KERAPCD RULE 410-1 ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS
LAST REVISED 03/07/96

RULE 410.1

I. Applicability

II. Definitions

III. Exemptions

IV. Requirements

TABLE OF STANDARDS

(grams of VOC per liter of coating as applied, less water and exempt compounds, excluding any colorant added to tint bases.)

EFFECTIVE DATES

9/1/89 9/1/91 9/1/92 9/1/94 9/1/97
Below-Ground Wood Preservatives --- 600 350
Bond Breakers --- 350
Clear Wood Finishes:

Lacquer

Sanding Sealers

Varnish



680

350





550




350
Concrete Curing Compounds 350
Dry Fog Coatings -- 400
Enamel Undercoaters 350
Fire-Retardant Coatings:

Clear

Pigmented



--

--



650

350

Form-Release Compounds -- 250
Graphic Arts (Sign) Coatings -- 500
Industrial Maintenance Coatings:

Anti-Graffiti Coatings

High Temperature Industrial

Other



--

--

420



600

650



340

550

340





420
Magnesite Cement Coatings -- 600 450
Mastic Texture Coatings -- 300
Metallic Pigmented Coatings -- 500
Multi-Color Coatings -- 580 420
Opaque Stains 350
Opaque Wood Preservatives 350
Pre-Treatment Wash Primers -- 780 780 420
Primers, Sealers & Undercoaters 350
Quick Dry Enamels 400
Quick Dry Primers & Sealers -- 450
Roof Coatings 300
Semi-Transparent Stains 350
Semi-Transparent and Clear Wood Preservatives 350
Shellac:

Clear

Pigmented



--

--



730

550

Specialty Flat Products 400
Swimming Pool Coatings -- 650 340
Swimming Pool Repair and Maintenance Coatings -- 650 340
Traffic Paints:

Public Streets & Highways

Other Surfaces

Black Traffic Coatings



250

250

250

Waterproofing Mastic Coatings 300
Waterproofing Sealers 400

V. Administrative Requirements

VI. Compliance Schedule


KERAPCD RULE 410.1 ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS          
LAST REVISED 05/06/91
          
          
          RULE 410.1 Architectural Coatings - Adopted 4/18/72,
                     Amended 5/16/78, 1/9/79, 1/28/83, Renumbered 5/89,
                     Amended 5/6/91

          I.    Applicability

                This Rule is applicable to any person who supplies, sells,
                offers for sale, applies or solicits the application of any
                architectural coating, or who manufactures any
                architectural coating for use within the District.

          II.   Definitions

                A.  Appurtenances:  accessories to an architectural
                    structure, including, but not limited to; hand railings,
                    cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, fences, rain
                    gutters and down-spouts, window screens, lamp posts,
                    heating and air conditioning equipment, other mechanical
                    equipment, large fixed stationary tools and concrete
                    forms.

                B.  Architectural Coatings:  coatings applied to stationary
                    structures and their appurtenances, to mobile homes, to
                    pavements, or to curbs.

                C.  Below Ground Wood Preservatives:  coatings formulated 
                    to protect below-ground wood from decay or insect 
                    attack and which contain a wood preservative chemical
                    registered by the California Department of Food and
                    Agriculture.

                D.  Bituminous Coatings:  black or brownish coating
                    materials which are soluble in carbon disulfide, which
                    consist mainly of hydrocarbons, and which are obtained
                    from natural deposits or as residues from the
                    distillation of crude oil or of low grades of coal.

                E.  Bond Breakers:  coatings applied between layers of
                    concrete to prevent the freshly poured top layer of
                    concrete from bonding to the layer over which it is
                    poured.

                F.  Clear Wood Finishes:  clear and semi-transparent
                    coatings, including lacquers and varnishes, applied to
                    wood substrates to provide a transparent or translucent
                    solid film.

                G.  Concrete Curing Compounds:  coatings applied to freshly
                    poured concrete to retard the evaporation of water.

                H.  Dry Fog Coatings (Mill White Coatings):  coatings
                    formulated only for spray application such that over
                    spray droplets dry before subsequent contact with other
                    surfaces.

                I.  Enamel Undercoaters:  coatings which are designed to 
                    be applied to a new surface over a primer or over a
                    previous coat of paint in order to improve the seal,
                    provide better adhesion and make a smoother base for
                    non-flat coatings.

                J.  Exempt Compounds:  compounds identified as exempt 
                    under the definition of Volatile Organic Compounds, 
                    Subsection II.QQ.

                K.  Fire Retardant Coatings:  coatings which have a flame
                    spread index of less than 25 when tested in accordance
                    with ASTM Designation E-84-87, "Standard Test Method for
                    Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Material",
                    after application to Douglas Fir according to the
                    manufacturer's recommendations.
                
                L.  Form-Release Compounds:  coatings applied to a concrete
                    form to prevent the freshly poured concrete from bonding
                    to the form.  The form may consist of wood, metal, or
                    any material other than concrete.

                M.  Graphic Arts Coatings (Sign Paints):  coatings
                    formulated for and hand-applied by artists using brush
                    or roller techniques to indoor and outdoor signs
                    (excluding structural components) and murals, including
                    lettering enamels, poster colors, copy blockers, and
                    bulletin enamels.

                N.  High-Temperature Industrial Maintenance Coatings:
                    industrial maintenance coatings formulated for and
                    applied to substrates exposed continuously or
                    intermittently to temperatures above 400øF.

                O.  Industrial Maintenance Anti-Graffiti Coatings:  two-
                    component clear industrial maintenance coatings
                    formulated for application to exterior walls and murals
                    to resist repeated scrubbing and exposure to harsh
                    solvents.

                P.  Industrial Maintenance Coatings:  high performance
                    coating formulated for and applied to substrates in 
                    that are exposed to one or more of the following 
                    extreme environmental conditions:

                    1.  immersion in water, wastewater, or chemical 
                        solution (aqueous and non-aqueous solutions), or 
                        chronic exposure of interior surface to moisture
                        condensation;

                    2.  acute or chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic 
                        or acidic agents, or to chemicals, chemical fumes,
                        chemical mixtures solutions;

                    3.  repeated exposure to temperatures in excess of
                        250øF;

                    4.  repeated heavy abrasion, including mechanical wear
                        and repeated scrubbing with industrial solvents,
                        cleansers, or scouring agents; or

                    5.  exterior exposure of metal structures.

                Q.  Lacquers:  clear wood finishes or pigmented coatings
                    formulated with nitrocellulose or synthetic resins to
                    dry by evaporation without chemical reaction, including
                    clear lacquer sanding sealers.

                R.  Magnesite Cement Coatings:  coatings formulated for 
                    and applied to magnesite cement decking to protect 
                    the magnesite cement substrate from erosion by water.
                
                S.  Mastic Texture Coatings:  coatings formulated to 
                    cover holes and minor cracks and to conceal surface
                    irregularities, and applied in a thickness of at least
                    10 mils (dry, single coat).

                T.  Metallic Pigmented Coatings:  coatings containing at
                    least 0.4 pounds of metallic pigment per gallon of
                    coating as applied.

                U.  Multi-Colored Coatings:  coatings which exhibit more
                    than one color when applied and which are packaged in 
                    a single container and applied in a single coat.

                V.  Opaque Stains:  all stains that are not classified as
                    semi-transparent stains.

                W.  Opaque Wood Preservatives:  all wood preservatives not
                    classified as clear or semi-transparent wood
                    preservatives or as below-ground wood preservatives.

                X.  Pre-Treatment Wash Primers:  coatings which contain a
                    minimum of 1/2% acid by weight, applied directly to 
                    bare metal surfaces to provide necessary surface 
                    etching.

                Y.  Primers:  coatings formulated and applied to substrates
                    to provide a firm bond between the substrate and
                    subsequent coatings.

                Z.  Quick Dry Enamels:  Non-Flat coatings which comply with
                    the following:

                    1.  Shall be capable of being applied directly from 
                        the container by brush or roller when the ambient
                        temperature is between 60øF and 80øF.

                    2.  When tested in accordance with ASTM D 1640 they
                        shall:  set to touch in two hours or less, dry 
                        hard in eight hours or less, and be tack free in 
                        four hours or less by the mechanical method test.

                    3.  Shall have a 60ø dried film gloss of no less 
                        than 70.

                AA.  Quick Dry Primers and Sealers:  primers, sealers and
                     undercoaters which are intended to be applied to a
                     surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate
                     and subsequent coats and which are dry to the touch 
                     in one-half hour and can be recoated in two hours.
                     (ASTM 1640)

                BB.  Residential Use:  use in areas where people reside or
                     lodge including, but not limited to single and
                     multiple family dwellings, condominiums, mobile homes,
                     apartment complexes, motels, and hotels.

                CC.  Roof Coatings:  coatings formulated for application to
                     exterior roofs for the primary purpose of preventing
                     penetration of the substrate by water, or reflecting
                     heat and ultraviolet radiation.  Metallic pigmented
                     roof coatings which qualify as metallic pigmented
                     coatings shall not be considered to be in this
                     category, but shall be considered to be in the
                     metallic pigmented coatings category.

                DD.  Sanding Sealers:  clear wood coatings formulated for
                     and applied to bare wood to prepare it for sanding and
                     to seal the wood for subsequent application of
                     varnish.  To be considered a sanding sealer, a coating
                     must be clearly labelled as such.

                EE.  Sealers:  coatings formulated for and applied to a
                     substrate to prevent subsequent coatings from be
                     adsorbed by the substrate, or to prevent harm to
                     subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate.

                FF.  Semi-Transparent Stains:  coatings formulated to
                     change the color of a surface but not conceal the
                     surface.

                GG.  Semi-Transparent Wood Preservatives:  wood
                     preservative stains formulated and used to protect
                     exposed wood from decay or insect attack by the
                     addition of a wood preservative chemical registered 
                     by the California Department of Food and Agriculture,
                     which change the color of a surface but do not conceal
                     the surface, including clear wood preservatives.

                HH.  Shellacs:  clear or pigmented coatings formulated
                     solely with the resinous secretions of the lac beetle
                     (laccifer lacca), thinned with alcohol, and formulated
                     to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction.

                II.  Solicit:  to require for use or to specify, by written
                     or oral contract.

                JJ.  Specialty Flat Products:  self priming flat products
                     used only to perform one of the following functions:

                     repair fire; smoke or water damage; neutralize odors;
                     block stains; or coat acoustical materials without
                     affecting their acoustical abilities.

                KK.  Swimming Pool Coatings:  coatings formulated for and
                     used to coat the interior of swimming pools and to
                     resist swimming pool chemicals.

                LL.  Swimming Pool Repair Coatings:  chlorinated rubber
                     based coatings used for the repair and maintenance of
                     swimming pools over existing chlorinated rubber based
                     coatings.
                
                MM.  Tile-Like Glaze Coatings:  coatings which are
                     formulated to provide a tough, extra-durable coating
                     system, which are applied as a continuous (seamless)
                     highbuild film and which cure to a hard glaze finish.

                NN.  Traffic Coatings:  coatings formulated for and applied
                     to public streets, highways, and other surfaces
                     including, but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways,
                     and parking lots.

                OO.  Undercoaters:  coatings formulated and applied to
                     substrates to provide a smooth surface for subsequent
                     coats.

                PP.  Varnishes:  clear wood finishes formulated with
                     various resins to dry by chemical reaction or exposure
                     to air.

                QQ.  Volatile Organic Compound (VOC):  any compound
                     containing at least one atom of carbon except for 
                     the following exempt compounds:

                         Methane,
                         Carbon Monoxide,
                         Carbon Dioxide,
                         Carbonic Acid,
                         Metallic Carbides or Carbonates,
                         Ammonium Carbonates,
                         Methylene Chloride,
                         Methyl Chloroform (1,1,1-Trichloroethane),
                         CFC-113 (Trichlorotribluorethane),
                         CFC-11 (Trichlorofluoromethane),
                         CFC-12 (Dichlorodifluoromethane),
                         CFC-22 (Chlorodifluoromethane),
                         FC-23 (Trifluoromethane),
                         CFC-114 (Dichlorotetrafluoroethane),
                         CFC-115 (Chloropentafluoroethane),
                         HCFC-123 (Dichlorotrifluoroethane),
                         HFC-134a (Tetrafluoroethane),
                         HCFC-141b (Dichlorofluoroethane), and
                         HCFC-142b (Chlorodifluoroethane).

                RR.  Waterproofing Mastic Coatings:  weatherproof and
                     waterproof coatings which are formulated to cover
                     holes and minor cracks and to conceal surface
                     irregularities, and which are to be applied in
                     thickness of at least 15 mils.

                SS.  Waterproofing Sealers:  colorless coatings which are
                     formulated and applied for the sole purpose of
                     protecting porous substrates by preventing the
                     penetration of water and which do not alter surface
                     appearance or texture.
          
          III.  Exemptions

                The provisions of this Rule shall not apply to:

                A.  Architectural coatings manufactured for use outside 
                    the District or for shipment to other manufacturers 
                    for repackaging.

                B.  Architectural coatings supplied in and applied from
                    containers having capacities of one liter (1.1 quarts)
                    or less.

                C.  Architectural coatings sold in non-refillable aerosol
                    containers having capacities of one liter (1.1 quarts)
                    or less.

                D.  Architectural coatings recommended by the manufacturer
                    for use solely as emulsion-type bituminous pavement
                    sealers.

                E.  Sale of a coating manufactured prior to the effective
                    date of the corresponding standard in the
                    Subsection IV.B, Table of Standards, and not complying
                    with that standard, shall not constitute a violation 
                    of Subsection IV.B until three years after the 
                    effective date of the standard, nor shall application 
                    of such a coating.

          IV.   Requirements

                A.  Except as provided in Subsections IV.B and IV.C, no
                    person shall supply, sell, solicit, offer for sale, or
                    apply any architectural coating which, at the time of
                    sale or manufacture, contains more than 250 grams of
                    volatile organic compounds per liter of coating (less
                    water and exempt compounds, and excluding any colorant
                    added to tint bases), or manufacture, blend, or
                    repackage such a coating for use within the District.

                B.  Specialty Coating Limitations: Except as provided in
                    Subsection IV.C, no person shall sell, solicit, offer
                    for sale, or apply any architectural coating listed in
                    the Table of Standards, nor manufacture, blend, or
                    repackage such coating for use within the District,
                    which contains volatile organic compounds (less water
                    and exempt compounds, excluding any colorant added to
                    tint bases) in excess of the specified limits after the
                    corresponding date listed below.
                                  
                                  TABLE OF STANDARDS

            (grams of VOC per liter of coating as applied, less water and
            exempt compounds, excluding any colorant added to tint bases.)

                                   EFFECTIVE DATES

                                     9/1/89  9/1/91  9/1/92  9/1/94  9/1/97

          Below-Ground Wood            --      600     350
            Preservatives
          Bond Breakers                --      350
          Clear Wood Finishes:
            Lacquer                    680
            Sanding Sealers            --      550     350
            Varnish                    350
          Concrete Curing Compounds    350
          Dry Fog Coatings             --      400
          Enamel Undercoaters          350
          Fire-Retardant Coatings:
            Clear                      --      650
            Pigmented                  --      350
          Form-Release Compounds       --      250
          Graphic Arts (Sign)          --      500
            Coatings
          Industrial Maintenance Coatings:
            Anti-Graffiti Coatings     --      600     340
            High Temperature           --      650     550     420
              Industrial
            Other                      420     340
          Magnesite Cement Coatings    --      600     450
          Mastic Texture Coatings      --      300
          Metallic Pigmented Coatings  --      500
          Multi-Color Coatings         --      580     420
          Opaque Stains                350
          Opaque Wood Preservatives    350
          Pre-Treatment Wash Primers   --      780     780     420
          Primers Sealers &            350
            Undercoaters
          Quick Dry Enamels            400
          Quick Dry Primers & Sealers  --      450
          Roof Coatings                300
          Semi-Transparent Stains      350
          Semi-Transparent and
            Clear Wood Preservatives   350
          Shellac:
            Clear                      --      730
            Pigmented                  --      550
          Specialty Flat Products      400
          Swimming Pool Coatings       --      650     340
          Swimming Pool Repair and
            Maintenance Coatings       --      650     340
          Traffic Paints:
            Public Streets &           250
              Highways
            Other Surfaces             250
            Black Traffic              250
              Coatings
          Waterproofing Mastic         300
            Coatings
          Waterproofing Sealers        400

                C.  Special Coating Purpose:  If anywhere on the container
                    of any coating listed on the Subsection IV.B, on any
                    sticker or label affixed thereto, or in any sales or
                    advertising literature, any representation is made 
                    that the coating may be used or is suitable for use 
                    as a coating for which a lower VOC standard is 
                    specified in the Table or in Subsection IV.A or IV.B, 
                    then the lowest VOC standard shall apply.  This 
                    requirement does not apply to the representation of the 
                    following coatings in the manner specified:

                    1.  High-Temperature Industrial Maintenance Coatings,
                        which may be represented as metallic pigmented
                        coatings for use consistent with the definition of
                        High Temperature Industrial Maintenance Coatings;

                    2.  Lacquer Sanding Sealers, which may be recommended
                        for use as sanding sealers in conjunction with clear
                        lacquer topcoats;

                    3.  Metallic Pigmented Coatings, which may be
                        recommended for use as primers, sealers,
                        undercoaters, roof coatings, or industrial
                        maintenance coatings; and

                    4.  Shellacs, represented in any other manner.

                D.  Storage Requirements:  All VOC-containing materials
                    shall be stored in closed containers when not in use.
                    In use includes, but is not limited to: being accessed,
                    filled, emptied, maintained or repaired.

                E.  Cleanup Requirements:  A person shall not use volatile
                    organic compounds for the cleanup of spray equipment
                    unless equipment for collection of the cleaning
                    compounds and minimizing its evaporation to the
                    atmosphere is used.

          V.    Administrative Requirements

                A.  Labeling Requirements:

                    1.  Date of Manufacture:  Each container of any coating
                        subject to this Rule shall display the date on which
                        the contents were manufactured or a code indicating
                        the date of manufacture.  Each manufacturer of such
                        coatings shall file with the Control Officer and the
                        Executive Officer of the California Air Resources
                        Board, an explanation of each code.

                    2.  Thinning Recommendations:  Each container of any
                        coating subject to this Rule shall display a
                        statement of the manufacturer's recommendation
                        regarding thinning of the coating.  This 
                        requirement shall not apply to the thinning of 
                        architectural coatings with water.  The 
                        recommendation shall specify that the coating is 
                        to be employed without thinning or diluting under 
                        normal environmental and application conditions, 
                        unless the recommended thinning for normal 
                        environmental and application conditions does not 
                        cause a coating to exceed its applicable VOC 
                        standard.

                    3.  VOC Content:  Each container of any coating subject
                        to this Rule and manufactured after (one year from
                        the date of adoption) shall display the maximum VOC
                        content of the coating, as applied, and after any
                        thinning as recommended by the manufacturer.  VOC
                        content shall be displayed as grams of VOC per 
                        liter of coating (less water and exempt compounds, 
                        and excluding any colorant added to tint bases).  
                        VOC content displayed may be calculated using 
                        product formulation data, or may be determined 
                        using the test method in Subsection V.B.

                B.  Test Methods:

                    1.  Analysis of Samples:  VOC content of samples as
                        specified in this Rule shall be analyzed by EPA
                        Method 24 and analysis of halogenated exempt
                        compounds shall be analyzed by ARB Method 432.

                    2.  Determination of Emissions:  Emissions of VOC 
                        shall be measured by EPA Method 25, 25a, or 25b, 
                        as applicable, and analysis of halogenated exempt
                        compounds shall be analyzed by ARB Method 422.

                    3.  Metallic Content:  Measurement of metallic content
                        of Metallic Pigmented Coatings shall be conducted
                        and reported in accordance with South Coast Air
                        Quality Management District "spectrographic Method
                        for the Analysis of Carbon Dust and Carbon
                        Laminates", December, 1986.

                    4.  Acid Content:  Measurement of acid content of Pre-
                        Treatment Wash Primers shall be conducted and
                        reported in accordance with South Coast Air Quality
                        Management District "Laboratory Methods of Analysis
                        for Enforcement Samples, ASTM D1613-81 Standard Test
                        Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical
                        Intermediates used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and
                        Related Products", December, 1986.

          VI.   Compliance Schedule

                Distributors and users were to have been in compliance with
                this Rule by September 1, 1989 or by the date stipulated in
                Subsection IV.B. for specialty coatings.