SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY UNIFIED AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT

RULE 9120 - TRANSPORTATION CONFORMITY
(Adopted January 19, 1995)

1.0 Purpose

This Rule sets forth the principles for determining conformity of transportation plans, programs, and projects which are developed, funded, or approved by the United States Department of Transportation (DOT), and by metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) or other recipients of funds under title 23 U.S.C. or the Federal Transit Act (49 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.). The Rule sets forth policy, criteria, and procedures for demonstrating and assuring conformity of such activities to an applicable implementation plan developed pursuant to §110 and Part D of the Clean Air Act (CAA).

2.0 Applicability

This rule becomes effective on the date the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) promulgates interim, partial, or final approval of this rule in the Federal Register.

3.0 Definitions.

Terms used but not defined in this rule shall have the meaning given them by the CAA, titles 23 and 49 U.S.C., other Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations, or other DOT regulations, in that order of priority.

4.0 Exemptions

 

TABLE 1 - EXEMPT PROJECTS

SAFETY 

Railroad/highway crossing 

Hazard elimination program 

Safer non-Federal-aid system roads 

Shoulder improvements 

Increasing sight distance 

Safety improvement program 

Traffic control devices and operating assistance other than signalization projects 

Railroad/highway crossing warning devices 

Guardrails, median barriers, crash cushions 

Pavement resurfacing and/or rehabilitation 

Pavement marking demonstration 

Emergency relief (23 U.S.C. 125) 

Fencing 

Skid treatments 

Safety roadside rest areas 

Adding medians 

Truck climbing lanes outside the urbanized area 

Lighting improvements 

Widening narrow pavements or reconstructing bridges (no additional travel lanes) 

Emergency truck pullovers 

MASS TRANSIT 

Operating assistance to transit agencies 

Purchase of support vehicles 

Rehabilitation of transit vehicles1 

Purchase of office, shop, and operating equipment for existing facilities 

Purchase of operating equipment for vehicles (e.g., radios, fareboxes, lifts, etc.) 

Construction or renovation of power, signal, and communications systems 

Construction of small passenger shelters and information kiosks 

Reconstruction or renovation of transit buildings and structures (e.g., rail or bus buildings, storage and maintenance facilities, stations, terminals, and ancillary structures) 

Rehabilitation or reconstruction of track structures, track, and trackbed in existing rights-of-way 

Purchase of new buses and rail cars to replace existing vehicles or for minor expansions of the fleet1 

Construction of new bus or rail storage/maintenance facilities categorically excluded in 23 CFR 771 

1- In PM10 nonattainment or maintenance areas, such projects are exempt only if they are in compliance with control measures in the applicable implementation plan.

AIR QUALITY 

Continuation of ride-sharing and van-pooling promotion activities at current levels 

Bicycle and pedestrian facilities 

OTHER 

Specific activities which do not involve or lead directly to construction, such as: 

Planning and technical studies 

Grants for training and research programs 

Planning activities conducted pursuant to titles 23 and 49 U.S.C 

Federal-aid systems revisions 

Engineering to assess social, economic, and environmental effects of the proposed action or alternatives to that action 

Noise attenuation 

Advance land acquisitions (23 CFR 712 or 23 CFR 771) 

Acquisition of scenic easements 

Plantings, landscaping, etc. 

Sign removal 

Directional and informational signs 

Transportation enhancement activities (except rehabilitation and operation of historic transportation buildings, structures, or facilities) 

Repair of damage caused by natural disasters, civil unrest, or terrorist acts, except projects involving substantial functional, locational or capacity changes 

 

 

TABLE 2 

PROJECTS EXEMPT FROM REGIONAL EMISSIONS ANALYSES

Intersection channelization projects 

Intersection signalization projects at individual intersections 

Interchange reconfiguration projects 

Changes in vertical and horizontal alignment 

Truck size and weight inspection stations 

Bus terminals and transfer points 

5.0 Consultation

6.0 Requirements

 

TABLE 3 - CONFORMITY CRITERIA

ALL PERIODS

Action Criteria

Transportation Plan 

TIP 

Project (From a conforming plan and TIP) 

Project (Not from a conforming plan and TIP)

Sections 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8.2 

Sections 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8.3 

Sections 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.9, 6.10, 6.11, 6.12 

Sections 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8.4, 6.9, 6.11, 6.12

PHASE II OF THE INTERIM PERIOD
Action Criteria

Transportation Plan 

TIP 

Project (From a conforming plan and TIP) 

Project (Not from a conforming plan and TIP)

Sections 6.17, 6.20 

Sections 6.18, 6.21 

Section 6.16 

Sections 6.16, 6.19, 6.22

TRANSITIONAL PERIOD
Action Criteria

Transportation Plan 

TIP 

Project (From a conforming plan and TIP) 

Project (Not from a conforming plan and TIP)

Sections 6.13, 6.17, 6.20 

Sections 6.14, 6.18, 6.21 

Section 6.16 

Sections 6.15, 6.16, 6.19, 6.22

CONTROL STRATEGY AND MAINTENANCE PERIOD
Action Criteria

Transportation Plan 

TIP 

Project (From a conforming plan and TIP) 

Project (Not from a conforming plan and TIP)

Section 6.13 

Section 6.14 

No additional criteria 

Section 6.15

 
Key to Table 3 - Conformity Criteria: 

6.5 The conformity determination must be based on the latest planning assumptions. 

6.6 The conformity determination must be based on the latest emission estimation model available. 

6.7 The MPO must make the conformity determination according to the consultation procedures of this rule and the implementation plan revision required by §51.396. 

6.8 The transportation plan, TIP, or FHWA/FTA project which is not from a conforming plan and TIP must provide for the timely implementation of TCMs from the applicable implementation plan. 

6.9 There must be a currently conforming transportation plan and currently conforming TIP at the time of project approval. 

6.10 The project must come from a conforming transportation plan and program. 

6.11 The FHWA/FTA project must not cause or contribute to any new localized CO or PM10 violations or increase the frequency or severity of any existing CO or PM10 violations in CO and PM10 nonattainment and maintenance areas. 

6.12 The FHWA/FTA project must comply with PM10 control measures in the applicable implementation plan. 

6.13 The transportation plan must be consistent with the motor vehicle emissions budget(s) in the applicable implementation plan or implementation plan submission. 

6.14 The TIP must be consistent with the motor vehicle emissions budget(s) in the applicable implementation plan or implementation plan submission. 

6.15 The project which is not from a conforming transportation plan and conforming TIP must be consistent with the motor vehicle emissions budget(s) in the applicable implementation plan or implementation plan submission. 

6.16 The FHWA/FTA project must eliminate or reduce the severity and number of localized CO violations in the area substantially affected by the project (in CO nonattainment areas). 

6.17 The transportation plan must contribute to emissions reductions in ozone and CO nonattainment areas. 

6.18 The TIP must contribute to emissions reductions in ozone and CO nonattainment areas. 

6.19 The project which is not from a conforming transportation plan and TIP must contribute to emissions reductions in ozone and CO nonattainment areas. 

6.20 The transportation plan must contribute to emission reductions or must not increase emissions in PM10 and NO2 nonattainment areas. 

6.21 The TIP must contribute to emission reductions or must not increase emissions in PM10 and NO2 nonattainment areas. 

6.22 The project which is not from a conforming transportation plan and TIP must contribute to emission reductions or must not increase emissions in PM10 and NO2 nonattainment areas.

 

7.0 Administrative Requirements

8.0 Compliance

9.0 Special provisions for nonattainment areas which are not required to demonstrate reasonable further progress