MOJAVE DESERT AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT

RULE 1113 - ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS
(Adopted: 2/20/79; Amended: June 4, 1984; November 2, 1992)

(A) General

  1. Purpose: The purpose of this Rule is to limit the quantity of volatile organic compounds (VOC) in architectural coatings.
  2. Applicability: This rule is applicable to any person who supplies, sells, offers for sale, applies or solicits the application of any architectural coating within the Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District.
     
     

(B) Definitions

For the purposes of this rule, the following definitions shall apply:

  1. "Appurtenance" - Means an accessory to an architectural structure including but not limited to: hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, fences, rain gutters and down spouts, window screens, lamp posts, heating and air conditioning equipment, large fixed stationary tools, and concrete forms.
  2. "Architectural Coatings" - Any coatings applied to stationary structures and their appurtenances coated on site or in close proximity to the intended installed location, to mobile homes, to pavements, or to curbs.
  3. "Below Ground Wood Preservatives" - Coatings formulated solely for the purpose of protecting below ground wood from decay or insect attack and which contain a wood preservative chemical registered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture.
  4. "Bituminous Coatings" - Black or brownish coating materials, soluble in carbon disulfide, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons and which are obtained from natural deposits, or as residues from the distillation of crude oils or of low grades of coal.
  5. "Bond Breakers" - Coatings whose sole purpose, when applied between layers of concrete, is to prevent the freshly poured top layer of concrete from bonding to the substrate on which it is poured.
  6. "Concrete Curing Compounds" - Coatings whose sole purpose is to retard the evaporation of water from the surface of freshly cast concrete.
  7. "Dry Fog Coating" - Coatings which are formulated so that when sprayed, overspray droplets dry before falling on floors and other surfaces.
  8. "Fire Retardant Coatings" - Means a coating which has a flame spread index of less than 25 when tested in accordance with the current version of ASTM Designation E 84-87, "Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Material", after application to Douglas fir according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
  9. "Flat Coatings" - Coatings which register gloss less than 15 on a 85o meter or less than 5 on a 60o meter, or is labeled as a flat coating.
  10. "General Primers" - Coatings which are intended to be applied to a surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats.
  11. "General Sealers" - Coatings which are intended for use on porous substrates to protect the substrate, to prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate, or to prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate.
  12. "General Undercoaters" - Coatings which are designed to provide a smooth surface for subsequent coats.
  13. "Grams of VOC Per Liter of Coating, Less Water and Less Exempt Compounds" is the weight of VOC per combined volume of VOC and coating solids and can be calculated by the following equation:
        Grams of VOC per Liter of Coating, Less Water and Less Exempt Compounds =

        Where:

        Ws = weight of volatile compounds in grams

        Ww = weight of water in grams

        Wes = weight of exempt compounds in grams

        Vm = volume of material in liters

        Vw = volume of water in liters

        Ves = volume of exempt compounds in liters

  14. "Graphics Arts Coatings (Sign Paints)" - Coatings which are formulated for hand-application by artists using brush or roller techniques to indoor and outdoor signs and murals, including lettering enamels, poster colors, copy blockers and bulletin enamels, excluding structural components.
  15. "Industrial Maintenance Coating - Anti-Graffiti Coating" - means any two-component clear industrial maintenance coating formulated for, and applied to, exterior walls and murals to resist repeated scrubbing and exposure to harsh solvents.
  16. "Industrial Maintenance Coating - General" - Means a high performance coating which is formulated for, and applied to, substrates exposed to one or more of the following extreme environmental conditions:

    (a) Repeated (frequent) heavy abrasion, including mechanical wear and repeated (frequent) scrubbing with industrial solvents, cleaners, or scouring agents;

    (b) Immersion in water, wastewater or chemical solutions (aqueous and non-aqueous solutions), or chronic exposure of interior surfaces to moisture condensation;

    (c) Acute or chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic, acidic agents, chemical fumes, mixtures or solutions;

    (d) Repeated exposure to temperatures in excess of 250 degrees Fahrenheit; or

    (e) Exposed external metal structures.

  17. "Industrial Maintenance Coating - High Temperature" - Means any industrial maintenance coating which is formulated for, and applied to, substrates exposed continuously or intermittently to temperatures above 400 degrees Fahrenheit.
  18. "Lacquer" - Clear or pigmented coatings formulated with nitrocellulose or synthetic resins to dry by evaporation without chemical reaction and to provide a quick drying, solid protective film.
  19. "Magnesite Cement Coating" - Means any coating formulated for, and applied to, magnesite cement decking to protect the magnesite cement substrate from erosion by water.
  20. "Mastic Texture Coatings" - Coatings except waterproofing mastic coatings which are formulated to cover holes and minor cracks and to conceal surface irregularities, and is applied in a minimum thickness of 10 mils (dry, single coat).
  21. "Metallic Pigmented Coatings" - Means any coating containing at least 0.4 pounds of metal particles per gallon of coating, as applied.
  22. "Multi-colored Coatings" - Coatings which exhibit more than one color when applied and which are packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat.
  23. "Opaque Stains" - All stains that are not classified as semi-transparent stains.
  24. "Opaque Wood Preservatives" - All wood preservatives not classified as semi-transparent wood preservatives.
  25. "Pretreatment Primer (Wash Primer)" - Means any coating which contains a minimum of 0.5 percent acid, by weight, as applied directly to bare metal surfaces and provides surface etching.
  26. "Quick Dry Enamels" - Non-flat coatings which comply with the following:

    (a) Shall be capable of being applied directly from the container by brush or roller under normal conditions, normal conditions being ambient temperatures between 60oF and 80oF;

    (b) When tested in accordance with ASTM D 1640 they shall: set to touch in two hours or less, dry hard in eight hours or less, and be tack free in four hours or less by the mechanical method test; and

    (c) Shall have a 60oF dried film gloss of no less than 70.

  27. "Quick Dry Primers and Sealers" - Primers, sealers, and undercoaters which are intended to be applied to a surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats and which are dry to touch in one-half hour, and can be recoated in two hours, as determined under the current version of ASTM D 1640. The purpose of these coatings is:

    (a) to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats, or

    (b) to prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate, or

    (c) to prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate, or

    (d) to provide a smooth surface for subsequent coats.

  28. "Roof Coatings" - Coatings which are formulated for, and applied to, exterior roofs for the primary purpose of preventing penetration of the substrate by water, or reflecting heat and/or ultraviolet radiation. Metallic-pigmented coatings which qualify as metallic pigmented coatings shall not be considered to be in this category, but shall be considered to be in the metallic-pigmented coatings category. These coatings include bituminous roof and waterproof mastic coatings.
  29. "Sanding Sealer" - Means any clear wood coating formulated for, and applied to, bare wood for sanding and to seal the wood for subsequent application of varnish. A sanding sealer must be clearly labelled as such.
  30. "Semi-transparent Stains" - Coatings which are formulated to change the color of a surface but not conceal the surface.
  31. "Semi-transparent Wood Preservatives" - Wood preservative stains, including clear wood preservatives, which are formulated for the purpose of protecting exposed wood from decay or insect attack by the addition of a wood preservative chemical registered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture, and which are formulated to change the color of a surface but not conceal the surface.
  32. "Shellacs" - Clear or pigmented coatings formulated with natural resins (except nitro-cellulose resins), thinned with alcohol, and formulated to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction and are intended to provide stain blocking properties as well as a solid protective film.
  33. "Swimming Pool Coatings" - Coatings specifically formulated to coat the interior of swimming pools and to resist swimming pool chemicals.
  34. "Swimming Pool Repair and Maintenance Coating" - Means a chlorinated rubber-based coating used for the repair and maintenance of swimming pools over existing rubber-based coatings.
  35. "Traffic Coatings" - Coatings which are formulated to be applied to public streets, highways, and other surface including, but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.
  36. "Varnishes" - Clear coatings formulated with various resins to dry by chemical reaction on exposure to air.
  37. "Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)" - Are any volatile compounds containing at least one atom of carbon, except for the following exempt compounds:
        methane,

        carbon monoxide,

        carbon dioxide,

        carbonic acid,

        metallic carbides or carbonates,

        ammonium carbonate,

        1,1,1-trichloroethane,

        methylene chloride,

        trifluoromethane (FC-23),

        trichlorotrifluoroethane (CFC-113),

        dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12),

        trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11),

        chlorodifluoromethane (CFC-22),

        dichlorotetrafluoroethane (CFC-114),

        chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115)

        pentafluoroethane (HFC-125),

        tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134 and 134a),

        dichlorofluoroethane (HCFC-141b),

        chlorodifluoroethane (HCFC-142b),

        trifluoroethane (HFC-143a),

        difluoroethane (HFC-152a),

    and the following four classes of perfluorocarbon (PFC) compounds:

    (a) Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes;

    (b) Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations;

    (c) Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations; and

    (d) Saturated perfluorocarbons containing sulfur with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine.

  38. "Waterproofing Sealers" - Colorless coatings which are formulated for the sole purpose of protecting porous substrates by preventing the penetration of water; and which do not alter surface appearance or texture.
     
     

(C) Requirements

  1. GENERAL LIMIT - Except as otherwise provided in this Section (C), a person shall not manufacture, blend, repackage, supply, sell, offer for sale, apply, or solicit the application of, any architectural coating for use within the District which, at the time of sale or manufacture, contains more than 250 grams of VOC, per liter of coating (excluding water and exempt solvents and any colorant added to tint bases). This limit is effective on and after March 1, 1993.
  2. SPECIFIED LIMITS - A person shall not manufacture, blend, or repackage for use or sale within the District, any architectural coating listed in the Table of Standards below, which contains VOC (excluding water, exempt solvents and any colorant added to tint bases), in excess of the corresponding limit specified in the following table, on and after March 1, 1993.

 

Table of Standards

COATING VOC (g/l)
Below Ground Wood Preservatives 600
Bond Breakers 350
Concrete Curing Compounds 350
Dry-Fog Coatings 400
Fire Retardant Coatings
  Clear 650
  Pigmented  350
Flat Coatings 250
General Primers, Sealers and Undercoaters 350
Graphic Arts (Sign) Coatings 500
Industrial Maintenance Coatings
  Anti-Graffiti Coatings 600
  General Coatings 420
  High Temperature Coatings 550
  Lacquer 680
  Magnesite Cement Coatings 600
  Mastic Texture Coatings 300
Metallic-Pigmented Coatings 500
Multi-Color Coatings 580
Opaque Stains 350
Opaque Wood Preservatives 350
Pretreatment (Wash) Primer 780
Quick Dry Enamels 400
Quick Dry Primers, Sealers and Undercoaters 450
Roof Coatings 300
Sanding Sealers 550
Semi-transparent Stains 350
Semi-transparent and Clear Wood Preservatives 350
Shellac
  Clear 730
  Pigmented 550
Swimming Pool Coatings 650
Swimming Pool Repair and Maintenance Coatings 650
Traffic Paints  250
For Other Surfaces  250
Black Traffic Coatings 650
Varnish 350
Waterproof Sealers 400
 
  1. ALTERNATIVE USE & MOST STRINGENT LIMIT - If anywhere on the container of any coating listed in the Table of Standards, on any sticker or label affixed thereto, or in any sales or advertising literature, any representation is made that the coating may be used as, or is suitable for use as, a coating for which a lower VOC standard is specified in Subsection (C)(1), then the lowest VOC standard shall apply. This requirement does not apply to the representation of the following coatings in the manner specified herein:

    (a) High Temperature Industrial Maintenance Coatings, which may be represented as metallic-pigmented coatings for use consistent with the definition of high temperature industrial maintenance coatings;

    (b) Lacquer Sanding Sealers, which may be recommended for use as sanding sealers in conjunction with clear lacquer topcoats;

    (c) Metallic-Pigmented Coatings, which may be recommended for use as primers, sealers, undercoaters, roof coatings, or industrial maintenance coatings;

    (d) Shellacs; and

    (e) Fire Retardant Coatings.

  2. IMPLEMENTATION OF PROHIBITION OF SUPPLY - A person shall not supply, ship or distribute any architectural coating, for use within the District, subject to the requirements of Subsection (C)(2) which contains VOC (excluding water, exempt solvents, and any colorant added to tint bases) in excess of the corresponding limits as specified in the Table of Standards in Subsection (C)(2) on or after the respective dates included in Table of Standards.
  3. IMPLEMENTATION OF PROHIBITION OF SALE - A person shall not sell, offer for sale, apply or solicit the application of any architectural coating, for use within the District, subject to the requirements specified in the Table of Standards in Subsection (C)(2), on and after March 1, 1993.
  4. IMPLEMENTATION OF PROHIBITION OF SPECIFICATION - A person shall not specify the use in the District of any coating to be applied to any architectural structure or appurtenance subject to the provisions of this rule that does not meet the limit and date requirements of the Table of Standards. The requirements of this paragraph shall apply to all written or oral contracts.
  5. LABELING REQUIREMENTS - A person shall not sell, offer for sale, or supply any architectural coating for use within the District:

    (a) Unless the coating container displays the date of manufacture of the contents, or a code indicating the dates of manufacture. The manufacturers of such coatings shall file an explanation of each code with the Air Pollution Control Officer and the Executive Officer of the California Air Resources Board, and;

    (b) Unless the coating carries a statement of the manufacturer's recommendation regarding thinning of the coating. This requirement shall not apply to the thinning of architectural coatings with water;

    (c) Unless the thinning recommended on the label for normal environmental and application conditions, would not cause the coating to exceed its applicable standard; and

    (d) Unless the coating container or top of the lid displays the maximum VOC content of the coating,* as applied, and displayed as grams of VOC per liter of coating (less water, exempt solvents and any colorant added to tint bases).

    * The VOC content displayed shall be calculated using product formulation data or be determined using the test method in Section (F) of this rule.

  6. STORAGE REQUIREMENTS The requirements of this Rule shall apply to any person using solvent for surface preparation, dilution of coating for application, and cleanup.

    A person shall store fresh or spent solvent and architectural coating products in closed containers.
     
     

(D) Exemptions

The provisions of Section (C) shall not apply to:

  1. Architectural coatings normally marketed only in containers having capacities of one liter or less;
  2. Emulsion-type bituminous pavement sealers.
     
     

(E) Administrative Requirements

  1. Rule 442 Applicability: Any coating, coating operation, or facility which is subject to this rule (1113) shall comply with the provisions of Rule 442 until such time as compliance with the limits specified in this rule (1113) are achieved.
  2. Any coating, coating operation, or facility which is exempt from all or a portion of the VOC limits of this rule (1113) shall comply with the provisions of Rule 442.

(F) Test Methods

The following specified test methods shall be used to determine applicable parameters, or such other equivalent method approved by the Air Resources Board and the Environmental Protection Agency.
 
 

  1. Analysis of Samples - VOC Determination:
     
     

    (a) Architectural coatings products, as specified in Section (C), and their diluent volatile organic compounds shall be analyzed as prescribed by EPA Reference Method 24 for VOC content (without correction for exempt compounds) and ASTM D4457-85, or ARB Method 432 for determination of content of exempt compounds.

    (b) Perfluorocarbon compounds shall be assumed to be absent from a product or process,

      (i) Unless a manufacturer or facility operator identifies the specific individual compounds (from the broad classes of perfluorocarbon compounds) and the amounts present in the product or process; and

      (ii) Provides a validated test method which can be used to quantify the specific compounds.

  2. Determination Of Metallics in Metallic Coatings: Determinations shall be made using SCAQMD Method 311-91 - "Determination of Percent Metal in Metallic Coatings by Spectrographic Method", as found in the SCAQMD document Laboratory Methods Of Analysis For Enforcement Samples (June 1991 edition).
  3. Acidity in Volatile Solvents and in Coating Compounds: Determinations of acid strength shall be made using ASTM method D1613-85.