MOJAQMD RULE 1116 AUTOMOTIVE REFINISHING OPERATIONS

LAST REVISED 06/22/94

(Adopted: March 2, 1992)(Amended: June 22, 1994)

Rule 1116

Automotive Refinishing Operations

(A) General

(1) Purpose: The purpose of this Rule is to limit the

emission of volatile organic compounds from the

finishing or refinishing of motor vehicles, mobile

equipment and their parts and components.

(B) Definitions

(1) "Additive" Any substance added in small quantities to

another substance in order to increase volume and/or

change the physical properties of the mixture.

(2) "Antiglare/Safety Coating" A coating which does not

reflect light.

(3) "Basecoat/Clearcoat System" A topcoat system composed

of a pigmented basecoat portion and a transparent

clearcoat portion. Basecoat/clearcoat systems' VOC

content shall be calculated according to the following

formula:

VOCbc + 2 VOCcc

VOC Tbc/cc = ---------------

3

Where: VOC Tbc /cc is the average of the VOC content

as applied in the basecoat (bc) and clearcoat

(cc) system.

VOCbc is the VOC content as applied of any

given basecoat.

2 VOCcc is two times the VOC content as

applied of any given clearcoat.

(4) "Catalyst" A substance whose presence

initiates/enhances the reaction between chemical

compounds.

(5) "Coating" Any material which is applied to a surface

and which forms a film in order to beautify and/or

protect such surface.

(6) "Color Match" The ability of a repair coating to blend

into an existing coating so that color difference is

not visibly detectable.

(7) "Electrostatic Application" The application of charged

atomized paint droplets which are deposited by

electrostatic attraction.

(8) "Extreme Performance Coating" Any coating used on the

surface of a Group II vehicle, mobile equipment or

their parts or components which during intended use is

exposed to any of the following conditions:

(a) Industrial grade detergents, cleaners, or abrasive

scouring agents.

(b) Extreme environmental conditions as determined by

the Air Pollution Control Officer during the

vehicle's principal use.

(9) "Final Stage Manufacture" Where an incomplete vehicle

chassis is delivered to a manufacturer for installation

of a truck body and/or components to form a completed

vehicle.

(10) "Finish" The coating of incomplete vehicles, their

parts and components, or mobile equipment for which the

original coating was not applied from an Original

Equipment manufacturer (OEM) plant coating assembly

line.

(11) "Grams of VOC per Liter of Coating Less Water and Less

Exempt Compounds" The weight of VOC per combined

volume of VOC and coating solids is calculated by the

following equation:

Ws - Ww - Wes

Gvoc = -------------

Vm - Vw - Ves

Where: Gvoc = Grams VOC/L of coating less water and

exempt compounds

Ws = weight of volatile compounds in grams

Ww = weight of water in grams

Wes = weight of exempt compounds in grams

Vm = volume of material in liters

Vw = volume of water in liters

Ves = volume of exempt compounds in liters

(12) "Graphic Design Application" The application of logos,

letters, numbers, and graphics to a painted surface,

with or without the use of a template.

(13) "Group I Vehicles" Public transit buses and mobile

equipment.

(14) "Group II Vehicles and Equipment" Passenger cars,

large/heavy duty truck cabs and chassis, light and

medium duty trucks and vans, and motorcycles.

(15) "High-Volume, Low-Pressure (HVLP) Spray" A coating

application method using pressurized air at a permanent

pressure of between 0.1 and 10.0 psig, not to exceed

10.0 psig, measured at the air cap of the coating

application system, and a permanent liquid coating

pressure of not more than 50.0 psig.

(16) "Large/Heavy Duty Trucks" Any truck having a

manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of over

10,000 pounds.

(17) "Lacquer" Any coating which dries primarily by

evaporation of the solvent and is resolvable in its

original solvent.

(18) "Light and Medium Duty Trucks and Vans" Any truck or

van having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating

of 10,000 pounds or less.

(19) "Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat" Any coating which

contains more than 5 g/L (.042 lb/gal) of metal or

iridescent particles, as applied, where such particles

are visible in the dried film.

(20) "Mobile Equipment" Any equipment which may be drawn or

is capable of being driven on a roadway, including, but

not limited to, truck bodies, truck trailers, utility

bodies, camper shells, mobile cranes, bulldozers,

street cleaners, golf carts, and implements of

husbandry.

(21) "Precoat" Any coating which is applied to bare metal

primarily to deactivate the metal surface for

corrosion resistance to a subsequent water-base primer.

(22) "Pretreatment Wash Primer" Any coating which contains

a minimum of 0.5 percent acid by weight, is necessary

to provide surface etching and is applied directly to

bare metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and

adhesion.

(23) "Primer" Any coating applied prior to the application

of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance

and adhesion of the topcoat.

(24) "Primer Sealer" Any coating applied prior to the

application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion

resistance, adhesion of the topcoat, color uniformity,

and to promote the ability of an undercoat to resist

penetration by the topcoat.

(25) "Primer Surfacer" Any coating applied prior to the

application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion

resistance, adhesion of the topcoat, and which promotes

a uniform surface by filling in surface imperfections.

(26) "Reducer" The solvent used to thin enamel.

(27) "Refinishing" Any coating of vehicles, their parts and

components, or mobile equipment, including partial body

collision repairs, for the purpose of protection or

beautification and which is subsequent to the original

coating applied at an Original Equipment Manufacturing

(OEM) plant coating assembly line.

(28) "Specialty Coatings" Coatings which are necessary due

to unusual job performance requirements. Said coatings

include, but are not limited to, adhesion promoters,

uniform finish blenders, elastomeric materials, gloss

flatteners, bright metal trim repair, and

antiglare/safety coatings.

(29) "Spot/Panel Repair" The non-assembly line process of

repairing and restoring a portion of motor vehicle to

pre-damaged condition.

(30) "Surface Preparation Solvent" Any solvent used

primarily for the conditioning of a surface to receive

a coating.

(31) "Three-stage Coating System" A topcoat system composed

of a pigmented basecoat portion, a semi-transparent

midcoat portion, and a transparent clearcoat portion.

Three-stage coating systems' VOC content shall be

calculated according to the following formula:

VOCbc + VOCmc + 2VOCcc

VOC T3-stage = ----------------------

4

Where: VOC T3-stage is the average of the VOC

content as applied in the basecoat, midcoat

and clearcoat system.

VOCmc is the VOC content as applied of any

given midcoat.

2 VOCcc is two time the VOC content as

applied of any given clearcoat.

VOCbc is the VOC content of the base coat,

as applied.

(32) "Topcoat" Any coating applied over a primer or an

original OEM finish for the purpose of protection or

appearance. For the purposes of this rule, base

coat/clear coat systems and three-stage coating systems

shall be considered jointly as a topcoat.

(33) "Touch-up Coating" A coating applied by brush or hand

held, non-refillable aerosol cans to repair minor

surface damage and imperfections.

(34) "Transfer Efficiency" The ratio of coating solids

adhering to the object being coated to the total amount

of coating solids used in the application process,

expressed as a percentage.

(35) "Volatile Organic Compound" Any compound containing at

least one atom of carbon, except:

methane,

carbon monoxide,

carbon dioxide,

carbonic acid,

metallic carbides or carbonates,

ammonium carbonate,

1,1,1-trichloroethane,

methylene chloride,

trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11),

dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12),

chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22),

trifluoromethane (HFC-23),

1,1,1- trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113),

1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethane

(CFC-114),

chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115),

2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123),

2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC 124),

pentafluoroethane (HFC-125),

1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134),

1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a),

1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b),

1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b),

1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a),

1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a),

and the following four classes of perfluorocarbon (PFC)

compounds:

(i) cyclic, branched, or linear, completely

fluorinated alkanes,

(ii) cyclic, branched, or linear, completely

fluorinated ethers with nounsaturations,

(iii)cyclic, branched, or linear, completely

fluorinated tertiary amines with

no unsaturations, and

(iv) saturated perfluorocarbons containing sulfur

with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine.

(C) Standards

(1) Limits Effective on the dates specified, any person

who applies coatings to Group I or II vehicles, mobile

equipment, their parts and components, shall comply

with Subsections (a) or (b) below:

(a) Group I Vehicles and Mobile Equipment: A person

shall not finish or refinish Group I vehicles and

equipment or their parts and components where

color match is not required, using any coating

with a VOC content in excess of the following

limits, expressed as grams of VOC per liter (or

pounds per gallon) of coating applied, excluding

water and exempt solvents, unless emissions to the

atmosphere are controlled to an equivalent level

by air pollution abatement equipment with combined

Capture Efficiency and Control Efficiency (less

exempted compounds) of the abatement device of at

least 85 percent, and which as been approved in

writing by the Air Pollution Control Officer:

SEPTEMBER 1, 1992 JANUARY 1, 1995

VOC VOC

Pretreatment Wash Primer 780 g/L (6.7 lbs/gal) 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal)

Precoat 780 g/L (6.7 lbs/gal) 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal)

Primer 340 g/L (2.8 lbs/gal) 250 g/L (2.1 lbs/gal)

Topcoat 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal) 340 g/L (2.8 lbs/gal)

Metallic/Irdscnt Topcoat 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal) 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal)

Extreme Performance 750 g/L (6.2 lbs/gal) 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal)

(b) Group II Vehicles: A person shall not refinish

Group II vehicles, their parts and components, or

Group I vehicles and mobile equipment where color

match is required, using any coating with a VOC

content in excess of the following limits,

expressed as grams of VOC per liter (or pounds per

gallon) of coating applied, excluding water and

exempt solvents, unless emissions to the

atmosphere are controlled to an equivalent level

by air pollution abatement equipment with a

combined Capture Efficiency and Control Efficiency

(less exempt compounds) of the abatement device

efficiency of at least 85 percent, and which has

been approved in writing by the Air Pollution

Control Officer:

SEPTEMBER 1, 1992 JANUARY 1, 1995

VOC VOC

Pretreatment Wash Primer 780 g/L (6.7 lbs/gal) 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal)

Precoat 780 g/L (6.7 lbs/gal) 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal)

Primer/Primer Surfacer 340 g/L (2.8 lbs/gal) 250 g/L (2.1 lbs/gal)

Primer Sealer 420 g/L (3.5 lbs/gal) 340 g/L (2.8 lbs/gal)

Topcoat 600 g/L (5.0 lbs/gal) 460 g/L (3.8 lbs/gal)

Metallic/Irdscnt Topcoat 600 g/L (5.0 lbs/gal) 540 g/L (4.5 lbs/gal)

(2) Lacquer Spot/Panel Repair Limits Effective (date of

adoption), a person shall not spot/panel repair Group

II vehicles with existing nitrocellulose or synthetic

lacquer finishes using lacquer coatings in excess of

the following limits, expressed as grams of VOC per

liter (or pounds per gallon) of coating applied,

excluding water and exempt solvents, unless emissions

to the atmosphere are controlled to an equivalent level

by air pollution abatement equipment with combined

Capture Efficiency and Control Efficiency (less exempt

compounds) of the abatement device of at least 85

percent, and which has been approved in writing by the

Air Pollution Control Officer:

VOC

Pretreatment Wash Primer 780 g/L (6.7 lbs/gal)

Precoat 780 g/L (6.7 lbs/gal)

Primer/Primer Surfacer 720 g/L (6.0 lbs/gal)

Primer Sealer 780 g/L (6.5 lbs/gal)

Topcoat 780 g/L (6.5 lbs/gal)

Effective September 1, 1992, a person shall not spot/panel

repair Group II vehicles with existing lacquer finishes

using any coating with a VOC content in excess of the

standards set forth in subsection (1)(a).

(3) Transfer Efficiency Effective September 1, 1992, for

all coatings, a person shall not apply any coating to

any Group I or II vehicles or mobile equipment or their

parts and components unless one of the following

methods is used:

(a) Electrostatic application equipment, operated in

accordance with the manufacturer's

recommendations;

(b) High Volume Low Pressure (HVLP) spray equipment,

operated in accordance with the manufacturer's

recommendations;

(c) Any other coating application which has been

demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Air

Pollution Control Officer to be capable of

achieving at least 65 percent transfer efficiency,

as per section (G)(3), and for which written

approval of the Air Pollution Control Officer has

been obtained.

(4) Prohibition of Specification No person shall solicit

or require for use or specify the application of a

coating on a Group I or II vehicle, mobile equipment,

or part or component thereof if such use or application

results in a violation of the provisions of this Rule.

The prohibition of this Section shall apply to all

written or oral contracts under the terms of which any

coating which is subject to the provisions of this rule

is to be applied to any motor vehicle, mobile

equipment, or part or component at any physical

location within the District.

(5) Prohibition of Sale On or after January 1, 1995, a

person shall not offer for sale or sell within the

District any coating if such product is prohibited by

any of the provisions of this rule. The prohibition of

this section shall apply to the sale of any coating

which will be applied at any physical location within

the District.

(6) Compliance Statement Requirement The manufacturer of

coatings subject to this rule shall include a

designation of VOC as supplied on data sheets;

including coating components, expressed in grams per

liter or pounds per gallon, excluding water and exempt

solvents.

(7) Surface Preparation and Cleanup Solvent The

requirements of this Section shall apply to any person

using solvent for surface preparation and cleanup.

(a) A person shall not use an organic compound(s), or

mixture thereof, (excluding exempt compounds) for

surface preparation with a VOC content in excess

of 200 grams per liter (1.67 pounds per gallon) of

material, as applied.

(b) A person shall use closed, non-absorbent

containers for the storage or disposal of any

applicator (including brushes, swabs, cloth or

paper) used for solvent surface preparation and

cleanup.

(c) A person shall store fresh or spent solvent in

closed containers.

(d) A person shall not use organic compounds for the

cleanup of spray equipment including paint lines

unless an enclosed system is used for cleanup.

The system shall enclose spray guns, cups,

nozzles, bowls, and other parts during washing,

rinsing and draining procedures. Equipment used

shall minimize the evaporation of organic

compounds to the atmosphere.

(8) Specialty Coatings A person shall not use any

specialty coating with a VOC content in excess of 840

g/L (7.0 lb/gal), excluding water and exempt solvents.

Use of all specialty coatings except antiglare/safety

coatings shall not exceed 5.0 percent of all coatings

applied, averaged on a monthly basis. The application

of topcoats with a specialty coatings used as an

additive shall be subject to the topcoat limits in

Section (C)(1)(a) or (C)(1)(b).

(9) Extreme Performance Coating Requirement Any person

seeking to use an extreme performance coating in any

coating operation which is subject to this rule shall

comply with the requirements of Section (E)(1).

(D) Exemptions

The provisions of this Rule shall not apply to:

(1) A facility which uses a total of less than one (1)

gallon of coating, including any VOC-containing

materials added to the original coating as supplied by

the manufacturer, subject to this Rule, in any one day;

or

(2) Surface coating operations that emit not more than 3

pounds of VOCs per day and not more than 200 pounds of

VOCs per calendar year.

(E) Administrative Requirements

(1) Extreme Performance Coating Petition Any person

seeking to use an extreme performance coating in any

coating operation which is subject to the provisions of

this rule shall comply with the following requirements:

(a) A petition shall be submitted to the Air Pollution

Control Officer stating the performance

requirements, volume of coating, and VOC level

which is attainable.

(b) If the Air Pollution Control Officer grants

written approval, such petition will be repeated

on an annual basis.

(c) If the Air Pollution Control Officer grants

written approval, such approval shall contain

volume and VOC limit conditions.

(d) Records must be maintained as in Section (F)(1).

(2) Rule 442 Applicability Any coating, coating operation,

or facility which is subject to this rule shall comply

with the provisions of Rule 442 until such time as

compliance with the limits specified in this rule are

achieved. Any coating, coating operation, or facility

which is exempt from all or a portion of the VOC limits

of this rule shall comply with the provisions of Rule

442.

(F) Monitoring and Records

(1) Coating Records Any person subject to Sections

(C)(1)(a) and (C)(1)(b) shall comply with the following

requirements:

(a) The person shall maintain and have available

during an inspection, a current list of coatings

in use which provides all of the coating data

necessary to evaluate compliance, including the

following information separately for both Group I

and Group II vehicles, as applicable:

(i) additive, coating, catalyst, and reducer

used.

(ii) mix ratio of components used.

(iii)VOC content of coating as applied.

(b) The person shall maintain records on a daily basis

including:

(i) coating and mix ratio of components used in

the coating; and

(ii) quantity of each coating applied.

(c) The person shall maintain records on a monthly

basis showing the type and amount of solvent used

for cleanup and surface preparation.

(d) Such records shall be retained and available for

inspection by the Air Pollution Control Officer

for the previous 24 month period.

(G) Test Methods

The following specified test methods shall be used to

determine applicable parameters, or such other equivalent

method approved by the Air Pollution Control Officer or the

Executive Officer of the Air Resources Board.

(1) Analysis of Samples - VOC Determination Samples of

volatile organic compounds (less exempt compounds) as

specified in Sections (C)(1)(a) to (C)(1)(b) shall be

analyzed as prescribed by EPA Reference Method 24 for

VOC content (without correction for exempt compounds)

and ASTM D4457-85, or ARB Method 432 for determination

of emissions of exempt compounds. Perfluorocarbon

compounds shall be assumed to be absent from a product

or process unless a manufacturer or facility operator

identifies the specific individual compounds (from the

broad classes of perfluorocarbon compounds) and the

amounts present in the product or process and provides

a validated test method which can be used to quantify

the specific compounds.

(2) Determination of Emissions Emissions of volatile

organic compounds as specified in Sections (C)(1)(a) or

(C)(1)(b) shall be measured as prescribed by EPA

Reference Method 25A for determining VOC emissions and

control device efficiency, in combination with the

methods prescribed in the Federal Register (55 FR 26865

of June 29, 1990) for determination of capture

efficiency.

(3) Determination of Transfer Efficiency Transfer

efficiency as required by Section (C)(3)(c) shall be

determined by procedures as prescribed in the Federal

Register or as prescribed in the SCAQMD document "South

Coast Air Quality management District Spray Equipment

Transfer Efficiency Test Procedure for Equipment User,

May 24, 1989".

(4) Determination Of Metallics in Metallic Coatings

Determinations shall be made using SCAQMD Method 311-

91, "Determination of Percent Metal in Metallic

Coatings by Spectrographic Method", as found in the

SCAQMD document Laboratory Methods Of Analysis For

Enforcement Samples, the June 1991 edition.

(5) Acidity in Volatile Solvents and in Coating Compounds

Determinations of acid strength shall be made using

ASTM method D1613-85.

(6) Determination of Exempt Compounds Content

Determination of the Content of Exempt Compounds in

coatings or solvents or any diluents shall be by ASTM

method D4457-85.