BAY AREA AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT

 

 

REGULATION 8
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
RULE 3
ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS

INDEX

8-3-100 GENERAL

8-3-101 Description

8-3-110 Exemption, Shipment and Use Outside District

8-3-111 Exemptions

8-3-112 Deleted January 8, 1986

8-3-113 Exemption, Small Containers

8-3-114 Limited Specialty Coating Exemptions

8-3-200 DEFINITIONS

8-3-201 Architectural Coatings

8-3-202 Below Ground Wood Preservatives

8-3-203 Bituminous Coating Materials

8-3-204 Bond Breakers

8-3-205 Concrete Curing Compounds

8-3-206 Enamel Undercoaters

8-3-207 Fire Retardant Coatings

8-3-208 General Primers

8-3-209 General Sealers

8-3-210 General Undercoaters

8-3-211 Graphic Arts Coatings (Sign Paints)

8-3-212 Deleted January 8, 1986

8-3-213 Industrial Maintenance Primers and Topcoats

8-3-214 Lacquer

8-3-215 Mastic Texture Coatings

8-3-216 Metallic Pigmented Paints

8-3-217 Millwhite Coatings (Dry Fog Coatings)

8-3-218 Multi-Colored Coatings

8-3-219 Non-Flat Coatings

8-3-220 Opaque Stains

8-3-221 Opaque Wood Preservatives

8-3-222 Quick Dry Enamels

8-3-223 Quick Dry Primers and Sealers

8-3-224 Roof Coatings

8-3-225 Semi-Transparent Stains

8-3-226 Semi-Transparent Wood Preservatives

8-3-228 Shellac

8-3-229 Specialty Flat Products

8-3-230 Specialty Primers, Sealers and Undercoaters

8-3-231 Tile-like Glaze Coatings

8-3-232 Traffic Coatings

8-3-233 Vinyl Chloride Polymers

8-3-245 Volatile Organic Compound

8-3-246 Low Solids Architectural Coating

8-3-300 STANDARDS

8-3-301 Interim Limits

8-3-302 Final Limits

8-3-303 Bituminous Pavement Sealer

8-3-304 Specialty Coating Limitations

8-3-305 Deleted January 8, 1986

8-3-306 Exempt Coating Labeling

8-3-400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

8-3-401 Date of Manufacture

8-3-402 Deleted January 8, 1986

8-3-403 Labeling Requirement

8-3-500 MONITORING AND RECORDS (Not Included)

8-3-600 MANUAL OF PROCEDURES

8-3-601 Determination of Compliance, Air-Dried Water Reducible Coatings

8-3-602 Determination of Compliance, Air-Dried Solvent Based Coatings

8-3-603 Determination of Non-Flat Coatings

8-3-604 Determination of Compliance, Low Solids Architectural Coatings


 

REGULATION 8
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
RULE 3
ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS


(Adopted March 1, 1978)

8-3-100 GENERAL

8-3-101 Description: The purpose of this Rule is to limit the quantity of volatile organic compounds in architectural coatings.
8-3-110 Exemption, Shipment and Use Outside District: This Rule shall not apply to architectural coatings sold in the District for shipment and use outside of the District or for shipment to other manufacturers for reformulation and/or repackaging.
8-3-111 Exemptions: This Rule shall not apply to architectural coatings recommended by the manufacturer for use solely as one or more of the following; millwhite coatings, fire retardant coatings, tile-like glaze coatings, mastic texture coatings, metallic pigmented paints, swimming pool paints, multi-colored coatings, quick dry primers and sealers, shellacs, graphic arts coatings, bond breakers and below-ground wood preservatives. (Amended September 1, 1982; May 18, 1983)
8-3-112 Deleted January 8, 1986
8-3-113 Exemption, Small Containers: This Rule shall not apply to architectural coatings supplied in containers having capacities of one liter (1.1 qt.) or less. (Adopted September 1, 1982)
8-3-114 Limited Specialty Coating Exemptions: Until September 1, 1984, this Rule shall not apply to the architectural coatings listed in Section 8-3-304. Effective September 1, 1984 the provisions of Section 8-3-301 and 302 shall not apply to architectural coatings that comply with the provisions of Section 8-3-304. (Adopted May 18, 1983)

8-3-200 DEFINITIONS

8-3-201 Architectural Coatings: Any coating applied to stationary structures and their appurtenances, to mobile homes, to pavements, or to curbs.
8-3-202 Below Ground Wood Preservatives: Heavy duty coatings formulated solely for the purpose of protecting below ground wood from decay or insect attack by the addition of a wood preservative chemical registered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture. These coatings perform their function by penetrating into the wood. (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-203 Bituminous Coating Materials: Black or brownish materials, soluble in carbon disulfide, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons and which are obtained from natural deposits, or as residues from the distillation of crude petroleum oils, or of low grades of coal. Renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-204 Bond Breakers: Coatings whose sole purpose, when applied between layers of concrete, is to prevent the freshly poured top layer of concrete from bonding to the substrate on which it is poured. (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-205 Concrete Curing Compounds: Coatings whose sole purpose is to retard the evaporation of water from the surface of freshly cast concrete, thereby strengthening it. (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-206 Enamel Undercoaters: Coatings which when applied to a new surface, over primer or over a previous coat of paint, are designed to improve the seal, provide better adhesion and act as a smooth base for nonflat coatings. (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-207 Fire Retardant Coatings: Architectural coatings which are designed to retard fires and which will significantly: (a) reduce the rate of flame spread on the surface of a material to which such a coating has been applied, or (b) resist ignition when exposed to high temperatures, or (c) insulate a substrate to which such a coating has been applied and prolong the time required to reach ignition temperature. (Renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-208 General Primers: Coatings known as wall sealers, primers or undercoaters which are intended to be applied to a surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats. (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-209 General Sealers: Coatings which are intended for use on porous substrates to protect the substrate, to prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate, or to prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-210 General Undercoaters: Coatings which are designed to provide a smooth surface for subsequent coats. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-211 Graphic Arts Coatings (Sign Paints): Coatings which are marketed solely for application to indoor and outdoor signs and include lettering enamels, poster colors and bulletin colors. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-212 Deleted January 8, 1986
8-3-213 Industrial Maintenance Primers and Topcoats: Primers which are intended to be applied to a surface, prior to the application of an industrial maintenance topcoat, to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats. Topcoats are high performance coatings formulated for the purpose of heavy abrasion, water immersion, chemical, corrosion, temperature, electrical or solvent resistance. (Amended and Renumbered May 18, 1983, Amended January 8, 1986)
8-3-214 Lacquer: Clear or pigmented coatings formulated with nitrocellulose or synthetic resins to dry by evaporation without chemical reaction and are intended to provide a quick drying solid protection film. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-215 Mastic Texture Coatings: Coatings, except waterproofing mastic coatings, which are formulated to cover holes, minor cracks, and conceal surface irregularities, and which are applied in thicknesses of at least 15 mills. (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-216 Metallic Pigmented Paints: Non-bituminous coatings which are formulated with metallic pigment. (Renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-217 Millwhite Coatings (Dry Fog Coatings): Coatings which are formulated to be sprayed, and formulated such that overspray droplets dry before subsequent contact with other surfaces (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-218 Multi-Colored Coatings: Coatings which exhibit more than one color when applied and which are packaged in a single container and applied in single coat. (Renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-219 Non-flat Coatings: A coating which registers a gloss of 15 or greater on an 85 degree meter or five or greater on a 60 degree meter, and which is identified on the label as a gloss, semi-gloss, or eggshell enamel coating. (Adopted September 1, 1982)
8-3-220 Opaque Stains: All stains that are not classified as semi-transparent stains. (Renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-221 Opaque Wood Preservatives: All wood preservatives not classified as semi-transparent wood preservatives. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-222

Quick Dry Enamels: Non-flat coatings which comply with the following:

222.1 Shall be capable of being applied directly from the container by brush or roller under normal conditions, normal conditions being ambient temperatures between 60oF and 80oF;

222.2 When tested as outlined in ASTM D 1640 they shall: set to touch in two hours or less; dry hard in eight hours or less; and they shall be tack free in four hours or less by the mechanical method test;

222.3 Shall have a 60o dried film gloss of no less than 70.

(Adopted September 1, 1982, Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)

8-3-223 Quick Dry Primers and Sealers: Primers, sealers and undercoaters which are intended to be applied to a surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats which are dry to touch in one-half hour and can be recoated in two hours. (ATSM D 1640). (Adopted May 18,1983)
8-3-224 Roof Coatings: Coatings which are formulated for the sole purpose of preventing penetration of the substrate by water. These coatings include bituminous roof and waterproof mastic coatings. (Adopted May 18, 1983).
8-3-225 Semi-Transparent Stains: Coatings which are formulated to change the color of a surface but not conceal the surface. (Renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-226 Semi-Transparent Wood Preservatives: Wood preservative stains which are formulated for the purpose of protecting exposed wood from decay or insect attack by the addition of a wood preservative chemical registered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture and which change the color of a surface but do not conceal the surface. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-227 Deleted January 8, 1986
8-3-228 Shellac: Clear or pigmented coatings formulated with natural resins (except nitrocellulose resins), thinned with alcohol, and formulated to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction and are intended to provide stain blocking properties as well as a solid protective film. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-229 Specialty Flat Products: Self priming flat products used only to perform one of the following functions: repair fire, smoke or water damage; neutralize odors; block stains; or coat acoustical materials without affecting their acoustical abilities. (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-230 Specialty Primers, Sealers and Undercoaters: Coatings used only to perform one of the following functions: repair fire, smoke or water damage; neutralize odor, block stains; block efflorescence; coat acoustical materials without affecting their abilities; or condition chalky surfaces. (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-231 Tile-like Glaze Coatings: Coatings which are formulated to provide a tough, extra-durable coating system, which are applied as a continuous (seamless) high-build film and which cure to a hard glaze finish. (Renumbered May, 1983)
8-3-232 Traffic Coatings: Coatings which are formulated to be applied to public streets, highways, and other surfaces including, but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways and parking lots (Adopted May 18, 1983)
8-3-233 Varnishes: Clear or pigmented coatings formulated with various resins to dry by chemical reaction on exposure to air. These coatings are intended to provide a durable transparent or translucent solid protective film. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983, Amended January 8, 1986)
8-3-234 Waterproof Mastic Coatings: Weatherproof and waterproof coatings which are formulated to cover holes, minor cracks, conceal surface irregularities, and which are applied in thicknesses of at least 0.38 mm (15 mils). (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-235 Waterproofing Sealers: Coatings which are formulated for the sole purpose of protecting porous substrates by preventing the penetration of water. (Amended and renumbered May 18, 1983)
8-3-236 Acrylic Polymers: Polymers resulting from the polymerization of derivatives of acrylic acids, including esters of acrylic acids, methacrylic acid, acrylonitrile, and their copolymers. Also known as acrylic resins and acrylate resins. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-237 Alkyds: Synthetic resins formed by the condensation of polyhydric alcohols with polybasic acids. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-238 Catalyzed Epoxy: Crosslinking resins made by the reaction of epoxides with other materials such as amines, alcohols, phenols, carboxylic acids and unsaturated compounds. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-239 Chlorinated Rubber: Resin formed by the reaction of rubber with chlorine. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-240 Inorganic Polymers: Substances whose principle structural features are made up of homopolar interlinkages between multivalent elements other than carbon. This does not preclude the presence of carbon-containing groups in the side branches, or as interlinkages between principle structural members. Examples of such polymers are ethyl and butyl silicates. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-241 Silicones: A resin containing silicon unlike organic resins, which all contain carbon. The basic structure of silicones consist of silicon-oxygen linkages. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-242 Unique Vehicles: Generic polymer components not defined by any of the preceding; e.g., hypalon, phenoxy. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-243 Urethane Polymers: Coating vehicles containing a polyisocyanate monomer reacted in such a manner as to yield polymers containing any ratio, proportion, or combination of urethane linkages, active isocyanate groups, or polyisocyanate monomer. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-244 Vinyl Chloride Polymers: Polymers made by the polymerization of vinyl chloride or copolymerization of vinyl chloride with other unsaturated compounds, the vinyl chloride being in greatest amount by weight. (Adopted January 8, 1986)
8-3-245

Volatile Organic Compound: Any organic compound (excluding methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates and ammonium carbonate) which would be emitted during use, application, curing or drying of an architectural coating.

245.1 For purposes of calculating VOC content of a coating, any water or the following non-precursor organic compounds:

methylene chloride

1,1,1 trichloroethane

acetone

parachlorobenzotrifluoride (PCBTF)

cyclic, branched or linear, completely methylated siloxanes (VMS)

shall not be considered to be part of the coating.

245.2 For the purposes of calculating VOC content of a low solids coating, any water shall be considered part of the coating.

(Adopted December 20, 1995; Amended November 4, 1998)

8-3-246

Low Solids Architectural Coating: An architectural coating with a solids content not exceeding 120 grams per liter (1.0 pound per gallon).

(Adopted November 4, 1998)

8-3-300 STANDARDS

TR> TR>
8-3-301 Interim Limits: A person shall not sell, offer for sale, apply or manufacture for sale within the District any architectural coating which, at the time of sale or manufacture, contains more than 250 g. of volatile organic compounds per liter of coating applied, excluding water and any colorant added to tint bases, except that non-flat coatings shall not, at the time of sale or manufacture, contain more than 380 g. of volatile organic compounds per liter as applied, excluding water and any colorant added to tint bases. (Amended September 1, 1982)
8-3-302

Final Limits: A person shall not sell, offer for sale, apply, or manufacture for sale within the District any architectural coating manufactured after March 4, 1987, which, at the time of sale or manufacture, contains more than 250 grams of volatile organic compounds per liter of coating as applied, excluding water, and colorant added to tint bases.

302.1 Effective November 4, 1998, a person shall not sell, offer for sale, apply or manufacture for sale within the District any low solids architectural coating which contains more than 120 grams of volatile organic compounds per liter, as applied.

(Amended Sept. 1, 1982; May 18,1983; Sept. 3, 1986; Nov. 4, 1998)

8-3-303 Bituminous Pavement Sealer: A person shall not sell, offer for sale or apply any architectural coating manufactured after September 2, 1979, which is recommended for use as a bituminous pavement sealer unless it is an emulsion type coating.
8-3-304

Specialty Coating Limitations: A person shall not sell, offer for sale, apply, or manufacture for sale within the District any architectural specialty coating that exceeds the following limits (expressed as grams of VOC per liter as applied, excluding water) manufactured after the dates listed below:

 

Effective

September 1, 1984

Effective

September 1, 1986

Effective

September 1, 1987

Varnish

500

---

350

Lacquer

---

---

680

Semi-Transparent Stains

---

---

350

Opaque Stains

400

---

350

Wood Preservatives

---

---

350

Semi-Transparent and Clear Opaque Wood Preservatives

400

---

350

General Primers, Sealers and Undercoaters

400

---

350

Enamel Undercoaters

450

---

350

Industrial Maintenance:      
Primers and Topcoats *      
Alkyds

500**

420

420

Catalyzed Epoxy

500**

420

420

Bituminous Coating Materials

---

---

420

Inorganic Polymers

---

---

420

Vinyl Chloride Polymers

---

---

420

Chlorinated Rubber

---

---

420

Acrylic Polymers

---

420

420

Urethane Polymers

---

420

420

Silicones

---

---

420

Unique Vehicles

---

---

420

Traffic Coatings Applied to Public:      
Streets and Highways

415

---

250

Applied to Other Surfaces

250

---

250

Black Traffic Coatings

---

---

250

Quick Dry Enamels

---

---

400

Specialty Flats

---

---

400

Waterproof Sealers

---

---

400

Waterproof Concrete Curing Compounds

---

---

350

Roof Coatings

---

---

300

Waterproof Mastic Coatings

---

---

300

Specialty Primers, Sealers and Undercoaters

---

---

350

Any of the above coatings for which no limitation is listed is exempt from the requirements of Sections 8-3-301, 302 and 403.

*Each coating category is determined by the generic polymer component present in the finished product in the largest quantity by weight. Example, silicone alkyd would be considered an alkyd.

**This limit shall become effective on March 1, 1986.

(Adopted May 18, 1983; Amended January 8, 1986)

8-3-305 Deleted January 8, 1986
8-3-306 Exempt Coating Labeling: If anywhere on the coating container, on any sticker or label affixed thereto, or in any sales or advertising literature, any indication is given that the coating may be used or is suitable for use for any purpose other than those specifically provided for in Sections 8-3-111 and 8-3-304, then the limits provided for in Sections 8-3-111 and 8-3-304 shall not apply. Rather, the limits provided for in Sections 8-3-301, 302, 303 or other Rules shall apply. In any instance where more than one set of standards set forth in Section 300 may be applied, the most restrictive standard shall apply. (Adopted April 17, 1985; Amended January 8, 1986)
 

8-3-400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

8-3-401 Date of Manufacture: Containers for all coatings subject to this Rule shall display the date of manufacture of the contents or a code indicating the date of manufacture. The manufacturers of such coatings shall file with the APCO an explanation of each code. (Amended March 17, 1982)
8-3-402 Deleted January 8, 1986
8-3-403 Labeling Requirement: Containers for all coatings subject to the requirements of Section 8-3-302, 303 and 304 shall carry a statement of the manufacturer's recommendation regarding thinning of the coatings. This requirement shall not apply to the thinning of architectural coatings with water. The recommendation shall specify that the coating is to be employed without thinning under normal environmental and application conditions, unless the recommended thinning for normal environmental and application conditions does not cause the coating to exceed its applicable standard. This section shall become effective on June 1, 1983. (Amended December 1, 1982; May 18, 1983; January 8, 1986)

8-3-600 MANUAL OF PROCEDURES

8-3-601 Determination of Compliance, Air-Dried Water Reducible Coatings: The means by which compliance of air-dried, water reducible coatings are determined are found in the Manual of Procedures, Volume III, Method 21. (Amended March 17, 1982; May 18, 1983)
8-3-602 Determination of Compliance, Air-Dried Solvent Based Coatings: The means by which compliance of air-dried, solvent based coatings are determined are found in the Manual of Procedures, Volume III Method 22. (Amended March 17, 1982; May 18, 1983)
8-3-603 Determination of Non-Flat Coatings: The means by which a coating is determined to be non-flat is found in Federal Test Method Standard No. 141A, Method 6101 with the test being conducted on Leneta Company Form 3B drawdown charts or equivalent. (Adopted September 1, 1982)
8-3-604 Determination of Compliance, Low Solids Architectural Coatings: The means by which compliance of low solids architectural coatings is determined are found in the Manual of Procedures, Volume III, Method 31. (Adopted November 4, 1998)