Low Carbon Fuel Standard Program Background
This page last reviewed August 18, 2010
This page provides information regarding ARB's Low Carbon Fuel Standard Program background pursuant to the California Assembly Bill AB 32 and the Governor's Executive Order S-01-07.
Executive Order S-1-07, the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) (issued on January 18, 2007), calls for a reduction of at least 10 percent in the carbon intensity of California's transportation fuels by 2020. It instructed the California Environmental Protection Agency to coordinate activities between the University of California, the California Energy Commission and other state agencies to develop and propose a draft compliance schedule to meet the 2020 target. Furthermore, it directed ARB to consider initiating a regulatory proceedings to establish and implement the LCFS. In response, ARB identified the LCFS as an early action item with a regulation to be adopted and implemented by 2010.
- California Governor Executive Order S-01-07 (January 2007) (PDF-27k)
- Governor Schwarzenegger's Website: Low Carbon Fuel Standard
- The Governor Office White Paper (January 2007) (PDF-149k)
- California Assembly Bill AB 32 - Global Warming Solutions Act (Nunez - 2006) (PDF-88k) - Supporting Website
- California Assembly Bill AB 1007 (Pavley - 2005) (PDF-79k) - Supporting Website
- California Assembly Bill AB 1493 (Pavley - 2002) (PDF-29k) - Supporting Website
- UC Davis - Institute of Transportation Studies - Analysis of California's LCFS
- UC Berkeley - Transportation Sustainability Research Center - Low-Carbon Fuel Standard Project
- ARB Presentation at the Board Hearing June 21 & 22, 2007 considered approval of a list of proposed early actions measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions under the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006.
- U.S EPA - Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Renewable Fuel Standard Program (May 2007) - Final Rule
- European and Others Experiences:
- Low Carbon Fuel Activities in United Kingdom (2007)
Carbon Fuel Activities in Canada (2008)
- Canada Renewable and Low Carbon Fuel Requirement Act (April 2008) (see this website)
- University of California Study: A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California - The final report was produced by the University of California for the State in response to the Executive Order S-1-07 - Low Carbon Fuel Standard.
- May 28-30, 2008: California Biomass Collaborative 5th Annual Forum by joining with California Energy Commission, the California Institute for Food and Agricultural Research, the Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies, the California Air Resources Board, and the University of California - Davis to present a 3-day program on bioenergy sustainability and lifecycle analysis (PDF-46k)
- February 1, 2010: Approved Modified Regulation Order for the LCFS ad the fourth 15-day Change Notice (deadline for public comment Feb 16, 2010). For more information...
- January 12, 2010: Office of Administrative of Law approved the LCFS rulemaking and filed with the Secretary of State (PDF-66k). The regulation became effective on the same day, January 12, 2010. See more details in the LCFS rulemaking website.
- December 31, 2009: Regulatory Advisory: Reporting Requirements: Limited One-Month Grace Period for Regulated Parties Subject to May 31, 2010 Deadline. (PDF)
- December 14, 2009: Third Notice of Public Availability of Modified Text and Availability of Additional Documents and Information to Implement the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (PDF-38k) , in the LCFS rulemaking website (deadline for public comment Jan 14, 2010).
- Updated Lookup Tables as of December 14, 2009 - page 6 to 9 of the Modified Regulation Order
- The LCFS rulemaking package was filed with the Office of Administrative Law (OAL) on November 25, 2009. OAL has until January 12, 2010 to make a determination. The Final Statement of Reasons and other rulemaking documents can be found at the LCFS rulemaking website.
- Updated Lookup Tables as of September 23, 2009 - page 48 to 51 of the Modified Regulation Order
23, 2009: 15-day Notice of
Public Availability of Modified Text and Availability of Additional
Documents and Information to Implement the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (PDF-38k)
rulemaking website (deadline for public
comment Oct 8, 2009)
- Attachment 1 - Modified Regulation Order (PDF - 211K)
- Public Comments Received (linked to the LCFS rulemaking website)
- July 20, 2009: Notice of Public Availability of Modified Text and Availability of Additional Documents (PDF - 37k), in the LCFS rulemaking website (deadline for public comment Aug 19, 2009)
- Final Resolution 09-31 and Attachment B now are available in the ARB Board Hearing website
- Draft Resolution 09-31 regarding the new Low Carbon Fuel Standard (PDF-51k)
- Attachment B: Draft Modifications to the Original Proposed Low Carbon Fuel Standard ISOR (PDF-43k)
Public Hearing to Consider Adoption of a Proposed Regulation
Implement the Low Carbon Fuel Standard
To provide comment to the LCFS, please visit the LCFS Board Hearing Comments website. For general information about this rulemaking effort, please visit the LCFS Board Hearing website.
- October 6, 2009: Updated the Executive Summary of the Initial Statement of Reasons.
- March 5, 2009: Staff Report: Proposed Regulation to Implement the Low Carbon Fuel Standard - Initial Statement of Reasons (ISOR)
- December 2009: Updated California-GREET Model version 1.8b (modified by Life Cycle Associates LLC) (XLS-15.7Mb)
- February 2009: Updated California-GREET Model version 1.8b (modified by Life Cycle Associates LLC) (XLS-15.36Mb)
- December 2008: Updated California-GREET Model version 1.8b (modified by Life Cycle Associates LLC) (XLS-15.36Mb)
- September 2008: California-GREET Model version 1.8b (modified by Life Cycle Associates LLC) (XLS-3.44Mb)
- February 14, 2008: California-GREET Model 1.7 version 98 (XLS-7.93Mb)
- Original GREET Model version 1.8b from ARGONNE National Laboratory
- February 2010: GTAP-SOY: Updated GTAP model customized for Midwest soybeans (ZIP-4,910k) and supporting document (PDF-35k)
- December 2009: GTAP-SOY: GTAP model customized for Midwest soybeans (ZIP-4,159k) and supporting document (PDF-29k)
- February 2009: GTAP model and modeling files: Corn Ethanol (ZIP-5,246k) , and Sugarcane Ethanol (ZIP-4,864k)
- February 2009: Biofuel Time - Integrated Model of Emission (BTIME) version 1.1 (by UC Berkeley, UC Davis, and Union of Concerned Scientists) - Modified by California Air Resources Board (XLS-696k)(used in the indirect LUC calculation of the LCFS Staff Report)
- February 2009: Emission Factor Tables (GTAP, Woods Hole)(XLS-232k)
- July 2008:
version 6 from Purdue
University, used to estimate the Land Use Change effect in biofuels for
the LCFS Regulatory Process:
- To purchase, click here
- The associated data base is available to GTAP database subscribers
- Land Use database
- To download RunGTAP Software (a standard version)
- Importance of by-products
- Peer Review
- Results presented at ARB followed this paper, which will be updated in the coming weeks to reflect by-products
- The land use data base is documented in the following book chapters 2601, 2302, and 2603.
- October 2008:
version used for the corn
ethanol analysis by ARB, UC Berkeley, and Purdue University:
- It will require user to log in and verify that you have a version 6 data base.
- Individuals wishing to access must login separately.
- Useful reference papers for any written work using this model (PDF-20k)
- June 30, 2008: Release of Draft of Land Use Change Calculation for Bio-fuels Production by University of California of Berkeley (GTAP model) (XLS-1mb)
- California Bioenergy Action Plan (July 2006)
- California Climate Action Initiatives (June 2005)
- ARB Alternative Fuels Incentives Program
- U.S EPA - Alternative Fuels Program and Renewable Fuel Standard Program
- U.S Department of Energy - Alternative Fuels Data Center
- California Energy Commission - Alternative Fuels Plan (AB1007) and Low Carbon Fuel Standard
- Air Resources Board Biodiesel
and Renewable Program.
- "Low Carbon Fuel Standards" by Daniel Sperling and Sonia Yeh, Winter 2009, Issues in Science and Technology - publication of the National Academies (PDF-356k)
- ARB Presentations delivered to U.S. EPA (443k-PDF), The CA Farm Bureau (437k-PDF), and the American Society of Agriculture and Biological Engineers (501k-PDF).
- UC Davis Report for the Western Governors' Association, June 27 2008: Strategic Development of Bioenergy in the Western States - "Task 3: Spatial Analysis and Supply Curve Development" (PDF-9.6Mb)
- Science Magazine Carbon Mitigation by Biofuels or by Saving and Restoring Forests? vol. 17, August 17, 2007 by Righelato, R. and Spracklen, D.
- Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions from Alternative Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues DRAFT Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-05-19, October 2005, Delucchi, M.
- Updated Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emission Results of Fuel Ethanol The 15th International Symposium on Alcohol Fuels, San Diego, CA, September 26-28, 2005, Wang, M.
- Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis Appendix X: Pathway Diagrams June 20, 2005, Wang, Guihua, and Delucchi.