PLAAPCD RULE 239 GRAPHIC ARTS OPERATIONS
LAST REVISED 11/03/94
                                   
                                   Adopted 11-03-94

                                       CONTENTS


          100  GENERAL

               101  APPLICABILITY
               102  EXEMPTIONS

          200  DEFINITIONS

               201  COATING
               202  CONTROL DEVICE
               203  CONVERTING OPERATION
               204  DOCTOR BLADE
               205  DRYING OVEN
               206  FLEXIBLE PACKAGING INDUSTRY
               207  FLEXOGRAPHIC PRINTING
               208  FOUNTAIN SOLUTION
               209  GRAPHIC ARTS OPERATIONS
               210  GRAVURE PRINTING
               211  INTAGLIO PRINTING
               212  LAMINATING OPERATIONS
               213  LETTERPRESS PRINTING
               214  LINE
               215  LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING
               216  NONHEATSET INK
               217  NONPOROUS SUBSTRATE
               218  OFFSET PRINTING
               219  PACKAGING GRAVURE PRINTING
               220  POROUS SUBSTRATE
               221  PRODUCTION UNIT
               222  PUBLICATION GRAVURE PRINTING
               223  SCREEN PRINTING
               224  SPECIALTY GRAVURE PRINTING
               225  VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOC)
               226  WEB
               227  WEB-FEED

          300  STANDARDS

               301  POROUS AND NONPOROUS SUBSTRATE REQUIREMENTS
               302  LOW-VOC INK, COATING, ADHESIVE, AND
                    FOUNTAIN SOLUTION REQUIREMENTS
               303  APPROVED EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
               304  SURFACE PREPARATION AND CLEANUP SOLVENTS
          400  ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

               401  COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE, LITHOGRAPHIC (INCLUDING OFFSET)
                    AND LETTERPRESS PRINTING OPERATIONS
               402  OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN
               403  COMPLIANCE STATEMENT REQUIREMENT

          500  MONITORING AND RECORDS

               501  USAGE RECORDS
               502  TEST METHODS
          
          
          
          
          100  GENERAL

               101  APPLICABILITY:  To limit the emission of volatile
                    organic compounds from graphic arts operations.  The
                    provisions of this rule apply only to facilities
                    located in the Sacramento Valley Air Basin portion of
                    Placer County, as defined by California Code of
                    Regulations, Title 17, Division 3, Chapter 1,
                    Subchapter 1.5, Article 1, Section 60106.

               102  EXEMPTIONS:

                    102.1This rule, with the exception of Section 501,
                         shall not apply to any graphic arts facility which
                         emits less than 660 pounds of volatile organic
                         compounds per calendar month from all graphic arts
                         operations, including surface preparation and
                         cleanup solvents, and excluding graphic arts
                         operations addressed in Section 102.2  Records
                         required by Section 501, shall be maintained by
                         all facilities to demonstrate their exemption
                         status.

                    102.2This rule, with the exception of Section 501,
                         shall not apply to graphic arts operations used
                         exclusively for research, laboratory analysis or
                         determination of product quality and commercial
                         acceptance, such as proof presses or other
                         proofing systems, provided that total VOC
                         emissions from all such equipment do not exceed
                         300 pounds per calendar month per facility.
                         Records required by Section 501, shall be
                         maintained by these facilities to demonstrate
                         their exemption status.

          200  DEFINITIONS

               201  COATING:  The application of a uniform layer of
                    material across the entire width of a substrate. Those
                    machines which have both coating and printing units are
                    considered to be performing a graphic arts operation.

               202  CONTROL DEVICE:  Equipment such as an incinerator or
                    adsorber used to prevent air pollutants from reaching
                    the ambient air.

               203  CONVERTING OPERATION:  Coating, waxing, laminating,
                    extrusion coating and printing, for fabrication of base
                    materials. The base materials are then used to produce
                    wraps, bags, and other preformed packages.

               204  DOCTOR BLADE:  A steel blade used to scrape excess ink
                    from a printing plate.

               205  DRYING OVEN:  An oven used to hasten the process of
                    drying printed or coated material.

               206  FLEXIBLE PACKAGING INDUSTRY:  Establishments that
                    convert materials consisting of light gauge papers,
                    plastic films, cellulosic films such as cellophane,
                    thin gauge metal sheets such as aluminum foil or steel
                    foil, and combinations thereof into a variety of
                    product packages.

               207  FLEXOGRAPHIC PRINTING:  A printing operation in which
                    words, designs, or pictures are applied to a substrate
                    by means of a roll printing technique in which a raised
                    pattern is applied to an image carrier made of rubber
                    or other elastomeric materials mounted on a steel
                    matting cylinder.  The image is then printed directly
                    from the raised pattern to the substrate.

               208  FOUNTAIN SOLUTION:  The solution applied to the image
                    plate to maintain the hydrophilic properties of the
                    nonimage areas and to keep the nonimage area free from
                    ink.
               209  GRAPHIC ARTS OPERATIONS:  Publication gravure,
                    packaging gravure, web-feed wallpaper screen printing,
                    specialty gravure, flexographic  printing operations,
                    lithographic printing operations, letterpress printing
                    operations, or any coating or laminating operation that
                    manufactures flexible packaging material for the
                    packaging industry.  Coating operations which are
                    performed by a machine having only coating units and no
                    printing units are not graphic arts operations.

               210  GRAVURE PRINTING:  An intaglio printing operation in
                    which the ink is transferred from minute etched wells
                    which comprise the image on a plate to the substrate
                    which is supported by an impression roller, with excess
                    ink removed from the plate by a doctor blade.

               211  INTAGLIO PRINTING:  A printing operation done from a
                    plate in which the image is etched or engraved into the
                    surface.

               212  LAMINATING OPERATIONS:  A process of composing two or
                    more layers of material to form a single multiple-layer
                    sheet by using adhesive as the bonding agent.

               213  LETTERPRESS PRINTING:  A printing operation in which
                    the image area is raised relative to the nonimage area
                    and the ink is transferred to the paper directly from
                    the image surface.

               214  LINE:  The minimum equipment which is required for the
                    application and/or curing of inks and/or coatings on a
                    substrate, including the ink and/or coating applicators
                    and heating oven(s) and associated ink and coating
                    mixing equipment.

               215  LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING:  A printing operation in which
                    the image and nonimage areas exist in the same plane.
                    The nonimage area is treated chemically so that only
                    the image areas will be printed onto the substrate.

               216  NONHEATSET INK:  An ink which dries primarily by
                    oxidation and absorption into the substrate without the
                    use of heat from dryers or ovens, used primarily in
                    lithographic and letterpress printing.

               217  NONPOROUS SUBSTRATE:  Any substrate other than paper or
                    paperboard, including but not limited to foil,
                    polyethylene, polypropylene, cellophane, metalized
                    polyester, nylon and polyethylene terephthalate
                    (mylar), but not including wood, metal, or ceramic
                    materials.

               218  OFFSET PRINTING:  A lithographic printing operation in
                    which the image area is transferred, or offset, to
                    another surface, and then printed onto the substrate.

               219  PACKAGING GRAVURE PRINTING:  A gravure printing
                    operation on paper, paperboard, foil, film or other
                    substrates which are to be used to produce containers
                    or packages.

               220  POROUS SUBSTRATE:  Paper or paperboard.

               221  PRODUCTION UNIT:  A ream of paper, consisting of 500
                    sheets of paper.

               222  PUBLICATION GRAVURE PRINTING:  A gravure printing
                    operation on paper which is subsequently formed into
                    books, magazines, catalogs, brochures, directories,
                    newspaper supplements or other publication material.

               223  SCREEN PRINTING:  A printing operation in which the
                    printing ink passes through a refined form of stencil
                    to a web or fabric.  The stencil openings determine the
                    form and dimension of the imprint.
               
               224  SPECIALTY GRAVURE PRINTING:  A gravure printing
                    operation for production of wall and floor covering,
                    decorated household paper products such as towels and
                    tissues, cigarette filter tips, vinyl upholstery, gift
                    wrap, and woodgrains.

               225  VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOC):  Compounds which
                    contain at least one atom of carbon, except for the
                    following compounds considered exempt from the
                    definition of VOC, whose presence shall be determined
                    in accordance with Section 502:
                    225.1Methane
                    225.2Carbon dioxide
                    225.3Carbon monoxide
                    225.4Carbonic acid
                    225.5Metallic carbides or carbonates
                    225.6Ammonium carbonate
                    225.71,1,1-trichloroethane
                    225.8Methylene chloride
                    225.92,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123)
                    225.10    2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-124)
                    225.11    Trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11)
                    225.12    Dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12)
                    225.13    1,1,1-trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-
                              113)
                    225.14    1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-2-chloro-2,2-
                              difluoroethane (CFC-114)
                    225.15    Chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115)
                    225.16    Pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)
                    225.17    1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134)
                    225.18    Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)
                    225.19    1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b)
                    225.20    1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b)
                    225.21    1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a)
                    225.22    Chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22)
                    225.23    Trifluoromethane (HFC-23)
                    225.24    Difluoroethane (HFC-152a)
                    225.25    The following four classes of perfluorocarbon
                              compounds:
                                   a.   Cyclic, branched, or linear,
                                        completely fluorinated alkanes.
                                   b.   Cyclic, branched, or linear,
                                        completely fluorinated ethers with
                                        no unsaturations.
                                   c.   Cyclic, branched, or linear,
                                        completely fluorinated tertiary
                                        amines with no unsaturations.
                                   d.   Sulfur-containing perfluorocarbons
                                        with no unsaturations and with
                                        sulfur bonds only to carbon and
                                        fluorine.

                    Perfluorocarbon compounds will be assumed to be absent
                    from a product or process unless a manufacturer or
                    facility operator identifies the specific individual
                    compounds (from the broad classes of perfluorocarbon
                    compounds) and the amounts present in the product or
                    process and provides a validated test method which can
                    be used to quantify the specific compounds.

               226  WEB:  A continuous sheet of substrate that is printed
                    on web-fed printing presses.

               227  WEB-FEED: An automatic system on a printing press which
                    supplies a web substrate to the printing unit.
          300  STANDARDS

               301  POROUS AND NONPOROUS SUBSTRATE REQUIREMENTS:  Any
                    person operating equipment for packaging gravure
                    printing, specialty gravure printing, wall-paper screen
                    printing, flexographic printing, lithographic printing,
                    letterpress printing, and any related coating or
                    laminating operations on porous or nonporous
                    substrates, including detergent packages, shall comply
                    with one of the following requirements:


                    a.   Use only low-VOC inks, coatings, adhesives, and
                         fountain solutions as specified in Section 302, of
                         this rule, or

                    b.   Install and operate on the line, an approved
                         emission control system pursuant to Section 303,
                         with a control device efficiency of at least 95
                         percent on a mass basis and an emission collection
                         efficiency of at least 70% on a mass basis, or


               302  LOW-V0C INK, COATING, ADHESIVE, AND FOUNTAIN SOLUTION
                    REQUIREMENTS: Any person choosing to comply with this
                    rule through the use of low-VOC inks, coatings,
                    adhesives, or fountain solutions shall comply with the
                    following requirements:


                    a.   Use only inks, coatings, or adhesives, which
                         contain, on an as-applied basis, 300 grams or less
                         of VOC per liter of material (2.5 pounds per
                         gallon), less water and compounds exempt from the
                         definition of VOC.  VOC content for inks,
                         coatings, and adhesives shall be determined using
                         the appropriate test method pursuant to Section
                         502, and the following equation:

                                        (Wm - Ww - Wex) / (Vm - Vw - Vex)

                         Where:    Wm  =  weight of all volatile compounds
                                         in grams or pounds

                                   Ww  =  weight of water in grams or
                                                pounds

                                   Wex =  weight of compounds exempt
                                          from the definition of VOC, in
                                          grams or  pounds

                                   Vm  =  volume of material in liters
                                          or gallons

                                   Vw  =  volume of water in liters or
                                         gallons

                                  Vex  =  volume of compounds exempt
                                         from the definition of VOC, in
                                         liters or gallons
                    b.   Use only fountain solutions which contain, on an
                         as-applied basis, 116 grams or less of VOC per
                         liter of material.  VOC content for fountain
                         solutions, as well as makeup solvents and surface
                         preparation and cleanup solvents, shall be
                         determined using the appropriate test method
                         pursuant to Section 502, and the following
                         equation:

                                        (Wm - Ww - Wex) / (Vm)

                         Where:    Wm  =  weight of all volatile compounds
                                   in grams or pounds

                                        Ww  =  weight of water in grams or
                                        
                                        pounds

                                        Wex  =  weight of compounds exempt
                                        from the definition of VOC, in
                                        grams or pounds

                                        Vm   =  volume of material in
                                        liters or gallons

               303  APPROVED EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS:  A
                    system for reducing emissions of volatile organic
                    compounds, approved by the Air Pollution Control
                    Officer, and which satisfies the following conditions:

                    a.   It includes a control device and collection system
                         designed and operated to achieve the efficiencies
                         specified in Section 301.B, at all times during
                         normal operation of the line being controlled; and

                    b.   It includes a collection system which vents all
                         drying oven exhaust to the control device.

               304  SURFACE PREPARATION AND CLEANUP SOLVENTS:  Any person
                    using surface preparation and cleanup solvents for
                    graphic arts operations shall comply with the following
                    requirements:

                    a.   That all Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)
                         containing materials are required to be stored in
                         closed containers.

          400  ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

               401  COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE, LITHOGRAPHIC (INCLUDING OFFSET)
                    AND LETTERPRESS PRINTING OPERATIONS:  Any person using
                    lithographic or letterpress printing operations shall
                    be in compliance with the requirements of this rule by
                    April 3, 1995.

               402  OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN:  Any person using an
                    approved emission control device pursuant to Section
                    303, as a means of complying with this rule, as
                    provided in Section 301, must submit, with the
                    application for Authority to Construct, pursuant to
                    Rule 501, General Permit Requirements, an Operation and
                    Maintenance Plan for the emission control device to the
                    Air Pollution Control Officer for approval.  Plans for
                    emission control devices installed as of November 3,
                    1994, if not previously submitted, must be submitted by
                    April 3, 1995, and receive approval of the Air
                    Pollution Control Officer.  The Plan shall specify
                    operation and maintenance procedures which will
                    demonstrate continuous operation of the emission
                    control device during periods of emissions-producing
                    operations.  The Plan shall also specify which records
                    must be kept to document these operation and
                    maintenance procedures.  These records shall comply
                    with the requirements of Sections 501.C, and 501.D. The
                    Plan shall be implemented upon approval of the Air
                    Pollution Control Officer.
               403  COMPLIANCE STATEMENT REQUIREMENT:  The manufacturer or
                    distributor of all inks, coatings, adhesives, fountain
                    solutions, makeup solvents, and surface preparation and
                    cleanup solvents which are sold for use in graphic arts
                    operations within the District shall include on product
                    data sheets a designation of both the as-supplied VOC
                    content (prior to any recommended dilution) and the as-
                    applied VOC content (based on any recommended dilution)
                    of each material.  The VOC content of inks, coatings,
                    and adhesives shall be given pursuant to Section 302.A.
                    The VOC content of fountain solutions, makeup solvents,
                    and surface preparation and cleanup solvents shall be
                    given pursuant to Section 302.B.

          500  MONITORING AND RECORDS

               501  USAGE RECORDS:  Effective April 3, 1995, any person
                    subject to this rule, including facilities claiming
                    exemption under Sections 102.1, and 102.2, shall comply
                    with the following requirements:

                    a.   The person shall maintain a current list of inks,
                         coatings, adhesives, fountain solutions, makeup
                         solvents (reducers, thinners), and surface
                         preparation and cleanup solvents which states the
                         VOC content of each, on an as-applied (press-
                         ready) basis.  The VOC content of inks, coatings,
                         and adhesives shall be given pursuant to Section
                         302.A.  The VOC content of fountain solutions,
                         makeup solvents, and surface preparation and
                         cleanup solvents shall be given pursuant to
                         Section 302.B.  For persons using graphic arts
                         materials exceeding the VOC limits specified in
                         Section 302, and using a control system pursuant
                         to Section 303, daily records shall be maintained
                         of the type and volume of graphic arts materials
                         used.

                    b.   For persons using graphic arts materials which
                         comply with the VOC limits specified in Section
                         302, records shall be maintained on a monthly
                         basis, showing the type and volume of inks,
                         coatings, adhesives, fountain solutions, and
                         makeup solvents used, and solvents or other
                         materials used for surface preparation, cleanup,
                         or ink, coating, or adhesive removal.

                    c.   Such records shall be maintained on-site for two
                         years and made available for review by the Air
                         Pollution Control Officer upon request.

                    d.   Records as required by the Operation and
                         Maintenance Plan in Section 402, shall be
                         maintained by the source on a daily basis.

                    e.   The records stipulated in Section 501.B, on a
                         daily basis, instead of monthly.  In addition, the
                         person shall maintain daily records of the number
                         of production units produced per day.

               502  TEST METHODS

                    a.   ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES:  Measurement of the volatile
                         content in adhesives, coatings, fountain
                         solutions, makeup solvents, surface preparation
                         and cleanup solvents, and all inks (except as
                         provided for in Section 502.B) shall be made in
                         accordance with EPA Method 24, or EPA Method 24A
                         for publication rotogravure inks.

                    b.   ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES, NONHEATSET POLYMERIZING
                         LITHOGRAPHIC OR LETTERPRESS INKS:  Measurement of
                         the volatile content shall be made in accordance
                         with EPA Method 24.  All components of the sample
                         must be weighed in the proper proportion into the
                         analysis container and mixed together, with the
                         mixture then being allowed to stand for at least
                         one hour, but no more than 24 hours, prior to
                         being oven-dried at 110 degrees C for 1 hour.
                    c.   DETERMINATION OF EXEMPT COMPOUNDS:  Exempt
                         compounds, as listed in Section 225, shall be
                         determined in accordance with ASTM D 4457-85 or
                         ARB Method 432.  If any of the perfluorocarbons
                         are being claimed as exempt compounds, the person
                         making the claim must state in advance which
                         compounds are present, and the EPA-approved test
                         method used to make the determination of these
                         compounds.

                    d.   DETERMINATION OF CONTROL DEVICE EFFICIENCY:
                         Control efficiency of control equipment shall be
                         determined in accordance with EPA Method 25.

                    e.   DETERMINATION OF COLLECTION SYSTEM EFFICIENCY:
                         Collection efficiency of the collection system
                         shall be determined in accordance with the U.S.
                         EPA protocols referenced in
                         40 CFR 52.741(a)(4)(iii).