BAAQMD RULE 845 MOTOR VEHICLE & MOBILE EQUIP. COATING OP.
LAST REVISED 11/2/94
     
                             REGULATION 8
                           ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
                                RULE 45
         MOTOR VEHICLE and MOBILE EQUIPMENT COATING OPERATIONS
                                   
                                 INDEX
                                   
                                    
8-45-100     GENERAL

8-45-101        Description
8-45-110        Exemption, Original Equipment Manufacturer
8-45-111        Exemption, Touch-up
8-45-112        Exemption, Graphic Design Applications
8-45-113        Exemption, Military Vehicles and Ground Support Equipment
8-45-114        Exemption, Radiators and Engine Components
8-45-115        Exemption, Aerosol Paint Products
8-45-116        Limited Exemption, Transfer Efficiency

8-45-200     DEFINITIONS

8-45-201        Antiglare/Safety Coating
8-45-202        Deleted November 2, 1994
8-45-203        Camouflage Coating
8-45-204        Catalyst
8-45-205        Color Match
8-45-206        Electrostatic Application
8-45-207        Deleted November 2, 1994
8-45-208        Final Stage Manufacture
8-45-209        Graphic Design Application
8-45-210        Ground Support
8-45-211        Group I Vehicles
8-45-212        Group II Vehicles and Equipment
8-45-213        High-Volume, Low-Pressure (HVLP) Spray
8-45-214        Large/Heavy Duty Trucks
8-45-215        Light- and Medium-Duty Trucks and Vans
8-45-216        Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat
8-45-217        Mobile Equipment
8-45-218        Precoat
8-45-219        Pretreatment Wash Primer
8-45-220        Primer
8-45-221        Primer Sealer
8-45-222        Primer Surfacer
8-45-223        Reducer
8-45-224        Refinishing
8-45-225        Specialty Coatings
8-45-226        Deleted November 2, 1994
8-45-227        Multi Stage Topcoat System
8-45-228        Topcoat
8-45-229        Touch-up Coating
8-45-230        Transfer Efficiency
8-45-231        Volatile Organic Compound
8-45-232        Aerosol Paint Product
8-45-233        Key System Operating Parameter
8-45-234        Utility Body
8-45-235        Temporary Protective Coating
  
8-45-300      STANDARDS

8-45-301        Limits
8-45-302        Deleted October 6, 1993
8-45-303        Transfer Efficiency
8-45-304        Prohibition of Specification
8-45-305        Prohibition of Sale
8-45-306        Compliance Statement Requirement
8-45-307        Deleted November 2, 1994
8-45-308        Surface Preparation and Solvent Loss Minimization
8-45-309        Deleted October 6, 1993
8-45-310        Deleted October 6, 1993
8-45-311        Small Production/Utility Bodies
8-45-312        Specialty Coatings
8-45-313        Temporary Protective Coating
8-45-314        Precoat Limitation
8-45-315        HVLP Marking
8-45-316        Filtration

8-45-400        ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

8-45-401        Deleted November 2, 1994

8-45-500       MONITORING AND RECORDS

8-45-501        Coating Records
8-45-502        Air Pollution Abatement Equipment, Recordkeeping Requirements
8-45-503        Precoat Limitation Records
8-45-504        Sales Records

8-45-600       MANUAL OF PROCEDURES

8-45-601        Analysis of Samples
8-45-602        Determination of Emissions
8-45-603        Deleted October 6, 1993
8-45-604        Determination of Acid Content
  
                            REGULATION 8
                           ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
                               RULE 45
              MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOBILE EQUIPMENT COATING OPERATIONS
                       (Adopted June 7, 1989)
  
                                                             
  
  8-45-100     GENERAL
   
  8-45-101      Description:  The purpose of this Rule is to limit the
  emission of volatile organic compounds from the finishing or
  refinishing of motor vehicles, mobile equipment and their parts and
  components.
  
  8-45-110      Exemption, Original Equipment Manufacturer:  The provisions
  of this Rule shall not apply to Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)
  coatings applied at manufacturing or assembly plants which are subject
  to Regulation 8, Rule 13.
  
  8-45-111     Exemption, Touch-up:  The provisions of this Rule shall not
  apply to touch-up operations.
  
  8-45-112     Exemption, Graphic Design Applications:  The provisions of
  this Rule shall not apply to graphic design applications.
  
  8-45-113     Exemption, Military Vehicles and Ground Support Equipment:
  The provisions of this Rule shall not apply to the coating of military
  vehicles and ground support equipment which is subject to the
  provisions of Regulation 8, Rule 19.  Military vehicles include tanks
  and armored personnel carriers but do not include passenger vehicles.
  (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-114     Exemption, Radiators and Engine Components: The provisions of
  this Rule shall not apply to the coating of radiators and engine
  components which is subject to the provisions of Regulation 8, Rule
  19.(Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-115     Exemption, Aerosol Paint Products:  The provisions of this
  Rule shall not apply to the application of aerosol paint products
  which is subject to the provisions of Regulation 8, Rule 49.   (Adopted
  June 20, 1990)
  
  8-45-116     Limited Exemption, Transfer Efficiency:  The provisions of
  Section 8-45-303 shall not apply to the application of high viscosity
  or thixotropic coatings with application equipment that is supplied
  with and is an integral part of the coating container or to the
  application of corrosion protective coatings to enclosed interior
  spaces. (Adopted November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-200     DEFINITIONS
  
  8-45-201     Antiglare/Safety Coating: A coating which minimizes light
  reflection for safety purposes. (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-202     Deleted November 2, 1994
  
  8-45-203     Camouflage Coating: A coating applied on motor vehicles to
  conceal such vehicles from detection.
  
  8-45-204     Catalyst: A substance whose presence enhances the reaction
  between chemical compounds.
  
  8-45-205     Color Match: The ability of a repair coating to blend into an
  existing coating so that color difference is not visible.
  
  8-45-206     Electrostatic Application: The application of charged
  atomized paint droplets which are deposited by electrostatic
  attraction.
  
  8-45-207      Deleted November 2, 1994
  
    8-45-208        Final Stage Manufacture:  Where an incomplete vehicle chassis
  is delivered to a manufacturer for installation and paint of a truck
  body and/or components to form a completed vehicle.
  
  8-45-209      Graphic Design Application: The application of logos,
  letters, numbers and graphics to a painted surface, with or without
  the use of a template.
  
  8-45-210     Ground Support:  Vehicles used in support of aircraft
  activities at airports.
  
  8-45-211     Group I Vehicles:  Passenger cars, large/heavy duty truck
  cabs and chassis, light- and medium-duty trucks and vans, and
  motorcycles.
  
  8-45-212     Group II Vehicles and Equipment:  Public transit buses and
  mobile equipment.
  
  8-45-213     High-Volume, Low-Pressure (HVLP) Spray:  Equipment used to
  apply coatings by means of a gun which is designed to be operated and
  which is operated between 0.1 and 10 psig air atomizing pressure
  measured dynamically at the center of the air cap and at the air
  horns.       (Amended October 6, 1993; November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-214      Large/Heavy Duty Trucks: Any truck having a manufacturer's
  gross vehicle weight rating of over 10,000 pounds.
  
  8-45-215     Light and Medium-Duty Trucks and Vans: Any truck or van
  having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds
  or less.
  
  8-45-216     Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat:  Any coating which contains more
  than 5 g/l (.042 lb/gal) of metal or iridescent particles, as
  identified on a technical or material safety data sheet, as applied,
  where such particles are visible in the dried film.
  
  8-45-217     Mobile Equipment:  Any equipment which may be drawn or is
  capable of being driven on rails or on a roadway, including, but not
  limited to, trains, railcars, truck bodies, truck trailers, camper
  shells, mobile cranes, bulldozers, street cleaners, golf carts and
  implements of husbandry.    (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-218     Precoat:  Any coating which is applied to bare metal
  primarily to deactivate the metal surface prior to application of a
  subsequent water-base primer surfacer.  Effective April 1, 1995, a
  precoat shall be a coating that dries by oxidation or chemical
  polymerization.   (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-219     Pretreatment Wash Primer: Any coating which contains a
  minimum of 0.5% acid by weight, is necessary to provide surface
  etching and is applied directly to bare metal surfaces to provide
  corrosion resistance and adhesion.
  
  8-45-220     Primer:  Any coating applied prior to the application of a
  topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance and adhesion of the
  topcoat.  Primer Surfacer and primer sealer shall be considered as
  primer when applied to Group II vehicles.
  (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-221     Primer Sealer:  Any coating applied for the purpose of
  sealing the underlying metal or coating system prior to the
  application of a topcoat.   (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-222      Primer Surfacer:  Any coating applied prior to the
  application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance,
  adhesion of the topcoat, and which promotes a uniform surface by
  filling in surface imperfections.
  
  8-45-223      Reducer: The solvent used to thin enamel. 
  
  8-45-224     Refinishing: Any coating of vehicles, their parts and
  components, or mobile equipment, including partial body collision
  repairs, for the purpose of protection or beautification and which is
  subsequent to the original coating applied at an Original Equipment
  Manufacturing (OEM) plant coating assembly line.
  
  8-45-225      Specialty Coatings:  Unique coatings and compliant coatings
  with additives which are necessary due to unusual job performance
  requirements.  Said coatings include, but are not limited to, adhesion
  promoters, uniform finish blenders, elastomeric materials, gloss
  flatteners, bright metal trim repair, and anti-glare/safety coatings.
  (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-226     Deleted November 2, 1994

    8-45-227        Multi-State Topcoat System:  A topcoat system composd of
  either a basecoat / clearcoat, a basecoat/midcoat/clearcoat, or a
  groundcoat

     The VOC content of a basecoat/clearcoat coating system shall be
  calculated according to the following formula:

                    VOC MS = VOCbc + 2 VOCcc
                                   3 
                                  

     The VOC content of a 3 Stage coating system shall be calculated
  according to the following formula:

                    VOC MS =   VOCbc +VOCmc +2 VOCcc
                                      4
     
     The VOC content of a 4 Stage coating system shall be calculated
  according to the following formula:
                 
                    VOC MS =   VOCgc +VOCbc +VOCmc +2 VOCcc 
                                          5
     
     Where:
     VOCms      is the sum of the VOC content, as applied, and used to      
                       determine compliance with the standards in Section 8-45-    
                       301.
.    VOCgc      is the VOC content, as applied, of a pigmented groundcoat,  
                       basecoat or tinted primer sealer.
     VOCbc      is the VOC content, as applied, of a pigmented basecoat or  
                       translucent midcoat.
     VOCmc      is the VOC content, as applied, of a translucent midcoat   
                       or tinted clearcoat.
     2 VOCcc    is two times the VOC content, as applied, of a transparent
                              clearcoat.(Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-228     Topcoat: Any coating applied over a primer, primer system, or
  an original OEM finish for the purpose of protection or appearance. 
  For the purposes of this Rule,  the VOC limits for solid color and
  metallic/iridescent topcoats are for single stage applications.  A
  multi stage topcoat may be either a solid or metallic/iridescent
  color, the VOCMS of a multi stage topcoat system will determine
  compliance with the VOC standards in Section 8-45-301.1 or 301.2.   
  (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-229     Touch-up Coating:  A coating applied by brush or air brush to
  repair minor surface damage and imperfections. (Amended June 20, 1990)
  
  8-45-230      Transfer Efficiency:  The ratio of the amount of coating
  solids adhering to the object being coated to the total amount of
  coating solids used in the application process, expressed as a
  percentage.
    
  
  
  
  8-45-231        Volatile Organic Compound:  Any organic compound (excluding
  methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic
  carbides or carbonates and ammonium carbonate) which would be emitted
  during use, application, curing or drying of a solvent or surface
  coating.
     231.1     For purposes of calculating VOC content of a coating, any
               water or the following compounds:
                    acetone
                    parachlorobenzotrifluoride (PCBTF)
                    cyclic, branched or linear, fully methylated siloxanes
               shall not be considered to be part of the coating.
     231.2     For the purposes of calculating the VOC content of surface
               preparation solvent or temporary protective coating, any water
               shall be considered to be part of the product. (Amended November
               2, 1994; December 20, 1995)
  
  8-45-232     Aerosol Paint Product:  A mixture of resins, pigments, liquid
  solvents and gaseous propellants, packaged in a disposable can for
  hand-held application.  (Adopted June 20, 1990)
  
  8-45-233     Key System Operating Parameter:  An air pollution abatement
  operating parameter, such as temperature, flow rate or pressure, that
  ensures operation of the abatement equipment within manufacturer
  specifications and compliance with the standards in Section 8-45-
  301. (Adopted June 1, 1994)
  
  8-45-234     Utility Body:  A body designed for and mounted on a light or
  medium duty truck or van. (Adopted November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-235      Temporary Protective Coating:  A coating applied for the
  purpose of protecting adjacent areas to that being painted from
  overspray.  The temporary protective coating is removed after primer
  or topcoat application.     (Adopted November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-300      STANDARDS
  
  8-45-301      Limits:  Effective on the dates specified, any person who
  applies coatings to Group I or II vehicles, mobile equipment, their
  parts and components, shall comply with Subsections 301.1 or 301.2
  below:
     
     301.1     Group I Vehicles:  A person shall not refinish Group I
     vehicles, their parts and components, using any coating with a
     VOC content in excess of the following limits, expressed as grams
     of VOC per liter (or pounds per gallon) of coating applied,
     excluding water and exempt solvents, unless emissions to the
     atmosphere are controlled to an equivalent level by air pollution
     abatement equipment with an abatement device efficiency of at
     least 85% and which meets the requirements of Regulation 2, Rule
     1:
                          January 1, 1992           April 1, 1995
                               VOC                      VOC
  Pretreatment Wash Primer 780 g/l (6.5lbs/gal)     780g/l(6.5lbs/gal)
  Precoat                  780 g/l (6.5 lbs/gal)    600g/l(5.0lbs/gal)
  Primer/Primer Surfacer   340 g/l (2.8 lbs/gal)    250g/l(2.1lbs/gal)
  Primer Sealer            420 g/l (3.5 lbs/gal)    420g/l(3.5lbs/gal)
  Solid Color Topcoat      600 g/l (5.0 lbs/gal)    420g/l(3.5lbs/gal)
  Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat 600 g/l(5.0 lbs/gal)  520g/l(4.3lbs/gal)
  Multi -Stage Topcoat System 600 g/l(5.0 lbs/gal)  540g/l(4.5lbs/gal)
  
     301.2      Group II Vehicles and Mobile Equipment:  A person shall not
       finish or refinish Group II vehicles and equipment or their parts
       and components using any coating with a VOC content in excess of
       the following limits, expressed as grams of VOC per liter (or
       pounds per gallon) of coating applied, excluding water and exempt
       solvents, unless emissions to the atmosphere are controlled to an
       equivalent level by air pollution abatement equipment with an
       abatement device efficiency of at least 85% and which meets the
       requirements of Regulation 2, Rule 1:
  
                               January 1, 1992        April 1, 1995
                                    VOC                    VOC
  
 Pretreatment Wash Primer  780g/l(6.5 lbs/gal)      780g/l(6.5lbs/gal)
 Precoat                   780g/l(6.5 lbs/gal)      600g/l(5.0lbs/gal)
 Primer                    340g/l(2.8 lbs/gal)      250g/l(2.1lbs/gal)
 Primer Sealer             340g/l(2.8 lbs/gal)      340g/l(2.8lbs/gal)
 Topcoat                   420g/l(3.5 lbs/gal)      420g/l(3.5lbs/gal)
 Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat 420g/l(3.5 lbs/gal)    420g/l(3.5lbs/gal)
 Camouflage                420g/l(3.5 lbs/gal)      420g/l(3.5lbs/gal)
 (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-302     Deleted October 6, 1993
  
  8-45-303      Transfer Efficiency: A person shall not apply any coating  to
  any Group I or II vehicles or mobile equipment or their parts and
  components unless one of the following methods is used:
     303.1     Electrostatic application equipment, operated in accordance
       with the manufacturer's recommendations;
     303.2     High-Volume, Low-Pressure (HVLP) spray equipment, operated
       in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations; or
     303.3     Any other coating application which achieves a transfer
       efficiency equivalent to the application methods listed in
       subsection 303.1 or 303.2.  Prior written approval from the APCO
       shall be obtained for each equivalent method used.
       (Amended October 6, 1993; November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-304     Prohibition of Specification: No person shall solicit or
  require for use or specify the application of a coating on a Group I
  or II vehicle, mobile equipment, or part or component thereof if such
  use or application results in a violation of the provisions of this
  Rule.  The prohibition of this Section shall apply to all written or
  oral contracts under the terms of which any coating which is subject
  to the provisions of this Rule is to be applied to any motor vehicle,
  mobile equipment, or part or component at any physical location within
  the District.
  
  8-45-305     Prohibition of Sale: A person shall not offer for sale, sell
  within the District, or ship into the District, any coating if such
  product is prohibited by any of the provisions of this Rule.  The
  prohibition of this Section shall apply to the sale of any coating
  which will be applied at any physical location within the District.
  (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-306     Compliance Statement Requirement:  The manufacturer of
  coatings subject to this Rule shall include a designation of VOC (as
  defined in Section 8-45-231) as supplied, including coating
  components, expressed in grams per liter or pounds per gallon,
  excluding water and exempt solvents, on data sheets.
  
  8-45-307     Deleted November 2, 1994
  
  8-45-308     Surface Preparation and Solvent Loss Minimization: Any person
  using organic solvent for surface preparation and cleanup or mixing,
  using or disposing of coating or stripper containing organic solvent:
     308.1     Shall close containers used for the storage or disposal of
       cloth or paper used for solvent surface preparation and cleanup.
     308.2      Shall close containers of fresh or spent solvent, coating,
       catalyst, thinner, reducer, or solvent when not in use.
     308.3     Shall not use organic compounds for the cleanup of spray
       equipment, including paint lines, unless equipment for collecting
       the organic compounds and minimizing their evaporation to the
       atmosphere is used.
     308.4      Effective April 1, 1995, the VOC content of surface
       preparation solvent shall not exceed 72 g/l (0.6 lb/gal).  This
       limit shall not apply to surface preparation solvent applied from
       a hand held spray bottle.  The VOC content of surface preparation
       solvent used to clean plastic parts shall not exceed 780 g/l (6.5
       lbs/gal).    (Amended November 2, 1994).
  
  8-45-309     Deleted October 6, 1993
  
  8-45-310      Deleted October 6, 1993
  
  8-45-311     Small Production/Utility Bodies:  A person shall not coat
  utility bodies where the coating must match that of the vehicles upon
  which they will be mounted using any coating with a VOC content in
  excess of the standards set forth in Subsection 301.1, provided
  production is less than 20 vehicles per day.
  
  8-45-312      Specialty Coatings:  A person shall not use any specialty
  coating with a VOC content in excess of 840 g/l (7.0 lbs/gal), as
  applied, excluding water and exempt solvents.  Use of all specialty
  coatings except antiglare/safety coatings shall not exceed 5.0 percent
  of all coatings applied, on a monthly basis. (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-313     Temporary Protective Coating:  A person shall not use any
  temporary protective coating with a VOC content in excess of 60 g/l
  (0.5 lbs/gal), excluding water. (Adopted November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-314     Precoat Limitation:  A person shall not use precoat in excess
  of 25%, by volume, of the amount of waterborne primer surfacer
  used. (Adopted November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-315     HVLP Marking:  Effective April 1, 1995,a  person shall not
  sell or offer for sale for use within the District any HVLP gun
  without a permanent marking denoting the maximum inlet air pressure in
  psig at which the gun will operate within the parameters specified in
  Section 8-45-213. (Adopted November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-316     Filtration:  Effective April 1, 1995, a person shall not
  apply single or multi-stage topcoats subject to Section 8-45-301 to
  any vehicle except when exhausted through a properly maintained
  particulate filtration media.  The filter system shall meet the
  requirements of Regulation 2, Rule 1. (Adopted November 2, 1994)
  
  
  8-45-400     ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS
  
  8-45-401     Deleted November 2, 1994
  
  8-45-500      MONITORING AND RECORDS
  
  8-45-501      Coating Records:  Any person subject to Sections 8-45-301.1
  and 301.2 shall:
     501.1     Maintain and have available during an inspection a current
       list of coatings in use that provides all of the coating data
       necessary to evaluate compliance, including the following
       information, as applicable:
               a.    coating, catalyst and reducer used
               b.    mix ratio of components used
               c.    VOC content of coating as applied
     501.2     Record, on a weekly basis, the following information:
               a.   coating and mix ratio of components in the coating used
               b.    quantity of each coating applied
     501.3     Record, on a daily basis, the following information:
               a.    quantity and mix ratio of each specialty coating applied
     501. 4     Record on a monthly basis the type and amount of solvent
                used for cleanup and surface preparation.
     501. 5     Records shall be retained and available for inspection by
                the APCO for the previous 24-month period.(Amended November 2,
                1994)
  
  8-45-502     Air Pollution Abatement Equipment, Recordkeeping
  Requirements:  Any person operating air pollution abatement equipment
  to comply with Sections 8-45-301.1 and 301.2, in addition to Section
  8-45-501 shall record on a daily basis:
               a.    coating and mix ratio of components in the coating used
               b.    key system operating parameters.
                  (Adopted June 1, 1994; Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-503      Precoat Limitation Records:  Any person using precoat shall
  retain purchase invoices to verify compliance with Section 8-45-314. 
  Such invoices shall be available for inspection upon request.  (Adopted
  November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-504     Sales Records: Any person within the District selling
  coatings subject to this Rule shall make receipts of customer
  purchases available for inspection upon request.  Cash sales shall be
  recorded including the customer's name and business address.
  (Adopted November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-600     MANUAL OF PROCEDURES
  
  8-45-601     Analysis of Samples:  Samples of volatile organic compounds
  as specified in Sections 8-45-301.1 or 301.2 shall be analyzed as
  prescribed in the Manual of Procedures, Volume III, Method 21 or 22. 
  Samples of volatile organic compounds as specified in Section 8-45-
  308.4 shall be analyzed as prescribed in the Manual of Procedures,
  Volume III, Method 31. (Amended November 2, 1994)
  
  8-45-602      Determination of Emissions:  Emissions of volatile organic
  compounds as specified in  Sections 8-45-301.1 or 301.2 shall be
  measured as prescribed by any of the following methods: 1) BAAQMD
  Manual of Procedures, Volume IV, ST 7, 2) EPA Method 25 or 25A.  When
  either EPA Method 25 or 25A is used, control device equivalency shall
  be determined as prescribed in 55 FR 26865 (June 29, 1990).  A source
  shall be considered in violation if the VOC emissions measured by any
  of the referenced test methods exceed the standards of this rule.   
  (Amended June 1, 1994)
  
  8-45-603     Deleted October 6, 1993
  
  8-45-604      Determination of Acid Content:  Measurement of acid content
  as specified in Section 8-45-219 shall be determined in accordance
  with ASTM Test Method D-1613-85. (Adopted October 6, 1993)