SAN DIEGO COUNTY AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT

RULE 260.433 - PERFORMANCE TEST AND COMPLIANCE PROVISIONS

(a) The owner or operator of any affected facility (or facilities) shall conduct performance tests in accordance with Rule 260.8, under the following conditions:
 

  1.  The performance averaging period for each test is 30 consecutive calendar days and not an average of three separate runs as prescribed under Rule 260.8(f).
  2. Except as provided under Sections (f) and (g) of this rule, if affected facilities routinely share the same raw ink storage/handling system with existing facilities, then temporary measurement procedures for segregating the raw inks, related coatings, VOC solvent, and water used at the affected facilities must be employed during the test. For this case, an overall emission percentage for the combined facilities as well as for only the affected facilities must be calculated during the test.
  3. For the purpose of measuring bulk storage tank quantities of each color of raw ink and each related coating used, the owner or operator of any affected facility shall install, calibrate, maintain, and continuously operate during the test one or more

 

 

  1. The owner or operator may choose to install an automatic temperature compensator with any liquid metering device used to measure the raw inks, related coatings, water, or VOC solvent used, or VOC solvent recovered.
  2. Records of the measured amounts used at the affected facility and the liquid temperature at which the amounts were measured are maintained for each shipment of all purchased material or on at least a weekly basis for --

 

 

  1.  The density variations with temperature of the raw inks, related coatings, VOC solvents used, and VOC solvent recovered are determined by the methods stipulated in Rule 260.435(d).
  2. The calculated emission percentage may be reported as rounded-off to the nearest whole number.
  3. Printing press startups and shutdowns are not included in the exemption provisions under Rule 260.8(c). Frequent periods of press startups and shutdowns are normal operations and constitute representative conditions for the purpose of a performance test.

(b) If an affected facility uses waterborne ink systems or a combination of waterborne and solvent borne ink systems with a solvent recovery system, compliance is determined by the following procedures, except as provided in Sections (d), (e), (f), and (g) of this rule.
 

  1. The mass of VOC in the solvent-borne and waterborne raw inks and related coatings used is determined by the following equations:

 

  1. The total mass of VOC used is determined by the following equation:

 

 

 

  1. The mass of water in the waterborne raw inks and related coatings used is determined by the following equation:

 

 

  1. The total mass of water used is determined by the following equation:

 

  1. The total mass of VOC solvent recovered is determined by the following equation:

 

 

  1. The average VOC emission percentage for the affected facility is determined by the following equation:

 

(c) If an affected facility controlled by a solvent recovery system uses only solvent-borne ink systems, the owner or operator may choose to determine compliance on a direct mass or a density-corrected liquid volume basis. Except as provided in Sections (d), (e), (f), and (g) of this rule, compliance is determined as follows:
 

  1. On a direct mass basis, compliance is determined according to Section (b) of this rule, except that the water term, Mv, does not apply.
  2. On a density-corrected liquid volume basis, compliance is determined by the following procedures:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(d) If two or more affected facilities are controlled by the same solvent recovery system, compliance is determined by the procedures specified in Sections (b) or (c) of this rule, whichever applies, except that (Lt)a and (Lr)a, (Mt)a, (Mr)a, and (Mv)a, are the collective amounts of VOC solvent and water corresponding to all the affected facilities controlled by that solvent recovery system. The average VOC emission percentage for each of the affected facilities controlled by that same solvent recovery system is assumed to be equal.

(e) Except as provided under Section (f) of this rule, if an existing facility (or facilities) and an affected facility (or facilities) are controlled in common by the same solvent recovery system, the owner or operator shall determine compliance by conducting a separate emission test on the existing facility (or facilities) and then conducting a performance test on the combined facilities as follows:
 

  1.  Before the initial startup of the affected facility (or facilities) and at any other time as requested by the Control Officer, the owner or operator shall conduct emission test(s) on the existing facility (or facilities) controlled by the subject solvent recovery system. The solvent recovery system must handle VOC emissions from only the subject existing facility (or facilities), not from affected facilities, during the emission test.
  2. During the emission test, the affected facilities are subject to the standard stated in Rule 260.432.
  3. The emission test is conducted over a 30 consecutive calendar day averaging period according to the conditions stipulated in Rule 260.433(a)(1) through (a)(5), except that the conditions pertain to only existing facilities instead of affected facilities.
  4. The owner or operator of the existing facility (or facilities) shall provide the Control Officer at least 30 days prior notice of the emission test to afford the Control Officer the opportunity to have an observer present.
  5. The emission percentage for the existing facility (or facilities) during the emission test is determined by one of the following procedures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The owner or operator of the existing facility (or facilities) shall furnish the Control Officer a written report of the results of the emission test.
  2. After completion of the separate emission test on the existing facility (or facilities), the owner or operator shall conduct performance test(s) on the combined facilities with the solvent recovery system handling VOC emissions from both the existing and affected facilities.
  3. During performance test(s), the emission percentage for the existing facility (or facilities), Pe, is assumed to be equal to that determined in the latest emission test. The Control Officer may request additional emission tests if any physical or operational changes occur to any of the subject existing facilities.
  4. The emission percentage for the affected facility (or facilities) during performance test(s) with both existing and affected facilities connected to the solvent recovery system is determined by one of the following procedures:

 

 

 

 

 

 

(f) The owner or operator may choose to show compliance of the combined performance of existing and affected facilities controlled in common by the same solvent recovery system. A separate emission test for existing facilities is not required for this option. The combined performance is determined by one of the following procedures:
 

  1. If any of the combined facilities uses both waterborne and solvent-borne ink systems, the combined average VOC emission percentage must be determined on a direct mass basis according to Sections (b) or (d) of this rule, whichever applies with the following equation:

 

 

  1.  If all of the combined facilities use only solvent-borne ink systems, the owner or operator may choose to determine performance either on a direct mass basis or a density-corrected liquid volume basis according to Sections (c) or (d) of this rule, whichever applies. On a direct mass basis, the average VOC emission percentage is determined by the equation presented in Subsection (f)(1) of this rule. On a density corrected liquid volume basis, the average VOC emission percentage is determined by the following equation:

 

(g) If all existing and affected facilities located within the same plant boundary use waterborne ink systems or solvent-borne ink systems with solvent recovery systems, the owner or operator may choose to show compliance on a plantwide basis for all the existing and affected facilities together. No separate emission tests on existing facilities and no temporary segregated liquid measurement procedures for affected facilities are required for this option. The plantwide performance is determined by one of the following procedures.
 

  1.  If any of the facilities use waterborne ink systems, the total plant average VOC emission percentage must be determined on a direct mass basis according to Subsection (b) of this rule with the following equation:

 

 

 

  1. If all the plant facilities use only solvent-borne ink systems, the owner or operator may choose to determine performance either on a direct mass basis or a density-corrected liquid volume basis according to Subsection (c) of this rule. On a direct mass basis, the total plant average VOC emission percentage is determined by the equation presented in Subsection (i) of this rule. On a density-corrected liquid volume basis the total plant average VOC emission percentage is determined by the following equation:

 

 

[Sec. 114 of the Clean Air Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 7414)]