanup. Containers shall be nonabsorbent.
      2. No person shall use organic compounds for spray equipment cleanup unless an enclosed gun washer or "low emission spray gun cleaner" as required by this Rule is properly used for cleaning.
      3. No person shall use VOC-containing materials which have a VOC content of more than 72 grams per liter (0.60 lbs/gal) of material for substrate surface preparation prior to coating or for clean-up practices. This limit shall not apply to surface preparation material applied from a hand-held spray container. The VOC limit for VOC-containing material applied from hand-held spray containers shall not exceed 780 g/l (6.5 lbs/gal).
    8. Storage of VOC-Containing Materials: All VOC containing materials, including but not limited to, fresh or spent solvent, coatings and reducers, shall be kept in closed containers when not in use.
    9. Spray Booth and Prep Stations: Effective July 1, 2000 no person shall apply any coating to any complete (entire) vehicle or mobile equipment, unless that application is performed within a properly maintained and operated Spray Booth. All spraying of parts or components of a vehicle or mobile equipment shall be done in a properly maintained and operated Prep Station or Spray Booth.
  4. Exemptions.
    1. The sales prohibition in Subsection C.1. and transfer efficiencies in Subsection C.5. shall not apply to the sale of any coating supplied in a non aerosol container with a capacity of 16 fluid ounces or less, and shall not apply to any coating supplied in a hand-held, non refillable aerosol container.
    2. The sales prohibition in Subsection C.1. shall not apply to the sale of coatings where the emissions to the atmosphere from the application of those coatings are controlled by a District approved VOC add-on control device that meets the requirements of Subsection C.4. of this Rule.
    3. Any application of logos, letters, numbers and graphics to a painted surface, with or without a template, shall be exempt from this rule.
    4. Any coating operation of a vehicle or mobile equipment by a resident of a one or two family dwelling shall be except from this rule provided:
      1. The resident is the registered owner of the vehicle or equipment being painted;
      2. The coating operation is not being conducted as a business;
      3. The coating operation is limited to two vehicles per year;
      4. The coating operation does not cause a public nuisance.
    5. With prior written approval of the APCO and on a limited term basis, the requirements of Subsection C.9., Spray Booths and Prep Station, shall not apply to the coating of vehicle(s) which due to shape or size, cannot reasonably be contained in any available substitute spray booth.
    6. The requirements of Subsection C.9., Spray Booths and Prep Station, shall not apply to:
      1. Any repair, touch-up, or spot priming operation which does not exceed a total of nine (9) square feet per vehicle. All operations shall be conducted in a controlled area such that a public nuisance is not caused to surrounding receptors.
      2. Any weld-thru primer.
  5. Test Methods.
    1. Coating VOC content shall be determined using EPA Method 24. The exempt organic compound content of coatings or solvents shall be determined using ASTM Method D4457-85. Compliance with the prohibition of sale shall be determined by measuring the VOC content of each and every component of a coating or coating system which has been reduced using the manufacturer's recommended type and maximum amount of reducer.
    2. The measurement of acid content of pretreatment wash primers shall be done in accordance with ASTM Method D 1613-85 (modified).
    3. The measurement of the metal and silicon content of metallic/iridescent coatings shall be determined by South Coast AQMD Method No. 318, "Determination of Weight Percent of Elemental Metal in Coatings by X-Ray Diffraction
    4. The collection and capture efficiency of organic emissions as specified in Subsections C.5. shall be measured as follows:
      1. Capture efficiency shall be determined by the EPA Guidelines for Developing Capture Efficiency Protocols from the Federal Register Part 55 FR 26865, June 29, 1990.
      2. Measurement of vapor flow through pipes shall be determined by EPA Method 2A.
      3. Measurement of organic vapor concentration shall be determined by EPA Method 25A. The calculation of control device efficiency shall be determined only during periods of continuous coating operations and shall be averaged over the duration of the coating operation not to exceed 24 hours.
    5. Transfer Efficiency shall be determined using a method which shall be modeled after the test method described in the EPA document (EPA/600/2-88/-26b) "Development of Proposed Standard Test Method for Spray Painting Transfer Efficiency."
    6. The active and passive solvent losses from spray gun cleaning systems shall be determined using South Coast Air Quality Management District's "General Test Method for Determining Solvent Losses from Spray Gun Cleaning Systems". The test solvent for this determination shall be any lacquer thinner with a minimum vapor pressure of 105 mm Hg at 20 degrees C. The minimum test temperature shall be 15 degrees C.
  6. Monitoring and Recordkeeping Requirements.
    1. Any person subject to this rule shall:
      1. Maintain and make available to District personnel, a current list of in-house coatings (including specialty coatings) that provides all of the coating data necessary to evaluate compliance, including the following information, as applicable:
        1. Coating, category, catalyst and reducer used.
        2. Mix ratio of components used.
        3. VOC content of coating as applied (less water and less exempt organic compounds).
      2. Maintain records which show on a daily basis the following information:
        1. Coating identification and mix ratio of components used in each coating or quantity of each component used.
        2. Quantity of each coating (including each specialty coating) applied. This quantity need not include toners that are added for color matching after preparation of the initial weighed color batch.
        3. Whether a color match was required.
    2. Any person subject to the requirements of this rule shall have the manufacturer's specification sheets of solvents used for substrate surface cleaning and application equipment cleanup available for review and shall maintain records which show on a monthly basis the following for each solvent:
      1. Identification of each solvent and its use.
      2. VOC content of solvent, in grams per liter.
      3. Volume of solvent used. If purchase records are used to determine the amount of solvents used, then records and manifests of the amounts of solvents disposed of or sent to a recycler must also be maintained.
    3. All records shall be retained for a minimum of two years from the date of each entry and shall be made available to District personnel upon request.
  7. Increments of Progress
    Any person required to install any equipment in order to comply with this Rule shall submit to the APCO a complete application for an Authority to Construct no later than July 1, 1999 and shall demonstrate compliance no later than July 1, 2000.