PLACER COUNTY AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT

RULE 240 - SURFACE PREPARATION AND CLEANUP
(Adopted 06-08-95; Amended 10-09-97)

100 GENERAL

101 PURPOSE: The purpose of this rule is to reduce emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from solvents used for surface preparation, maintenance and cleanup operations, and from the storage and disposal of all VOC-containing materials used in these operations.

102 APPLICABILITY:

103 EXEMPTIONS:

200 DEFINITIONS

201 AEROSOL PRODUCT: Surface cleaner packaged in a hand-held, pressurized, nonrefillable container which expels product in a finely divided spray when a valve on the container is depressed.

202 APPURTENANCE: Any accessory to a stationary structure, whether installed or detached at the proximate site of installation, including, but not limited to: hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, elevators, doors, partitions, stairways, fixed ladders, catwalks, fire escapes, fences, rain-gutters and down spouts, window screens, lamp-posts, heating and air conditioning equipment, pipes and piping systems, other fixed mechanical equipment, large fixed stationary tools, and concrete forms.

203 ARCHITECTURAL COATING: Any coating applied to stationary structures and their appurtenances, to portable buildings, to pavements or to curbs.

204 CAPTURE EFFICIENCY: In Emission Control Systems, capture efficiency is the ratio, in percent, of the weight of the VOC in the effluent stream entering a control device to the weight of the VOC emitted from cleaning operations, both measured simultaneously in accordance with Section 503.6, and calculated by the following equation:

205 CLOSED: No visible gaps.

206 CONTROL DEVICE EFFICIENCY: In Emission Control Systems, control device efficiency is the ratio, in percent, of the weight of the VOC removed by a control device from the process effluent stream entering the control device compared to the weight of VOC entering the control device, both measured simultaneously in accordance with Section 503.5, and calculated by the following equation:

207 ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLY: All portions of an assembly, including circuit card assemblies, printed wire assemblies, printing wiring boards, soldered joints, ground wires, bus bars, and other electrical fixtures, except the actual cabinet in which the assembly is housed.

208 EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM: A system for reducing emissions of VOC from cleaning operations. It consists of

  1. equipment which captures exhaust and fugitive emissions from the cleaner and transports them to
  2. a VOC control device which destroys the VOC or otherwise limits the emission of VOC to the atmosphere. The capture efficiency and the control device efficiency are calculated in accordance with Sections 204 and 206, respectively.

209 ENCLOSED GUN CLEANER:

 
210 EXEMPT COMPOUNDS: For the purposes of this rule, exempt compounds are determined in accordance with Section 503.2, and are listed in Rule 102, Definitions.

211 FACILITY: A business or businesses engaged in solvent cleaning operations which are owned or operated by the same person or persons and are located on the same or contiguous parcels.
 
212 JANITORIAL CLEANING: The cleaning of building or facility components, such as the floor, ceiling, walls, windows, doors, stairs, bathrooms, etc.
 
213 LIQUID LEAK: The visible liquid solvent leak from the container at a rate of more than three (3) drops per minute, or a visible liquid mist.
 
 214 MAINTENANCE CLEANING: A solvent cleaning operation or activity performed to keep parts product, tools, machinery, equipment (excluding application equipment, or general work areas), in clean and good operational condition.

215 MANUFACTURING PROCESS: The process of making goods or articles by hand or by machinery.

216 NON-ABSORBENT CONTAINERS: Containers made of nonporous material which do not allow the migration of the liquid solvent through them.

217 NON-ATOMIZED SOLVENT FLOW: The use of a solvent in the form of a liquid stream without atomization to remove uncured inks, uncured coatings and contaminants from an article.

218 PERSON: Any firm, business establishment, association, partnership, corporation or individual, whether acting as principal, agent, employee, or any other capacity including any governmental entity or charitable organization.
 
219 PRINTING: Any operation that imparts color, design, alphabet, or numerals on a substrate.
 
220 REPAIR CLEANING: A solvent-cleaning operation or activity performed during a repair process.
 
221 REPAIR PROCESS: The process of returning a damaged object or an object not operating properly to good condition.
 
222 SOLVENT: A VOC-containing liquid used to perform solvent cleaning operations.
 
223 SOLVENT CLEANING : The removal of loosely held uncured inks, uncured coatings, and contaminants which include, but are not limited to: dirt, soil, and grease from parts, products, tools, machinery, and equipment. Each distinct method of cleaning in a cleaning process which consists of a series of cleaning methods shall constitute a separate solvent cleaning operation.
 
224 SOLVENT CONTAINER: That part of a cleaning device that holds the solvent.
 
225 SOLVENT FLUSHING: The use of a solvent to remove uncured inks, uncured coatings, or contaminants from the internal surfaces and passages of the equipment by flushing solvent through the equipment.
 
226 STATIONARY SOURCE: Any building, structure, facility, or emissions unit which emits or may emit any affected pollutant directly or as a fugitive emission. This includes all pollutant-emitting activities which:

 227 STRIPPING: The removal of cured coatings, cured inks, and cured adhesives.
 
228 SUBSTRATE: The material upon which another material is coated or fabricated.
 
229 SURFACE PREPARATION: The removal of contaminants such as dust, soil, oil, or grease, before coating or ink applications.
 
230 UNCURED COATINGS AND UNCURED INKS: Coatings and inks that are not dry to the touch.
 
231 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC): Any chemical compound containing at least one atom of carbon, except for the Exempt Compounds listed in Rule 102, Definitions.
 
232 VOC COMPOSITE PARTIAL PRESSURE: The sum of the partial vapor pressures of the compounds defined as VOCs, as determined in accordance with Section 503.3, and calculated by the following equation:

233 VOC CONTENT PER LITER OF MATERIAL: The weight of VOC per liter shall be determined using the appropriate test method pursuant to Section 503.1, and calculated by the following equation:
 

234 WIPE CLEANING: The method of cleaning a surface by physically rubbing it with a material such as a rag, paper, or a cotton swab moistened with a solvent.
 

300 STANDARDS:
The following standards shall apply to any person or stationary source subject to this rule:
 
301 SOLVENT REQUIREMENTS: A person shall not use a solvent to perform cleaning operations, including the use of cleaning devices or methods, unless it complies with the following applicable requirements :

302 CLEANING DEVICES AND METHODS: A person shall perform solvent cleaning operations using only one of the following cleaning devices or methods: and shall comply with the provision of Section 302.4.

 
303 EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM: As an alternative to compliance with Sections 301 and 302, a person may use an Emission Control System associated with the solvent cleaning operation, approved by the Air Pollution Control Officer and which satisfies both of the following conditions:

 
304 STORAGE AND DISPOSAL: All VOC-containing materials used in solvent cleaning operations, such as solvents, and cloth and paper moistened with solvents, shall be stored in non-absorbent containers with no liquid leaks. Such containers shall be kept closed at all times except when filling or emptying.
 
400 ADMINISTRATIVE
 
401 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN: A person using an emission control system pursuant to Section 303, as a means of alternate compliance with this rule, must submit an Operation and Maintenance Plan for the emission control system to the Air Pollution Control Officer for approval. A person proposing to install a new emission control system as a means of alternate compliance with this rule shall submit in addition to an Operation and Maintenance Plan, an application for Authority to Construct, pursuant to Rule 501, General Permit Requirements. The Plan shall specify operating and maintenance procedures which will demonstrate continuous operation of the emission control system during periods of emissions-producing operations. The Plan shall also specify which records must be kept to document these operating and maintenance procedures. These records shall comply with the requirements of Sections 501.2.2 and 501.3. The Plan shall be implemented upon approval of the Air Pollution Control Officer.

402 VIOLATIONS: Failure to comply with any provision of this rule shall constitute a violation of the rule.
 
500 MONITORING AND RECORDS
 
501 RECORDKEEPING: Any person subject to this rule, shall comply with all of the following applicable requirements:

 
502 RETENTION OF RECORDS: All records required by this rule shall be retained on-site for at least two years, except for sources subject to Rule 507, Federal Operating Permit Program, which shall be retained for at least five years. Such records shall be made available to the Air Pollution Control Officer upon request.
 
503 TEST METHODS