SACRAMENTO METROPOLITAN AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT

RULE 459 - AUTOMOTIVE, TRUCK & HEAVY EQUIPMENT REFINISHING OPS
(Adopted 12-7-95; Amended 3-7-96, 9-5-96, 10-2-97)

INDEX

100 GENERAL

200 DEFINITIONS

300 STANDARDS

400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS


100 GENERAL

101 PURPOSE: To limit the emission of volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere from automotive, truck, or heavy equipment finishing or refinishing as defined in this rule.

102 APPLICABILITY: The provisions of this rule shall apply to the finishing or refinishing of Group I and Group II vehicles, their parts or components, as defined in this rule, and to the sale of coatings for finishing or refinishing of such vehicles, their parts or components, by any person for use within the District. The provisions of Rule 441, Organic Solvents, shall not apply to such operations as specified in this section.

110 EXEMPTION: RESTORATIONS OF SPECIAL INTEREST VEHICLES AND STREET ROD VEHICLES: The requirements of Sections 301, 307.3, and 307.4 shall not apply to coatings and surface preparation and cleanup materials used in the restoration of special interest vehicles as defined in Section 5051(b) of Division 3 of the California Vehicle Code or street rod vehicles as defined in Section 5051(d) of Division 3 of the California Vehicle Code providing that the total usage of these coatings (including, but not limited to thinners, reducers, hardeners, retarders and catalysts), coating removers (strippers), surface preparation materials, and cleanup material does not exceed 10 gallons in a calendar year. The recordkeeping requirements in Section 502.2 shall apply to the coating of special interest vehicles as defined in Section 5051(b) of Division 3 of the California Vehicle Code or street rod vehicles as defined in Section 5051(d) of Division 3 of the California Vehicle Code.

111 EXEMPTION: AEROSOL CONTAINERS: The requirements of this rule shall not apply to aerosol paint products in non-refillable aerosol containers having a capacity of one liter (1.1 quarts) or less.

112 EXEMPTION: STENCIL COATINGS: The requirements of this rule shall not apply to the application of stencil coatings, as defined in Section 246 of this rule.

113 EXEMPTION: RADIATORS, DRIVE TRAIN, DIFFERENTIAL, AND ENGINE COMPONENTS: The provisions of this rule shall not apply to the coating of radiators, drive train, differential, and engine components which are subject to the provisions of Rule 451, SURFACE COATING OF MISCELLANEOUS METAL PARTS AND PRODUCTS.

114 EXEMPTION: RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS: The recordkeeping requirements in Sections 501.1 a-d, 501.3 and 501.4 shall not apply to surface preparation material, cleanup materials, coating removers and coatings sold to vendors.

115 EXEMPTION: TOUCH-UP: The provisions of this rule shall not apply to the sale or use of touch-up coatings dispensed in containers of two ounces or less.

116 SEVERABILITY: If any section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or portion of this rule is, for any reason, held invalid, unconstitutional, or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed as a separate, distinct, and independent provision, and such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions thereof.

200 DEFINITIONS

201 ADHESION PROMOTER: Any coating applied over both an existing non-sanded topcoat and the coated area immediately adjacent to the non-sanded topcoat, to promote the adhesion of a subsequent topcoat. No topcoat, primer, primer sealer, or primer surfacer shall be classified as an adhesion promoter.

202 AEROSOL PAINT PRODUCT: A mixture of resins, pigments, liquid solvents and gaseous propellants, packaged in a non-refillable can.

203 ANTIGLARE/SAFETY COATING: Any coating which minimizes light reflection for safety purposes.

204 APPLICATION EQUIPMENT: Any device used to apply coatings or used in preparing a coating material for application such as stir sticks or funnels.

205 BASE COAT: A pigmented coating applied as part of a multistage coat system.

206 BRIGHT METAL TRIM REPAIR COATING: Any coating applied directly to chrome-plated metal surfaces for the purpose of appearance.

207 CAMOUFLAGE COATING: Any coating applied to motor vehicles to conceal such vehicles from detection.

208 CATALYST: Any substance whose presence initiates the reaction between chemical compounds.

209 CLEANUP: Paint removal from coating application equipment to facilitate color changes or end of shift operations. For the purpose of this rule, cleanup of overspray is not considered a coating removal.

210 CLEAR COAT: Any topcoat which contains no pigments or only transparent pigments and which is the final topcoat applied as a part of a multistage topcoat system.

211 CLOSED CONTAINER: A container which has a cover where the cover meets with the main body of the container without any visible gaps between the cover and the main body of the container.

212 COATING: Any material, including, but not limited to, primer, primer surfacer, topcoat, which is applied to a surface and which forms a film in order to beautify and/or protect such surface, or in order to perform any of the functions described for Specialty Coatings, as defined in Section 244.

213 COATING COMPONENT: Any portion of a coating, including, but not limited to reducer or thinner, hardener, additive, recommended by its manufacturer or importer for automobile refinishing. Any reference to automobile refinishing made by a manufacturer or importer on a container or in products literature constitutes a recommendation for automobile refinishing. Different combinations and/or mixing ratios of coating components constitute different coatings.

214 COATING REMOVER (STRIPPER): A material applied to the surface to completely remove maskants, coatings or coating residues. A coating remover (stripper) is not a surface preparation material or cleanup material. Material used for the removal of overspray is not considered a coating remover.

215 COLOR MATCH: The ability of a repair coating to blend into an existing coating so that color difference is not visible.

216 DRIVETRAIN: The components related to the driveline, including the universal joint and the drive shaft, that connect the transmission with the driving axles of an automobile.

217 ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS: Any coatings which are specifically formulated and applied over coated or uncoated flexible plastic substrates for the purpose of adhesion.

218 ELECTROSTATIC APPLICATION: The application of charged atomized paint droplets which are deposited by electrostatic attraction.

219 ENCLOSED GUN CLEANER:

220 END USER: Any person using or applying any material (e.g., coating, coating remover (stripper), surface preparation material, or cleanup material) subject to this rule.

221 EXEMPT COMPOUND: For the purposes of this rule, "exempt compound" has the same meaning as in Rule 101--GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS.

222 FINISHING: The coating of incomplete vehicles, their parts and components, or mobile equipment, for which the original coating was not applied from an original equipment manufacturing plant coating assembly line.

223 GROUND COAT: An opaque, pigmented coat used under partially transparent finishes to cover up a different-hued undercoat and used as part of a four-stage topcoat system.

224 GROUP I VEHICLES: Passenger cars, heavy duty truck cabs and chassis, light/medium duty vehicles (including utility bodies), and motorcycles.

225 GROUP II VEHICLES: Buses, military vehicles, and mobile equipment.

226 HEAVY DUTY TRUCK: Any truck having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of over 10,000 pounds.

227 HIGH SOLIDS COATING: A solvent borne coating which contains greater than 62 percent by weight of solids. The solid content of the coating shall be determined pursuant to ASTM D2832.

228 HIGH VOLUME - LOW PRESSURE APPLICATORS: Equipment used to apply coatings by means of a gun which is designed to be operated and which is operated between 0.1 and 10 psig air pressure measured dynamically at the center of the air cap and at the air horns.

229 IMPACT-RESISTANT COATING: Any coating designed to resist chipping caused by road debris.

230 LIGHT/MEDIUM DUTY VEHICLES: Any vehicle having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or less.

231 LOW-VOLUME, LOW-PRESSURE (LVLP) EQUIPMENT: Spray coating application equipment with air pressure between 0.1 and 10.0 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) and air volume less than 15.5 cfm per spray gun and which operates at a maximum fluid delivery pressure of 50 psig.

232 METALLIC/IRIDESCENT TOPCOAT: Any coating which contains more than 5.0 g/l (0.042 lb/gal) of metal or iridescent particles, as applied, where such particles are visible in the dried film.

233 MID COAT: Any semi-transparent topcoat which is the middle topcoat applied as part of three-stage or four-stage topcoat systems.

234 MILITARY VEHICLE: A vehicle or a transportable structure which is owned, operated, or maintained by the United States Department of Defense or the National Guard. The structure may be motorized, or non-motorized but intended for towing by a motorized vehicle.

235 MOBILE EQUIPMENT: Any equipment which may be drawn or is capable of being driven on rails or on a roadway except for Group I vehicles. This includes but is not limited to trains, railcars, truck trailers, camper shells, mobile cranes, bulldozers, street cleaners, golf carts and implements of husbandry.

236 MULTI-STAGE TOPCOAT SYSTEM: A topcoat system composed of either a base coat/clear coat (two stage system), a base coat/mid coat/clear coat (three stage system), or a ground coat/base coat/mid coat/clear coat (four stage system). The calculation for the volatile organic compound content for the various coating systems shall be as follows:

237 PRECOAT: Any coating that dries by oxidation or chemical polymerization excluding lacquer products which is applied to bare metal primarily to deactivate the metal surface prior to application of a primer surfacer.

238 PRETREATMENT WASH PRIMER: Any coating which contains a minimum of 0.5% percent acid by weight, is necessary to provide surface etching and is applied directly to bare metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and adhesion.

239 PRIMER: Any coating applied prior to the application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance and adhesion of the topcoat.

240 PRIMER SEALER: A undercoating which improves adhesion of the topcoat, and which seals the previously coated surfaces that have been sanded.

241 PRIMER SURFACER: A high solids coating which fills small imperfections in the substrate and which usually must be sanded.

242 REFINISHING: Any coating of vehicles, their parts and components, or mobile equipment, including partial body collision repairs, for the purpose of protection or beautification and which is subsequent to the original coating applied at an original equipment manufacturing plant coating assembly line.

243 RUBBERIZED ASPHALTIC UNDERBODY COATING: Any coating applied to wheel wells, the inside of door panels or fenders, the underside of a trunk or hood, or the underside of the motor vehicle itself for the purpose of sound deadening or protection.

244 SPECIALTY COATINGS: Unique coatings with additives which are necessary due to unusual job performance requirements. These coatings are exclusively used as adhesion promoters, uniform finish blenders, elastomeric materials, bright metal trim repair, anti-glare/safety coatings, impact resistance coating, and weld-through primers. These coatings shall be designated by the manufacturer as specialty coatings which require the coatings to perform under certain conditions as specified by the coating definitions in Sections 201, 203, 206, 217, 250, and 255.

245 STATIONARY SOURCE: Any building, structure, facility, or emissions unit which emits or may emit any affected pollutant directly or as a fugitive emission.

246 STENCIL COATING: Any ink or pigmented coating which is rolled or brushed onto a template or a stamp in order to add identifying letters, symbols, and/or numbers to motor vehicles, mobile equipment, or their parts and components.

247 SURFACE PREPARATION: A volatile organic compound-containing material applied to the surface of any substrate prior to any finishing or refinishing coating application or to remove any overspray.

248 TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE COATING: A coating applied for the purpose of protecting adjacent areas to that being painted from overspray. The temporary protective coating is removed after primer or topcoat application.

249 TOPCOAT: Any coating applied over a primer, primer system, or an original equipment manufacturer finish for the purpose of protection or appearance.

250 UNIFORM FINISH BLENDERS: Any coating which is applied for the purpose of blending a paint overspray area of a repaired topcoat to match the appearance of an adjacent existing topcoat.

251 UTILITY BODY: A body designed for and mounted on a light or medium duty truck or van excluding camper shells.

252 VENDOR: Retail or wholesale distributor of automotive refinishing products.

253 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND: For the purposes of this rule, "volatile organic compound" has the same meaning as in Rule 101--GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS.

254 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND AS APPLIED: For the purpose of this rule, volatile organic compound as applied means the volatile organic compound content including thinners, reducers, hardeners, retarders, catalysts and additives calculated pursuant to Sections 406 or 407 as applicable.

255 WELD-THROUGH PRIMER: A primer that is applied to the surface of the metal prior to welding.

300 STANDARDS

301 VEHICLE COATING LIMITS:



COATING

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal),

less water and

exempt compounds

January 1, 1997

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal),

less water and

exempt compounds

January 1, 1998

Precoat

600 (5.0)

600 (5.0)

Pretreatment Wash Primer

780 (6.5)

780 (6.5)

Primer/Primer Surfacer

340 (2.8)

250 (2.1)

Primer Sealer

600 (5.0)

420 (3.5)

Solid Color Topcoat

600 (5.0)

420 (3.5)

Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat

600 (5.0)

520 (4.3)

Multi-stage Topcoat System

600 (5.0)

540 (4.5)

Rubberized Asphaltic Underbody

540 (4.5)

540 (4.5)

Specialty Coating

840 (7.0)

840 (7.0)



COATING

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal)

January 1, 1997

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal)

January 1, 1998

Temporary Protective Coating 60 (0.5) 60 (0.5)



COATING

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal),

less water and

exempt compounds

January 1, 1997

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal),

less water and

exempt compounds

January 1, 1998

Precoat

600 (5.0)

600 (5.0)

Pretreatment Wash Primer

780 (6.5)

780 (6.5)

Primer

340 (2.8)

250 (2.1)

Rubberized Asphaltic Underbody

540 (4.5)

540 (4.5)

Topcoat

420 (3.5)

420 (3.5)

Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat

420 (3.5)

420 (3.5)

Camouflage

420 (3.5)

420 (3.5)

Specialty Coating

840 (7.0)

840 (7.0)



COATING

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal)

January 1, 1997

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal)

January 1, 1998

Temporary Protective Coating 60 (0.5) 60 (0.5)

302 EMISSIONS CONTROL EQUIPMENT: As an alternative to the coating limits identified in Section 301, a person may use air pollution control equipment, subject to the approval of the Air Pollution Control Officer, that provides an overall system efficiency of not less than 85% as determined pursuant to Section 405.

303 APPLICATION EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENT:

304 PROHIBITION OF SPECIFICATION: No person shall require for use or specify the application of a coating, surface preparation, coating remover (stripper) or cleanup material, on Group I vehicles or their parts or components, or Group II vehicles or their parts or components, if such use or application is prohibited by any of the provisions of this rule. The prohibition of this Section shall apply to all written or oral contracts under the terms of which any coating is to be applied to Group I vehicles or their parts or components, or Group II vehicles or their parts or components, at any physical location within the District.

305 PROHIBITION OF SALE: A person shall not supply, sell, solicit, or offer for sale, any product (e.g., coating, surface preparation, coating remover (stripper) or cleanup material if such product does not comply with any of the provisions of this rule. The prohibition of this Section shall apply to the sale of any product which will be applied at any physical location within the District.

306 PROHIBITION OF POSSESSION: After April 1, 1998, any person shall not possess at any physical location within the District any containers containing coatings that are not in compliance with Section 301. This Section shall apply only to the end users of coating materials (e.g., autobody shops).

307 SURFACE PREPARATION, CLEANUP, AND STORAGE REQUIREMENTS: Any person subject to this rule shall comply with the following requirements:

308 COATING REMOVER (STRIPPER) REQUIREMENTS: A person shall not perform coating removal with a material containing volatile organic compounds in excess of 200 grams per liter (1.7 pounds per gallon).

309 SPECIALTY COATING LIMITATION: The use of all specialty coatings except antiglare/safety coatings shall not exceed 5% of all coatings applied at each stationary source, on a monthly basis. The percentage of specialty coatings used shall be determined as follows:

310 PRECOAT LIMITATION: A person shall not use precoat in excess of 25%, by volume, of the amount of primer surfacer applied in conjunction with the precoat at each stationary source, on a monthly basis. The percentage of precoat used shall be determined as follows:


400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 PRODUCT INFORMATION SHEET REQUIREMENTS: Vendors of any coating, coating remover (stripper), surface preparation material, or cleanup material subject to this rule shall make available to the purchaser at the time of sale the following information:

402 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN: Any person using emissions control equipment pursuant to Section 302 must submit an Operation and Maintenance Plan for the emissions control equipment to the Air Pollution Control Officer for approval. The Plan shall specify operation and maintenance procedures which will demonstrate continuous operation and compliance of the emissions control equipment during periods of emissions-producing operations. The Plan shall also specify which daily records must be kept to document these operations and maintenance procedures. These records shall comply with the requirements of Section 502. The Plan shall be implemented upon approval by the Air Pollution Control Officer.

403 PROCEDURE FOR PROCESSING OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN:

404 DETERMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND MASS EMISSION RATE AND PERCENT CONTROL EFFICIENCY: The volatile organic compound mass emission rate shall be calculated both upstream and downstream of the emissions control device based on the respective volatile organic compound mass concentration and volumetric flowrate, pursuant to Section 503.4 and the following equation:

405 DETERMINATION OF OVERALL SYSTEM EFFICIENCY: The overall system efficiency shall be determined using the following equation:

406 DETERMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTENT OF A COATING, LESS WATER AND EXEMPT COMPOUNDS: The volume of coating material is defined as the volume of the original coating plus any volatile organic compound-containing material added to the original coating. The weight of volatile organic compound per combined volume of volatile organic compound and coating solids shall be calculated by the following equation:

407 DETERMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTENT OF COATING REMOVERS (STRIPPERS), SURFACE PREPARATION, AND CLEANUP MATERIALS AND TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE COATINGS: The volume of material is defined as the volume of the original material, plus any volatile organic compound-containing material added to the original material. The weight of volatile organic compound per total volume of material shall be calculated by the following equation:

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 SALES RECORDS: Any person selling, at a point of sale located within the District, coatings, coating removers (strippers), surface preparation or cleanup materials, which are subject to this rule, shall maintain the following records for credit account and cash sales on-site for a continuous three-year period, and make such records available on request to the Air Pollution Control Officer:

502 RECORDKEEPING FOR END USERS: In addition to any applicable recordkeeping requirements of either Rule 202, New Source Review, Rule 209, Limiting Potential to Emit, or any other District rule which may be applicable, any person subject to this rule shall maintain the following records on-site and make such records available on request to the Air Pollution Control Officer:

503 TEST METHODS