SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY UNIFIED AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT
RULE 4902 - RESIDENTIAL WATER HEATERS
(Adopted June 17, 1993)
The purpose of this rule is to limit oxides of nitrogen emissions from residential water heaters.
This rule applies to residential natural gas-fired water heaters.
2.1 Natural Gas-Fired Water Heater: A closed vessel, in which water is heated by the combustion of natural gas and is withdrawn for use external to the vessel at pressures not exceeding 160 psig, including the apparatus by which heat is generated and all controls and devices necessary to prevent water temperatures from exceeding 210F
2.2 Natural Gas: A mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons containing at least 80 percent methane by volume as determined according to Standard Method ASTM D1945-64
2.3 Heat Output: The product obtained by multiplying the recovery efficiency, as defined by Section 6.1.3 of the Code of Federal Regulation, Title 10, Part 430, Subpart B, Appendix E, by the input rating of the water heater.
2.4 Input Rating: The amount of energy a water heater consumes in one hour (Btu/Hour).
3.1 Natural gas-fired water heaters with rated heat input of greater than 75,000 Btu per hour.
3.2 Water heaters using fuels other than natural gas.
3.3 Natural gas-fired heaters used exclusively to heat swimming pools or hot tubs.
3.4 Water heaters used exclusively in recreational vehicles.
4.1 Natural Gas-Fired Water Heaters with a rated heat input less than or equal to 75,000 Btu/hr: No person shall sell, install or offer for sale within the District any natural gas-fired water heater manufactured after December 17, 1993 that emits more than 40 nanograms of nitrogen oxides (calculated as NO2) per Joule of heat output.
4.2 Certification of Water Heaters: Water heaters subject to section 4.1 of this rule shall be certified in accordance with sections 5.1, 5.2 and 5.3.
5.0 Administrative Requirements
5.1 Each tested water heater shall be operated in accordance with Section 2.4 of American National Standards ANSI Z21.10.1-1990 at normal test pressure, input rates, and with a five-foot exhaust stack installed during the nitrogen oxides emission tests.
5.2 Certification: The manufacturer shall demonstrate that each water heater model subject to the requirements of section 4.1 has been tested in accordance with EPA Reference Test Method 7E, 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A.
5.2.1 The following formula shall be used to calculate the emissions of NOx in nanograms of NOx per Joule of heat output:
N = (4.566 x 104 x P x U)/(H x C x E)
N = NOX emission rate in nanograms of NOX emitted per Joule of heat output
4.566 x 104 = unit conversion factor (ppm to nanograms and Btu to Joules)
P = Concentration of NOX in the flue gas in parts per million (volume)
U = Dry volume percent of CO2 in flue gas necessary for stoichiometric combustion
H = Gross heating value of the gas, Btu/Cu ft (at 60 F and 30" Hg)
C = Dry volume percent of CO2 in flue gas
E = Recovery efficiency, percentage, as defined in Section 6.1.3 of the Code of Federal Regulation, Title 10, Part 430, Subpart B, Appendix E
5.2.2 The manufacturer may submit to the APCO an approved SCAQMD, Ventura County or BAAQMD certification in lieu of conducting duplicative certification tests.
5.3 Compliance Statement: Upon request of the APCO, each manufacturer shall submit to the APCO a statement certifying the water heaters subject to this rule are in compliance with the provisions of section 4.1. The statement shall be signed, dated and shall attest to the accuracy of all information. The statement shall include:
Name and address of manufacturer,
Model number, as it appears on the water heater rating plate,
Heat input rating, Btu/hr.
5.4 Identification: The manufacturer shall display the model number of the water heater and date of manufacture on the shipping carton and rating plate of each unit.