On-Road New Vehicle & Engine Certification Program

New EOs added August 19, 2014 0.5 days old

CERTIFICATION

Certification Overview
Certification Regulations, Test Procedures and Policies
Executive Orders Overview
How to Search for an Executive Order
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Contacts
Executive Orders Listing

Image of a Dynamometer

BACKGROUND

The On-Road Light-Duty Certification Section is responsible for the certification and production audit of new passenger cars (PC), light-duty trucks (LDT), medium-duty vehicles (MDV), on-road motorcycles (ONMC), off-highway recreational vehicles (OHRV) including off-road motorcycles (OFMC), all-terrain vehicles (ATV), off-road utility vehicles (UV), off-road sport vehicles (SV), sand cars (SCAR), and electric golf carts (eGC).  The Compression Ignition and Heavy-Duty Certification Section is responsible for the certification and production audit of new heavy-duty engines (HDE) and vehicles (HDV) including urban buses (UB), and new off-road compression ignition (OFCI) engines.  Vehicles and engines (hereinafter, vehicles) are not legal for sale in California until certified.  Violation of the requirement for certification can subject the vehicle manufacturers and/or selling dealers to enforcement actions including a fine of up to $5000 per vehicle.


The information on this page is for all vehicle and engine categories described above with the exception of the OFCI category for which you may wish to view OFCI certification information or OFCI Executive Orders.


CERTIFICATION OVERVIEW

To be certified, a vehicle must demonstrate that its exhaust and (as applicable, depending on the specific vehicle category) evaporative emission control systems are durable and comply with the emission standards for the vehicle's useful life.  This is done through durability and certification testing of the prototype certification vehicle(s).  Compliance with on-board diagnostics, anti-tampering, fuel tank fill-pipe and openings, crankcase emissions, etc., as applicable, must be demonstrated also.  An application for certification must be submitted to, and approved by, the Air Resources Board (ARB) (and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) concurrently).

Production vehicles must be identical in all material respects to those (of the certification vehicles) for which the certification was granted; all emissions-related production running changes and field fixes must be approved.  Production vehicles must be properly labeled and their emission control systems are warranted for the specified duration.  New and customer-owned production vehicles are subject to compliance testing (by either the manufacturers or ARB) and warranty repairs reporting by the manufacturers, either of which can result in remedial actions.

Certification is granted only to the manufacturer of the vehicles who controls the vehicle specifications to ensure compliance by all production vehicles.  Certification can be granted to an importer only if the importer demonstrates that it has control of the vehicle specifications.  As an example, this demonstration can be effected by a contractual agreement between the vehicle manufacturer and importer giving the importer the sole authority to approve any changes to the production vehicles in the certified engine/evaporative family.  Importers lacking this vehicle specifications control are subject to the direct-import (a.k.a. gray-market) vehicle certification.

CERTIFICATION REGULATIONS, TEST PROCEDURES AND POLICIES

For current regulations, test procedures, and policies, please click on the appropriate links below.

PC-LDT-MDV-MDEV [for PC; LDT; MDV certified under chassis test procedure; and incomplete or diesel MDV of 8501-14000 pound GVWR certified under engine test procedure]

  • Suggested ZEV Application Format: PDF(17KB)

HDE-HDV-UB-MDE [for HDE, HDV and UB (all with GVWR > 14000 pounds); and engines for use in incomplete or diesel MDV of 8501-14000 pound GVWR]

ONMC [for on-road "street" motorcycles]

OFMC-ATV-UV-SV-SCAR-eGC [for OFMC, ATV, off-road utility vehicle, off-road sport vehicle, sand car, and (zero-emissions) eGC]

EXECUTIVE ORDERS OVERVIEW

For certification purposes, vehicles are grouped in engine families or test groups for exhaust emissions (hereinafter, engine families) and evaporative families for evaporative emissions.  Within each family, the vehicles share similar designs and are expected to have similar emission characteristics.  An Executive Order is issued to certify an engine family in combination with one or more evaporative families.  An Executive Order is valid for production during the specified model year. Vehicles produced for another model year require another Executive Order.

Pertinent certification information is included in an Executive Order.  Among the information available are the vehicle model year, engine and evaporative families, vehicle category, emission standard category, engine displacements, operating fuel, emission control systems, values of the exhaust and evaporative emission standards and certification emissions, and vehicle models.

Note that Executive Orders are issued to the vehicle manufacturers.  Some manufacturers have multiple brands ("Makes") of vehicles.  To find the Executive Order for a specific vehicle, you should search among the Executive Orders of the manufacturer that has the brand of your interest.  For example, you should search among General Motors LLC's Executive Orders for Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, or GMC vehicles.  Other multi-brands manufacturers include [Manufacturer (brands)]: Ford (Ford, Lincoln, Mercury), Chrysler Group LLC (Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep), Honda (Acura, Honda), Nissan (Infiniti, Nissan), Toyota (Lexus, Scion, Toyota), Volkswagen (Audi, VW) and BMW (BMW, Mini).

In a multi-manufacturers arrangement between manufacturers ABC and XYZ, an Executive Order issued to manufacturer "ABC" includes both ABC-branded vehicles and XYZ-branded vehicles.  To find the Executive Order for an XYZ-branded vehicle, you may have to search among the Executive Orders issued to ABC as well as XYZ.  Among the historic multi-manufacturer arrangements certified by the ARB are:  Daimler Chrysler Corporation-Mitsubishi, Ford-Mazda, General Motors-GMDAT (Daewoo)-Isuzu-Subaru-Suzuki-Workhorse, Kawasaki-Suzuki, and NUMMI (General Motors-Toyota).

HOW TO SEARCH FOR AN EXECUTIVE ORDER

In the Executive Orders Listing section below, links to individual Executive Orders are provided.  Each Executive Order is indicated by its file name.  Useful information incorporated in the file names can help facilitate the search for any particular Executive Order.

The file name of each Executive Order provides information on: manufacturer, vehicle category(ies),  Executive Order number, all engine displacements, emission standard(s), and the alternative fuel type (i.e., non-existence or blank here indicates that the vehicle uses the conventional fuel, gasoline). These types of information in the file name are shown in blocks, separated by "underscores" (_).  There are no spaces in a block (e.g., astonmartin indicates the manufacturer Aston Martin).  Multiple entries when needed in a block are separated by hyphens (-), for example, the multiple engine displacements (e.g., 3d3-3d5 indicates two engine displacements, 3.3 and 3.5) or multiple vehicle categories (e.g., pc-ldt indicates passenger car and light-duty truck vehicle categories) within that engine family. Dots and decimal points (.) are not used in the file name due to potential conflict with computer software convention.  Thus, the file name of a revised Executive Order will have the lower-case letter "r" followed by the revision version number in lieu of the normal decimal number (e.g., a1234567r8 indicates the eighth (8th)- revision Executive Order A-123-4567-8).  Similarly, the lower-case letter "d" will be used in lieu of the normal decimal point in engine displacements (e.g., 3d3 indicates 3.3) or emission standards (e.g., 0d10 indicates 0.10).

Manufacturer names generally are not abbreviated.  The few exceptions are listed here.  "bmw" stands for the manufacturer Bayerische Motoren Werke AG which produces BMW and Mini vehicles.  "dcag" stands for the manufacturer DaimlerChrysler AG which generally produces Mercedes vehicles.  "dcco" stands for the manufacturer DaimlerChrysler Corporation which generally produces Chrysler, Dodge, Plymouth and Jeep vehicles.  "gmdat" stands for the manufacturer General Motors-Daewoo Automotive Technology which is affiliated with General Motors Corporation and produces vehicles for General Motors and General Motors' affiliates (e.g., Suzuki) under multi-manufacturers arrangements.  "nummi" stands for the manufacturer New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. which produces General Motors and Toyota vehicles under a multi-manufacturers arrangement.  And, "subaru" is used in lieu of the manufacturer Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. which produces Subaru vehicles and other vehicles for General Motors and General Motors' affiliates (e.g., Saab, Suzuki) under multi-manufacturers arrangements.

Knowing the make, model, vehicle category, engine size, and fuel of the vehicle of your interest, you should be able to find the Executive Order certifying that particular vehicle in as few as just one try by applying the Executive Order file naming rules below.

Executive Order File Name for PC, LDT, MDV, and MDEV

Manufacturer_Vehicle Category(1A)_EO Number_All Engine Displacements (in liters)_Standard Category(2)_Non Gasoline Fuel(3)

Executive Order File Name for HDE, HDV, UB, and MDE (engines used in 8501-14000 Pound GVWR diesel or incomplete MDV)

Manufacturer_Category(1B)_EO Number_All Engine Displacements (in liters)_NMHC+NOX (or NOX) and PM (in that order) Standards or FELs (in g/bhp-hr)_Non Diesel or Non Gasoline Fuel(3)

Executive Order File Name for ONMC

Manufacturer_EO Number_All Engine Displacements (in cc)_HC or HC+NOX Standard_Standard Type(4)

Executive Order File Name for Complying (i.e., Green-Sticker) OFMC, ATV, UV, SV, SCAR, and eGC

Manufacturer_Vehicle Category(1C)_EO Number_All Engine Displacements (in cc)

Executive Order File Name for Non-Complying (i.e., Red-Sticker) OFMC and ATV

Manufacturer_Vehicle Category(1C)_EO Number_All Engine Displacements (in cc)

NOTES:

(1A) pc = passenger car; ldt = light-duty truck; mdv = medium-duty vehicle; mdev = incomplete or diesel vehicle using a certified medium-duty engine
(1B) hdoe = engine under heavy-duty Otto test procedure; hdov = vehicle using a certified HDOE; lhdd = light heavy-duty engine under diesel test procedure; mhdd = medium heavy-duty engine under diesel test procedure; hhdd = heavy heavy-duty engine under diesel test procedure; ub = urban bus engine; mdoe = Otto-test procedure engine for use in incomplete medium-duty vehicles; mdde = diesel-test procedure engine for use in medium-duty vehicles
(1C) ofmc = off-road motorcycle; atv = all-terrain vehicle; uv = off-road utility vehicle; sv = off-road sport vehicle; scar = sand car; egc = zero-emissions electric golf cart
(2)
t: TLEV under LEV1
l1: LEV under LEV1
u1:
ULEV under LEV1
s1:
SULEV under LEV1
l2: LEV under LEV2
u2:
ULEV under LEV2
s2:
SULEV under LEV2
l2o-n: LEV under LEV2, (n=160, 395, 630)
u2o-n: ULEV under LEV2, (n=125, 340, 570)
s2o-n: SULEV under LEV2, (n=30, 170, 230)
"o" denotes optional combined NMOG+NOX standard
"n" = NMOG+NOX standard
l3-n: LEV under LEV3, (n=160, 395, 630)
u3-n:
ULEV under LEV3, (n=50, 70, 125, 200, 250, 270, 340, 400, 570)
s3-n:
SULEV under LEV3, (n=20, 30, 150, 170, 200, 230)
"n" = NMOG+NOX standard
1: Tier 1
5: AB965
z:
ZEV
pz:
PZEV
tz: TZEV
b#xy: U.S.EPA bin std. & equiv. ARB std. (e.g., "b6u1" is for U.S.EPA bin 6 std. & counted as ARB ULEV std. under LEV1)
(3) diesel = diesel; cng = compressed natural gas; hevde = hybrid diesel-electric; hevge = hybrid gasoline-electric; lng = liquefied natural gas; ng = both cng or lng; lpg = liquefied petroleum gas; e85 = "85%" ethanol; cngas = dual-fuel cng or gasoline; lngas = dual-fuel lng or gasoline; ngas = dual-fuel cng or lng or gasoline; lpgas =dual-fuel lpg or gasoline; cngplusdiesel = bi-fuel cng and diesel; lngplusdiesel = bi fuel lng and diesel; ngplusdiesel = bi-fuel both cng and diesel, and lng and diesel; e = electricity; h = hydrogen
(4) h = hydrocarbon; hn = HC+NOx; z = electric, zero-emissions

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ) WEB PAGE

Confirmatory Testing by ARB, Highway Motocycles and Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles (PDF - 70K)

Pre Delivery Checklist for ARB Confirmatory Test Vehicle - Highway Motorcycles, Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles (PDF -12K)

CONTACTS

For any further questions concerning the certification program, please contact the following.

Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, Medium-Duty Vehicles:
Exhaust emissions:  Mr. Seong Kim, (626) 450-6164.
Zero emissions:  Ms. Shobna Sahni, (626) 450-6104.
Light-duty hybrid vehicles:  Mr. Lucky Benedict, (626) 450-6181.
Production audit: Mr. William McDuffee, (626) 450-6159.
All others:  Mr. William McDuffee, (626) 450-6159.

Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles:
Otto-standards:  Ms. Kimberly Pryor, (626) 575-6640.
Diesel-standards:  Ms. Kimberly Pryor, (626) 575-6640.

On-Road Motorcycles:
Mr. Steven Hada, (626) 575-6641.

Off-Road Motorcycles, All-Terrain Vehicles, Off-Road Utility Vehicles, Off-Road Sport Vehicles, Sand Cars, Electric Golf Carts:
Ms. Veronica Longhi, (626) 575-6642.

Direct-Import (DI) (a.k.a. Gray-Market) Vehicles:
New DI vehicles:  Mr. Steven Hada, (626) 575-6641.
Used DI vehicles/Licensing of test labs:  Ms. Veronica Longhi, (626) 575-6642.


EXECUTIVE ORDERS LISTING

To view a specific Executive Order, please click on the appropriate link to view a category. The link for each category is the date that new Executive Orders were last added to that directory. Links with "new" next to them have been updated in the last 5 days.

Executive Orders

Model
Year

PC_LDT_MDV_MDEV

HDE_HDV_MDE

ONMC

OFMC_ATV_UV_SV_SCAR_eGC

Green Sticker

Red Sticker
(OFMC, ATV only)

2015

    08/18/14 1.6 days old

    08/19/14 0.5 days old

    08/19/14 0.5 days old

    08/18/14 1.4 days old

    07/17/14

2014

    08/04/14

    07/21/14

    08/13/14

    07/25/14

    07/25/14

2013

    12/20/13

    02/07/14

    01/03/14

    12/27/13

    08/12/13

2012

    02/13/13

    12/14/12

    09/23/13

    12/31/12

    12/31/12

2011

    12/31/12

    03/13/13

    12/13/13

    12/28/12

    12/28/12

2010

    07/25/13

    04/04/13

    12/31/12

    02/07/11

    11/05/10

2009

    12/21/12

    03/19/13

    12/28/10

    12/31/12

    12/31/12

2008

    10/31/13

    07/05/12

    12/31/12

    12/31/12

    04/30/14

2007

    04/25/14

    03/27/13

    12/19/12

    12/19/12

    04/30/14

2006

    12/17/12

    02/10/14

    12/17/12

    12/17/12

    12/17/12

2005 

    08/05/14

    07/26/11

    12/17/12

    06/11/09

    12/17/12

2004 

    12/17/12

    08/10/11

    12/17/12

    12/17/12

    12/17/12

2003 

    12/17/12

    09/13/11

    12/17/12

    12/12/12

    12/17/12

2002 

    12/10/12

    08/10/11

    12/10/12

    12/07/12

    12/10/12

2001 

    12/10/12

    08/10/11

    12/10/12

    12/07/12

    12/10/12

2000 

    12/05/12

    09/05/12

    12/10/12

    12/05/12

    12/10/12

1999 

    12/10/12

    02/16/07

    12/10/12

    12/05/12

    12/10/12

1998 

    11/30/12

    02/21/07

    11/30/12

    11/30/12

    12/10/12

1997 

    02/06/14

    04/28/08

    11/28/12

    11/30/12

1996 

    11/28/12

    10/15/07

    11/28/12

1995 

    11/19/12

    08/27/09

    11/19/12

1994 

    11/19/12

    08/27/09

    08/12/11

1993 

    11/16/12

    10/22/13

    11/16/12

1992 

    11/14/12

    08/14/07

    11/14/12

1991 

    11/13/12

    08/14/07

    11/13/12

1990 

    11/09/12

    08/14/07

    11/09/12

1989 

    11/09/12

    08/14/07

    11/09/12

1988 

    11/09/12

    08/14/07

    08/12/11

1987 

    11/05/12

    08/14/07

    11/05/12

1986 

    11/05/12

    08/14/07

    08/03/10

1985 

    11/05/12

    08/14/07

    08/03/10

1984 

    11/02/12

    08/14/07

    08/03/10

1983 

    11/02/12

    08/14/07

    08/03/10

1982 

    10/31/12

    08/14/07

    08/04/10

1981 

    11/02/12

    10/01/09

1980 

    07/28/10

    09/07/07

1979 

    10/31/12

    09/07/07

1978 

    10/31/12

    09/07/07

1977 

    10/31/12

    06/24/08

1976 

    10/29/12

    09/07/07

1975 

    10/29/12

    09/07/07

1974 

    10/26/12

    09/07/07

1973 

    12/10/12

    10/05/09

1972 

    12/10/12


On Road Mobile Sources
Motor Vehicle and Engine Certification Program
Diesel Activities - Certifications & Verifications

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