GBUAPCD RULE 1202 DEFINITIONS          
LAST REVISED 11/11/11
          
          
           1202  Definitions.
          Terms used but not defined in this rule shall have the meaning
          given them by the CAA, titles 23 and 49 U.S.C., other
          Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations, other DOT
          regulations, or other State or local air quality or
          transportation rules, in that order of priority.

          Applicable implementation plan is defined in  302(q) of the CAA
          and means the portion (or portions) of the implementation plan,
          or most recent revision thereof, which has been approved under
           110, or promulgated under  110(c), or promulgated or approved
          pursuant to regulations promulgated under  301(d) and which
          implements the relevant requirements of the CAA.

          CAA means the Clean Air Act, as amended.

          Cause or contribute to a new violation for a project means:

          (1)  To cause or contribute to a new violation of a standard in
               the area substantially affected by the project or over a
               region which would otherwise not be in violation of the
               standard during the future period in question, if the
               project were not implemented, or
          (2)  To contribute to a new violation in a manner that would
               increase the frequency or severity of a new violation of a
               standard in such area.

          Consultation means that one party confers with another identified
          party, provides all appropriate information to that party needed
          for meaningful input, and, prior to taking any action, considers
          the views of that party and (except with respect to those actions
          for which only notification is required and those actions subject
          to  1206(b)(7), 1206(c)(1)(vii), and responds to those views in
          a timely, substantive written manner prior to any final decision
          on such action.  Such views and written response shall be made
          part of the record of any decision or action.

          Control strategy implementation plan revision is the applicable
          implementation plan which contains specific strategies for
          controlling the emissions of and reducing ambient levels of
          pollutants in order to satisfy CAA requirements for
          demonstrations of reasonable further progress and attainment (CAA
           182(b)(1), 182(c)(2)(A), 182(c)(2)(B), 187(a)(7),
          189(a)(1)(B), and 189(b)(1)(A); and  192(a) and 192(b), for
          nitrogen dioxide).

          Control strategy period with respect to particulate matter less
          than 10 microns in diameter (PM10), carbon monoxide (CO),
          nitrogen dioxide (NO2), or ozone precursors (volatile organic
          compounds (VOC) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx)), means that period
          of time after EPA approves control strategy implementation plan
          revisions containing strategies for controlling PM10, NO2, CO, or
          ozone, as appropriate.  This period ends when the State submits
          and EPA approves a request under  107(d) of the CAA for
          redesignation to an attainment area.

          Design concept means the type of facility identified by the
          project, e.g., freeway, expressway, arterial highway, grade
          separated highway, reserved right-of-way rail transit, mixed
          traffic rail transit, exclusive busway, etc.

          Design scope means the design aspects of a facility which will
          affect the proposed facility's impact on regional emissions,
          usually as they relate to vehicle or person carrying capacity and
          control, e.g., number of lanes or tracks to be constructed or
          added, length of project, signalization, access control including
          approximate number and location of interchanges, preferential
          treatment for high-occupancy vehicles, etc.

          DOT means the United States Department of Transportation.

          EPA means the Environmental Protection Agency.

          FHWA means the Federal Highway Administration of DOT.

          FHWA/FTA project, for the purpose of this rule, is any highway or
          transit project which is proposed to receive funding assistance
          and approval through the Federal-Aid Highway program or the
          Federal mass transit program, or requires Federal Highway
          Administration (FHWA) or Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
          approval for some aspect of the project, such as connection to an
          interstate highway or deviation from applicable design standards
          on the interstate system.

          FTA means the Federal Transit Administration of DOT.

          Forecast period with respect to a transportation plan is the
          period covered by the transportation plan pursuant to 23 CFR part
          450.

          Highway project is an undertaking to implement or modify a
          highway facility or highway-related program.  Such an undertaking
          consists of all required phases necessary for implementation.
          For analytical purposes, it must be defined sufficiently to: (1)
          connect logical termini and be of sufficient length to address
          environmental matters on a broad scope; (2) have independent
          utility or significance, i.e., be usable and be a reasonable
          expenditure even if no additional transportation improvements in
          the area are made; and (3) not restrict consideration of
          alternatives for other reasonably foreseeable transportation
          improvements.

          Horizon year is a year for which the transportation plan
          describes the envisioned transportation system in accordance with
           1207 of this rule.

          Hot-spot analysis is an estimation of likely future localized CO
          and PM10 pollutant concentrations and a comparison of those
          concentrations to the national ambient air quality standards.
          Pollutant concentrations to be estimated should be based on the
          total emissions burden which may result from the implementation
          of a single, specific project, summed together with future
          background concentrations (which can be estimated using the ratio
          of future to current traffic multiplied by the ratio of future to
          current emission factors) expected in the area.  The total
          concentration must be estimated and analyzed at appropriate
          receptor locations in the area substantially affected by the
          project.  Hot-spot analysis assesses impacts on a scale smaller
          than the entire nonattainment or maintenance area, including, for
          example, congested roadway intersections and highways or transit
          terminals, and uses an air quality dispersion model to determine
          the effects of emissions on air quality.

          Incomplete data area means any ozone nonattainment area which EPA
          has classified, in 40 CFR part 81, as an incomplete data area.

          Increase the frequency or severity means to cause a location or
          region to exceed a standard more often or to cause a violation at
          a greater concentration than previously existed and/or would
          otherwise exist during the future period in question, if the
          project were not implemented.
          ISTEA means the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
          of 1991.

          Maintenance area means any geographic region of the United States
          previously designated nonattainment pursuant to the CAA
          Amendments of 1990 and subsequently redesignated to attainment
          subject to the requirement to develop a maintenance plan under
           175A of the CAA.

          Maintenance period with respect to a pollutant or pollutant
          precursor means that period of time beginning when a State
          submits and EPA approves a request under  107(d) of the CAA for
          redesignation to an attainment area, and lasting for 20 years,
          unless the applicable implementation plan specifies that the
          maintenance period shall last for more than 20 years.

          Metropolitan planning organization (MPO) is that organization
          designated as being responsible, together with the State, for
          conducting the continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive
          planning process under 23 U.S.C. 134 and 49 U.S.C. 1607.  It is
          the forum for cooperative transportation decision-making.

          Milestone has the meaning given in  182(g)(1) and  189(c) of
          the CAA.  A milestone consists of an emissions level and the date
          on which it is required to be achieved.

          Motor vehicle emissions budget is that portion of the total
          allowable emissions defined in a revision to the applicable
          implementation plan (or in an implementation plan revision which
          was endorsed by the California Air Resources Board, subject to a
          public hearing, and submitted to EPA, but not yet approved by
          EPA) for a certain date for the purpose of meeting reasonable
          further progress milestones or attainment or maintenance
          demonstrations, for any criteria pollutant or its precursors,
          allocated by the applicable implementation plan to highway and
          transit vehicles.  The applicable implementation plan for an
          ozone nonattainment area may also designate a motor vehicle
          emissions budget for oxides of nitrogen (NOx) for a reasonable
          further progress milestone year if the applicable implementation
          plan demonstrates that this NOx budget will be achieved with
          measures in the implementation plan (as an implementation plan
          must do for VOC milestone requirements).  The applicable
          implementation plan for an ozone nonattainment area includes a
          NOx budget if NOx reductions are being substituted for reductions
          in volatile organic compounds in milestone years required for
          reasonable further progress.

          National ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) are those
          standards established pursuant to  109 of the CAA.

          NEPA means the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as
          amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

          NEPA process completion, for the purposes of this rule, with
          respect to FHWA or FTA, means the point at which there is a
          specific action to make a formal final determination that a
          project is categorically excluded, to make a Finding of No
          Significant Impact, or to issue a record of decision on a Final
          Environmental Impact Statement under NEPA.

          Nonattainment area means any geographic region of the United
          States which has been designated as nonattainment under  107 of
          the CAA for any pollutant for which a national ambient air
          quality standard exists.

          Not classified area means any carbon monoxide nonattainment area
          which EPA has not classified as either moderate or serious.

          Phase II of the interim period with respect to a pollutant or
          pollutant precursor means that period of time after December 27,
          1993, lasting until the earlier of the following:  (1) submission
          to EPA of the relevant control strategy implementation plan
          revisions which have been endorsed by the Governor (or his or her
          designee) and have been subject to a public hearing, or (2) the
          date that the Clean Air Act requires relevant control strategy
          implementation plans to be submitted to EPA, provided EPA has
          made a finding of the State's failure to submit any such plans
          and the State, MPO, and DOT have received notice of such finding
          of the State's failure to submit any such plans.  The precise end
          of Phase II of the interim period is defined in  1229 of this
          rule.

          Project means a highway project or transit project.

          Recipient of funds designated under title 23 U.S.C. or the
          Federal Transit Act means any agency at any level of State,
          county, city, or regional government that routinely receives
          title 23 U.S.C. or Federal Transit Act funds to construct
          FHWA/FTA projects, operate FHWA/FTA projects or equipment,
          purchase equipment, or undertake other services or operations via
          contracts or agreements.  This definition does not include
          private landowners or developers, or contractors or entities that
          are only paid for services or products created by their own
          employees.

          Regionally significant project means a transportation project
          (other than an exempt project) that is on a facility which serves
          regional transportation needs (such as access to and from the
          area outside of the region, major activity centers in the region,
          major planned developments such as new retail malls, sports
          complexes, etc., or transportation terminals, as well as most
          terminals themselves) and would normally be included in the
          modeling of a metropolitan area's transportation network,
          including at a minimum--

          (1)  all principal arterial highways,
          (2)  all fixed guideway transit facilities that offer an
               alternative to regional highway travel,
          (3)  any project that increases vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in
               the region by a statistically significant amount or will
               lead to an increase in emissions of more than 5% of the
               mobile sources emissions budget for the area or subarea,
          (4)  any project that will be associated with a statistically
               significant increase of vehicle trips per day,
          (5)  any project that is associated with an increase in emissions
               of PM10 of 250 pounds per day or more,
          (6)  any project that increases the capacity of any minor
               arterial or greater classification highway,
          (7)  any project that adds a new, or significantly modifies an
               existing, interchange or intersection in a manner that may
               increase emissions,
          (8)  any project that adds a lane (other than a turning lane in
               the vicinity of an intersection) to a minor arterial or
               greater classification highway,
          (9)  any project that changes facility alignment in a manner that
               may increase emissions on more than a local basis,
          (10) any change in facility classification or access
               classification of the facility that may be associated with
               an increase in emissions,
          (11) any project for the construction of a new facility that is a
               minor arterial or greater classification highway, and
          (12) any project that the State air quality agency identifies as
               having the potential to affect air quality on a regional
               basis.

          Rural transport ozone nonattainment area means an ozone
          nonattainment area that does not include, and is not adjacent to,
          any part of a Metropolitan Statistical Area or, where one exists,
          a Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the
          United States Bureau of the Census) and is classified under CAA
           182(h) as a rural transport area.

          Standard means a national ambient air quality standard.

          State project is any highway or transit project which is proposed
          to receive funding assistance [or approval] through any State or
          local transportation program.

          Statewide transportation improvement program (STIP) means a
          staged, multi-year, intermodal program of transportation projects
          covering the State [or the nonattainment area, attainment area,
          or maintenance area], which is consistent with the statewide
          transportation plan and metropolitan transportation plans, and
          developed pursuant to 23 CFR part 450.

          Statewide transportation plan means the official intermodal
          statewide transportation plan that is developed through the
          statewide planning process for the State, developed pursuant to
          23 CFR part 450.

          Submarginal area means any ozone nonattainment area which EPA has
          classified as submarginal in 40 CFR part 81.

          Title 23 U.S.C. means title 23 of the United States Code.

          Transit is mass transportation by bus, rail, or other conveyance
          which provides general or special service to the public on a
          regular and continuing basis.  It does not include school buses
          or charter or sightseeing services.

          Transit project is an undertaking to implement or modify a
          transit facility or transit-related program; purchase transit
          vehicles or equipment; or provide financial assistance for
          transit operations.  It does not include actions that are solely
          within the jurisdiction of local transit agencies, such as
          changes in routes, schedules, or fares.  It may consist of
          several phases.  For analytical purposes, it must be defined
          inclusively enough to: (1) connect logical termini and be of
          sufficient length to address environmental matters on a broad
          scope; (2) have independent utility or independent significance,
          i.e., be a reasonable expenditure even if no additional
          transportation improvements in the area are made; and (3) not
          restrict consideration of alternatives for other reasonably
          foreseeable transportation improvements.

          Transitional area  means any ozone nonattainment area which EPA
          has classified as transitional in 40 CFR part 81.

          Transitional period with respect to a pollutant or pollutant
          precursor means that period of time which begins after submission
          to EPA of the relevant control strategy implementation plan which
          has been endorsed by the California Air Resources Board and has
          been subject to a public hearing.  The transitional period lasts
          until EPA takes final approval or disapproval action on the
          control strategy implementation plan submission or finds it to be
          incomplete. The precise beginning and end of the transitional
          period is defined in  1229 of this rule.

          Transportation control measure (TCM) is any measure that is
          specifically identified and committed to in the applicable
          implementation plan that is either one of the types listed in
           108 of the CAA, or any other measure for the purpose of
          reducing emissions or concentrations of air pollutants from
          transportation sources by reducing vehicle use or changing
          traffic flow or congestion conditions.  Notwithstanding the
          above, vehicle technology-based, fuel-based, and maintenance-
          based measures which control the emissions from vehicles under
          fixed traffic conditions are not TCMs for the purposes of this
          rule.

          Transportation improvement program (TIP) means a staged, multi-
          year, intermodal program of transportation projects covering a
          metropolitan planning area which is consistent with the
          metropolitan transportation plan, and developed pursuant to 23
          CFR part 450.

          Transportation plan means the official intermodal metropolitan
          transportation plan that is developed through the metropolitan
          planning process for the metropolitan planning area, developed
          pursuant to 23 CFR part 450.

          Transportation project is a highway project or a transit project.