Land Use and Transportation Planning Research
This page last reviewed May 21, 2013
In 2008, California passed Senate Bill 375 requiring metropolitan planning organizations (MPO) to develop Sustainable Communities Strategies to illustrate how integrated land use, transportation, and housing planning will achieve regional greenhouse gas emission reduction targets. ARBís research program seeks to better understand the impacts of land use and transportation strategies on travel behavior, greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution exposure, equity, and health.
Active Research Projects
Identifying Urban Designs and Traffic Management Strategies for Southern California that Reduce Air Pollution Exposure This project will evaluate features that may play a major role in determining pedestrian air pollution exposure and could be modified through local planning and transportation decisions.
Analyzing the Economic Benefits and Costs of Smart Growth Strategies This project is conducting a series of retrospective case studies to explore successful implementation of economically beneficial smart growth policies, along with obstacles to such implementation.
Effects of Complete Streets on Travel Behavior This project is conducting several analyses comparing travel behavior and near-roadway exposure between complete streets and non-complete streets in Southern California.
Quantifying the Effect of Local Government Actions on Vehicle Miles Travelled (VMT) This project will create a simple spreadsheet tool that will estimate how VMT elasticities and marginal effects of policy-relevant variables differ across trip purposes, household types, and local contexts.
The Role of Land Use Planning in Reducing Residential Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions This project will create a preliminary spreadsheet-based modeling tool that local governments can use when creating general plans, specific plans, and climate action plans to estimate the GHG emissions due to residential building energy use that will result from accommodating new growth in different land use types.
Modeling Household Vehicle and Transportation Choice and Usage This project will identify the geographic and demographic characteristics of low transportation emission households. It will also model the consumer decision process about when to buy a vehicle, what type to buy, and how much to drive the vehicle.
Evaluating the Travel Impacts and Co-benefits of Light Rail Transit This project will build upon an existing study to evaluate the impacts the introduction of light rail transit has through time on the travel behavior, including walking and bicycling, of residents living near light rail stations on LA Metroís Expo Line.
Proposed Research Projects
Each year, ARB develops an Annual Research Plan that identifies research projects that reflect the Boardís highest priority program needs, and are proposed to receive funding in the next fiscal year.
Displacement and Regional Transportation Planning This project will examine the relationship between transit-oriented development and displacement and the impacts of displacement on travel behavior in California. The project will partner with two MPOs to advance their modeling efforts to better assess the potential for displacement in their Regional Transportation Plan/Sustainable Communities Strategy, and will assess potential solutions aimed at minimizing displacement impacts. More information can be found in the 2013/2014 Annual Research Plan.
Check out ARB's list of all active and completed research projects related to land use and transportation planning.
Policy Review Papers: A series of literature reviews evaluating the impact of key land use and transportation strategies on greenhouse gas emission reduction policies for automobiles and light trucks.
Health Impacts of Traffic: An overview of ARB research on the health impacts of traffic on major roadways.
Reducing Traffic Pollution Exposure: A review of the status of research on potential mitigations to reduce exposure to nearby traffic pollution
ARB Air Quality and Land Use Handbook: A general reference guide for evaluating potential air pollution impacts of land use planning decisions
For more information on Land Use and Transportation Planning Research, please contact Courtney Smith at (916) 324-9061.