SACAQMD RULE 459 AUTOMOTIVE, TRUCK AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT REFINISHING
LAST REVISED 09/05/96


RULE 459 AUTOMOTIVE, TRUCK AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT REFINISHING OPERATIONS

Adopted 12-7-95

(Amended 3-7-96, 9-5-96)


INDEX


100 GENERAL

200 DEFINITIONS



300 STANDARDS



400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS



500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

100 GENERAL

101 - PURPOSE: To limit the emission of volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere from automotive, truck, or heavy equipment finishing or refinishing as defined in this rule.

102 - APPLICABILITY: The provisions of this rule shall apply to the finishing or refinishing of Group I and Group II vehicles, their parts or components, as defined in this rule, and to the sale of coatings for finishing or refinishing of such vehicles, their parts or components, within the District. The provisions of Rule 441, Organic Solvents, shall not apply to such operations as specified in this section.

110 - EXEMPTION: AEROSOL CONTAINERS: The requirements of this rule shall not apply to aerosol paint products in non-refillable aerosol containers having a capacity of one liter (1.1 quarts) or less.

111 - EXEMPTION: STENCIL COATINGS: The requirements of this rule shall not apply to the application of stencil coatings, as defined in Section 233 of this rule.

112 - SEVERABILITY: If any section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or portion of this rule is, for any reason, held invalid, unconstitutional, or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed as a separate, distinct, and independent provision, and such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions thereof.


200 DEFINITIONS

201 - ADHESION PROMOTER: Any coating applied over both an existing non-sanded topcoat and the coated area immediately adjacent to the non-sanded topcoat, to promote the adhesion of a subsequent topcoat. No topcoat, primer, primer sealer, or primer surfacer shall be classified as an adhesion promoter.

202 - AEROSOL PAINT PRODUCT: A mixture of resins, pigments, liquid solvents and gaseous propellants, packaged in a non-refillable can.

203 - ANTIGLARE/SAFETY COATING: Any coating which minimizes light reflection for safety purposes.

204 - BRIGHT METAL TRIM REPAIR COATING: Any coating applied directly to chrome-plated metal surfaces for the purpose of appearance.

205 - CAMOUFLAGE COATING: Any coating applied to motor vehicles to conceal such vehicles from detection.

206 - CATALYST: Any substance whose presence initiates the reaction between chemical compounds.

207 - CLEARCOAT: Any topcoat which contains no pigments or only transparent pigments and which is the final topcoat applied as a part of a multistage topcoat system.

208 - COATING: Any material which is applied to a surface and which forms a film in order to beautify and/or protect such surface, or in order to perform any of the functions described for Specialty Coatings, as defined in Section 232, or any other function.

209 - COLOR MATCH: The ability of a repair coating to blend into an existing coating so that color difference is not visible.

210 - ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS: Any coatings which are specifically formulated and applied over coated or uncoated flexible plastic substrates for the purpose of adhesion.

211 - ELECTROSTATIC APPLICATION: The application of charged atomized paint droplets which are deposited by electrostatic attraction.

212 - ENCLOSED GUN CLEANER:

213 - EXEMPT COMPOUND: For the purposes of this rule, "exempt compound" has the same meaning as in Rule 101--GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS.

214 - FINISHING: The coating of incomplete vehicles, their parts and components, or mobile equipment, for which the original coating was not applied from an original equipment manufacturing plant coating assembly line.

215 - GROUP I VEHICLES: Passenger cars, heavy duty vehicle cabs and chassis, light/medium duty vehicles (including utility bodies), and motorcycles.

216 - GROUP II VEHICLES: Public transit buses and mobile equipment.

217 - HEAVY DUTY VEHICLES: Any vehicle having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of over 10,000 pounds.

218 - HIGH VOLUME - LOW PRESSURE APPLICATORS: Equipment used to apply coatings by means of a gun which is designed to be operated and which is operated between 0.1 and 10 psig air pressure measured dynamically at the center of the air cap and at the air horns.

219 - IMPACT-RESISTANT COATING: Any coating applied to a rocker panel for the purpose of chip resistance to road debris.

220 - LIGHT/MEDIUM DUTY VEHICLES: Any vehicle having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or less.

221 - METALLIC/IRIDESCENT TOPCOAT: Any coating which contains more than 5.0 g/l (0.042 lb/gal) of metal or iridescent particles, as applied, where such particles are visible in the dried film.

222 - MIDCOAT: Any semi-transparent topcoat which is the middle topcoat applied as part of a three-stage topcoat system.

223 - MOBILE EQUIPMENT: Any equipment which may be drawn or is capable of being driven on rails or on a roadway except for passenger cars, light/medium duty vehicles, motorcycles and heavy duty vehicles. This includes but is not limited to trains, railcars, truck bodies, truck trailers, camper shells, mobile cranes, bulldozers, street cleaners, golf carts and implements of husbandry.

224 - MULTI-STAGE TOPCOAT SYSTEM: A topcoat system composed of either a basecoat/clearcoat (two stage system), a basecoat/midcoat/clearcoat (three stage system), or a groundcoat/basecoat/midcoat/clearcoat (four stage system). The calculation for the VOC content for the various coating systems shall be as follows:

225 - PRECOAT: Any coating which is applied to bare metal primarily to deactivate the metal surface prior to application of a primer surfacer. Effective January 1, 1997, a precoat shall be a coating that dries by oxidation or chemical polymerization, to exclude lacquer products.

226 - PRETREATMENT WASH PRIMER: Any coating which contains a minimum of 0.5% percent acid by weight, is necessary to provide surface etching and is applied directly to bare metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and adhesion.

227 - PRIMER: Any coating applied prior to the application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance and adhesion of the topcoat.

228 - PRIMER SEALER: Any coating applied for the purpose of sealing the underlying metal or coating system prior to the application of a topcoat.

229 - PRIMER SURFACER: Any coating applied prior to the application of a topcoat for the purpose of corrosion resistance, adhesion of the topcoat, and which promotes a uniform surface by filling in the surface imperfections.

230 - REFINISHING: Any coating of vehicles, their parts and components, or mobile equipment, including partial body collision repairs, for the purpose of protection or beautification and which is subsequent to the original coating applied at an original equipment manufacturing plant coating assembly line.

231 - RUBBERIZED ASPHALTIC UNDERBODY COATING: Any coating applied to wheel wells, the inside of door panels or fenders, the underside of a trunk or hood, or the underside of the motor vehicle itself for the purpose of sound deadening or protection.

232 - SPECIALTY COATINGS: Unique coatings and coatings which comply with the VOC limits in Section 301 with additives which are necessary due to unusual job performance requirements. This coating may include, but is not limited to, adhesion promoters, uniform finish blenders, elastomeric materials, gloss flatteners, bright metal trim repair, and anti-glare/safety coatings.

233 - STENCIL COATING: Any ink or pigmented coating which is rolled or brushed onto a template or a stamp in order to add identifying letters, symbols, and/or numbers to motor vehicles, mobile equipment, or their parts and components.

234 - SURFACE PREPARATION AND CLEANUP MATERIALS: A VOC-containing material applied to the surface of any substrate prior to any coating application and/or used in the cleanup of any equipment.

235 - TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE COATING: A coating applied for the purpose of protecting adjacent areas to that being painted from overspray. The temporary protective coating is removed after primer or topcoat application.

236 - TOPCOAT: Any coating applied over a primer, primer system, or an original equipment manufacturer finish for the purpose of protection or appearance.

237 - TRANSFER EFFICIENCY: The ratio of the amount of coating solids adhering to the object being coated to the total amount of coating solids used in the application process, expressed as a percentage.

238 - UNIFORM FINISH BLENDERS: Any coating which is applied for the purpose of blending a paint overspray area of a repaired topcoat to match the appearance of an adjacent existing topcoat.

239 - UTILITY BODY: A body designed for and mounted on a light or medium duty truck or van.

240 - VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC): For the purposes of this rule, "volatile organic compound" has the same meaning as in Rule 101--GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS.



300 STANDARDS

301 - VEHICLE COATING LIMITS:







COATING
VOC CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal), less water and exempt compounds

January 1, 1997

VOC CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal, less water and exempt compounds

January 1, 1998

Precoat 600 (5.0) 600 (5.0)
Pretreatment Wash Primer 780 (6.5) 780 (6.5)
Primer/Primer Surfacer 340 (2.8) 250 (2.1)
Primer Sealer 600 (5.0) 420 (3.5)
Solid Color Topcoat 600 (5.0) 420 (3.5)
Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat 600 (5.0) 520 (4.3)
Multi-stage Topcoat System 600 (5.0) 540 (4.5)
Specialty Coating 840 (7.0) 840 (7.0)
Temporary Protective Coating 60 (0.5) 60 (0.5)






COATING
VOC CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal), less water and exempt compounds

January 1, 1997

VOC CONTENT

g/l (lbs/gal, less water and exempt compounds

January 1, 1998

Precoat 600 (5.)) 600 (5.0)
Pretreatment Wash Primer 780 (6.5) 780 (6.5)
Primer 340 (2.8) 250 (2.1)
Topcoat 420 (3.5) 420 (3.5)
Metallic/Iridescent Topcoat 420 (3.5) 420 (3.5)
Camouflage 420 (3.5) 420 (3.5)
Specialty Coating 840 (7.0) 840 (7.0)
Temporary Protective Coating 60 (0.5) 60 (0.5)

302 - EMISSIONS CONTROL EQUIPMENT: As an alternative to the coating limits identified in Section 301, a person may use air pollution control equipment, subject to the approval of the Air Pollution Control Officer, that provides an overall system efficiency (collection efficiency, as determined in Section 503.5, multiplied by control efficiency, as determined in Section 503.4) of not less than 85%.

303 - APPLICATION EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENT:

304 - PROHIBITION OF SPECIFICATION: No person shall require for use or specify the application of a coating, or surface preparation or cleanup material, on Group I vehicles or their parts or components, or Group II vehicles or their parts or components, if such use or application is prohibited by any of the provisions of this rule. The prohibition of this Section shall apply to all written or oral contracts under the terms of which any coating is to be applied to Group I vehicles or their parts or components, or Group II vehicles or their parts or components, at any physical location within the District.

305 - PROHIBITION OF SALE: A person shall not supply, sell, solicit, or offer for sale within the District after the applicable dates specified in Sections 301 and 306.4, any coating, or surface preparation or cleanup material, for Group I vehicles or their parts or components, or Group II vehicles or their parts or components, that has a VOC content, as determined by the method specified in Section 503.1, that exceeds the limits in Sections 301 and 306.4.

306 - SURFACE PREPARATION AND CLEANUP REQUIREMENTS: Any person subject to this rule shall comply with the following requirements:

307 - SPECIALTY COATING LIMITATION: Effective January 1, 1997, use of all specialty coatings except antiglare/safety coatings shall not exceed 5% of all coatings applied, on a monthly basis.

308 - PRECOAT LIMITATION: Effective January 1, 1997, a person shall not use precoat in excess of 25%, by volume, of the amount of primer surfacer applied in conjunction with the precoat, on a monthly basis.


400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 - LABELING REQUIREMENTS: Sellers of any coating or surface preparation or cleanup material subject to this rule shall provide the maximum VOC content of the coating or surface preparation or cleanup material, after any mixing or thinning as recommended by the manufacturer, on product data sheets made available to the purchaser at the time of sale. The VOC content provided shall be determined pursuant to Section 503.1.

402 - OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN: Any person using emissions control equipment pursuant to Section 302 must submit an Operation and Maintenance Plan for the emissions control equipment to the Air Pollution Control Officer for approval. The Plan shall specify operation and maintenance procedures which will demonstrate continuous operation and compliance of the emissions control equipment during periods of emissions-producing operations. The Plan shall also specify which daily records must be kept to document these operations and maintenance procedures. These records shall comply with the requirements of Section 502. The Plan shall be implemented upon approval by the Air Pollution Control Officer.

403 - PROCEDURE FOR PROCESSING OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN:

404 - CALCULATION FOR VOC MASS EMISSION RATE AND PERCENT CONTROL EFFICIENCY: The VOC mass emission rate shall be calculated both upstream and downstream of the emissions control device based on the respective VOC mass concentration and volumetric flowrate, pursuant to Section 503.4 and the following equation:

The percent control efficiency is calculated as follows:


500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 - SALES RECORDS: Effective April 1, 1996, any person selling at a point of sale located within the District coatings or surface preparation or cleanup materials which are subject to this rule shall maintain the following records on-site for a continuous two-year period, and make such records available on request to the Air Pollution Control Officer:

502 - RECORDKEEPING FOR USERS: In addition to any applicable recordkeeping requirements of either Rule 202, New Source Review, Rule 209, Limiting Potential to Emit, or any other District rule which may be applicable, effective January 1, 1997, any person applying coatings, or surface preparation or cleanup materials subject to any provision of this rule shall maintain the following records and make such records available on request to the Air Pollution Control Officer:

503 - TEST METHODS