SACRAMENTO METROPOLITAN AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT



RULE 107, ALTERNATIVE COMPLIANCE

Adopted 8-1-96
(Amended 9-5-96, 11-7-96, 3-6-97, 8-7-97, 6-4-98)


INDEX
100 GENERAL

101 PURPOSE
102 APPLICABILITY
103 SEVERABILITY
104 VIOLATIONS

200 DEFINITIONS

201 MATERIAL
202 OVERALL CONTROL EFFICIENCY
203 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC)

300 STANDARDS

301 ALTERNATIVE COMPLIANCE, GENERAL

400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 APPLICATION PROCESS
402 ACTION ON APPLICATION
403 CALCULATION PROCEDURE FOR EMISSION CREDITS NEEDED FOR COMPLIANCE

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 RECORDKEEPING
502 TEST METHODS


100 GENERAL


101 PURPOSE:

To provide an orderly procedure for the review of Authority to Construct and Permit to Operate applications for alternative compliance with applicable District Rules and Regulations by providing emission reduction credits, obtained from Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District Emission Reduction Credit Certificate 96-00415, to offset the emission increases resulting from noncompliance if needed. This rule shall not be used for the following:

101.1 Compliance with Best Available Control Technology requirements pursuant to Rule 202, NEW SOURCE REVIEW;
101.2 Compliance with Maximum Available Control Technology standards as described in 40 CFR Part 63;
101.3 Compliance with National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants as described in 40 CFR Part 61;
101.4 Compliance with New Source Performance Standards as described in 40 CFR Part 60;
101.5 To avoid penalties or enforcement actions by obtaining credits after the fact of noncompliance;
101.6 For netting out of NSR or PSD requirements pursuant to Rule 202, NEW SOURCE REVIEW and Rule 203, PREVENTION OF SIGNIFICANT DETERIORATION; or
101.7 To meet requirements for motor vehicle emissions standards, reformulated gasoline, clean fueled fleets, employer trip reduction programs, or vehicle inspection and maintenance programs as described in Title II of the Clean Air Act and Division 26, Part 5 of the Health and Safety Code.

102 APPLICABILITY:
This rule may be used by operations that are subject to the following District rules:

102.1 Rule 411, BOILER NOx;
102.2 Rule 450, GRAPHIC ARTS OPERATIONS for compliance timelines that are in effect after March 6, 1997;
102.3 Rule 451, SURFACE COATING OF MISCELLANEOUS METAL PARTS AND PRODUCTS for compliance timelines that are in effect after March 6, 1997;
102.4 Rule 452, CAN COATING;
102.5 Rule 456, AEROSPACE ASSEMBLY AND COMPONENT COATING OPERATIONS;
102.6 Rule 459, AUTOMOTIVE, TRUCK AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT REFINISHING OPERATION
102.7 Rule 460, ADHESIVES;
102.8 Rule 463, WOOD PRODUCTS COATING; or
102.9 Rule 465, POLYESTER RESINS.

[Note: Rules 459, 460, 463, and 465 have not been yet approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency into the State Implementation Plan (SIP). Approval of this rule into the SIP does not constitute automatic SIP approval of these rules.]

103 SEVERABILITY: If a court of competent jurisdiction issues an order that any provision of this rule is invalid, it is the intent of the Board of Directors of the District that other provisions of this rule remain in full force and affect, to the extent allowed by law.

104 VIOLATIONS: If a violation is found at a stationary source using credits to comply at any time during the compliance or reporting period, the stationary source may be cited with a violation for every day of the compliance or reporting period unless the stationary source establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that the violation did not occur on a given day of the reporting period in which case those days that the violation did not occur will not be cited.


200 DEFINITIONS:

201 MATERIAL: For purpose of this rule, material shall mean coating, primer, adhesive, and solvents including cleanup solvents.

202 OVERALL CONTROL EFFICIENCY: The ratio of the weight of the VOC removed by the emission control system, to the total weight of VOC emitted from the coating operation, both measured simultaneously, and can be calculated by the following equation:

 

203 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND(VOC): For the purposes of this rule, Avolatile organic compound@ has the same meaning as in Rule 101CGENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS. Volatile organic compounds may also be referred to as reactive organic compounds (ROC).


300 STANDARDS

301 ALTERNATIVE COMPLIANCE, GENERAL: Notwithstanding the emission limitations and/or control efficiency of the emissions control system specified in the applicable rules, the owners or operators of a stationary source may comply with applicable rules by using an air pollution control system that has been permitted pursuant to Rule 201, GENERAL PERMIT REQUIREMENTS and/or by providing emission reduction credits pursuant to this rule. The emission reduction credits may be obtained from Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District Emission Reduction Credit Certificate 96-00415. The need for emission reduction credits will be determined by the calculations in Section 403. If the excess emissions, calculated pursuant to Section 403, are greater than zero pounds per calendar quarter, then the emissions credits needed shall be determined using the following equations:

 


400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS


401 APPLICATION PROCESS: The owner or operator of a stationary source requesting alternative compliance pursuant to this rule shall apply for an Authority to Construct in accordance with Rule 201, GENERAL PERMIT REQUIREMENTS and Rule 202, NEW SOURCE REVIEW and shall pay an application processing fee of $91/hour. The application shall contain all information required by Part E of the District's List and Criteria (adopted pursuant to Article 3, Sections 65940 through 65944 of Chapter 4.5 of Division I of Title 7 of the California Government Code).

402 ACTION ON APPLICATION: The application will be processed in accordance with the procedures in Rule 201, GENERAL PERMIT REQUIREMENTS and Rule 202, NEW SOURCE REVIEW.

403 CALCULATION PROCEDURE FOR EMISSION REDUCTION CREDITS NEEDED FOR COMPLIANCE: The owner or operator of the stationary source shall calculate the emission reduction credits needed by the stationary source for each calendar quarter in accordance with the following:

403.1

Calculation Procedure for Stationary Sources Subject to Rule 411, BOILER NOx:

The excess emissions shall be calculated as follows:


Where:
E = Excess NOx emissions (lbs/quarter)
EF1 = Noncompliant NOx emissions (lb-NOx/mmbtu input)
EF2 = Required NOx emissions (lb-NOx/mmbtu input)
U = Quarterly permitted fuel usage for the unit (mmbtu/quarter)

403.2

Calculation Procedure for Stationary Sources Subject to Rule 450, GRAPHIC ARTS OPERATIONS, Rule 451, SURFACE COATING OF MISCELLANEOUS METAL PARTS AND PRODUCTS, Rule 452, CAN COATING Rule 456, AEROSPACE ASSEMBLY AND COMPONENT COATING OPERATIONS, Rule 459, AUTOMOTIVE, TRUCK AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT REFINISHING OPERATIONS; Rule 460, ADHESIVES, Rule 463, WOOD PRODUCTS COATING, or Rule 465, POLYESTER RESINS: Use the following steps to calculate the total excess emissions for all noncompliant materials:

  1. Calculate the excess emissions for each noncompliant material as applied:
    1. Calculate the actual quarterly VOC emissions using the following equation:
      VOC1i = Gi * NCVOCi
      where:
      VOC1i

      =

      The volatile organic compound emissions of the noncompliant material i (lbs-VOC/quarter).
      Gi

      =

      Volume of noncompliant material i, less water and exempt compounds, requested to be used per quarter (gallons/quarter). Gi excludes water and exempt compounds.
      NCVOCi

      =

      VOC content of the noncompliant material i (lbs-VOC/gal-material less water and exempt compounds).
    2. Calculate the actual quarterly volume of solids applied using the following equation:
      SOLIDi = Gi * NCSOLIDi
      where:    
      SOLIDi = Volume of solids in noncompliant material i (gals-solid/quarter)
      NCSOLIDi = Solid content of the noncompliant material i (gal-solid/gal-material less water and exempt compounds). Mathematically, NCSOLIDi=1 - (NCVOCi / SDENSITYi).
      SDENSITYi = Density of the VOC solvent in the noncompliant material i (lbs-VOC/gal-VOC) or use EPA default of 7.36 lbs/gal.
    3. Calculate the rule compliant quarterly VOC emissions using the following equation:
      VOC2i = RULEVOC/SOLIDi * SOLIDi
      where:
      VOC2i = The allowable volatile organic compound emissions for the noncompliant material i based on the limit specified in the applicable rule, (lbs-VOC/quarter).
      RuleVOC/SOLIDi = The allowable pounds of VOC per gallon of solid for the noncompliant material i based on the limit specified in the applicable rule, (lbs-VOC/gal-solid). Mathematically, RuleVOC/SOLIDi = RULEVOCi / [1 - (RULEVOCi / 7.36 lbs/gal)], where [1 - (RULEVOCi / 7.36 lbs/gal)] = gallon of solids per gallon of material less water and exempt compounds.
      RuleVOCi = The allowable VOC content for the noncompliant material i category as specified in the applicable rule (lbs-VOC/gal-material less water and exempt compounds).
    4. Calculate the excess emissions using the following equation:
      Ei = VOC1i * ( 1 - CEi ) - VOC2i
      where:
      Ei = The excess volatile organic compound emissions of noncompliant material i (lbs/quarter).
      Cei = Overall control system efficiency of noncompliant material i. If no control then Cei equals zero.
  2. Calculate the total excess emissions for all noncompliant material as applied:
    Etotal = 3 Ei
    where:
    Etotal = The sum of all excess volatile organic compound emissions from each material i (lbs/quarter).
403.3

The test methods listed in the following rules will be used to determine the excess emissions, as needed:

  1. Rule 411, BOILER NOx;
  2. Rule 450, GRAPHIC ARTS OPERATIONS;
  3. Rule 451, SURFACE COATING OF MISCELLANEOUS METAL PARTS AND PRODUCTS;
  4. Rule 452, CAN COATING;
  5. Rule 456, AEROSPACE ASSEMBLY AND COMPONENT COATING OPERATIONS;
  6. Rule 459, AUTOMOTIVE, TRUCK AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT REFINISHING OPERATIONS;
  7. Rule 460, ADHESIVES;
  8. Rule 463, WOOD PRODUCTS COATING; and
  9. Rule 465, POLYESTER RESINS.

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 RECORD KEEPING: In addition to the record keeping requirements specified in each rule listed in Section 102, the owner or operator of the stationary source shall maintain the following records:

501.1 For material application operations, the owner or operator of the stationary source shall maintain the following records:

501.2 For boilers, the owner or operator of the stationary source shall maintain a record of the fuel usage in therms per quarter or gallons per quarter whichever is applicable.

501.3 DURATION OF RECORDS: These records shall be maintained for a period of five years for stationary sources subject to Rule 207, TITLE V - FEDERAL OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAM and for three years for all other stationary sources, during which time they shall be made available to the Air Pollution Control Officer upon request.


502 TEST METHODS:

The test methods listed in the referenced rules in Section 102 shall be used as applicable.