SACRAMENTO METROPOLITAN AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT

RULE 460 ADHESIVES AND SEALANTS
Adopted 1-9-97
(Amended 10-28-99)


INDEX

100 GENERAL
200 DEFINITIONS
300 STANDARDS
400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS
500 MONITORING AND RECORDS


100 GENERAL

101 PURPOSE
102 APPLICABILITY
110 EXEMPTIONS—FROM THE ENTIRE RULE
111 EXEMPTION—RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
112 EXEMPTION—CONTACT ADHESIVES
113 EXEMPTION—AEROSOL CLEANING SOLVENTS
114 EXEMPTION—PROHIBITION OF SALE
115 EXEMPTION—EQUIPMENT CLEANUP
116 EXEMPTION—LOW USAGE
117 SEVERABILITY

200 DEFINITIONS

201 ACRYLONITRILE-BUTADIENE-STYRENE (ABS) WELDING ADHESIVE
202 ADHESIVE
203 ADHESIVE OR SEALANT PRODUCT
204 ADHESIVE PRIMER
205 AEROSPACE COMPONENT
206 AEROSOL ADHESIVE/AEROSOL ADHESIVE PRIMER
207 AEROSOL CLEANING SOLVENT
208 APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
209 ARCHITECTURAL SEALANT/PRIMER
210 CERAMIC TILE INSTALLATION ADHESIVE
211 CHLORINATED POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (CPVC) WELDING ADHESIVE
212 CLEANUP SOLVENT
213 CLOSED CONTAINER
214 COMPUTER DISKETTE JACKET MANUFACTURING ADHESIVE
215 CONSUMER ADHESIVE
216 CONTACT ADHESIVE
217 CONTACT ADHESIVE – SPECIALTY SUBSTRATES
218 COVE BASE INSTALLATION ADHESIVE
219 CURED
220 DRYWALL INSTALLATION
221 ENCLOSED GUN CLEANER
222 EXEMPT COMPOUNDS
223 FIBERGLASS
224 FLEXIBLE VINYL
225 HAND APPLICATION METHODS
226 HIGH-VOLUME LOW-PRESSURE (HVLP) APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
227 INDOOR FLOOR COVERING INSTALLATION ADHESIVE
228 KEY SYSTEM OPERATING PARAMETER
229 LEAK
230 LOW-SOLIDS MATERIAL
231 LOW-VOLUME LOW-PRESSURE (LVLP) APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
232 MARINE DECK SEALANT/SEALANT PRIMER
233 METAL TO URETHANE/RUBBER MOLDING OR CASTING ADHESIVE
234 MULTIPURPOSE CONSTRUCTION ADHESIVE
235 NONMEMBRANE ROOF INSTALLATION/REPAIR ADHESIVE/SEALANT
236 OUTDOOR FLOOR COVERING INSTALLATION ADHESIVE
237 PANEL INSTALLATION
238 PLASTIC
239 PLASTIC CEMENT WELDING ADHESIVE
240 PLASTIC CEMENT WELDING ADHESIVE PRIMER
241 POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) WELDING ADHESIVE
242 POROUS MATERIAL
243 PROPELLANT
244 PVC WELDING ADHESIVE
245 ROADWAY SEALANT
246 RUBBER
247 RUBBER FLOORING
248 SEALANT
249 SEALANT PRIMER
250 SINGLE-PLY ROOF MEMBRANE
251 SOLID MATERIAL
252 SOLVENT WELDING
253 STATIONARY SOURCE
254 STRIPPER
255 STRUCTURAL GLAZING ADHESIVE
256 SUBFLOOR INSTALLATION
257 SUBSTRATE
258 SURFACE PREPARATION SOLVENT
259 THIN METAL LAMINATING ADHESIVE
260 TIRE REPAIR
261 TIRE RETREAD ADHESIVE
262 TRAFFIC MARKING TAPE ADHESIVE PRIMER
263 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC)
264 WATERPROOF RESORCINOL GLUE
265 WIPE CLEANING
266 WOOD FLOORING

300 STANDARDS

301 VOC CONTENT—ADHESIVES/ADHESIVE PRIMERS
302 VOC CONTENT—AEROSOL ADHESIVES/AEROSOL ADHESIVE PRIMERS
303 VOC CONTENT—SEALANTS/SEALANT PRIMERS
304 VOC CONTENT—SURFACE PREPARATION, CLEANUP, AND STRIPPING SOLVENTS
305 VOC CONTENT—LOW-SOLIDS MATERIALS
306 EMISSION CONTROL EQUIPMENT
307 MATERIAL APPLICATION METHODS
308 STORAGE AND DISPOSAL
309 PROHIBITION OF SALE
310 PROHIBITION OF SPECIFICATION

400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 CALCULATION FOR DETERMINING GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF PRODUCT, LESS WATER AND LESS EXEMPT COMPOUNDS
402 CALCULATION FOR DETERMINING GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF MATERIAL
403 CALCULATION OF PERCENT OF VOC BY WEIGHT
404 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN
405 PROCEDURE FOR PROCESSING AN OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN
406 LABELING REQUIREMENT
407 CALCULATION FOR VOC COMPOSITE PARTIAL PRESSURE
408 FEASIBILITY AND TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 RECORD-KEEPING FOR USERS
502 TEST METHODS


100 GENERAL


101 PURPOSE: To limit emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the application of commercial and industrial adhesive or sealant products, and from related solvents and strippers.

102 APPLICABILITY:

102.1 This rule applies to any person who:

a. Manufactures, sells, offers for sale, or uses an adhesive or sealant product; or
b. Uses a surface preparation solvent, a cleanup solvent, or a stripper; or
c. Supplies an adhesive or sealant product to the person who applies the product (i.e., the product user); or
d. Solicits, requires the use of, or specifies the application of an adhesive or sealant product, surface preparation solvent, cleanup solvent, or stripper that does not comply with this rule.

102.2 The requirements of Rule 441—ORGANIC SOLVENTS, shall not apply to materials subject to this rule.

110 EXEMPTIONS—FROM THE ENTIRE RULE: This rule does not apply to:

110.1 CONSUMER ADHESIVES: Consumer adhesives that are regulated by the State of California and that are defined in Section 215.

110.2 MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING: Solvent welding operations used in the manufacturing of medical devices, such as, but not limited to, catheters, heart valves, blood cardioplegia machines, tracheotomy tubes, blood oxygenators, and cardiatory reservoirs.

110.3 OTHER RULES: Adhesive or sealant products, solvents, or strippers regulated by the following rules adopted by the District:

a. Rule 442—ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS.
b. Rule 450—GRAPHIC ARTS OPERATIONS.
c. Rule 451—SURFACE COATING OF MISCELLANEOUS METAL PARTS AND PRODUCTS.
d. Rule 456—AEROSPACE ASSEMBLY AND COMPONENT COATING OPERATIONS.

110.4 TIRE REPAIR: The use of adhesive or sealant products for tire repair if such products are labeled by the manufacturer: "For Tire Repair Only."

110.5 UNDERSEA WEAPONS: The manufacture, maintenance, or repair of undersea-based weapon systems.

110.6 AEROSPACE COMPONENTS: The manufacture, maintenance, or repair of aerospace components.

110.7 LOW-VOC PRODUCTS: The use of adhesive or sealant products containing 20 grams or less per liter (0.17 lbs/gal) of VOC, less water and exempt compounds, as applied.

110.8 SMALL CONTAINER: The use of adhesive or sealant products sold or supplied in non-reusable containers that are designed to hold no more than 8 fluid ounces of adhesive or sealant products.

111 EXEMPTION—RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: Sections 301, 302, 303, and 305 shall not apply to the testing and evaluation of adhesive or sealant products in research and development laboratories, quality assurance laboratories, or analytical laboratories, provided that any person conducting such testing or evaluation maintains records pursuant to Section 501.

112 EXEMPTION—CONTACT ADHESIVES: The requirements of Section 301 shall not apply to contact adhesives subject to the Consumer Product Safety Commission regulations in 16 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1302 and sold in packages that contain 128 fluid ounces or less.

113 EXEMPTION—AEROSOL CLEANING SOLVENTS: The use of 160 fluid ounces or less per day per stationary source of aerosol cleaning solvents is exempt from Section 304.

114 EXEMPTION—PROHIBITION OF SALE: The requirements of Section 309 shall not apply to:

114.1 The adhesives in Table 3 of Section 301.

114.2 The contact adhesives in Section 112.

114.3 A person who sells an adhesive or sealant product to a purchaser who has installed air pollution control equipment identified in Section 306, provided that:

a. Prior to each sale the seller receives a letter, signed by the purchaser, stating that:

1. The purchaser has installed air pollution control equipment, approved by the Air Pollution Control Officer, for the purpose identified in Section 306.
2. Emissions from applying the adhesive or sealant product will be controlled pursuant to Section 306.

b. The seller shall retain the purchaser’s signed letter for three years from the date of receipt and shall make the letter available, on request, to the Air Pollution Control Officer.

114.4 Any supplier or seller of an adhesive or sealant product shipped outside the District for use outside the District.

114.5 Any manufacturer of an adhesive or sealant product if:

a. The manufacturer has provided the VOC information required by Section 406; and
b. The product was not sold directly to:

1. A user, or
2. A sales outlet located in the District; or

c. The product was sold to an independent distributor that is not a subsidiary of, or under the direct control of, the manufacturer.

115 EXEMPTION—EQUIPMENT CLEANUP: The VOC requirements in Section 304 shall not apply to materials used to clean adhesives application equipment when:

115.1 Such equipment is used in the manufacturing of transdermal drug delivery products, and

115.2 Fewer than 3 gallons per day of ethyl acetate, averaged over a 30 calendar day period, are used as the equipment cleaning solvent.

116 EXEMPTION—LOW USAGE: The use of adhesive or sealant products, surface preparation solvents, cleanup solvents, or strippers is exempt from the VOC content standards of this rule, provided the total combined volume of these materials used at any one stationary source does not exceed 55 gallons during any calendar year. Commercial and industrial operations that use such materials and that are exempted pursuant to this section shall comply with Section 501.

117 SEVERABILITY: If any section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or portion of this rule is, for any reason, held invalid, unconstitutional, or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed as a separate, distinct, and independent provision, and such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions thereof.


200 DEFINITIONS


201 ACRYLONITRILE-BUTADIENE-STYRENE (ABS) WELDING ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to weld acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) pipe. ABS pipe is made by reacting monomers of acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene and is normally identified with an ABS marking.

202 ADHESIVE: Any substance that is used to bond one surface to another surface by attachment.

203 ADHESIVE OR SEALANT PRODUCT: Any adhesive, adhesive primer, aerosol adhesive, aerosol adhesive primer, sealant, or sealant primer, as sold by the manufacturer or as applied.

204 ADHESIVE PRIMER: A coating applied to a substrate, prior to the application of an adhesive, to provide a bonding surface.

205 AEROSPACE COMPONENT: The fabricated part, assembly of parts, or completed unit of any aircraft or space vehicle, excluding tires, and including models, mock-ups, prototypes, and test coupons.

206 AEROSOL ADHESIVE/AEROSOL ADHESIVE PRIMER: An adhesive or adhesive primer consisting of a mixture of rubber, resins, liquid and/or gaseous solvents, and propellants packaged in a hand-held, pressurized, non-refillable container. The container expels pressurized aerosol materials in a finely divided spray when a valve on the container is depressed.

207 AEROSOL CLEANING SOLVENT: A material used as a surface preparation solvent, a cleanup solvent, or as a stripper and consisting of liquid and/or gaseous solvent and propellants packaged in a hand-held, pressurized, non-refillable container. The container expels pressurized aerosol materials in a finely divided spray when a valve on the container is depressed.

208 APPLICATION EQUIPMENT: A device such as a spray gun, pot, hose, brush, roller, electrostatic sprayer, non-propellant spray bottle, or squeegee used to apply an adhesive or sealant product, a surface preparation solvent, a cleanup solvent, or a stripper.

209 ARCHITECTURAL SEALANT/PRIMER: Any sealant or sealant primer intended by the manufacturer to be applied to stationary structures, including mobile homes, and their appurtenances. Appurtenances to an architectural structure include, but are not limited to: hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, fences, rain gutters and downspouts, and windows.

210 CERAMIC TILE INSTALLATION ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation of ceramic tiles.

211 CHLORINATED POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (CPVC) WELDING ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to weld CPVC plastic pipe.

212 CLEANUP SOLVENT: A VOC-containing material used to:

212.1 Remove a loosely held uncured (i.e., not dry to the touch) adhesive or sealant from a substrate, or

212.2 Clean equipment used in applying an adhesive or sealant product.

213 CLOSED CONTAINER: A covered receptacle. There are no visible gaps where the receptacle’s cover and the main body of the receptacle meet.

214 COMPUTER DISKETTE JACKET MANUFACTURING ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to bond the fold-over flaps to the body of a vinyl computer diskette jacket.

215 CONSUMER ADHESIVE: Any adhesive subject to Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations, Article 2, Consumer Products, beginning at Section 94507 and as amended from time to time. "Consumer adhesive" does not include:

215.1 Units of product, less packaging, that weigh more than one pound or consist of more than 16 fluid ounces.

215.2 Sealants or caulking compounds.

215.3 Plastic cement welding adhesive and plastic cement welding adhesive primer.

216 CONTACT ADHESIVE: An adhesive that forms an instantaneous bond that cannot be repositioned when substrates, on which the adhesive is applied and allowed to dry, are brought together using momentary pressure.

217 CONTACT ADHESIVES – SPECIALTY SUBSTRATES: An adhesive that is intended by the manufacturer to be used for the bonding of nonporous substrates to each other, the bonding of decorative laminate in postforming application, or for the bonding of decorative laminate to metal, melamine-covered board, or curved surfaces, or when used to bond any substrate to metal, rubber, rigid plastic, or wood veneer not exceeding 1/16" in thickness.

218 COVE BASE INSTALLATION ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation of cove base (or wall base), which is generally made of vinyl or rubber, onto a wall or vertical surface at floor level.

219 CURED: Dry to the touch.

220 DRYWALL INSTALLATION: The installation of gypsum drywall to studs or solid surfaces.

221 ENCLOSED GUN CLEANER:

221.1 A device that is used for the cleaning of spray guns, pots, cups, and hoses, that has a closed container of solvent, is not open to the ambient air when in use, and has a mechanism to force the cleanup material through the gun while the cleaner is in operation; or

221.2 A device that is used for the cleaning of spray guns, pots, cups, and hoses, that has a closed solvent container, uses non-atomized solvent flow to flush the spray equipment, and collects and returns the discharged solvent to the closed container.

222 EXEMPT COMPOUND: For the purposes of this rule, "exempt compound" has the same meaning as in Rule 101—GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS.

223 FIBERGLASS: A fiber made of fine filaments of glass that is similar in appearance to wool or cotton fiber.

224 FLEXIBLE VINYL: A nonrigid polyvinyl chloride plastic with at least five percent, by weight, of plasticizer content.

225 HAND APPLICATION METHODS: The application of an adhesive or sealant product by manually held equipment. Such equipment includes: paint brushes, hand rollers, trowels, spatulas, daubers, rags, sponges, and mechanically or pneumatically driven syringes that do not atomize the applied products.

226 HIGH-VOLUME LOW-PRESSURE (HVLP) APPLICATION EQUIPMENT: Equipment used to apply coating by means of a spray gun which is designed to be operated, and which is operated between 0.1 and 10.0 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) air pressure, measured dynamically at the center of the air cap and at the air horns.

227 INDOOR FLOOR COVERING INSTALLATION ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation of wood flooring, carpet, carpet pads, rubber flooring, resilient tile, vinyl tile, vinyl backed carpet, resilient sheet and roll, or artificial grass. Such installed materials are in an enclosure and are not exposed to ambient weather conditions during normal use. Indoor floor covering installation does not include ceramic tile installation or subfloor installation.

228 KEY SYSTEM OPERATING PARAMETER:

228.1 A variable that is critical to the operation of an emission control system and that ensures:

a. Operation of the system within the system manufacturer’s specifications, and
b. Compliance with the overall system efficiency standard required by Section 306.

228.2 Such variables may include, but are not limited to:

a. Hours of operation,
b. Temperature,
c. Flow rate, and
d. Pressure.

229 LEAK: A visible liquid solvent leak from a container or a visible liquid mist.

230 LOW-SOLIDS MATERIAL: Any adhesive or sealant product, surface preparation solvent, cleanup solvent, or stripper containing 120 grams or less of solids per liter of product.

231 LOW-VOLUME LOW-PRESSURE (LVLP) APPLICATION EQUIPMENT: Spray coating application equipment with air pressure between 0.1 and 10.0 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) and air volume less than 15.5 cubic feet per minute (cfm) per spray gun and which operates at a maximum fluid delivery pressure of 50 psig.

232 MARINE DECK SEALANT/SEALANT PRIMER: Any sealant or sealant primer intended by the manufacturer to seal gaps on wooden marine decks.

233 METAL TO URETHANE/RUBBER MOLDING OR CASTING ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to bond metal to high-density or elastomeric urethane or molded rubber materials, in heater molding or casting processes, to fabricate products such as rollers for computer printers or other paper handling equipment.

234 MULTIPURPOSE CONSTRUCTION ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation or repair of various construction materials, including, but not limited to, drywall, subfloor, panel, fiberglass reinforced plastic, ceiling tile, and acoustical tile.

235 NON-MEMBRANE ROOF INSTALLATION/REPAIR ADHESIVE/SEALANT: Any adhesive or sealant intended by the manufacturer for the installation or repair of non-membrane roofs, but is not intended for the installation of prefabricated single-ply roof membrane. With regard to non-membrane roof installation/repair adhesives, this category includes plastic or asphalt roof cement, asphalt roof coatings, and cold application cement.

236 OUTDOOR FLOOR COVERING INSTALLATION ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation of floor covering that is not in an enclosure and is exposed to ambient weather conditions during normal use. Outdoor floor covering installation does not include ceramic tile installation or subfloor installation.

237 PANEL INSTALLATION: The installation of plywood, pre-decorated hardboard, tile board, fiberglass reinforced plastic, and similar pre-decorated or non-decorated panels to studs or solid surfaces.

238 PLASTIC: A synthetic material chemically formed by the polymerization of organic (carbon-based) substances.

239 PLASTIC CEMENT WELDING ADHESIVE: Any adhesive made of resins and solvents that is formulated to dissolve the surfaces of plastic to form a bond between mating surfaces.

240 PLASTIC CEMENT WELDING ADHESIVE PRIMER: Any primer intended by the manufacturer to prepare plastic substrates prior to bonding or welding.

241 POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) WELDING ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to weld PVC plastic pipe.

242 POROUS MATERIAL: A material whose surface is permeable to liquids; such materials include, but are not limited to, foam, paper, corrugated paperboard, stone, and wood.

243 PROPELLANT: A fluid under pressure that expels the contents of a container when a valve is opened.

244 PVC WELDING SEALANT: A sealant designed to adhere to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) by dissolving its surface and to fill or seal gaps between PVC surfaces or between PVC and other surfaces.

245 ROADWAY SEALANT: Any sealant intended by the manufacturer to be applied to public streets, highways, and related surfaces such as curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.

246 RUBBER: Any natural or manmade rubber substrate, including, but not limited to: styrene-butadiene rubber, polychloroprene (neoprene), butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, chlorosulfonated polyethylene, and ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.

247 RUBBER FLOORING: Flooring material in which both the back and the top surface are made of synthetic rubber, and which may be in sheet or tile form.

248 SEALANT: Any material with adhesive properties that is applied as a rope or bead and that is formulated for use primarily to fill, seal, waterproof, or weatherproof gaps or joints between two surfaces. Sealants include caulks. Sealants do not include sealers that are applied as continuous coatings.

249 SEALANT PRIMER: Any material intended by the manufacturer for application to a substrate, prior to the application of a sealant, to enhance the bonding surface.

250 SINGLE-PLY ROOF MEMBRANE: A single sheet of rubber, normally ethylene-propylene diene monomer, that is applied in a single layer to a building roof (normally a flat roof).

251 SOLID MATERIAL: The nonvolatile portion of an adhesive or sealant product, surface preparation solvent, cleanup solvent, or stripper that remains after heating a sample of the product at 110°C for one hour.

252 SOLVENT WELDING: The softening of the surfaces of two substrates by wetting them with a solvent and/or adhesive, and joining them together with a chemical and/or physical reaction(s) to form a fused union.

253 STATIONARY SOURCE: Any building, structure, facility, or emissions unit which emits or may emit any affected pollutant directly or as a fugitive emission.

253.1 Building, structure, facility, or emissions unit includes all pollutant-emitting activities which:

a. Belong to the same industrial grouping, and
b. Are located on one property or on two or more contiguous properties, and
c. Are under the same or common ownership, operation, or control or which are owned or operated by entities which are under common control.

253.2 Pollutant-emitting activities shall be considered as part of the same industrial grouping if:

a. They belong to the same two-digit standard industrial classification code, or
b. They are part of a common production process. (Common production process includes industrial processes, manufacturing processes and any connected processes involving a common material.)

254 STRIPPER: A liquid used to remove cured adhesives and/or cured sealants.

255 STRUCTURAL GLAZING ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to adhere glass, ceramic, metal, stone, or composite panels to exterior building frames.

256 SUBFLOOR INSTALLATION: The installation of subflooring material, typically plywood, over flooring joists. Subfloor installation includes the construction of any load bearing joints in joists or trusses. Subflooring is covered by a finished surface material.

257 SUBSTRATE: The material onto which an adhesive or sealant product, surface preparation solvent, cleanup solvent, or stripper is applied.

258 SURFACE PREPARATION SOLVENT: Any VOC-containing material used to remove contaminants such as dust, soil, oil, grease, etc., from a substrate prior to the application of an adhesive or sealant product.

259 THIN METAL LAMINATING ADHESIVE: Any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to bond multiple layers of metal to metal or metal to plastic in which the thickness of the bond line(s) is less than 0.025 mils.

260 TIRE REPAIR: Mending a hole, tear, fissure, blemish, or defect in a tire casing by grinding and/or gouging, applying adhesive, and attaching replacement rubber.

261 TIRE RETREAD ADHESIVE: An adhesive applied to the back of precured tread rubber and to the casing and cushion rubber. Tire retread adhesive may also be used to seal buffed tire casings to prevent oxidation while the tire is being prepared for a new tread.

262 TRAFFIC MARKING TAPE ADHESIVE PRIMER: An adhesive primer intended by the manufacturer to be applied to surfaces prior to the installation of traffic marking tape.

262.1 Traffic marking tape adhesive primer is not one of the coatings included in the definition of "traffic coatings" in Rule 442—ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS.

262.2 Traffic marking tape is a preformed reflective film intended by the manufacturer to be applied to public streets, highways, and other surfaces including, but not limited to, curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.

263 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC): For the purpose of this rule "volatile organic compound" has the same meaning as in Rule 101—GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS.

264 WATERPROOF RESORCINOL GLUE: A two-part resorcinol resin based adhesive designed for applications where the bond line must be resistant to conditions of continuous immersion in fresh or salt water.

265 WIPE CLEANING: The method of cleaning a surface by physically rubbing it with a material such as a rag, paper, abrasive pad, brush, or a cotton swab moistened with a solvent.

266 WOOD FLOORING: A wood floor surface, which may be in the form of parquet tiles, planks, or strip-wood.


300 STANDARDS


301 VOC CONTENT—ADHESIVES/ADHESIVE PRIMERS: Except as provided in Sections 305 and 306, a person shall not apply an adhesive or adhesive primer exceeding the VOC content, as applied (as determined per Section 502), in the following tables:

 

TABLE 1

VOC CONTENT FOR ADHESIVES/ADHESIVE PRIMERS

 

Type of Specialty Adhesive/Adhesive Primer

VOC Content
g/l (lbs/gal) less water and exempt compounds
12/1/97

VOC Content
g/l (lbs/gal) less water and exempt compounds
12/1/98

ABS Welding Adhesive

400 (3.3)

400 (3.3)

Automotive Glass Adhesive Primer

700 (5.7)

700 (5.7)

Ceramic Tile Installation Adhesive

150 (1.2)

130 (1.1)

Computer Diskette Jacket Manufacturing Adhesive

850 (6.9)

850 (6.9)

Cove Base Installation Adhesive

200 (1.6)

150 (1.2)

CPVC Welding Adhesive

490 (4.0)

490 (4.0)

Indoor Floor Covering Installation Adhesive

150 (1.2)

150 (1.2)

Metal to Urethane/Rubber Molding or Casting Adhesive

850 (6.9)

250 (2.0)

Multipurpose Construction Adhesive

200 (1.6)

200 (1.6)

Non-Membrane Roof Installation/Repair Adhesive

300 (2.5)

300 (2.5)

Outdoor Floor Covering Installation Adhesive

250 (2.0)

250 (2.0)

Plastic Cement Welding Adhesive Primer

650 (5.3)

650 (5.3)

PVC Welding Adhesive

510 (4.2)

510 (4.2)

Single-Ply Roof Membrane Adhesive Primer

650 (5.3)

250 (2.0)

Single-Ply Roof Membrane Installation/Repair Adhesive

650 (5.3)

250 (2.0)

Structural Glazing Adhesive

100 (0.8)

100 (0.8)

Thin Metal Laminating Adhesive

780 (6.4)

250 (2.0)

Tire Retread Adhesive

100 (0.8)

100 (0.8)

Traffic Marking Tape Adhesive Primer

550 (4.5)

150 (1.2)

Waterproof Resorcinol Glue

170 (1.4)

170 (1.4)

Other Plastic Cement Welding Adhesive

450 (3.7)

450 (3.7)

Other Adhesive Primer

250 (2.0)

250 (2.0)

 

TABLE 2
VOC CONTENT FOR CONTACT ADHESIVES

VOC Content
g/l (lbs/gal) less water and exempt compounds

     

1/1/00

7/1/00

     
Contact Adhesive

540 (4.4)

250 (2.0)

 

250 (2.0)

Contact Adhesives – Specialty Substrates    

400 (3.3)

250 (2.0)

In Table 3, if two different types of substrates are to be bonded together and if the applicable VOC content limits from Table 3 are not the same for both substrates, then the higher of the two limits from Table 3 shall apply, unless specified otherwise.

TABLE 3
VOC CONTENT FOR ADHESIVE APPLICATIONS ONTO SUBSTRATES
(Pertaining to Adhesives Other Than the Adhesives in Tables 1, 2, and 4)

Adhesive Applications Onto Substrates

VOC Content
g/l (lbs/gal) less water and exempt compounds
12/1/97

VOC Content
G/l (lbs/gal) less water and exempt compounds
12/1/98

Adhesive Applied in Bonding:
Flexible Vinyl to Flexible Vinyl

660 (5.4)

250 (2.0)

Adhesive Applied in Bonding:
Flexible Vinyl to Any Other Substrate

250 (2.0)

250 (2.0)

Adhesive Applied to:
Fiberglass

200 (1.6)

 

200 (1.6)

Adhesive Applied to:
Metal

30 (0.2)

30 (0.2)

Adhesive Applied to:
Plastic Foam

120 (1.0)

120 (1.0)

Adhesive Applied to:
Porous Material (e.g., Wood—but not Plastic and Plastic Foam)

 

150 (1.2)

 

120 (1.0)

Adhesive Applied to:
Rubber

650 (5.3)

250 (2.0)

Adhesive Applied to:
Other Substrates

250 (2.0)

250 (2.0)

302 VOC CONTENT—AEROSOL ADHESIVES/AEROSOL ADHESIVE PRIMERS: A person shall not use any aerosol adhesive or aerosol adhesive primer unless the VOC content, including the propellant, is no greater than the percentages set forth in Table 4.

 

TABLE 4
MAXIMUM VOC CONTENT PERCENTAGES FOR AEROSOLS
(Percent of VOC by Weight—Calculated Pursuant to Section 403)

Type of Aerosol

Effective Date: 12/1/97

Aerosol Adhesive

75%

Aerosol Adhesive Primer

75%

 

303 VOC CONTENT—SEALANTS/SEALANT PRIMERS: Except as provided in Sections 305 and 306, a person shall not apply a sealant or sealant primer exceeding the VOC content, as applied (as determined per Section 502), in the following table:

 

TABLE 5
VOC CONTENT FOR SEALANTS AND SEALANT PRIMERS

Type of Sealant/Sealant Primer

VOC Content
g/l (lbs/gal) less water and exempt compounds
12/1/97

VOC Content
g/l (lbs/gal) less water and exempt compounds
12/1/98

Architectural Sealant

250 (2.0)

250 (2.0)

Marine Deck Sealant

760 (6.2)

760 (6.2)

Marine Deck Sealant Primer

760 (6.2)

760 (6.2)

Nonmembrane Roof Installation/Repair Sealant

300 (2.5)

300 (2.5)

Non-Porous Architectural Sealant Primer

250 (2.0)

250 (2.0)

Porous architectural sealant primer

775 (6.3)

775 (6.3)

PVC Welding Sealant

480 (3.9)

480 (3.9)

Roadway Sealant

250 (2.0)

250 (2.0)

Single-Ply Roof Membrane Sealant

450 (3.7)

450 (3.7)

Other Sealant

420 (3.4)

420 (3.4)

Other Sealant Primer

750 (6.1)

750 (6.1)

304 VOC CONTENT—SURFACE PREPARATION, CLEANUP, AND STRIPPING SOLVENTS: Except as provided in Sections 113, 115, 305, and 306, and relative to the application of an adhesive or sealant product, a person shall not use a surface preparation solvent, a cleanup solvent, or a solvent used as a stripper unless the solvent complies with the applicable VOC standard shown in Table 6 below:

 

305 VOC CONTENTLOW-SOLIDS MATERIALS: For any low-solids material listed in Tables 1, 2, or 3 of Section 301, Table 5 of Section 303, or Table 6 of Section 304, the VOC content standard shall be expressed in "grams of VOC per liter of material" (Section 402), as applied—unless the standard is expressed as a composite partial pressure.

306 EMISSION CONTROL EQUIPMENT: As an alternative to utilizing materials that comply with the VOC content standards identified in Sections 301 through 304, a person may use air pollution control equipment, subject to the approval of the Air Pollution Control Officer, that provides an overall system efficiency (collection efficiency as determined in Section 502.6, multiplied by control efficiency as determined in Section 502.5) of not less than 85%.

307 MATERIAL APPLICATION METHODS: Effective December 1, 1997:

307.1 A person shall not apply any adhesive or sealant product except as follows:

a. Hand application.
b. Dip coat.
c. Flow coat.
d. Brush or roll coat.
e. Electrodeposition.
f. Electrostatic spray.
g. High-volume low-pressure (HVLP) application equipment.
h. Low-volume low-pressure (LVLP) application equipment.
i. For contact adhesives only: airless sprayers, air-assisted airless sprayers, and air-atomized sprayers.
j. Any other equivalent method approved in writing by the Air Pollution Control Officer and submitted to and approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
k. Aerosol cans.

307.2 A person shall not apply any surface preparation solvent, cleanup solvent, or any stripper except as follows:

a. Wipe cleaning.
b. Non-propellant spray bottles or containers.
c. An enclosed gun cleaner as defined by Section 221.
d. Soaking application equipment parts in a closed container.

308 STORAGE AND DISPOSAL: All VOC-containing materials used in applying adhesive or sealant products, such as surface preparation solvents; cleanup solvents; strippers; and cloth, paper, abrasive pads, and brushes moistened with solvents; shall be stored in non-absorbent closed containers with no liquid leaks. These containers shall be kept closed at all times except when such containers are:

308.1 Being filled or emptied.
308.2 Empty and dry.

309 PROHIBITION OF SALE: Effective December 1, 1997, except as provided in Section 114, no person shall sell or offer for sale any adhesive or sealant product that does not meet the applicable VOC content limits specified in Tables 1 and 2 of Section 301 and in Sections 302 and 303.

310 PROHIBITION OF SPECIFICATION: No person shall solicit, require the use of, or specify the application of any adhesive or sealant product subject to this rule, or any surface preparation solvent, cleanup solvent, or stripper subject to this rule, if such use or application would violate this rule. The prohibition in this section shall also apply to all written or oral contracts under the terms of which any such product or solvent is to be applied within the District.


400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS


401 CALCULATION FOR DETERMINING GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF PRODUCT, LESS WATER AND LESS EXEMPT COMPOUNDS: The weight (in grams) of VOC per combined volume (in liters) of VOC plus solid materials in an adhesive or sealant product is expressed as "grams of VOC per liter of product, less water and less exempt compounds" and shall be calculated using the following equation:

Where: Wvc = Weight of all volatile compounds, in grams.

Ww = Weight of water, in grams.

Wec = Weight of exempt compounds identified in Section 222, in grams.

Vm = Volume of material, as supplied by the manufacturer, in liters.

Vw = Volume of water, in liters.

Vec = Volume of exempt compounds identified in Section 222, in liters.

402 CALCULATION FOR DETERMINING GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF MATERIAL: The weight (in grams) of VOC per volume (in liters) of adhesive or sealant product is expressed as "grams of VOC per liter of material" and shall be calculated by the following formula:

Where: Wvc = Weight of all volatile compounds, in grams.

Ww = Weight of water, in grams.

Wec = Weight of exempt compounds identified in Section 222, in grams.

Vm = Volume of material, as supplied by the manufacturer, in liters.

403  CALCULATION OF PERCENT OF VOC BY WEIGHT: The percent of VOC by weight is the ratio of the weight of the VOC to the weight of the aerosol adhesive or aerosol adhesive primer as supplied by the manufacturer, expressed as a percent of VOC by weight. The percent of VOC by weight shall be calculated as follows:

Where: Wvoc = Weight of VOCs in grams.

Wp = Weight of the aerosol adhesive or aerosol adhesive primer, as supplied by the manufacturer, in rams.

404 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN: Any person using emission control equipment pursuant to Section 306 must submit an Operation and Maintenance Plan for the emissions control equipment to the Air Pollution Control Officer for approval. This Plan shall specify operation and maintenance procedures that demonstrate continuous operation and compliance of the emissions control equipment during periods of emissions-producing operations. This Plan shall also specify which daily records must be kept to document these operations and maintenance procedures. These records shall comply with the requirements of Section 501. This Plan shall be implemented upon approval by the Air Pollution Control Officer.

405 PROCEDURE FOR PROCESSING AN OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN:

405.1 APPROVAL OF PLAN: The Air Pollution Control Officer shall determine whether the Operation and Maintenance Plan meets the requirements of Section 404 not later than 30 days after receipt of the Plan, or within a longer period of time agreed upon by the parties. The Air Pollution Control Officer shall approve an Operation and Maintenance Plan unless it fails to demonstrate continuous operations of the emissions control equipment during periods of emissions-producing operations, according to the standard set forth in Section 306, and/or it fails to specify which daily records, in accordance with the requirements of Section 501, are to be kept to document the operation and maintenance procedures set forth in the Plan.

405.2 REVISION OF PLAN: If the Air Pollution Control Officer does not approve an Operation and Maintenance Plan, the source shall receive written notice of the deficiency, and shall have an additional 30 days from the date of the notification of the deficiency to correct and resubmit the Operation and Maintenance Plan. The decision of the Air Pollution Control Officer regarding the resubmitted Operation and Maintenance Plan shall be final. Failure to correct the deficiency in an Operation and Maintenance Plan upon resubmittal shall constitute a violation of this rule that is subject to the penalties set forth in Health and Safety Code section 42400 et seq.

406 LABELING REQUIREMENT: For any adhesive or sealant product subject to this rule and manufactured on or after July 1, 1997, the product’s manufacturer shall:

406.1 Display the following on each adhesive or sealant product container label and/or on the product’s material safety data sheet:

a. The product’s maximum VOC content as supplied.
b. Recommendations regarding thinning, reducing, or mixing with any material containing one or more VOCs (as defined in Section 263).
c. The maximum VOC content as applied—when the product is applied according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.

406.2 Express the VOC content as:

a. Grams of VOC per liter (or pounds of VOC per gallon) of product, less water and less exempt compounds, or
b. Grams of VOC per liter (or pounds of VOC per gallon) of material: for low-solids materials, or
c. As a percent of VOC by weight: for aerosol adhesives and aerosol adhesive primers.

406.3 Use the applicable method in Section 502 to determine VOC content.

407 CALCULATION FOR VOC COMPOSITE PARTIAL PRESSURE: VOC composite partial pressure is the sum of the partial pressures of the compounds defined as VOCs, and shall be calculated by the following equation:

Where: PPc = VOC composite partial pressure at 20oC, in mm Hg.

Wi = Weight of the "i"th VOC compound, in grams, as determined by

ASTM E 260-91.

Ww = Weight of water, in grams as determined by ASTM D 3792-86.

We = Weight of the "i"th exempt compound, in grams, as determined by ASTM E 260-91.

MWi = Molecular weight of the "i"th VOC compound, in grams per g-mole, as given in chemical reference literature.

MWw = Molecular weight of water, 18 grams per g-mole.

Mwe = Molecular weight of the "i"th exempt compound, in grams per g-mole, as given in chemical reference literature.

Vpi = Vapor pressure of the "i"th VOC compound at 20oC, in mm Hg, as determined by Section 502.10 of this rule.

408 FEASIBILITY AND TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT: By September 30, 2000, the Air Pollution Control Officer shall assess the exemption in Section 112 and the feasibility of the final VOC limits for contact adhesives applied on specialty substrates listed under Table 2 of Section 301 and whether new technology could provide additional emissions reductions to meet the District’s Air Quality Management Plan objectives.


500 MONITORING AND RECORDS


501 RECORD-KEEPING FOR USERS:

501.1 In addition to any applicable record-keeping requirements of Rule 202—NEW SOURCE REVIEW, Rule 209—LIMITING POTENTIAL TO EMIT, or any other District rule which may be applicable, effective December 1, 1997, any person applying adhesive or sealant products, surface preparation solvents, cleanup solvents, or strippers subject to any provision of this rule shall maintain the following records:

a. LIST OF MATERIALS: A list of currently used adhesive or sealant products, surface preparation solvents, cleanup solvents, or strippers. The list shall specify all of the following items:

1. The material’s:

a) Name/code,
b) Classification—from the tables in Sections 301, 302, 303, and 304 (e.g., "PVC Welding Adhesive," "Adhesive Applied to Metal," and "Substrate Preparation: Medical Devices"), and
c) Manufacturer; and

2. The material’s VOC content as applied—determined according to Section 502; and

3. The actual mixing ratio used in applying the material.

b. RECORD OF USAGE: Any person using materials regulated by this rule shall update and maintain the records required by subdivision (a) of Section 501.1 on a monthly basis.

1. These updates shall include the monthly volume of each type of adhesive or sealant product, solvent, and/or stripper used.

2. If, at any time, during a reporting period under this section a person uses a material which does not comply with the standards set forth in Section 301, 302, 303, or 304, the person shall keep daily records regarding the use, including the lack of use, of that non-compliant material during the applicable reporting period.

c. EMISSION CONTROL EQUIPMENT: Any person using an emission control device pursuant to this rule shall maintain records, on a daily basis, of key system operating parameters for emission control equipment, including, but not limited to:

1. The daily volume of each type of adhesive or sealant product, solvent, and/or stripper used;

2. Hours of operation;

3. Routine and non-routine maintenance; and

4. The records required by Section 404 as part of the Operation and Maintenance Plan.

501.2 DURATION OF RECORDS: All records required by Section 501.1 shall be maintained for a continuous three-year period and made available to the Air Pollution Control Officer upon request.

502 TEST METHODS:

502.1 DETERMINATION OF VOC CONTENT: Except as provided in Sections 502.2 and 502.3, VOC content of non-aerosol adhesive or sealant products, surface preparation solvents, cleanup solvents, or strippers shall be determined in accordance with United States Environmental Protection Agency Method 24 or United States Environmental Protection Agency Method 24A.

502.2 DETERMINATION OF VOC CONTENT OF AEROSOL ADHESIVES OR AEROSOL ADHESIVE PRIMERS: The VOC content of aerosol adhesives or aerosol adhesive primers shall be determined using South Coast Air Quality Management District Test Method 304 for aerosol coatings or equivalent methods approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

502.3 DETERMINATION OF VOC CONTENT OF PLASTIC WELDING CEMENT ADHESIVE/PRIMER: The VOC content of ABS, CPVC, PVC, or other plastic welding cement adhesive or any plastic welding cement primer shall be determined by using the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in Materials Used for Pipes and Fittings, Method 316a.

502.4 DETERMINATION OF COMPOUNDS EXEMPT FROM VOC DEFINITION: Exempt compounds referenced in Section 222 and listed in Rule 101—GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS, shall be determined in accordance with ASTM D 4457-85 or California Air Resources Board Method 432. If any of the perfluorocarbons or volatile cyclic and linear methyl siloxanes are being claimed as exempt compounds, the person making the claim must state in advance which compounds are present, and the United States Environmental Protection Agency-approved test method used to make the determination of these compounds.

502.5 DETERMINATION OF CONTROL EFFICIENCY: Control efficiency of the emissions control equipment shall be determined in accordance with United States Environmental Protection Agency Method 18, 25, or 25A; or United States Environmental Protection Agency Method 2 or 2C (whichever is applicable).

502.6 DETERMINATION OF COLLECTION EFFICIENCY: Efficiency of the collection system shall be determined in accordance with the United States Environmental Protection Agency's Guidelines for Determining Capture Efficiency, January 9, 1995.

502.7 DETERMINATION OF VOC CONTENT OF EMISSIONS: The VOC content of emissions shall be determined by United States Environmental Protection Agency Method 18.

502.8 DETERMINATION OF PLASTICIZER CONTENT: The test method used to determine plasticizer content of flexible vinyls shall be ASTM Method E260-73, General Gas Chromatography Procedures.

502.9 DETERMINATION OF VOC COMPOSITE PARTIAL PRESSURE: VOC composite partial pressure shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E260-91 for organic compounds, and ASTM D 3792-86 for water content as applicable, and Sections 407, and 502.10 of this rule.

502.10 DETERMINATION OF VAPOR PRESSURE: Vapor pressure of a VOC shall be determined in accordance with ASTM Method D2879-86, or may be obtained from the most current edition of a published source, including, but not limited to:

a. The Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances, Boublik, Fried, and Hala; Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, New York.
b.
Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Company.
c.
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Chemical Rubber Publishing Company.
d.
Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, John Dean, editor, McGraw-Hill Book Company.