State of California
AIR RESOURCES BOARD
Summary of Board Meeting
July 24, 1997
Air Resources Board
Board Hearing Room, Lower Level
2020 "L" Street
|MEMBERS PRESENT:||Hons.||John D. Dunlap, III, Chairman
Joseph C. Calhoun, P.E.
Lynne T. Edgerton, Esq.
William F. Friedman, M.D.
M. Patricia Hilligoss
James W. Silva
AGENDA ITEM #
|97-6-1||Public Meeting to Consider Adoption of New Certification Tests and
Standards to Control Emissions From Aggressive Driving and Air-Conditioner
Usage for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles Under
8,501 Pounds Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
SUMMARY OF AGENDA ITEM:
In recent studies, the current motor vehicle certification test procedure, known as the Federal Test Procedure (FTP), was found to have several major shortcomings in representing conditions under which motor vehicles are driven. For example, speeds greater than 57 miles per hour are not represented and the air-conditioner is not in operation during the test.
After several years of cooper ative effort with the Air Resources Board (ARB) and the motor vehicle industry, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) finalized a set of test procedures on October 22, 1996 to address these shortcomings. A final rule was promulgated to adopt two supplemental test procedures, collectively known as the SFTP, which consist of the SC03 air-conditioner test and a high-speed, high-acceleration test known as the US06 test. Emission standards were also adopted for vehicles subject to the federal "Tier 1" emission standards.
To develop SFTP emission standards for California's low-emission vehicles, the motor vehicle industry and ARB conducted a series of test programs from 1995 to 1997. Over 60 vehicles were tested in which vehicle modifications, such as the "rich-bias" software calibration, were used to reduce SFTP emissions. These optimized emission levels were ultimately used to develop SFTP standards for California vehicles.
Staff proposed the new SFTP and emission standards to control emissions
during driving conditions outside of the FTP from low-emission vehicles,
ultra-low-emission vehicles, and super-ultra-low-emission vehicles. The
proposed test procedures were, in all respects, identical to the procedures
adopted by the U.S. EPA. The proposed standards were technologically feasible,
where at least 70 percent of the vehicles would comply with only software
modifications. The remaining vehicles were expected to comply through the
use of catalyst hardware modifications.
Approved Resolution 97-34 by a unanimous vote.
|97-6-2||Public Meeting to Consider a Draft Report: Planned Air Pollution
Research: 1997 Update
SUMMARY OF AGENDA ITEM:
Staff presented its annual update of ARB's planned air pollution research, Planned Air Pollution Research: 1997 Update, that was reviewed and approved by the Research Screening Committee.
A $3,469,000 research budget is anticipated for fiscal year 1997-98.
The report describes new research projects; some are recommended for funding
this fiscal year, while others are recommended if additional funding becomes
available. Projects are allocated by research area. Appendices include
a budgetary breakdown of proposed research projects for fiscal year 1997-98
and more detailed descriptions of the projects.
Approved Resolution 97-35 by a unanimous vote.
|97-6-3||Consideration of Research Proposal
Approved Resolution 97-36 by a unanimous vote.
|97-6-4||Public Hearing to Consider Adoption of Proposed Amendments to the
California Consumer Products Regulation
SUMMARY OF AGENDA ITEM:
Staff proposed amendments to the existing California consumer products regulation which would add volatile organic compound (VOC) standards for 18 additional consumer product categories. Staff also proposed adding product category definitions for the new categories, recordkeeping requirements necessary to track the usage of perchloroethylene and methylene chloride, labeling requirements for floor wax strippers, and other minor changes.
The proposed amendments fulfill, in part, the Air Resources Board's commitment in the State Implementation Plan (SIP) to develop "Mid-term Measures" that will achieve an additional 25% emission reduction from consumer products. The proposed amendments would reduce VOC emissions from the affected product categories by about 50%
(or 16 tons per day).
The staff proposal included some modifications to the original proposal mailed out for public comment. These changes include the following:
- extend all January 1, 2000 effective dates to January 1, 2001;
- eliminate the first tier of the two-tiered VOC standards for four product categories;
- eliminate the additional reporting requirements for product categories with two-tiered standards;
- extend the effective dates of the VOC standards for "metal polish/cleanser," and non-aerosol "rubber and vinyl protectant;" and
- increase the VOC standards for "automotive rubbing or polishing compound," "heavy duty hand cleaner or soap," "multipurpose lubricants," "penetrants," and "carpet & upholstery cleaner (ready-to-use non-aerosol)."
Twenty-one individuals testified at the hearing. Twelve expressed concerns regarding the "automotive rubbing or polishing compound" and/or "automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze" categories. Primarily, the manufacturers expressed concern that they would not be able to formulate "premium" products at the proposed VOC levels, but indicated that they would participate on a staff-proposed working group to determine if tests can be developed to measure product attributes that can be used to define a "premium" product. The staff committed to return to the Board to address the findings of the working group and the potential feasibility or need to revise VOC standards for these categories.
Two testifiers expressed concerns that they would not be able to reformulate their "premium" solvent-based non-aerosol rubber and vinyl protectant to the proposed VOC standard. The staff agreed to address these concerns when they perform a technology assessment of manufacturers' progress toward attaining the proposed standard for this category.
Seven testifiers expressed support for the proposed amendments in general, or for specific areas of the proposal.
The Board directed the staff to form a working group with all interested parties regarding the ability of manufacturers to produce premium "automotive rubbing or polishing compounds," and "automotive wax, polish, sealant, or glaze" products.
Michael Thompson Chemical Specialties Manufacturers Association
Catherine Beckley Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association
Paul Haluza Automotive Chemical Manufacturers Council/Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association
Barry Meguiar Meguiar's Inc.
Gary Silvers Meguiar's Inc.
Dennis Holloway Mother's Polishes, Waxes, Cleaners
Craig Burnett Mother's Polishes, Waxes, Cleaners
Robert Marchese Mark V Products
Elsie Jordan Eagle One
Laurent Streichenberger Oscar's Professional
Ron Lane Chief Auto Parts
Don Williams Blackhawk Museum
Aaron Lowe Automotive Parts and Accessories Association
Frank Bohannon Specialty Equipment Market Association
Dennis Halton No Touch
Cheryl Hill Quaker State
Herb Schreiber Blue Coral
Douglas Dykstra Lily
FORMAL BOARD ACTION: