MARIPOSA COUNTY AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT

NONVEHICULAR AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURES

REGULATION IX
BENZENE AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE
RETAIL SERVICE STATIONS (CCR Title 17 and Title 26 Sections 93100 & 93101)

RULE 900

  1. DEFINITIONS: The following definitions shall apply for the Purposes of this Rule.

    1. ARB-CERTIFIED VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM- A vapor recovery system which has been certified by the Air Resources Board pursuant to Health and Safety Code section 41954

    2. EXCAVATION - Exposure to view by digging.

    3. GASOLINE- Any organic liquid (including petroleum distillates and methanol) having a Reid vapor pressure of four pounds or greater and used as a motor vehicle fuel or any fuel which is commonly or commercially known as or sold as gasoline.

    4. LEAK FREE - A liquid leak of no more than three drops per minute excluding losses which occur upon disconnecting transfer fittings, provided such disconnect losses do not exceed 10 milliliters (0.34 fluid ounces) per disconnect, averaged over three disconnects.

    5. MOTOR VEHICLE - As defined in the Vehicle Code section 415.

    6. OWNER OR OPERATOR - An owner or operator of a retail service station.

    7. PHASE I VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM - A gasoline vapor recovery system which recovers vapors during the transfer of gasoline from delivery tanks into stationary storage tanks.

    8. PHASE II VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM - A gasoline vapor recovery system which recovers vapors during the fueling of motor vehicles from stationary storage tanks.

    9. RETAIL SERVICE STATION - Any new or existing motor vehicle fueling service station subject to payment of California sales tax on gasoline sales.

    10. EXISTING RETAIL SERVICE STATION - Any retail service station operating, constructed, or under construction as of the date of District adoption of regulations implementing this control measure.

    11. NEW RETAIL SERVICE STATION - Any retail service station which has not been constructed or is not under construction as of the date of District adoption of the regulations implementing this control measure.

    12. TANK REPLACEMENT - Replacement of one or more stationary storage tanks at an existing retail service station or excavation of 50 percent or more of an existing retail service stations total underground liquid piping from the stationary storage tanks to the gasoline dispensers.

    13. THROUGHPUT - The volume of gasoline dispensed at a retail service station

    14. VAPOR TIGHT - A leak of less than 100% of the lower explosive limit on a combustible gas detector measured at a distance of 2.5 cm (1 inch) from the source or no visible evidence of air entrainment in the sight glasses of liquid delivery hoses.
  2. PHASE I VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
    1. No owner or operator shall transfer, permit the transfer, or provide equipment for the transfer of gasoline, and no other person shall transfer gasoline from a gasoline delivery truck equipped with a vapor recovery system into a stationary storage tank at a retail service station unless an ARB certified phase I vapor recovery system is installed on the stationary storage tank and used during the transfer.
    2. The provisions of subdivision (B)(1) shall not apply to:
      1. A transfer to a stationary storage tank with a capacity of less than 1.0 cubic meter (260 gallons).

      2. A transfer to a stationary storage tank used the majority of the time for the fueling of implements of husbandry as defined in Division 16, Chapter 1 of the Vehicle Code.

      3. A transfer to a stationary storage tank used exclusively to fuel motor vehicles with a fuel capacity of five gallons or less.

      4. An existing retail service station with an annual throughput from tanks other than those described in subdivisions (B)(2)(a), (B)(2)(b) and (B)(2)(c) of 480,000 or fewer gallons during the calendar year prior to District adoption of this measure. If during any calendar year thereafter the gasoline throughput from such tanks at the existing retail service station exceeds 480,000 gallons, this exemption shall cease to apply commencing with the first day of the following calendar year.

      5. A transfer to a stationary storage tank at an existing retail service station which receives gasoline exclusively from delivery tanks that are not required to be equipped with vapor recovery systems.

    3. Notwithstanding (B)(2)(d), at the time of tank replacement at an existing retail service station, ARB-certified Phase I vapor recovery systems shall be installed and used thereafter on all of the station facilities, except those which are exempt from the Phase I requirement by (B)(2)(a), (B)(2)(b), (B)(2) (c) or (B){2)(e).
  3. PHASE II VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
    1. No owner or operator shall transfer, permit the transfer or provide equipment for the transfer of gasoline from a stationary storage tank at a retail service stat$on into a motor vehicle fuel tank unless an ARB certified PHASE II vapor recovery system is installed and used during the transfer.

    2. The provisions of subdivision (C)(1) shall not apply to:
      1. A transfer of gasoline from a stationary storage tank which is exempt from Phase I requirements under subdivision (B)(2)(a), (B)(2)(b), or (B)(2)(c).
      2. An existing retail service station which is exempt from Phase I requirements under subdivision (B)(2)(d).
    3. Notwithstanding (C)(2)(b), at the time of tank replacement at an existing retail service station, ARB-certified Phase II vapor recovery systems shall be installed and used thereafter on all of the station facilities, except those which are exempt from the Phase II requirement by (C)(2)(a).
  4. CORRECTION OF DEFECTS
    1. No owner or operator shall use or permit the use of any Phase II system or any component thereof containing a defect identified in California Code of Regulations Title 17, section 94006 until it has been repaired, replaced or adjusted, as necessary, to remove the defect and , if required under Health and Safety Code section 41960.2, District personnel have reinspected the system or have authorized its use pending reinspection. Nothing in this subdivision shall excuse compliance with subdivision (C)(1).
  5. COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE
    For the purposes of this regulation, the following compliance schedule shall apply:

    1. The owner or operator of any new retail service station subject to this regulation shall comply with the provisions of this regulation at the time gasoline is first sold from the station.

    2. The owner or operator of any existing retail service station without ARB-certified Phase I and Phase II vapor recovery systems shall notify the Air Pollution Control Officer in writing in advance of an intended tank replacement and shall secure all necessary permits and other approvals for the installation of Phase I and Phase II vapor recovery systems. The owner or operator of an existing retail service station shall comply with the provisions of this regulation upon completion of the tank replacement.

    3. The owner or operator of an existing retail service station subject to this regulation, who has not earlier complied in accordance with (E)(2), shall within 15 months after District adoption of these regulations implementing this control measure secure all permits and other approvals necessary for the installation of the equipment required by this regulation. The owner or operator shall comply with the provision of this regulation within 24 months after District adoption of regulations implementing this control measure.

    4. Excluding those existing retail service stations subject to this regulation as a result of tank replacement, the owner or operator of a previously exempted stationary storage tank or retail service station where the operation or annual throughput has changed such that the exemption from either Phase I or Phase II requirements or both is no longer applicable, shall comply with the regulations provisions in accordance with (E)(3) above, provided that the first day the retail service station or stationary storage tank is no longer exempt shall be considered as the date of District adoption of the regulations implementing this control measure.

    5. The owner or operator of a new retail service station shall file an application for an Authority to Construct Permit prior to construction. (Health & Safety Code section 42300 & 42303).

    6. The owner or operator of any existing retail service station, who must install Phase I or Phase II vapor recovery systems under the provisions of this Regulation, shall obtain an Authority to Construct Permit from the Air Pollution Control District prior to construction
  6. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
    1. All Phase I and Phase II gasoline vapor recovery equipment shall be -installed as required by the Air Resources Board certifications and operated as recommended by the manufacturer and shall be maintained to be leak free, vapor tight and in good working order .

    2. The owner or operator of each service station utilizing a system for the control of gasoline vapors resulting from motor vehicle fueling operations shall conspicuously post operating instructions for the system in the gasoline dispensing area. The instructions shall clearly describe how to fuel vehicles correctly with vapor recovery nozzles utilized at the station and shall include a warning that repeated attempts to continue dispensing, after the system having indicated that the vehicle fuel tank is full, may result in spillage or recirculation of gasoline .

    3. Any person storing or transferring gasoline shall follow good operating practices including but not limited to: preventing spills, storing gasoline in closed containers and disposing of gasoline in compliance with state regulations.

    4. The owner or operator shall also include a prominent display of the Districts or the Air Resources Board toll free number for complaints (Health & Safety Code 41960.3).

  7. COMPLIANCE
    1. Enforcement: These Rules and Regulations shall be enforced by the Air Pollution Control Officer under the authority of Health & Safety Code sections 4000l, 40702 and all officers empowered by section 40120.

    2. Penalty: A violation of these provisions of this regulation is a misdemeanor punishable according to the provisions in Health & Safety Code sections 42400, 42400.1, 42400.2, 42400.5, 42401, 42402, 42402.1, 42402.2 and 42403.