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A Symposium hosted by the California Air Resources Board

International Symposium on Near-Term Solutions for Climate Change
Mitigation in California
March 5-7, 2007


Symposium Agenda

The objective of the conference is to identify technologically feasible and cost-effective strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions with emphasis on identifying regulatory or non-regulatory actions the California Air Resources Board can implement in the near-term. To the extent possible, speakers will address the emission reduction potential of a given strategy, costs of implementing strategies, and the extent to which the strategy has been successfully demonstrated. The Symposium is focused on direct controls and will not address market based mechanisms, which are being explored separately in other forums.
Monday, March 5, 2007
11:00 am - 3:00 pm Registration  
1:00 pm - 1:30 pm Welcome and introduction
1:30 pm - 3:00 pm Carbon dioxide mitigation, 3 talks, questions after each
3:00 pm - 3:20 pm Break  
3:20 pm - 4:50 pm Carbon dioxide, continued, 3 talks questions after each
4:50 pm - 5:00 pm Summation of key points led by moderator
Tuesday, March 6, 2007
7:30 am - 9:00 am Registration  
8:00 am - 10:00 am Methane mitigation, 4 talks questions after each
10:00 am - 10:10 am Summation of key points led by moderator
10:15 am - 10:35 am Break  
10:35 am - 12:10 pm Nitrous oxide mitigation, 3 talks questions after each
12:10 pm - 12:20 pm Summation of key points led by moderator
12:20 pm - 1:30 pm Lunch offsite, on your own
1:30 pm - 3:10 pm High GWP gas mitigation, 3 talks questions after each
3:10 pm - 3:30 pm Break  
3:30 pm - 4:30 pm High GWP gas mitigation, continued, 2 talks questions
4:30 pm - 4:40 pm Summation of key points led by moderator
Wednesday, March 7, 2007
8:00 am - 9:00 am Registration  
8:30 am - 12:00 pm Control Programs in Other Countries, presentation and discussion
12:00 pm - 1:30 pm Lunch, offsite, on your own
1:30 pm - 3:00 pm International Roundtable on Implementing Policy and Wrap-up
Monday, March 5, 2007  

I. Near-Term Solutions for Mitigation of Carbon Dioxide

11:00 pm - 3:00 pm    
1:00 pm - 1:05 pm    
Welcome and Housekeeping announcements - RD staff
1:05 pm - 1:25 pm    
Introduction and Background - Linda S. Adams, Secretary for Environmental Protection
  - Robert F. Sawyer, Ph.D. Chair, California Air Resources Board
1:25 pm - 1:30 pm    
Moderator - Dr. Art Rosenfeld, Commissioner, CEC
1:30 pm - 2:00 pm    
Energy Efficiency and Cool Communities Come First - Programs and Examples (1,133 KB - pdf)
  A variety of programs and mitigation efforts are currently in use to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Suggestions will be presented for a wider spread application of these technologies.
Dr. Art Rosenfeld, Commissioner, CEC
2:00 pm - 2:30 pm    
Options to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Road Transport (3,336 KB - pdf)
  The feasibility of expanding use of biofuels, fuel cells, hydrogen fuel, and hybrid vehicles will be presented. Presentation will include estimates of emission reductions possible with alternative fuels.
Axel Friedrich, Ph.D., Environment, Transport, and Noise Division, German Environmental Protection Agency
2:30 pm - 3:00 pm    
Near-Term Solutions for Mitigation of Industrial Sector Carbon Dioxide Emissions in California (447 KB - pdf)
  Energy efficiency processes for industry will be presented. Examples will include successes in specific industries and EPA Energy Star for Industry Program.
Lynn Price, Scientist and Deputy Group Leader, International Energy Studies Group, Energy Analysis Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
3:00 pm - 3:20 pm    
3:20 pm - 3:50 pm    
Electricity Generation
Combined Heat and Power: A Proven Strategy for Cost-effective CO2 Emission Reductions (385 KB - pdf)
  Technology is available for combined heat and power generation in applications as varied as hotels/casinos and wastewater treatment. Potential for energy savings as well as greenhouse gas emissions will be presented.
Kim Crossman, Team Leader, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Combined Heat and Power Partnership
3:50 pm - 4:50 pm    
Residential and Commercial
The Continuing Evolution of Sustainable Facilities at Wal-Mart (5,585 KB - pdf)
  Wal-Mart has set a goal of reducing greenhouse gases in their worldwide operations by 20% over the next 7 years. Strategies to achieve this goal will be discussed.  
Charles Zimmerman, Vice President of Prototype and New Format Development, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
4:50 pm - 5:00 pm    
Tuesday, March 6, 2007  

II. Near-Term Solutions for Mitigation of Methane

7:30 am - 9:00 am    
8:00 am - 8:05 am    
Welcome and Housekeeping  
8:05 am - 8:10 am    
Opening Remarks  
Moderator - Mark Leary, Executive Director, California Integrated Waste Management Board
8:10 am - 8:40 am    
Methane Capture and Use: A Proven Near-Term Solution for Reducing GHGs (6,217 KB - pdf)
   Speaker will provide an overview of potential for capturing and using methane generated by major sources. Presentation includes barriers to methane use and success stories of programs implemented.
Chris Voell, Program Manager, US Environmental Protection Agency, Climate Change Division
8:40 am - 9:10 am    
Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Landfills (815 KB - pdf)
  Waste to methane is cost effective with little incentive and can be implemented in a short time frame. California is a pioneer in this field, but projects need wider acceptance.
Mark McDannel, Supervising Engineer, Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts
9:10 am - 9:40 am    
Manure management    
Methane capture from manure management with digesters can be used to generate energy (470 KB -pdf)
  Use of this alternative energy could potentially provide energy cost savings to farm operations while reducing methane emissions. Approximately a dozen projects are operating in California; however, the air quality benefits and the effectiveness of these digesters still needs to be evaluated. This discussion will focus on the potential emission and energy benefits, as well as the technical problems and bureaucratic hurdles associated with using digesters at dairies.
Alan Dusault, Sustainable Conservation
9:40 am - 10:10 am    
Wastewater treatment  
City of Millbrae Grease Receiving and Cogeneration Project (1,337 KB - pdf)
  Examples of available technology will be presented to maximize methane recovery at wastewater facilities.
Greg Chung, P.E., Kennedy/Jenks Consultants
10:10 am - 10:15 am    
10:15 am - 10:35 am    

III. Near-Term Solutions for Mitigation of Nitrous Oxide

10:35 am - 10:40 am    
Opening Remarks  
Moderator - Cynthia L. Cory, Director, Environmental Affairs, California Farm Bureau Federation
10:40 am - 11:10 am    
Agricultural soil management
Management Practices to Mitigate N2O Emissions from Agricultural Soils (508 KB - pdf)
  N2O is a byproduct of soil microbial activities. Alternative management options alter physical, chemical and biological properties of soil environment, and therefore offer opportunities to regulate N2O emission. The presentation will explore best soil management practices that reduce N2O emission from agricultural land.
Dr. Ardell D. Halvorson, Soil Scientist, USDA-ARS, Fort Collins, Colorado
11:10 am - 11:40 am    
Nitrogen fertilization  
Quantifying Impacts of Alternative Management Practices on Greenhouse Gas Mitigation for Agro-ecosystems: Scientific Basis and Modeling Approach (277 KB - pdf)
  The use of nitrogen fertilizer in agriculture has dramatically increased N2O production. Improving the spatial and temporal precision of nitrogen fertilization represents a unique prospect to mitigate N2O emission in cropping system.
Changsheng Li, Complex Systems Research Center, Institute for the Studies of Earth, Oceans, and Space; University of New Hampshire - Durham
11:40 am - 12:10 pm    
Manure management    
Mitigation Solutions for Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Animal Waste (1,916 KB - pdf)
  Studies are underway to investigate the role of innovative manure management practices in reducing emissions of N2O, CH4, and other air pollutants. These studies are also investigating the air quality benefits and the practicality of using manure as a resource for energy generation or soil fertility improvement.
Dr. Frank Mitloehner, Director, Agricultural Air Emission Center, Air Quality CE Specialist, Animal Science Department, University of California, Davis
12:10 pm - 12:20 pm    
12:20 pm to 1:35 pm    
Lunch, on your own    

IV. Near-Term Solutions for Mitigation of Gases with High GWP

1:35 pm - 1:40 pm    
Opening Remarks  
Moderator - Kevin J. Fay, Executive Director, International Climate Change Partnership (ICCP)
1:40 am - 2:10 am    
Overview of High-GWP Gases and Mitigation Options (491 KB - pdf)
  Speaker will provide an overview of ozone depleting substances and their replacements, including solvent cleaning, foams, end of life recovery, etc.
David S. Godwin, P.E., Stratospheric Protection Division, Alternatives and Emissions Reduction Branch, U.S. EPA
2:10 pm - 2:40 pm    
How to Limit Significantly Direct and Indirect Emissions of GHGs in Commercial Refrigeration (724 KB -pdf)
  According to the U.S. EPA, most emissions from commercial systems are from refrigerators in retail food stores (which have a very wide range of sizes and technologies), restaurants, and refrigerated transport vehicles (trucks and railcars). Specifications for new commercial refrigeration will be discussed.
Dr. Denis Clodic, Deputy-Director of the Center for Energy and Processes, Ecole des Mines De Paris, France
2:40 pm - 3:10 pm    
Mobile Sources    
New direction for mobile vehicle air conditioning (1,045 KB - pdf)
  The speaker will review a variety of approaches that can reduce the high GWP gas emissions from mobile sources, including the use of low-GWP refrigerants in new vehicular systems.
Kristen Taddonio, Manager, Strategic Climate Projects, U.S. EPA
3:10 pm - 3:30 pm    
3:30 pm - 4:00 pm    
PFCs and SF6  
PFC Emissions Reduction in the Semiconductor Industry (981 KB - pdf)
Sébastien Raoux, Ph.D., President & CEO, Transcarbon International Corporation
4:00 pm - 4:30 pm    
Electric transmission and use of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) (529 KB - pdf)
  Provide updates on methods/strategies that can reduce the SF6.
Sven Thesen, PG&E
4:30 pm - 4:40 pm    
Wednesday, March 7, 2007

V. Presentations and Discussion of Control Program in Other Countries

8:30 am - 12:00 pm    
Each participant will provide a short introduction on his or her country's specific program, with particular attention to factors that may be relevant for California. Presentations will also include success stories in each country and barriers to implementing the climate protection programs.
8:30 am - 8:45 am    
Opening Remarks  
Moderator and Overview - Dr. Robert Sawyer, Chairman, California Air Resources Board or designee
8:30 am - 9:10 am    
The Australian Experience of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation
Jean-Bernard Carrasco Director, Greenhouse Challenge Plus, Australian Greenhouse Office, Department of the Environment and Water Resources
9:10 am - 9:45 am    
Canadian Approach to Climate Change (and Clean Air) Mitigation (424 KB - pdf)
Robert Arnot, P. Eng, M.B.A. Assistant Director, Energy Technology Policy, Energy Technology Policy Directorate
9:45 am - 10:25 am    
Japanese Experiences in Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation (956 KB - pdf)
Kayo Hayai Energy Conservation Center
10:25 am - 10:45 am    
10:45 am - 11:10 am    
Mitigation Options Identified in the Third National Communication of Mexico (3,657 KB - pdf)
Israel Laguna, MSc, Deputy Head of Research from the Climate Change Programme in the National Institute of Ecology (INE)
11:10 am - 11:35 am    
United Kingdom - View of Carbon Reduction Policy and Potential in Automotive Sector (2,006 KB -pdf)
Andrew Whittles Project Development Manager CENEX – UK Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon and Fuel Cell Technologies
11:35 am - noon    
Technological Opportunities for Early Emissions Reduction: Lessons from Other Jurisdictions (743 KB - pdf)
Dr. Irving Mintzer Global Business Network
noon - 1:30 pm    

VI. International Roundtable on Implementing Policy
and Concluding Remarks

1:30 pm - 3:30 pm    
This Roundtable will focus on the policy approaches and issues related to implementation of near-term climate change solutions. The moderator will provide questions for discussion, followed by questions and comments from the audience. Questions will focus on lessons learned and experiences that may be relevant to implementation of policy in California.
1:30 pm - 3:30 pm    
Moderator - Chuck Shulock Program Manager for Greenhouse Gas Reduction, California Air Resources Board
Participants: Representatives from North America, Asia, Europe, and Australia, similar to morning session.
3:30 pm    
End of Symposium


 Click here for a PDF version of this agenda (75KB pdf)


For further information, contact Dorothy Shimer (
or Alberto Ayala (