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Diesel Hotline's Example Fleets --
Involving Good Faith Efforts and Early Access to Expected Regulatory Changes

The 866-6DIESEL hotline provides information about ARB's heavy-duty in-use diesel regulations. The following calls are examples of fleets that are subject to the Truck and Bus Regulation.


Note: Your fleet may be subject to multiple regulations, depending on what diesel equipment you have in your fleet. These fleet examples summarize portions of ARB’s diesel vehicle regulations and should not be substituted for the actual regulatory language or requirements. The examples are scenarios developed from calls but are not actual calls. Please look over all the provided materials on the TruckStop website and the Truck and Bus Regulation Final Order to make decisions for your fleet.



Link iconFleet menu

Calls are shown by the number of trucks, lighter or heavier, engine model year (EMY) and gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). The calls described in the table below are from November 2013. Click on the fleet and question that is similar to yours.

Fleet link
 Number 
of   trucks  
 Lighter or heavier?
Engine Model Year and GVWR
Specific Question or Problem
 Fleet 1.
3
1 lighter
2 heavier
2000: 15,000 GVWR
1999: 30,000 GVWR
2004: 80,000 GVWR
Entered into an agreement to install a PM filter for his 1999 heavier truck on December 20, 2013, but will not have it installed until February 15, 2014
 Fleet 2.
1
heavier 1996: 36,000 GVWR Ordered a replacement truck that is equipped with a PM filter on December 24, 2014, but unable to get the replacement truck until August 17, 2014
 Fleet 3.
2
both heavier 1994: 37,000 GVWR
2005: 27,000 GVWR
Denied for a loan for a PM filter from a licensed California Finance Lender in December 2013. Must report by January 31st, 2014.
 Fleet 4.
3
both heavier 2005: 38,000 GVWR
2005: 80,000 GVWR
2006: 56,000 GVWR
Applied for grant funding from the Proposition 1B: Goods Movement Emission Reduction Program before January 1, 2014, to replace an existing vehicle. Must report by January 31st, 2014.
 Fleet 5.
1
heavier 2003: 68,000 GVWR Installed a device that is not on the Verified Diesel Emission Control Strategies list. Must report by January 31st, 2014.
 Fleet 6.
1
heavier 2007 Model Year Truck: 29,000 GVWR 2007 model year truck with a 2006 model year engine. 
 Fleet 7.
2
heavier 1997: 29,000 GVWR
1982: 45,000 GVWR
Missed opt-in period for agricultural vehicle extension in April 29, 2011, but wants to opt in now. Must report by January 31st, 2014.
 Fleet 8.
10
heavier

2x1996: 35,000 GVWR
2x1998: 42,000 GVWR
2x2000: 32,000 GVWR
3x2004: 45,000 GVWR
2006: 30,000 GVWR

Missed opt-in period for PM Filter Phase-in Option in March 30, 2012, but wants to opt in now. Must report by January 31st, 2014.
 Fleet 9.
1
heavier

2006: 45,000 GVWR

Missed opt-in period for Low-Mileage Construction Truck Extension in March 30, 2012, but wants to opt in now. Must report by January 31st, 2014.
 Fleet 10.
2
heavier

1980: 45,000 GVWR
1994: 27,000 GVWR

Operates less than 5,000 miles and can use the newly defined low-use vehicle exemption. Must report by January 31st, 2014.
 Fleet 11.
1
heavier

2005: 35,000 GVWR

Newly defined NOx area.
 Fleet 12.
5
heavier

1981: 50,000 GVWR 1988: 30,000 GVWR
1991: 46,000 GVWR 1997: 60,000 GVWR 2004: 40,000 GVWR

Delay for PM filter requirements for vehicles in existing and newly defined NOx exempt areas.

 


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Fleet 1. John owns three diesel trucks:
EMY 2000: 15,000 GVWR; 1999: 30,000 GVWR; 2004: 28,000 GVWR

Requirements:
John is following the small fleet provision. PM filter for any heavier truck by January 1, 2014. PM filter for second heavier truck by January 1, 2015. Start upgrading heavier trucks to 2010 or newer engines, starting in 2020. Upgrade 2000 engine, lighter truck to a 2010 or newer engine in January 1, 2020.

Fleet Actions:
John already reported to take advantage of the small fleet provision. He entered into an agreement to install a PM filter for his heavier truck on December 20, 2013, but will not have it installed until February 15, 2014. In addition, he reported his efforts on the TRUCRS reporting system and received a temporary confirmation of reported compliance that is valid until July 1, 2014.

Conclusion:
Even though John did not have the PM filter installed on his truck by January 1, 2014, he entered into an agreement to install a PM filter and reported his efforts before January 1, 2014. Since John took the necessary measures to demonstrate his efforts to comply even though he did not have the filter installed by January 1, 2014, he will be given enforcement discretion.


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Fleet 2. Jane owns one diesel truck:
EMY 1999: 36,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Jane is following the small fleet provision. PM filter for any heavier truck by January 1, 2014. Upgrade to a 2010 or newer engine by January 1, 2023 with the “All-in” credit. The “All-in” credit states that if you install PM filters on all of your diesel trucks by January 1, 2014, then you have until 2023 to upgrade to a 2010 or newer engine.

Fleet Actions:
Jane already reported to take advantage of the small fleet provision. She ordered a replacement truck that is equipped with a PM filter on December 24, 2014. She reported her efforts on the TRUCRS reporting system and received a temporary confirmation of reported compliance that is valid until July 1, 2014. However, she was unable to get the replacement truck until August 17, 2014.

Conclusion:
Even though Jane ordered a replacement truck and reported her efforts on the TRUCRS reporting system, she failed to have the replacement truck by July 1, 2014. Thus, she may be subject to penalties of $1,000 per month per vehicle and possible DMV registration holds. In addition, since she did not have the replacement vehicle a PM filter by January 1, 2014, she will not be able to take advantage of the "All-in" credit and must upgrade to a 2010 or newer engine by January 1, 2020.


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Fleet 3. Joe owns two diesel trucks:
Engine Model Year 1994: 37,000 GVWR; 2005: 27,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Joe is currently using the small fleet option. PM filter for any heavier truck by January 1, 2014. PM filter for second heavier truck by January 1, 2015. Start upgrading heavier trucks to 2010 or newer engines, starting in 2020.

Fleet Actions:
Joe already reported to take advantage of the small fleet provision. On December 12, 2013, he was denied for a loan for a PM filter from a licensed California Finance Lender. He reported his efforts on the TRUCRS reporting system and received a temporary confirmation of reported compliance that is valid until July 1, 2014.

Conclusion:
Even though Joe did not have the PM filter installed on his truck by January 1, 2014, he was denied for a loan to finance a PM filter before January 1, 2014 and reported his efforts on the TRUCRS reporting system to ARB. Since Joe took the necessary measures to demonstrate his efforts to comply even though he did not have the filter installed by January 1, 2014, he will be given enforcement discretion. However, Joe still needs to install a PM filter on one of his trucks by July 1, 2014.


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Fleet 4. Joan owns three diesel trucks
Engine Model Year 2005: 38,000 GVWR; 2005 80,000 GVWR; 2006 56,000 GVWR

Requirements:
2005-2006 engines must have PM filters by January 1, 2014. Start upgrading heavier trucks to 2010 or newer engines, starting in 2022.

Fleet Actions:
Joan has three heavier trucks. Joan is using the small fleet option. She applied for grant funding from the Proposition 1B Goods Movement Emission Reduction Program before December 12, 2013, to replace an existing vehicle. Joan met all of the program eligibility criteria and replaces the vehicle per the requirements of the funding contract agreement.

Conclusion:
Joan will be given enforcement discretion because she met all of the program eligibility criteria and applied for grant funding from the Proposition 1B before December 12, 2013, to replace one of her vehicles.



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Fleet 5. Julie owns one diesel truck:
Engine Model Year 2003: 68,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Julie is currently using the small fleet option. PM filter for the heavier truck by January 1, 2014. Upgrade to a 2010 or newer engine by January 1, 2023 with the credit for installing PM filters on all of your diesel trucks by January 1, 2014.

Fleet Actions:
Julie has one heavier truck. She ordered and installed a device that is not on the Verified Diesel Emission Control Strategy list and is out of compliance and no longer qualifies for the credit to delay replacement until 2023.

Conclusion:
If the device is not on the list then it is not a verified diesel emission control strategy and will not satisfy the requirement of the Truck and Bus Regulation. That is why it is very important to check the list of verified devices before you purchase the device: http://www.arb.ca.gov/diesel/verdev/vt/cvt.htm.


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Fleet 6. Jack owns one diesel truck:
2007 Model Year Truck With A 2006 Model Year Engine: 29,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Engine model year schedule requires 2006 engines to be equipped with a PM filter by January 1, 2014, and to upgrade to a 2010 or newer engine before January 1, 2022.

Fleet Actions:
Jack owns a 2007 model year truck, but did not realize that it has a 2006 model year engine and did not install a PM filter. It is common for trucks to have an engine one year older than the model year of the truck.

Conclusion:
In this example, the Truck and Bus Regulation uses the model year of the engine to determine compliance. Jack has a 2006 engine and has to install a PM filter by January 1, 2014 to comply. Because this is the only truck in the fleet he also earns the credit to delay 2010 or newer engine upgrades until 2023 only if he installs a filter by January 1, 2014 and reports by January 31, 2014.


If Jack cannot install a PM filter on his truck by January 1, 2014, but is able to enter in an agreement for a PM filter he will receive enforcement discretion for attempting to comply in good faith. However, he will not be able to take advantage of the credit to delay replacement and Jack would then have to upgrade to a 2010 and newer engine by January 1, 2022.


Note, if you have more than one heavy truck and have installed filters on all heavy vehicles in your fleet by January 1, 2014, then upgrade to a 2010 model year engine or newer is delayed until January 1, 2023 for all heavy vehicles in your fleet.


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Fleet 7. Joanne owns two diesel trucks:
Engine Model Year 1997: 29,000 GVWR; 1982: 45,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Joanne is currently using the small fleet option. PM filter for one of the heavier trucks by January 1, 2014. PM filter for second heavier truck by January 1, 2015. Start upgrading heavier trucks to 2010 or newer engines in 2020.

Fleet Actions:
Joanne missed the opt-in period for agricultural vehicle extension in April 29, 2011, but wants to opt both vehicles in now. In 2009 (the baseline year) she owned two diesel trucks and starting in 2011 she stayed under 15,000 miles annually for each vehicle. Her vehicles are feed mixers, and meet the eligibility criteria. She must report the vehicle information and odometer readings.

Conclusion:
Fleets are being afforded the opportunity to report and take advantage of anticipated regulatory changes for all vehicles before they are considered by the Board at its April 2014 public hearing and the opt-in period will be reopened for fleets to newly register for the existing low mileage agricultural vehicle extension.

Since Joanne owned two diesel vehicles in 2009 and stayed under the 15,000 annual mileage limitation for both vehicles, she will be able to opt in the low mileage agricultural vehicle extension by January 31, 2014. For more information please see the low mileage agricultural vehicle extension factsheet.


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Fleet 8. Juan owns ten diesel trucks:
(Engine Model Year 1996: 35,000 GVWR)x2; (1998: 42,000 GVWR)x2; (2000: 32,000 GVWR)x2; (2004: 45,000 GVWR)x3; 2006: 30,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Juan is currently following the engine model year schedule. PM filters 1996-1999 engines by January 1, 2012. PM filters for 2000-2004 engines by January 1, 2013. PM filters for 2005-2006 engines by January 1, 2014. Start upgrading heavier trucks to 2010 or newer engines in 2020.

Fleet Actions:
Juan followed the engine model year schedule, so already installed PM filters on all his 1996 engines, 1998 engines, 2000 engines, and 2004 engines. The last 2006 engine remaining has until January 1, 2014 for a PM filter. Juan missed the opt-in period for the PM Filter Phase-in Option in March 30, 2012, but wants to opt in now. The PM Filter Phase-in Option requires that he install PM filters on 30% of his vehicles in his fleet by January 1, 2012, 60% by January 1, 2013, 90% by January 1, 2014 and 100% by January 1, 2016. 

Conclusion:
Juan wants to opt into the PM Filter Phase-in Option now because he would have until 2016 to install the filter on the 2006 engine. He complied beginning January 1, 2012 and already installed PM filters on 90% of his vehicles in his fleet by January 1, 2014, so the PM Filter Phase-in Option would allow him until 2016 to install PM filters on 100% of his fleet. This would give him an extra 2 years to install the PM filter when otherwise he would have to install a PM filter on the 2006 by January 1, 2014 if he was following the engine model year schedule. Juan must report to take advantage of this option.


Fleets are being afforded the opportunity to report and take advantage of anticipated regulatory changes for all vehicles before they are considered by the Board at its April 2014 public hearing and the opt-in period for the PM Filter Phase-in Option will be reopened for fleets to newly register if the fleet complied since January 1, 2012. See fact sheet.


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Fleet 9. Jason owns one diesel truck:
Engine Model Year 2006: 45,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Jason is currently following the engine model year schedule. PM filters for 2005-2006 engines by January 1, 2014. Start upgrading heavier trucks to 2010 or newer engines in 2022.

Fleet Actions:
Jason owns a dump truck and travels less than 15,000 miles annually. He missed the reporting deadline for the Low-Mileage Construction Truck Extension in March 30, 2012.

Conclusion:
Since Jason stayed under the mileage limitation of 20,000 miles annaully with his dump truck he will be able to register for the Low-Mileage Construction Truck Extension. Thus, instead of installing a PM filter by January 1, 2014, he now has until January 1, 2016 because he has a single low-mileage construction truck. Jason needs to report his vehicle and odometer information to show he complied since January 1, 2012. See fact sheet. Fleets are being afforded the opportunity to report and take advantage of anticipated regulatory changes for all vehicles before they are considered by the Board at its April 2014 public hearing and the opt-in period will be reopened for fleets to newly register for the Low-Mileage Construction Truck Extension.


Fleet 10. Joesephina owns two diesel truck:
Engine Model Year 1980: 45,000 GVWR; 1994: 27,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Joesphina is currently following the engine model year schedule. Upgrade 1980 engine to 2010 or newer engines before January 1, 2015. Upgrade 1994 engine to 2010 or newer engines before January 1, 2016.

Fleet Actions:
Joesphina drives less than 4,000 miles annually on both of her vehicles. She wants to know if she can take advantage of the new low-use vehicle exemption.

Conclusion:
Changes to the low-use vehicle exemption allows vehicles that travel less than 5,000 total miles per year (and less than 200 hours if performing work while stationary) to be exempt from cleanup. 


Fleets are being afforded the opportunity to report and take advantage of anticipated regulatory changes for all vehicles before they are considered by the Board at its April 2014 public hearing and low-use will be considered a total of 5,000 miles and 200 hours. Thus, Josephina will be able to report her vehicles as low-use because both vehicle are driven less than 5,000 miles annually.


Fleet 11. Julio owns one diesel truck:
Engine Model Year 2005: 35,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Julio is currently following the engine model year schedule. PM filter by January 1, 2014. Upgrade engine to 2010 or newer engines before January 1, 2022.

Fleet Actions:
Julio drives only in Mono County, which originally is not considered a NOx exempt area under the Truck and Bus Regulation.

Conclusion:
Fleets are being afforded the opportunity to report and take advantage of anticipated regulatory changes for all vehicles before they are considered by the Board at its April 2014 public hearing including an expanded definition for NOx exempt areas and additional areas that do not need to meet the January 1, 2014 PM compliance date. The current NOx exempt areas are the counties of: Alpine, Colusa, Del Norte, Glenn, Humboldt, Lake, Lassen, Mendocino, Modoc, Monterey, Plumas, San Benito, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Northern Sonoma, Trinity, Tehama, and Yuba.


Additional areas that do not need to meet the January 1, 2014 PM compliance date: Amador, Butte, Calaveras, El Dorado, Inyo, Eastern Kern, Mariposa, Mono, Nevada, Eastern Riverside,  Northeastern San Bernardino, Eastern Solano, Sutter, Tuolumne, and Yolo. 

Therefore, if Julio opts into the NOx exempt area provision or operates in the additional areas and reports into the TRUCRS database, he does not need a PM filter on his vehicle in 2014. If the Board decides to keep Mono as a NOx exempt area, at the April 2014 public hear, he would have until January 1, 2015 to install a PM filter and does not have to upgrade to a 2010 or newer engine, so as long as he labels his vehicle and remains in the NOx exempt area.


Fleet 12. Jimmy owns 5 diesel truck:
Engine Model Year 2005: 35,000 GVWR

Requirements:
Jimmy is following the NOx exempt provision. The PM filter requirement is being delayed for 2014 pending the Board decision in April. Label all vehicles "NE." Not required to upgrade engine to 2010 or newer engines, so as long as the vehicles stay in the NOx exempt county.

Fleet Actions:
All of Jimmy's vehicles remain in Alpine County, a NOx exempt area. He will update his reporting information but does not need a PM filter.
Conclusion:
Fleets are being afforded the opportunity to report and take advantage of anticipated regulatory changes for all vehicles before they are considered by the Board at its April 2014 public hearing. While changes are being considered, PM filters will not be required for vehicles in existing NOx exempt areas and expanded regions.

Jimmy now has until January 1, 2015 to install PM filters on a schedule to be finalized by the Board in April 2014.


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Definitions, acronyms and regulation links


ARB - Air Resources Board

Drayage Regulation- Link to Drayage (Port Truck) Regulation information

GVWR- Gross vehicle weight rating (How to find it)

Heavier truck - Trucks or buses greater than 26,000 lbs. GVWR

Lighter truck - Trucks or buses from 14,001 to 26,000 lbs. GVWR

EMY - Engine model year. The truck and bus regulation is based on the engine model year (To find your engine EMY, see Engine Labels or Emission Control Label (ECL))

OEM- Original equipment manufacturer (OEM)

PM BACT- Particulate matter, Best Available Control Technology. PM BACT in the regulation "means the technology employed on the highest level VDECS for PM or an engine that is equipped with an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) diesel particulate filter and certified to meet the 0.01 g/bhp-hr certification standard."

PM filter, soot filter - Known also as diesel particulate filter, retrofit, or VDECS (Verified Diesel Emissions Control Strategies) (Always make sure the filter purchased is an ARB-verified filter on this list)

Regulation - For this web page it is the Truck and Bus Regulation - Final Regulation Order

Truck and Bus Regulation - Link to Truck and Bus Regulation information

TRUCRS - Truck and Bus Truck Regulations Upload and Compliance Reporting System

VDECS - Link to Verified Diesel Emissions Control Strategies information