Planned Air Pollution Research - Short Descriptions
Fiscal Year 1999-2000

This page updated November 4, 2005.

Research Plan

Proposed Projects for Fiscal Year 1999-2000


I.

Motor Vehicles and Fuels - Mobile Sources
    Recommended Projects
      Analysis of Weekend Episodic Activity
      To conduct a comprehensive study of the activity changes in the mobile source fleet from weekday to weekend with emphasis on understanding the relationship between activity and air quality.
      Cost: $500,000
    Recommended if Funding Available
      Analysis of Emissions From Portable Fuel Containers
      To improve the overall hydrocarbon emissions inventory, by studying the emissions from gasoline cans.
      Cost: $100,000
      A Large Scale Global Positioning System (GPS) Instrumented Vehicle Study for the Collection of Statewide Automobile Activity Data
      To improve the spatial and temporal resolution of automobile activity data inputs to the mobile source emissions inventory model.
      Cost: $500,000

II.

Toxic Air Contaminants - Toxic Air Contaminants
    Recommended
      A Study to Validate Concentrations Estimated from Air Dispersion Modeling for Source-To-Receptor Distances of Less Than 100 Meters
      For Source-To-Receptor dispersion modeling at distances less than 100 meters from the source to the receptor site.
      Cost: $150,000

III.

California Clean Air Act - Stationary Sources
    Recommended
      Maximum Incremental Reactivities for Volatile Organic Compounds Used in Architectural Coatings
      To determine the MIR, and the degree of uncertainty associated with each value, of any compounds identified in the 1998 Architectural Coatings Survey that have not already been studied or for which there is a large degree of uncertainty in the MIR values.
      Cost: $200,000
      Update the Industrial Coatings Emission Inventory
      To quantify the activity and emissions from the industrial coatings category. To determine if current coating technology in this category reduces emissions and if there are any projected changes in formulation that may further reduce air pollution emissions.
      Cost: $200,000
    Recommended if Funding Available
      Update the Thinning and Cleaning Solvents Emission Inventory
      To quantify the activity and emissions from this category. To determine if current solvent technology in this category reduces emissions and if there are any projected changes in formulations that may further reduce air pollution emissions.
      Cost: $150,000
      Development of a Test Method to Measure the Emissions from Portable Engines
      To develop a test method for portable engines that would be used to verify compliance with specified emission limits and newly manufactured engine standards set by the ARB and th U.S. EPA.
      Cost: $250,000

IV.

California Clean Air Act - Regional Air Quality
    Recommended
      Analysis of Data Collected During the 1997 Southern California Ozone Study (SCOS97)
      To analyze the data collected during SCOS97
      Cost: $500,000
    Recommended if Funding Available
      Adaptation of Air Quality Models to Use More Accurate Treatments of Pollutants Deposition
      To incororate recommended improvements for treatment of gaseous pollutant deposition into two existing air quality models.
      Cost: $50,000
      Dust Mitigation in the Deserts of California
      To develop cost-effective solutions for mitigating windblown dust and PM10 in the California desert, including agricultural acreage, dirt roads, burned lands and disturbed lands in general.
      Cost: $150,000

V.

California Clean Air Act - Economic Studies
    Recommended if Funding Available
      Valuing Health Effects of Particulate and Ozone Pollution
      To estimate the total health benefits of avoiding specified particulate and ozone-related morbidity using both the cost of illness and the contingent valuation (CV) methods.
      Cost: $150,000

VI.

Air Quality Standards - Health Effects
    Recommended
      Exposure Effects and Toxicity of Ambient Particulate Matter
      To determine the mechanisms by which ambient PM causes adverse health impacts and the role of the various components of California's PM in causing these effects.
      Cost: $1,150,000
      Exposure Estimation Enhancement and Validation for Southern California Children
      To measure indoor/outdoor and personal exposure of particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), oxides of nitrogen, and ozone, and to use this data to refine and validate the exposure estimation models developed for the Children's Health Study. To measure ultra fine particles at Southern California ambient monitoring sites.
      Cost: $100,000
    Recommended if Funding Available
      Asthma and Ambient Air Pollution
      To develop a study protocol that will outline procedures for defining the clinical, immunologic, and physiologic responses to ambient air pollutants among an ethically diverse study population, with consideration of other potential risk factors.     
      Cost: $150,000



Fiscal Year 1999-2000 Research Plan

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