SISKIYOU COUNTY AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT

RULE 8.1 - BENZENE EMISSIONS FROM RETAIL SERVICE STATIONS

A. Purpose

To comply with California Code of Regulations, Section 93101, by reducing airborne benzene emissions from retail service stations.

B. Definitions

1. ARB-Certified Vapor Recovery System

A vapor recovery system which has been certified by the state board pursuant to Section 41954 of the Health and Safety Code.

2. Gasoline

Any organic liquid (including petroleum distillates and methanol) having a Reid vapor pressure of four pounds or greater and used as a motor vehicle fuel or any fuel which is commonly or commercially known or sold as gasoline.

3. Hold-Open Latch

A device that allows hands-off refueling of a vehicle.

4. Motor Vehicle

The same meaning as defined in Section 415 of the Vehicle Code.

5. Owner or Operator

An owner or operator of a retail service station.

6. Phase I Vapor Recovery System

A gasoline vapor recovery system which recovers vapors during the transfer of gasoline from delivery tanks into stationary storage tanks.

7. Phase II Vapor Recovery System

A gasoline vapor recovery system which recovers vapors during the fueling of motor vehicles from stationary storage tanks.

8. Retail Service Station

Any new or existing motor vehicle fueling service station which sells gasoline to the public and is subject to payment of California sales tax on gasoline sales.

9. Existing Retail Service Station

Any retail service station operating, constructed, or under construction as of January 15, 1989.

10. NewRetail Service Station

Any retail service station which is not constructed or under construction as of January 15, 1989.

11. Tank Replacement

Replacement of one or more gasoline stationary storage tanks at an existing retail service station or replacement of 50 percent or more of an existing retail service station's total underground liquid piping from the stationary storage tanks to the gasoline dispensers.

12. Throughput

The volume of gasoline dispensed at a retail service station.

13. Leak Free

A liquid leak of no more than three drops per minute.

14. Topping Off

To attempt to dispense gasoline to a motor vehicle fuel tank after a vapor recovery dispensing nozzle has shut off automatically. The filling of those vehicle tanks which, because of the nature and configuration of the fill pipe, causes premature shut off of the dispensing nozzle, and which are filled only after the seal between the fill pipe and the nozzle is broken, shall not be considered topping off.

15. Vapor Tight

A leak of less than 100 percent of the lower explosive limit on a combustible gas detector measured at a distance of 2.5 cm (1 inch) from the source or no visible evidence of air entrainment in the sight glasses of liquid delivery hoses.

C. Compliance Schedule

1. After January 15, 1989, the owner or operator of any new retail service station subject to this rule shall comply with its provisions at the time gasoline is first sold from the station.

2. The owner or operator of any existing retail service station without ARB-certified Phase I and II vapor recovery systems shall notify the Control Officer in writing in advance of an intended tank replacement and shall secure all necessary permits and other approvals for the installation of Phase I and II vapor recovery systems. The owner or operator of an existing retail service station not exempt by this rule shall comply with the provisions of this rule upon completion of the tank replacement.

3. The owner or operator of an existing retail service station who has not earlier complied in accordance with C.2., shall, by April 1, 1990, secure all permits and other approvals necessary for installation of the equipment required by this rule. The owner or operator shall comply with the provisions of this rule by January 1, 1991.

4. Excluding those existing retail service stations subject to this rule as a result of tank replacement, the owner or operator of a previously exempt stationary storage tank or retail service station where the operation or annual throughput has changed such that the exemption from either the Phase I or II requirements or both is no longer applicable, shall comply with this rule's provisions within 12 months of loss of said exemption.

5. Any owner or operator of a retail service station not exempt by D.2.a., D.2.b., or D.2.c. shall by July 1, 1990:

a. Install and maintain in good working order hold-open latches on all gasoline dispensers.

b. Conspicuously post in the gasoline dispensing area a reasonable facsimile of the following: (Letters shall be a minimum of 1-inch high)

D. Phase I Vapor Recovery System Requirements

1. No owner or operator shall transfer, permit the transfer, or provide equipment for the transfer of gasoline, and no other person shall transfer gasoline from a gasoline delivery tank at a retail service station unless an ARB-certified Phase I vapor recovery system is installed on the stationary storage tank and used during the transfer.

2. The provisions of D.1. shall not apply to:

a. A stationary storage tank with a capacity of less than 260 gallons.

b. A stationary storage tank used the majority of the time for the fueling of implements of husbandry.

c. A stationary storage tank used exclusively to fuel motor vehicles with a fuel capacity of five gallons or less.

d. An existing retail service station with an annual throughput of 480,000 or fewer gallons during the 1988 calendar year. If during any calendar year thereafter the gasoline throughput from such tanks at the existing retail service station exceeds 480,000 gallons, this exemption shall cease to apply commencing with the first day of the following calendar year.

e. A transfer to a stationary storage tank at an existing retail service station which receives gasoline exclusively from delivery tanks that are not required to be equipped with vapor recovery systems.

3. Notwithstanding D.2.d., at the time of tank replacement at any existing retail service station, ARB-certified Phase I vapor recovery systems shall be installed and used thereafter on all the station facilities, except those which are exempt by D.2.a., D.2.b., D.2.c., or D.2.e.

E. Phase II Vapor Recovery System Requirements

1. No owner or operator shall transfer, permit the transfer or provide equipment for the transfer of gasoline from a stationary storage tank at a retail service station into a motor vehicle fuel tank unless an ARB-certified Phase II vapor recovery system is installed and used during the transfer.

2. The provisions of E.1. shall not apply to:

a. A stationary storage tank which is exempt from Phase I requirements under D.2.a., D.2.b., or D.2.c.

b. An existing retail service station which is exempt from Phase I requirements under D.2.d.

3. Notwithstanding E.2.b., at the time of tank replacement at an existing retail service station, ARB-certified Phase II vapor recovery systems shall be installed and used thereafter on all of the station facilities, except those which are exempt by E.2.a.


F. Operation and Maintenance Requirements

The operator of each retail facility using a Phase II vapor recovery system shall conspicuously post operating instructions for the system in the gasoline dispensing area. The instructions shall clearly describe how to fuel vehicles correctly with vapor recovery nozzles used at the station, and shall include a warning that topping off may result in spillage or recirculation of gasoline and is prohibited. Additionally, the instructions shall include a prominent display of the Siskiyou County Air Pollution Control District's or the ARB's toll-free telephone number for complaints.

All Phase I and Phase II gasoline vapor recovery equipment shall be installed as required by ARB certification and operated as recommended by the manufacturer and shall be maintained to be leak free, vapor tight, and in good working order.


G. Correction of Defects

No owner or operator shall use or permit the use of any Phase II system or any component thereof containing a defect identified in Title 17, California Code of Regulations, Section 94006 until it has been repaired, replaced, or adjusted, as necessary to remove the defect, and, if required under Health and Safety Code Section 41960.2, district personnel have reinspected the system or have authorized its use pending reinspection. Nothing in this subdivision shall excuse compliance with subdivision E.1.


H. Fees

Sources subject to this rule shall pay the fees required by Regulation III.

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