AQ Monitoring Results: Wilmington: Para-Dichlorobenzene

This page last reviewed September 7, 2010


Background

Atmospheric para-dichlorobenzene vaporizes directly into the air from its solid crystal form. The crystals are white, volatile, and non-corrosive, with a penetrating odor. Through inhalation, ingestion, and dermal contact, para-dichlorobenzene can irritate the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. Long-term inhalation exposure may affect the liver, skin, and central nervous system. California has determined under Assembly Bill 1807 and Proposition 65 that para-dichlorobenzene is a cancer-causing compound.

Para-dichlorobenzene is used as a room deodorant, a dye intermediate, and a registered insecticide. These sources account for approximately 99% of statewide para-dichlorobenzene emissions. Since para-dichlorobenzene is used as a room deodorizer and for moth control, volatilization from these products that are nearly pure para-dichlorobenzene is the most significant indoor source. There are no identified natural sources of para-dichlorobenzene.

Based on the statewide annual average, ambient para-dichlorobenzene concentrations remained fairly constant during the1990s.

Ambient Monitoring Results

Ambient levels of para-dichlorobenzene are routinely monitored at approximately twenty sites in the California air toxics monitoring network. The statewide average concentration of para-dichlorobenzene during 1998-2000 was 0.1 ppb (parts per billion), with values ranging from 0.1 ppb to 1.9 ppb. The Los Angeles County region average concentration was 30% higher with an average concentration of 0.13 for the same time period. Most of the observed values for para-dichlorobenzene at Wilmington were below the limit of detection.

The ambient monitoring results at Wilmington are provided here:

  • A graph comparing the monthly summaries of para-dichlorobenzene at the community with historical statewide and regional levels
  • A table of summary statistics
  • Raw data in Excel format

Cancer Risk

Cancer risk is the number of excess cancer cases among a million people if the people are exposed to levels of a toxic air pollutant over 70 years. Para-dichlorobenzene represents approximately 4% of the potential cancer risk of the nine measured compounds, excluding diesel particulate matter. Para-dichlorobenzene represents approximately 1% of the potential cancer risk of the nine measured compounds and the estimated diesel particulate matter.


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