Lincoln Plaza
Auditorium, First Floor
400 "P" Street
Sacramento, CA

January 9, 1992
9:30 a.m.



92-1-1 Public Hearing to Consider the Adoption of 001
Amendments to the Regulation for Reducing
Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from
Consumer Products - Phase II.

92-1-2 Public Meeting to Consider a Status Report on 141
Manufacturer's Compliance with Regulations
Requiring Reporting of Failed Emission-Related

92-1-3 Public Meeting to Consider Research Proposals: 159

Proposal No. 1921-166, entitled, "A Study to Assess
the Economic Impacts of Alternatives to Open-Field
Burning of Agricultural Residues," submitted by
Spectrum Economics, Inc., for a total amount not to
exceed $100,241.

Proposal No. 1835-160A, entitled, "An Enhanced Study
of Atmospheric Transport Corridors and Processes in
Southern California," submitted by the Wave Propagation
Laboratory of NOAA, for a total amount not to exceed

Proposal No. 1926-166, entitled, "Evaluation of COPD
Patients for Ozone Sensitivity: Validation of Health
Advisories," submitted by the University of California,
Los Angeles, for a total amount not to exceed $65,693.

Proposal No. 1925-166, entitled, "The Effects of Ozone
Inhalation on Fibroblast Activation in the Lung:
Possible Relationship to Long-Term Fibrotic Lung
Changes," submitted by the University of California,
San Francisco, for a total amount not to exceed

Other Business
ITEM NO.: 92-1-1

Proposed Amendments to the Comprehensive Statewide Regulation for
Consumer Products.



Amendments to the Comprehensive Statewide Consumer Products
regulation are proposed to further reduce volatile organic
compound emissions from consumer products. Volatile organic
compounds are used as solvents and propellants in consumer
products and are emitted during their use. The California Clean
Air Act (CCAA) of 1988 requires that on or before January 1,
1992, the ARB adopt regulations to achieve the maximum feasible
reduction of VOC emissions from consumer products. The CCAA also
states that any consumer product regulation adopted by the Board
must be technologically and commercially feasible, and necessary.

In July 1989, the Board approved the Consumer Products Control
Plan. The control plan establishes a goal of a 50 percent
reduction of volatile organic compound emissions from consumer
products by the year 2000. Subsequently, the Board approved the
antiperspirant and deodorant regulation in November of 1989, and
the Comprehensive Statewide Consumer Products regulation in
October of 1990.

Proposed Amendments to the Statewide Regulation

The staff and industry have worked closely to develop standards
which are both commercially and technologically feasible. The
exchange of information between industry and the staff has been
instrumental in developing the proposed standards. Based on
industry information, the staff is proposing to amend the
statewide regulation to achieve additional VOC emission
reductions to help meet the goals established in the control
plan. The proposed amendments will reduce the VOC emissions by
establishing limits of VOC content for ten additional product
categories: aerosol cooking sprays, automotive brake cleaners,
carburetor-choke cleaners, charcoal lighter material, dusting
aids, fabric protectants, household adhesives, insecticides,
laundry starch products, and personal fragrance products. The
standards for the ten categories become effective January 1,
1995. The staff is also proposing future effective standards for
carburetor-choke cleaners, dusting aids, fabric protectants,
household adhesives, and insecticides.

Impact Assessment

In California, the total emissions of VOCs from consumer products
are estimated to be 200 tons per day. Emissions of VOCs from the
ten product categories covered by the proposed amendments are
estimated to be 24 tons per day (approximately 12% of the total).
The potential emission reductions associated with the
implementation of the proposed regulation are estimated bo be 8
tons per day by 1998. With regard to meeting the goal of the
consumer Products Control Plan, this proposal of 10 tons per day
reduction when added to the 49 tons per day reduction achieved
from previous consumer product regulations, represents
approximately a 30 percent reduction in VOC emissions from
consumer products.

In developing the proposed amendments, ARB staff evaluated the
potential cost impact on business from the proposal. The cost
effectiveness ratios for the proposed amendments range from $0.01
per pound to $1.04 per pound of VOC reduced. Implementation of
proposed amendments is not expected to have a significant adverse
impact on small businesses. The VOC limits that are both
commercially and technologically feasible, and necessary.

Future Actions

The staff will continue to work closely with industry and will
evaluate the potential for further emission reductions from both
currently regulated consumer product categories and from
categories which were addressed at this time due to lack of
resources or information. If the staff determines that it is
commercially and technologically feasible to further reduce
emission from these categories, staff will propose additional
amendments as information becomes available. The staff will also
continue to evaluate a proposal for an alternative compliance
plan which would provide a market based compliance alternative
for consumer product manufacturers.

ITEM NO.: 92-1-2

Public Meeting to Consider a Status Report on Manufacturers
Compliance with Regulations Requiring Reporting of Failed
Emission-Related Components.


The item is presented for informational purposed only. Staff
will update the Air Resources Board (the "ARB" or "Board") on the
progress of the new failure reporting requirements of the in-use
motor vehicle recall program.


The "Procedures for Reporting Failures of Emission-Related
Components," set forth in California Code of Regulations (CCR),
title 13, Sections 2141 through 2149, became effective on
February 23, 1990, and apply to all on-road motor vehicles or
engines beginning with the 1990 model year. The primary purpose
of these regulations is to ensure that emission-related component
failures and/or adjustments are detected and repaired early
within a vehicle's warranty period. When a dealership services a
vehicle under warranty for an emissions related repair, the
manufacturer must compile a warranty claims listing. Once the
number of warranty claims of a specific emission-related failure
for a given engine family emission-related failure for a given
engine family or sub-group exceeds a specified failure level
(i.e., the trigger level), the manufacturer must report these
data to the ARB. The reports submitted by the manufacturer,
depending upon the level of failure, are essentially comprised of
three elements: Emissions Warranty Information Report (EIR),
Field Information Report (FIR), and Emission Information Report

As of the end of September, 1991, 29 manufacturers have submitted
EWIRs for the 1990 and 1991 model years. The total quantity of
warranty reports filed with the Board was 753 involving over 150
engine families. Six manufacturers have already implemented
recalls as a result of this program. However, several
manufacturers have not yet submitted any failure reports. To
investigate those that have not reported and to "get the message
out" that the ARB intends to enforce the reporting requirements,
a process has been established whereby a warranty record audit is
performed on a routine basis.


The emission failure reporting requirements have shown, thus far,
that manufacturers are reporting a significant number of emission
components failures/repairs within the early life of a vehicle's
warranty period. Manufacturers are now faced with an immediate
enforcement situation from the time a vehicle is sold and must
rely on their dealerships to report accurate warranty claims.
Ultimately, manufacturers must improve component durability and
quality control or risk costly remedial action in the future.
This results in an improvement to air quality.