PLACER COUNTY AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT
 
 
 
 
RULE 218 ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS
 
Adopted 6-19-79
(Amended 2-01-83, 5-20-85, 4-01-86, 2-09-95, 8-14-97)
 

 
 

100 GENERAL
 

101 PURPOSE: To limit the emissions of volatile organic compounds from architectural coating operations.
 

102 APPLICABILITY:

103 EXEMPTIONS:

200 DEFINITIONS
 

201 ANTENNA COATINGS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application to equipment and associated structural appurtenances that are used to receive or transmit electromagnetic signals.

202 ANTI-FOULING COATINGS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application to submerged stationary structures and associated equipment, to prevent or reduce the attachment of marine or freshwater biological organisms, including, but not limited to, coatings registered with the EPA under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136, et seq.) and non-toxic foul-release coatings

203 ANTI-GRAFFITI COATINGS: Clear or opaque high performance coatings specifically labeled as an anti-graffiti coating and formulated and recommended for application to interior and exterior walls, doors, partitions, fences, signs and murals, to deter adhesion of graffiti and to resist repeated scrubbing and exposure to harsh solvents, cleaners or scouring agents, used to remove graffiti.

204 APPURTENANCE: Any accessory to a stationary structure, whether installed or detached at the proximate site of installation, including, but not limited to: hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, elevators, doors, partitions, stairways, fixed ladders, catwalks, fire escapes, fences, rain-gutters and down spouts, window screens, lamp-posts, heating and air conditioning equipment, pipes and piping systems, other fixed mechanical equipment, large fixed stationary tools, and concrete forms.

205 ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS: Coatings recommended for and applied to, stationary structures and their appurtenances, to portable buildings, to pavements, or to curbs.

206 BELOW GROUND WOOD PRESERVATIVES: Coatings formulated to protect below- ground wood from decay or insect attack and which contains a wood preservative chemical registered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture.

207 BITUMINOUS COATING MATERIALS: Coatings or mastics, formulated and recommended for roofing, pavement sealing, or waterproofing, that incorporate bitumens. Bitumens are black or brownish materials, including, but not limited to, asphalt, tar, pitch, and asphaltite that are soluble in carbon disulfide, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons and which are obtained from natural deposits or as residues from the distillation of crude petroleum oils, or of low grades of coal.

208 BOND BREAKERS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application between layers of concrete to prevent the freshly poured top layer of concrete from bonding to the layer over which it is poured.

209 CHALKBOARD RESURFACERS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application to chalkboards to restore a suitable surface for writing with chalk.

210 CLEAR COATINGS : Coatings that produce a dry film that allows light to pass through, so that the substrate may be distinctly seen.

211 CLEAR AND SEMITRANSPARENT WOOD PRESERVATIVES: Coatings that are formulated and recommended to protect exposed wood from decay or insect attack. They are registered with the California Department of Food and Agriculture, and may change the color of the substrate but not conceal the substrate.

212 COATING: A material used to apply a protective, decorative or functional film to a surface, and/or the resulting film after completion of the application.

213 CONCRETE CURING COMPOUNDS: Coatings applied to freshly poured concrete to retard the evaporation of water.

214 CONCRETE PROTECTIVE COATINGS: High-build coatings formulated and recommended for application in a single coat over concrete, plaster, or other cementitious surfaces. These coatings are formulated to be primerless, one-coat systems that can be applied over form oils and/or uncured concrete. These coatings prevent spalling of concrete in freezing temperatures by providing long-term protection from water and chloride ion intrusion.

215 DRY FOG COATINGS (MILL WHITE COATINGS): Coatings formulated only for spray application such that overspray droplets dry before subsequent contact with other surfaces.

216 EXEMPT COMPOUNDS: (For the purpose of this Rule, exempt compounds are as defined in Rule 102, Definitions)

217 EXTREME HIGH DURABILITY COATINGS: Air-dry fluoropolymer-based coating that is formulated and recommended for the protection of architectural subsections and that meets the weathering requirements of the American Architectural Manufacturer's Association specification 605.2, Section 7.9.

218 FIRE RETARDANT/RESISTIVE COATINGS: Clear or opaque coatings formulated and recommended to retard ignition and flame spread, or to delay melting or structural weakening due to high heat, that have been fire tested and rated by a certified laboratory for use in bringing buildings and construction materials into compliance with Federal, State, and local building code requirements.

219 FLAT COATINGS: Coatings not defined under any definition in this rule, and that register gloss less than 15 on an 85-degree meter, or less than 5 on a 60-degree meter, according to the method in Section 503.4

220 FLOOR COATINGS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application to flooring including, but not limited to, decks, porches, and steps, and that has a high degree of abrasion resistance.

221 FLOW COATINGS: Coatings used by electric power companies or their subcontractors to maintain the protective coating systems present on utility transformer units. (This material definition is not related to a coating method with the same name.)

222 FORM RELEASE COMPOUNDS: Coatings applied to a concrete form to prevent the freshly poured concrete from bonding to the form. The form may consist of wood, metal, or some material other than concrete.

223 GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF COATING AS APPLIED, EXCLUDING WATER, EXEMPT ORGANIC COMPOUNDS AND COLORANT ADDED TO TINT BASES: Calculated by using the following equation:
 

 

224 GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF MATERIAL: A measure of VOC content appropriate only for low solids stains or wood preservatives, and which is calculated by using the following equation:
 

225 GRAPHIC ARTS COATINGS (SIGN PAINTS): Coatings formulated for and hand-applied by artists using brush or roller techniques to indoor and outdoor signs (excluding structural components) and murals, including lettering enamels, poster colors, copy blockers, and bulletin enamels.

226 HEAT REACTIVE COATINGS: High performance phenolic-based coatings requiring a minimum temperature of 3750 F. to 4000 F. to obtain complete polymerization or cure. These coatings are formulated and recommended for commercial and industrial use to protect substrates from degradation and maintain product purity, when one or more of the following extreme conditions exist:

227 HIGH-TEMPERATURE COATINGS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application to substrates exposed continuously or intermittently to temperatures above 5000 F.

228 IMPACTED IMMERSION COATINGS: High performance maintenance coatings formulated and recommended for application to steel structures subject to immersion in turbulent, debris-laden water. These coatings are specifically resistant to high-energy impact damage caused by floating ice or debris.

229 INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE PRIMERS: Coatings which are intended to be applied to a surface prior to the application of an industrial maintenance topcoat, to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats.

230 INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE COATINGS: High performance architectural coatings including primers, sealers, undercoats and topcoats formulated for substrates in non-residential industrial, commercial, or institutional facilities (excluding offices and meeting rooms), and which are exposed to one or more of the following extreme environmental conditions:

231 INTERIOR COATINGS: Architectural coatings formulated and recommended for use in conditions not exposed to natural weathering.

232 INTERIOR CLEAR WOOD SEALERS: Low viscosity coatings formulated and recommended for sealing and preparing porous wood by penetrating the wood and creating a uniform smooth substrate for a finish coat of paint or varnish.

233 LACQUERS: Clear or pigmented coatings, including clear lacquer sanding sealers, formulated with nitrocellulose or synthetic resins to dry, by evaporation, without chemical reaction and to provide a quick drying, solid protective film.

234 LOW-SOLIDS STAINS AND LOW SOLIDS WOOD PRESERVATIVES: Stains and wood preservatives that contain one pound or less of solids per gallon (120 grams per liter) of material, when measured in accordance with Section 503.1, and for which at least half of the volatile component is water.

235 MAGNESITE CEMENT COATINGS: Coatings formulated for and recommended for application to magnesite cement decking to protect the magnesite cement substrate from erosion by water.

236 MASTIC TEXTURE COATINGS: Coatings formulated and recommended to cover holes, minor cracks, and conceal surface irregularities, and which are applied in a thickness of at least 10 mils (0.010 inches) dry single coat.

237 METALLIC PIGMENTED COATINGS: Non-bituminous coatings containing at least 0.4 pounds of metallic pigment per gallon (480 grams per liter) of coating including, but not limited to, zinc pigment.

238 MULTI-COLORED COATINGS: Coatings which exhibit more than one color when applied and which are packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat.

239 NON-FERROUS ORNAMENTAL METAL LACQUERS AND SURFACE PROTECTANTS: Clear coatings formulated and recommended for application to ornamental architectural metal substrates (bronze, stainless steel, copper, brass and anodized aluminum) to prevent oxidation, corrosion and surface degradation.

240 NON-FLAT COATINGS: Coatings that are not defined under any definition in this rule, and which register a gloss of 15 or greater on an 85-degree meter or 5 or greater on a 60-degree meter, according to the method in Section 503.4.

241 NUCLEAR COATINGS: Protective coatings used to seal porous surfaces such as steel or concrete that would be subject to intrusion by radioactive materials. These coatings must be resistant to long-term (service life) cumulative radiation exposure, relatively easy to decontaminate, and resistant to various chemicals to which the coatings are likely to be exposed. These characteristics are determined in accordance with the methods in Section 503.5. General protective requirements are outlined in the Department of Energy (formerly U.S. Atomic Energy Commission) Regulatory Guide 1.54.

242 OPAQUE COATINGS: Coatings that produce a dry film that does not allow light to pass through, so that the substrate is concealed from view, and/or the resulting films after completion of the application.

243 OPAQUE STAINS: Coatings labeled as stains and formulated and recommended to hide the surface but not conceal its texture.

244 OPAQUE WOOD PRESERVATIVES: Coatings formulated and recommended to protect wood from decay or insect attack that are not classified as a clear, semitransparent or below-ground wood preservative and that are registered with the EPA under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136, et seq.).

245 PRE-TREATMENT WASH PRIMERS: Coatings which contain at least 0.5 percent acid, by weight, applied directly to bare metal surfaces in thin films to provide corrosion resistance and to promote adhesion of subsequent topcoats.

246 PRIMERS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application to substrates to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats.

247 QUICK-DRY ENAMELS: Any non-flat coatings which have the following characteristics:

248 QUICK-DRY PRIMERS, SEALERS, AND UNDERCOATERS: Primers, sealers, and undercoaters which are dry to the touch in one-half hour and can be recoated in two hours when tested in accordance with the method in Section 503.6.

249 REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE THERMOPLASTIC COATINGS: Industrial maintenance coatings which have vinyl or chlorinated rubber as a primary resin and which are recommended solely for the repair of existing vinyl or chlorinated rubber coatings without the full removal of the existing coating system.

250 ROOF COATINGS: Non-bituminous coatings or non-thermoplastic rubber coatings formulated and recommended for application to exterior roofs for the primary purpose of preventing penetration of the substrate by water, or reflecting heat and reflecting ultraviolet radiation.

251 RUST PREVENTATIVE COATINGS: Coatings formulated and recommended for use in preventing the corrosion of ferrous metal surfaces in residential situations.

252 SANDING SEALERS: Clear wood coatings formulated and recommended for application to bare wood to seal the wood and to provide a coat that can be sanded to create a smooth surface. A sanding sealer that also meets the definition of a lacquer shall not be considered to be in this category, but shall be considered to be in the lacquer category.

253 SEALERS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application to a substrate to prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate; to prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate; to block stains, odors or efflorescence; to seal fire, smoke, or water damage; or to condition chalky surfaces.

254 SEMI-TRANSPARENT STAINS: Coatings formulated and recommended for application to substrates to impart a desired color without completely concealing the surface or its natural texture or grain pattern.

255 SHELLACS: Clear or pigmented coatings formulated solely with the resinous secretions of the lac beetle, Laciffer lacca. Shellacs dry by evaporation without chemical reaction and provide a quick-drying, solid protective film that may be used for blocking stains.

256 SOLICIT: To require for use or to specify, by written or oral contract.

257 SWIMMING POOL COATINGS: Coatings formulated and recommended to coat the interior of swimming pools and to resist swimming pool chemicals.

258 THERMOPLASTIC RUBBER COATINGS AND MASTICS: Coatings or mastics formulated and recommended for application to roofing or other structural surfaces and that incorporate no less than 40 percent by weight of thermoplastic rubbers in the total resin solids, and may also contain other ingredients including, but not limited to, fillers, pigments and modifying resins.

259 TINT BASES: Coatings to which colorant is added to produce a desired color.

260 TRAFFIC MARKING COATINGS: Coatings formulated and recommended for marking and striping streets, highways, and other traffic surfaces including, but not limited to, curbs, berms, driveways, parking lots and airport runways.

261 UNDERCOATERS: Coatings formulated and recommended to provide a smooth surface for subsequent coats.

262 VARNISHES: Clear or semi-transparent coating (excluding lacquers and shellacs) formulated to provide a durable, solid, protective film. Varnishes may contain small amounts of pigment to color a surface, or to control the final sheen or gloss of the finish.

263 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC): Any chemical compound containing at least one atom of carbon except for the Exempt Compounds listed in Rule 102, Definitions.

264 WATERPROOFING SEALERS: Colorless coatings applied to porous substrates for the primary purpose of preventing the penetration of water.
 

300 STANDARDS

301 VOC CONTENT LIMIT, GENERAL: Except as provided in Section 302 and 303, no person shall, within the District; supply, sell, offer for sale, apply, or solicit the application of; or, manufacture, blend or repackage for use within the District, any Architectural Coating which, at the time of sale or manufacture contains more than 250 grams of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) per liter of coating as applied, excluding water, exempt organic compounds and colorant added to tint bases. This VOC content is calculated in accordance with Section 223.

302 VOC CONTENT LIMIT, ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS: No person shall, within the District, supply, sell, offer for sale, apply, or solicit the application of; or manufacture, blend or repackage for use within the District, any Architectural Coating listed in Section 304, Table of Standards which, at the time of sale or manufacture, exceeds the VOC limit in the Table, as expressed in grams of VOC per liter of coating as applied, excluding water, exempt organic compounds, and colorant added to tint bases. Any listed coating categories in the Table of Standards which show a "TBD*" VOC limit shall be subject to the VOC limit in Section 301. This VOC content is calculated in accordance with Section 223.

303 VOC CONTENT LIMIT, LOW SOLIDS STAINS AND WOOD PRESERVATIVES: No person shall, within the District, supply, sell, offer for sale, apply, or solicit the application of; or manufacture, blend or repackage for use within the District, any Architectural Coating which is a Low Solids Stain or Low Solids Wood Preservative, and which, at the time of sale or manufacture, exceeds the VOC limit of 120 grams per liter of material, calculated in accordance with Section 224.

304 TABLE OF STANDARDS
 

COATING CATEGORY
GRAMS VOC PER LITER OF COATING AS APPLIED 
(EXCLUDING WATER, EXEMPT ORGANIC COMPOUNDS AND COLORANT ADDED TO TINT BASES)
ANTENNA COATINGS TBD*
ANTI-FOUL COATINGS TBD*
ANTI-GRAFFITI COATINGS 340
BITUMINOUS COATINGS & MASTICS TBD*
BOND BREAKERS 350
CHALKBOARD RESURFACERS 350
CONCRETE CURING COMPOUNDS 350
CONCRETE PROTECTIVE COATINGS TBD*
DRY FOG COATINGS 400
EXTREME HIGH DURABILITY COATINGS TBD*
FIRE RETARDANT/RESISTIVE COATINGS - CLEAR 650
FIRE RETARDANT/RESISTIVE COATINGS - OPAQUE 350
FLAT COATINGS - EXTERIOR 250
FLAT COATINGS - INTERIOR 250
FLOOR COATINGS TBD*
FLOW COATINGS TBD*
FORM RELEASE COMPOUNDS 250
GRAPHIC ARTS COATINGS (SIGN PAINTS) 500
HEAT REACTIVE COATINGS TBD*
HIGH TEMPERATURE COATINGS 420
IMPACTED IMMERSION COATINGS TBD*
INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE COATINGS 420
LACQUERS (INCLUDING LACQUER SANDING SEALERS) 680
MAGNESITE CEMENT COATINGS 450
MASTIC TEXTURE COATINGS 300
METALLIC PIGMENTED COATINGS 500
MULTI-COLORED COATINGS 420
NON-FERROUS ORNAMENTAL METAL LACQUERS & SURFACE PROTECTANTS TBD*
NON-FLAT COATINGS - EXTERIOR 250
NON-FLAT COATINGS - INTERIOR 250
NUCLEAR COATINGS TBD*
PRETREATMENT WASH PRIMERS 675
PRIMERS & UNDERCOATERS 350
QUICK-DRY ENAMELS 400
QUICK-DRY PRIMERS, SEALERS AND UNDERCOATERS 350
REPAIR & MAINTENANCE THERMOPLASTIC COATINGS 650
ROOF COATINGS 300
RUST PREVENTATIVE COATINGS TBD*
SANDING SEALERS (NOT LACQUER SANDING SEALERS) 350
SEALERS (INCLUDES INTERIOR CLEAR WOOD SEALERS) 350
SHELLACS - CLEAR 730
SHELLACS - OPAQUE 550
STAINS - CLEAR & SEMI-TRANSPARENT 350
STAINS - OPAQUE 350
SWIMMING POOL COATINGS 340
THERMOPLASTIC RUBBER COATINGS AND MASTICS TBD*
TRAFFIC MARKING COATINGS 250
VARNISHES 350
WATERPROOFING SEALERS & TREATMENTS - CLEAR 400
WATERPROOFING SEALERS & TREATMENTS - OPAQUE 400
WOOD PRESERVATIVES - BELOW GROUND 350
WOOD PRESERVATIVES - CLEAR & SEMI-TRANSPARENT 350
WOOD PRESERVATIVES - OPAQUE 350

*Any coating category with VOC limit TBD (To Be Determined), will be assigned a limit at a later date, concurrent with a future amendment of this rule, pending the adoption of National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Architectural Coatings. Until such time, any coating category listed above with a VOC limit of "TBD*", shall be subject to the VOC limit in Section 301..

305 STORAGE CONDITIONS: All VOC-containing materials shall be stored in closed containers when not in use. "In use" includes, but is not limited to, being filled, emptied, maintained or repaired.
 

400 ADMINISTRATIVE

401 LABELING REQUIREMENTS: The following labeling requirements shall apply to the extent not preempted by federal regulation:

402 VIOLATIONS: Failure to comply with any provision of this rule shall constitute a violation of this rule.
 

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 RECORDKEEPING: An owner or operator of a stationary source applying Architectural Coatings, and subject to this rule shall maintain coating product data pursuant to Section 501.1, and daily records of coating operations pursuant to Section 501.2.
 

502 RETENTION OF RECORDS: All records maintained pursuant to this rule shall be retained for at least two years from date of entry, with the exception that sources subject to the requirements of Rule 507, FEDERAL OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAM, shall retain records at least five years. Records shall be made available for inspection by the Air Pollution Control Officer upon request.

503 TEST METHODS