PLACER COUNTY AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT

RULE 206 - INCINERATOR BURNING
(Adopted 11-12-74; Revised 05-24-77, 12-19-78, 05-20-85, 02-04-92, 11-03-94)

100 GENERAL

101 APPLICABILITY: This rule applies to any incinerator which burns combustible or flammable waste or refuse-derived fuel.

102 EXEMPTION, BIOMASS BOILERS: This rule shall not apply to boilers which have a primary energy source of biomass consisting of a minimum of 75 percent of the total annual heat input and which are subject to the requirements of Rule 232, BIOMASS SUSPENSION BOILERS, or Rule 233, BIOMASS BOILERS.

103 EXEMPTION, CREMATORY INCINERATORS: This rule shall not apply to existing incinerators in operation on February 4, 1992 and which are exclusively crematoria of human or animal remains and are not modified or replaced.

104 EXEMPTION, EXISTING INCINERATORS: The operating requirments of Section 302 shall not apply to an existing incinerator for which an Authority to Construct was issued by the Air Pollution Control Officer before February 4, 1992.

105 EXEMPTION, MEDICAL WASTE INCINERATORS: This rule shall not apply to those incinerators which are subject to the requirements of Rule 906, AIRBORNE TOXIC CONTROL MEASURE - MEDICAL WASTE INCINERATORS.

106 EXEMPTION, RESIDENTIAL WASTE INCINERATORS: This rule shall not apply to the burning of wood waste from trees, vines, or bushes burned on the property where grown; or rubbish originating from a single or two family dwelling on its premises, provided that the requirements of Regulation 3 are met; nor to an incinerator used exclusively in connection with a structure designed for and used exclusively as a dwelling for not more than four families.

107 EXEMPTION, TREATMENT UNITS: This rule shall not apply to treatment units associated with aeration of contaminated soil, air stripping, and vapor extraction operations.
 

200 DEFINITIONS

201 ARB - State of California Air Resources Board.

202 BIOMASS - Any organic material not derived from fossil fuels, such as agricultural crop residues, bark, lawn, yard and garden clippings, leaves, silvicultural residue, tree and brush pruning, wood and wood chips, and wood waste, including these materials when separated from other waste streams. Biomass does not include material containing sewage sludge, industrial sludge, medical waste, hazardous waste, or radioactive waste.

203 CONTROL EQUIPMENT - Any device which reduces emissions.

204 DIOXINS - Dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans chlorinated in the 2, 3, 7, and 8 positions and containing 4, 5, 6, or 7 chlorine atoms and is expressed as 2, 3, 7, 8 tetrachlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxin equivalents using current California Environmental Protection Agency toxic equivalency factors.

205 EXCESS AIR - The air supplied in excess of that necessary to completely burn compounds.

206 INCINERATOR - Any furnace or other closed fire chamber used to dispose of combustible or flammable materials by burning and from which the products of combustion are directed through a flue, chimney, or smoke stack. For the purposes of this rule incinerators shall include boilers heated by the burning of waste, unless otherwise exempted in Section 100.

207 MULTIPLE-CHAMBER INCINERATOR - An incinerator consisting of three or more refractory lined combustion furnaces in series, physically separated by refractory walls, inter-connected by gas passage ports or ducts employing adequate design parameters necessary for maximum combustion of the materials to be burned.

208 MULTIPLE-CHAMBER STARVED-AIR INCINERATOR (or Controlled Air Incinerator) - An incinerator which is designed to burn waste in two independent chambers:

209 REFUSE-DERIVED FUEL - Treated or processed solid waste that is used as a fuel.

210 UNCONTROLLED EMISSIONS - The emissions measured from the incinerator at a location downstream of the last combustion chamber, but prior to any air pollution control equipment.

211 STOICHIOMETRIC AIR - An amount of air (theoretical combustion air) theoretically required for the complete combustion of compounds with total depletion of oxygen.

212 SUB-STOICHIOMETRIC AIR - An amount of air (theoretical combustion air) less than that required for the complete combustion of compounds.

213 WASTE - All discarded putrescible and nonputrescible solid, semisolid, and liquid materials, including garbage, trash, refuse, paper, rubbish, food, ashes, plastics, industrial wastes, demolition and construction wastes, equipment, instruments, utensils, appliances, manure, and human or animal solid and semi-solid wastes or remains.

214 WASTE CHARGING RATE - The amount of waste charged or fed into the incinerator per unit of time, usually expressed in terms of pounds per hour or kilograms per hour.
 

300 STANDARDS

301 EMISSION LIMITATIONS: No person shall operate an incinerator subject to this rule unless:

302 OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: No person shall operate an incinerator subject to this rule and not exempt under Section 102, unless control equipment is installed and used in a manner which has been demonstrated and approved by the Air Pollution Control Officer to meet the following requirements:

303 AUXILIARY FUEL: Auxiliary fuels shall be natural gas, liquified petroleum gas, or equivalent gaseous fuel.

304 ASH HANDLING: No person shall operate a waste incinerator unless the bottom ash, fly ash and scrubber residuals are handled and stored in a manner that prevents entrainment into ambient air.
 

400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE:

402 UPSET NOTIFICATION: Any violation, malfunction, or upset condition on the incinerator, the air pollution control equipment, or the continuous data recording system shall be reported to the District within 1 hour of occurrence or by 9:00 AM the next business day if the malfunction occurs outside normal business hours and the District does not maintain a radio room or an answering machine.

403 OPERATOR CERTIFICATION: No person shall operate a waste incinerator unless each individual who operates or maintains the incinerator obtains either a certificate of training in waste incineration issued by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers within nine months of the commencement of operation, or equivalent training as determined by the Air Pollution Control Officer. Copies of the training certificates for the operators and maintenance engineers shall be submitted to the District and the original certificates shall be available for inspection at the facility with the permit to operate.

404 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN: Any person using an emission control device as a means of complying with the emission limitations of Section 301 shall submit an Operation and Maintenance Plan with the application for Authority to Construct for the emission control device.

 

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 MONITORING: Any person operating an incinerator subject to this rule shall maintain a data recording system which provides for each day of operation continuous recording of:

502 DETERMINATION OF COMPLIANCE: For purposes of demonstrating initial or continued compliance with the emission limits of Section 301, any person operating an incinerator subject to this rule shall conduct the following source tests in the manner specified in Section 503:

503 TEST REQUIREMENTS

504 ALTERNATE TEST METHODS: Alternate test methods, may be used to demonstrate compliance with Section 301 in lieu of the specified test methods of Section 503 only if approved in writing by, both the Air Pollution Control Officer and the U.S. EPA. Such test methods may include EPA test methods specified in 40 CFR 60 Appendix A, required for sources subject to New Source Performance Standards.

505 RECORDKEEPING: Maintenance records shall be kept for the incinerator, control equipment, and monitoring equipment; and calibration records for the monitoring equipment.

506 DURATION OF RECORDS: All records maintained pursuant to this rule shall be retained for at least two years from date of entry, with the exception that sources subject to the requirements of Rule 507, FEDERAL OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAM, shall retain records at least five years. Records shall be made available for inspection by the Air Pollution Control Officer upon request.