FEATHER RIVER AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT

RULE 3.15 ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS
(Adopted 6/91; Amended 5/96)

A. APPLICABILITY
This rule is applicable to any person who sells, offers for sale or applies any architectural coating.

B. EXEMPTIONS
Section (D) of this rule shall not apply to:

B.1 Architectural coatings sold in the Feather River Air Quality Management District for shipment outside of the District or for shipment to other manufacturers for repackaging.

B.2 The following coatings:

  1. Architectural coatings supplied in containers having capacities of one liter or less:
  2. Architectural coatings recommended by the manufacturer for use only as one or more of the following; dry fog coatings, fire retardant coatings, tile like glaze coatings, mastic texture coatings, metallic pigmented coatings, swimming pool paints, multi-color paints, quick dry primers, sealers and undercoaters, shellac, sign (graphic arts) coatings, bond breakers, below ground wood preservative coatings.

If anywhere on an exempt coating container on any sticker or label affixed thereto, or in any sales or advertising literature, any indication is given that such exempt coating may be used or is suitable for use for any purpose other than those specifically provided for in this Subsection, then the exemption provided for in this Subsection shall not apply to that coating.


C. DEFINITIONS

C.1 Architectural Coating: Any coating applied to stationary structures and their appurtenance, to mobile homes, to pavements, or to curbs.

C.2 Below Ground Wood Preservatives: Heavy duty coatings formulated solely for the purpose of protecting below ground wood from decay or insect attack and which contain a wood preservative chemical registered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture. These coatings perform their function by penetrating into the wood.

C.3 Bituminous Coating: Black or brownish coating materials which are soluble in carbon disulfide, which consists mainly of hydrocarbons, and which are obtained from natural deposits or residue from the distillation of crude oils or of low grades of coal.

C.4 Bond Breakers: Coatings whose sole purpose, when applied between layers of concrete, is to prevent the freshly poured top layer of concrete from bonding to the substrate on which it is poured.

C.5 Concrete Curing Compounds: Coatings whose sole purpose is to retard the evaporation of water from the surface of freshly cast concrete, thereby strengthening it.

C.6 Dry Fog Coatings: Coatings which are formulated so that when sprayed, overspray droplets dry before falling on floors and other surfaces.

C.7 Enamel Undercoaters: Coatings which are designed to be applied to a new surface over a primer or over a previous coat of paint, in order to improve the seal, provide better adhesion and make a smooth base of non-flat coatings.

C.8 Exempt Organic Compounds: Any of the following compounds:

1. methane (CH4)
2. carbon dioxide (CO2)
3. carbon monoxide (CO)
4. carbonic acid (CO(OH)2)
5. metallic carbides (M-C) or carbonates (M-CO3)
6. ammonium carbonate ((NH4) HCO3 (NH4)CO2NH2)
7. 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform)
8. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)
9. trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11)
10. dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12)
11. chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22)
12. trifluoromethane (HFC-23)
13. 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113)
14. 1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (CFC-114)
15. chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115)
16. 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123)
17. 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-124)
18. pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)
19. 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-134)
20. 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-134a)
21. 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b)
22. 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b)
23. 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a)
24. 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a)
25. Cyclic, branched or linear completely methylated siloxanes (VMs)
26. The following classes of perfluorocarbon (PFC) compounds:

a. cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes,
b. cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations
c. cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations, and
d. sulphur containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine.

27. The following low-reactive organic compounds which have been exempted by the U.S. EPA:

a. acetone
b. ethane
c. parachlorobenzotrifluoride (1-chloro-4-trifluoromethyl benzene).

Perfluorocarbon and methylated siloxane compounds will be assumed to be absent from a product or process unless a manufacturer or facility operator identifies the specific individual compounds (from the broad classes of perfluorocarbon compounds) and the amounts present in the product or process and provides an EPA approved test method which can be used to quantify the specific compounds.

C.9 Fire Retardant Coatings: Coatings which have a flame spread index or less than 25 when tested in accordance with ASTM Method E-84-87, Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Material, after the application on Douglas fir according to the manfacturer's recommendation.

C.10 General Primers: Coatings which are intended to be applied to a surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats.

C.11 General Sealers: Coatings which are intended for use on porous substrates to protect the substrate, to prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate, or to prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate.

C.12 General Undercoaters: Coatings which are designed to provide a smooth surface for subsequent coats.

C.13 Graphic Arts Coatings (Sign Paints): Coatings which are marketed solely for application to indoor and outdoor signs, including lettering enamels, poster colors and bulletin colors.

C.14 Grams of VOC Per Liter of Coating as applied excluding Water, and Exempt Organic Compounds:
The weight of VOC per combined volume of VOC and coating solids can be calculated by the following equation:

Where:

Ws = Weight of volatile compounds (grams)
Ww = Weight of water (grams)
Wes = Weight of exempt organic compounds (grams)
Vm = Volume of material (liters)
Vw = Volume of water (liters)
Ves = Volume of exempt organic compounds (liters)


C.15 Grams of VOC Per Liter of Coating, as applied: The weight of VOC per volume of material can be calculated by the following equation:

Where:

Ws = Weight of volatile compounds (grams)
Ww = Weight of water (grams)
Wes = Weight of exempt organic compounds (grams)
Vm = Volume of material (liters)

C.16 Industrial Maintenance Primer: Coatings which are intended to be applied to a surface prior to the application of an industrial maintenance topcoat, to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats.
C.17 Industrial Maintenance Topcoats: High performance coatings which are formulated for the purpose of heavy abrasion, water immersion, chemical, corrosion, temperature, electrical, or solvent resistance.
C.18 Lacquer: Clear or pigmented coatings formulated with nitrocellulose or synthetic resins to dry by evaporation without chemical reaction and to provide a quick drying, solid protective film.
C.19 Low-Solids Stains and Wood Preservatives: Stains and wood preservatives that contain one pound or less of solids per gallon of material and contain no exempt organic compounds.
C.20 Mastic Texture Coatings: Coatings except waterproofing mastic coatings which are formulated to cover holes and minor cracks and to conceal surface irregularities.
C.21 Metallic Pigmented Paints: Nonbituminous coatings which are formulated with metallic pigment.
C.22 Multi-Colored Coatings: Coatings which exhibit more than one color when applied and which are packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat.
C.23 Non-Flat Architectural Coatings: Coatings which register a gloss of 15 or greater on an 85 degree meter or five or greater on a 60 degree meter, and which are identified on the label as a gloss, semi-gloss, or eggshell enamel coating.
C.24 Opaque Stains: All stains that are not classified as semi-transparent stains.
C.25 Opaque Wood Preservatives: All wood preservatives not classified as semi-transparent wood preservatives.
C.26 Quick Dry Primers and Sealers: Primers, sealers and undercoaters which are intended to be applied to a surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats and which are dry to touch in one-half hour and can be recoated in two hours. (ASTM 1640)
C.27 Quick Dry Enamels: Non-flat coatings which comply to the following:

  1. Shall be capable to being applied directly from the container by brush or roller under normal conditions (normal conditions being ambient temperatures between 60 degrees F and 80 degrees F);
  2. When tested in accordance with ASTEM 1640 they shall: set to touch in two hours or less, dry hard in eight hours or less, and be tack free in four hours or less by the mechanical method test;
  3. Shall have a 60 degree F dried film gloss of no less than 70.

C.28 Reactive Organic Compounds, (ROC, ROG or VOC): Any compound containing at least one atom of carbon except those compounds identified in this Rule as Exempt Organic Compounds.
C.29 Roof Coatings: Coatings which are formulated for the sole purpose of preventing penetration of the substrate by water. These coatings include bituminous roof and waterproof mastic coatings.
C.30 Semi-Transparent Stains: Coatings which are formulated to change the color of a surface but not conceal the surface.
C.31 Semi-Transparent Wood Preservatives: Wood preservative stains which are formulated for the purpose of protecting exposed wood from decay or insect attack by the addition of a wood preservative chemical registered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture, and which are formulated to change the color of a surface but not conceal the surface. These coatings perform their function by penetrating into the wood.
C.32 Shellacs: Clear or pigmented coatings formulated with natural resins (except nitro-cellulose resins), thinned with alcohol, and formulated to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction and are intended to provide stain blocking properties as well as a solid protective film.
C.33 Speciality Flat Products: Self-priming flat products used only to perform one of the following functions: repair fire, smoke or water damage; neutralize odors; block stains; or coat acoustical materials without affecting their acoustical abilities.
C.34 Specialty Primers, Sealers, and Undercoaters: Primers, sealers and undercoaters used only to perform one of the following functions: repair fire, smoke or water damage; neutralize odor; block stains; block efflorescence; condition chalky surfaces; or coat acoustical materials without affecting their acoustical abilities.
C.35 Swimming Pool Coatings: Coatings specifically formulated to coat the interior of swimming pools and to resist swimming pool chemicals.
C.36 Tile-Like Glaze Coatings: Coatings which are formulated to provide a tough, extra durable coating system to be applied as a continuous (seamless), high build film which cures to a hard glaze finish.
C.37 Traffic Coatings: Coatings which are formulated to be applied to public streets, highways, and other surfaces including, but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.
C.38 Varnishes: Clear or pigmented coatings formulated with various resins to dry by chemical reaction on exposure to air. These coatings are intended to provide a durable solid protective film.
C.39 Volatile Organic Compound (VOC): Shall have the same meaning as reactive organic compound.
C.40 Waterproofing Mastic Coatings: Weatherproof and waterproof coatings which are formulated to cover holes and minor cracks and to conceal surface irregularities, and which are to be applied in thicknesses of at least 15 mils.
C.39 Waterproofing Sealers: Coatings which are formulated for the sole purpose of protecting porous substrates by preventing the penetration of water.

D. STANDARDS AND REQUIREMENTS

D.1 Except as provided in Subsections D.2, D.5 and D.6, a person shall not sell, offer for sale or apply any architectural coating which, at the time of sale or manufacture:
a. Contains more than 250 grams of VOC per liter of coating as applied excluding water, exempt organic compounds and colorant added to tint bases; or
b. is recommended for use as a bituminous pavement sealer unless it is an emulsion-type coating.
D.2 Except as provided in subsections D5 and D6 a person shall not sell, offer for sale or apply any nonflat architectural coating which, at the time of sale or manufacture, contains more than 250 grams of VOC per liter of coating as applied excluding water, exempt organic compounds and colorant added to tint bases.
D.3 Containers for all coatings subject to the requirements of Subsections D.1, and D.5 shall display the date of manufacture of the contents or a code indicating the date of manufacture. The manufacturers of such coatings shall file with the Air Pollution Control Officer and the Executive Officer of the California Air Resources Board, an explanation of each code.
D.4 Containers for all coatings subject to the requirements of Subsections D.1, D.2 and D.5 shall carry a statement of the manufacturer's recommendation regarding thinning of the coating. This recommendation shall not apply to the thinning of architectural coatings with water. The recommendation shall specify that the coating is to be employed without thinning or diluting under normal environmental and application conditions unless any thinning recommended on the label for normal environmental and application conditions does not cause a coating to exceed its applicable standard.
D.5 Except as provided in Subsection D.6 a person shall not sell, offer for sale or apply any architectural specialty coating which, at the time of sale or manufacture, exceeds the following limits (expressed as grams of VOC per liter of coating as applied, excluding water, exempt organic compounds and colorant added to tint bases):

If anywhere on the specialty coating container, or any sticker or label affixed thereto, or in any sales or advertising literature, any indication is given that the specialty coating may be used or is suitable for use of any purpose other than those specifically provided for in this sub-section, then the limits provided for in this subsection shall not apply. Rather, the limits provided for in subsection D.1 and D.2 shall apply.
D.6 A person shall not sell, offer for sale or apply any low-solids stains and wood preservatives which, at the time of sale or manufacture, exceeds 120 grams of VOC per liter of coating as applied excluding colorant added to tint bases.
D.7 In any instance where more than one set of standards set forth in Section D may be applied, the most restrictive standard shall apply.
D.8 All VOC-containing materials shall be stored in closed containers when not in use.


E. TEST METHODS

E.1 Measurement of volatile organic compounds in architectural coatings shall be conducted and reported in accordance with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Method 24 (40 CFR 60, Appendix A).
E.2 Measurement of Exempt Organic Compounds in architectural coatings shall be conducted and reported in accordance with California Air Resources Board Method 432 or ASTM Method D4457-85.
E.3 Fire Retardant Coatings shall be tested in accordance with ASTM Method E-84-87.
E.4 Measurement of gloss content in non-flat architectural coatings shall be conducted and reported in accorance with ASTM Method D-523.