SANTA BARBARA COUNTY AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DISTRICT

RULE 353 - ADHESIVES AND SEALANTS
(Adopted August 19, 1999)

A. Applicability
This rule is applicable to any person who supplies, sells, offers for sale, manufactures, solicits the application of, or uses adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primers, unless otherwise specifically exempted by this rule.

B. Exemptions

  1. The provisions of this rule shall not apply to the following:
    1. Adhesives used in tire repair operations, provided a label on the adhesive used states "For Tire Repair Only."
    2. Adhesives used in the assembly and manufacturing of undersea-based weapon systems.
    3. Adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primers being tested or evaluated in any research and development, quality assurance, or analytical laboratory, provided that the following records are maintained and made available to District personnel for a period of at least five (5) years:
      1. A list of all such materials used, which at a minimum includes the manufacturer's identification, the product category of the material or type of application, and the reactive organic compound content of each material.
      2. Such records shall be retained in accordance with the provisions of Section O.4 of this rule.
    4. Solvent welding operations used in the manufacturing of medical devices, such as, but not limited to, catheters, heart valves, blood cardioplegia machines, tracheotomy tubes, blood oxygenators, and cardiatory reservoirs.
    5. Plaque laminating operations where adhesives are used to bond a clear, polyester acetate laminate to wood with lamination equipment installed prior to July 1, 1992. Any person seeking to claim this exemption shall notify the Control Officer in writing that a complying adhesive is not available.
    6. Adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primers regulated by either of the following District rules, provided the rule has been approved as part of the State Implementation Plan by the Environmental Protection Agency.
      1. Rule 337, Surface Coating of Aircraft or Aerospace Vehicle Parts and Products.
      2. Rule 354, Graphic Arts.
    7. Adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primers that contain less than 20 grams of reactive organic compound per liter of adhesive or sealant, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied.
    8. Cyanoacrylate adhesives.
    9. Adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primers, which are sold or supplied by the manufacturer or suppliers in containers of 16 fluid ounces or less.
  2. The provisions of this rule, except Section K (Prohibition of Sales), shall not apply if the total reactive organic compound emissions from adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primers applied at the stationary source are less than 200 pounds per calendar year. Any person claiming this exemption shall record and maintain monthly operational records that can substantiate this claim. Further, the records shall be made available to District personnel for a period of at least five (5) years.
  3. The sales prohibition in Sections K.1 and K.2 of this rule shall not apply to:
    1. Any supplier or seller of any adhesive (including aerosol adhesive), adhesive bonding primer, adhesive primer, sealant, sealant primer, or any other primer where the supplier or seller:
      1. Ships the product outside of Santa Barbara County for use outside of Santa Barbara County.
      2. Provides product to a user who has installed a District permitted reactive organic compound add-on control device.
    2. Any manufacturer of any adhesive (including aerosol adhesive), adhesive bonding primer, adhesive primer, sealant, sealant primer, or any other primer, if the manufacturer has provided the maximum volatile organic compound content per Section L of this rule and if:
      1. The product was not sold directly to a user or a sales outlet located in Santa Barbara County, or
      2. The product was sold to an independent distributor that is not a subsidiary of, or under the direct control of, the manufacturer.
    3. The sale of any adhesive (including aerosol adhesive), adhesive bonding primer, adhesive primer, sealant, sealant primer, or any other primer, except plastic cement welding adhesives, if:
      1. The product is sold in any container(s) having a capacity of 16 fluid ounces or less (net volume) or one pound or less (net weight); and
      2. The total net weight or volume of two or more containers packaged together must be equal to or less than one pound or 16 fluid ounces, respectively, to qualify for this exemption.

C. Definitions

"
Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Welding Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to weld ABS pipe. ABS pipe is made by reacting monomers of acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene and is normally identified with an ABS marking.

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Adhesive" means any substance that is used to bond one surface to another surface by attachment or fused union.

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Adhesive Primer" means any product intended by the manufacturer to be applied to a substrate, prior to the application of an adhesive, to provide a bonding surface.

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Adhesive Bonding Primer" means an adhesive applied to a surface to improve the bond of subsequent adhesives and sometimes to inhibit corrosion.

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Adhesive Primer for Plastic" means a material applied to a plastic substrate before applying an adhesive in order to obtain better adhesion.

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Adhesive Solid" means the nonvolatile portion of an adhesive that remains after heating a sample of the material at 110oC for one hour.

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Aerosol Adhesive" means an adhesive packaged as an aerosol product in which the spray mechanism is permanently housed in a nonrefillable can designed for hand-held application without the need for ancillary hoses or spray equipment.

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Any Other Primer" means a coating or adhesive applied to a substrate to improve adhesion of subsequently applied adhesive, except adhesive primer and adhesive bonding primer.

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Architectural Sealant/Primer" means any sealant or sealant primer intended by the manufacturer to be applied to stationary structures, including mobile homes, and their appurtenances. Appurtenances to an architectural structure include, but are not limited to: hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, fences, rain gutters and downspouts, and windows.

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Automotive Glass Adhesive Primer" means any adhesive primer intended by the manufacturer to be applied to automotive glass prior to installation with an adhesive/sealant. This primer improves adhesion to the pinch weld and blocks ultraviolet light.

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Ceramic Tile Installation Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation of ceramic tiles.

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Ceramic Tile" means a ceramic surfacing unit made from clay or a mixture of clay and other materials.

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Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC) Welding Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the welding of CPVC plastic pipe. CPVC plastic is a polymer of the monomer that contains 67 percent chlorine and is normally identified with a CPVC marking.

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Computer Diskette Jacket Manufacturing Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to glue the fold-over flaps to the body of a vinyl computer diskette jacket.

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Contact Bond Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to adhere to itself instantaneously upon contact. The adhesive is applied to both adherends and allowed to become dry, which develops a bond when the adherends are brought together without sustained pressure.

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Contact Bond Adhesive-Special Substrates" means any contact adhesive that is intended by the manufacturer to be used for the bonding of nonporous substrates to each other, the bonding of decorative laminate in postforming application, or for the bonding of decorative laminate to metal, melamine-covered board, or curved surfaces, or when used to bond any substrate to metal, rubber, rigid plastic, or wood veneer not exceeding 1/16 inch in thickness.

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Cove Base Installation Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation of cove base (or wall base), which means generally made of vinyl or rubber, on a wall or vertical surface at floor level.

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Cyanoacrylate Adhesive" means an adhesive with a cyanoacrylate content of at least 95 percent by weight.

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Drywall Installation" means the installation of gypsum drywall to studs or solid surfaces using an adhesive formulated for that purpose.

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Exempt Compound" means any compound identified as an exception to the definition of "reactive organic compound" in Rule 102.

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Fiberglass" means fine filaments of glass.

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Flexible Vinyl" means nonrigid polyvinyl chloride plastic with at least five percent, by weight, of plasticizer content. A plasticizer means a material, such as a high boiling point organic solvent, that means incorporated into an adhesive to increase its flexibility, workability, or distensibility, and may be determined using ASTM Method E260-91 or from product formulation data.

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Foam" means a rigid or spongy cellular mass with gas bubbles dispersed throughout.

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Glue" means a hard gelatin obtained from hides, tendons, cartilage, bones, etc., of animals. Through general use, the term "glue" is synonymous with the term "adhesive."

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Grams of Reactive Organic Compound (ROC) per Liter of Adhesive or Sealant, Less Water and Less Exempt Compounds" means the weight of reactive organic compound per combined volume of reactive organic compound and adhesive or sealant solids, and can be calculated by the following equation:

For adhesives or sealants that contain reactive diluents, the reactive organic compound content of the adhesive or sealant is determined after curing. The grams of reactive organic compound per liter of adhesive or sealant shall be calculated by the following equation:

"Grams of Reactive Organic Compound Per Liter of Material" means the weight of reactive organic compound per volume of material and can be calculated by the following equation:

"Indoor Floor Covering Installation Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation of wood flooring, carpet, resilient tile, vinyl tile, vinyl backed carpet, resilient sheet and roll, or artificial grass. Ceramic tile installation and the installation of perimeter bonded sheet flooring with vinyl backing onto a non-porous substrate, such as flexible vinyl are excluded from this category.

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Laminate" means a product made by bonding together two or more layers of material.

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Low-Solids Adhesive, Sealant, or Primer" means any product that contains 120 grams or less of solids per liter of material.

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Marine Deck Sealant/Sealant Primer" means any sealant or sealant primer intended by the manufacturer to be applied to wooden marine decks.

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Metal to Urethane/Rubber Molding or Casting Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to bond metal to high density or elastomeric urethane or molded rubber materials, in heater molding or casting processes, to fabricate products such as rollers for computer printers or other paper handling equipment.

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Multipurpose Construction Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation or repair of various construction materials, including but not limited to drywall, subfloor, panel, fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP), ceiling tile, and acoustical tile.

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Nonmembrane Roof Installation/Repair Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation or repair of nonmembrane roofs and that means not intended for the installation of prefabricated single-ply flexible roofing membrane. This category includes plastic or asphalt roof cement, asphalt roof coatings, and cold application cement.

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Outdoor Floor Covering Installation Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation of floor covering that means not in an enclosure and means exposed to ambient weather conditions during normal use.

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Panel Installation" means the installation of plywood, pre-decorated hardboard (or tileboard), fiberglass reinforced plastic, and similar pre-decorated or non-decorated panels to studs or solid surfaces using an adhesive formulated for that purpose.

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Percent Reactive Organic Compound By Weight" means the ratio of the weight of the reactive organic compound to the weight of the material, expressed as a percentage of reactive organic compound by weight. The percent reactive organic compound by weight can be calculated as follows:

"Perimeter Bonded Sheet Flooring Installation" means the installation of sheet flooring with vinyl backing onto a nonporous substrate using an adhesive design to be applied only to a strip of up to four inches wide around the perimeter of the sheet flooring.

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Plastic Cement Welding Adhesive Primer" means any primer intended by the manufacturer to prepare plastic substrates prior to bonding or welding.

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Plastic Foam" means a foam constructed of plastics.

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Plastics" means various synthetic materials chemically formed by the polymerization of organic (carbon-based) substances. Plastics are usually compounded with modifiers, extenders, and/or reinforcers. They are used to produce pipe, solid sheet, film, or bulk products.

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Polyurethane Foams" means plastic foams, as defined in "Whittington's Dictionary of Plastics," page 329, and may be either rigid or flexible.

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Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Plastic" means a polymer of the chlorinated vinyl monomer that contains 57 percent chlorine and is normally identified with a PVC marking.

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Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Welding Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the welding of PVC plastic pipe.

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Porous Material" means a substance that has tiny openings, often microscopic, in which fluids may be absorbed or discharged. Such materials include but are not limited to wood, paper, corrugated paperboard, and plastic foam.

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Propellant" means a fluid under pressure that expels the contents of a container when a valve means opened.

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Reactive Diluent" means a liquid which is a reactive organic compound during application and one in which, through chemical and/or physical reactions, such as polymerization, 20 percent or more of the reactive organic compound becomes an integral part of a finished material.

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Roadway Sealant" means any sealant intended by the manufacturer to be applied to public streets, highways, and other surfaces, including but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.

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Rubber" includes any natural or manmade rubber substrate, including but not limited to, styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), polychloroprene (neoprene), butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, chlorosulfonated polyethylene (CSM), and ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM).

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Sealant" means any material with adhesive properties that is formulated primarily to fill, seal, waterproof, or weatherproof gaps or joints between two surfaces. Sealants include caulks.

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Sealant Primer" means any product intended by the manufacturer to be applied to a substrate, prior to the application of a sealant, to enhance the bonding surface.

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Sealant Solid" means the nonvolatile portion of a sealant that remains after heating a sample of the material at 110oC for one hour.

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Sheet-Applied Rubber Installation" means sheet rubber lining applied to the interior walls of stationary tanks and rail cars.

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Single-Ply Roof Membrane" means single sheets of rubber, normally EPDM (ethylene-propylene diene terpolymer), that are applied in a single layer to a building roof (normally a flat roof).

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Single-Ply Roof Membrane Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer for the installation or repair of single-ply roof membrane. Installation includes, as a minimum, attaching the edge of the membrane to the edge of the roof and applying flashings to vents, pipes, and ducts that protrude through the membrane. Repair includes gluing the edges of tears together, attaching a patch over a hole, and reapplying flashings to vents, pipes, or ducts installed through the membrane.

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Single-Ply Roof Membrane Adhesive Primer" means any primer intended by the manufacturer to clean and promote adhesion of the single-ply roof membrane seams or splices prior to bonding.

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Single-Ply Roof Membrane Sealant" means any sealant to be used for the installation or repair of single-ply roof membrane to the edge of the roof and applying flashings to vents, pipes, or ducts that protrude through the membrane. Repair includes, but is not limited to gluing the edges of tears together, attaching a patch to a hole, and reapplying flashings to vents, pipes, or ducts installed through the membrane.

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Solvent Bonding" has the same meaning as "solvent welding."

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Solvent Welding" means the softening of the surfaces of two substrates by wetting them with solvents and/or adhesives, and joining them together with a chemical and/or physical reaction(s) to form a fused union.

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Structural Glazing Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to adhere glass, ceramic, metal, stone, or composite panels to exterior building frames.

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Subfloor Installation" means the installation of subflooring material over floor joists, including the construction of any load bearing joists. Subflooring means covered by a finish surface material.

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Surface Preparation Solvent" means a solvent used in the cleaning of a substrate to remove dirt, oil, and other contaminants. This surface cleaning means typically done prior to the application of primers, adhesives, or sealants.

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Thin Metal Laminating Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to bond multiple layers of metal to metal or metal to plastic in the production of electronic or magnetic components in which the thickness of the bond line(s) means less than 0.25 mil.

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Tire Repair" means the expanding of a hole, tear, fissure, or blemish in a tire casing by grinding or gouging, applying adhesive, and filling the hole or crevice with rubber.

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Tire Retread Adhesive" means any adhesive intended by the manufacturer to be applied to the back of precure tread rubber and to the casing and cushion rubber. It may also be used to seal buffed tire casings to prevent oxidation while the tire means being prepared for a new tread.

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Traffic Marking Tape" means preformed reflective film intended by the manufacturer to be applied to public streets, highways, and other surfaces, including but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.

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Traffic Marking Tape Adhesive Primer" means any primer intended by the manufacturer to be applied to surfaces prior to installation of traffic marking tape.

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Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)"has the same meaning as "reactive organic compound" as defined in Rule 102.

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Waterproof Resorcinol Glue" means a two-part resorcinol-resin-based adhesive designed for applications where the bond line must be resistant to conditions of continuous immersion in fresh or salt water.

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Wood Flooring Installation" means the installation of a wood floor surface, which may be in the form of parquet tiles, planks, or strip-wood.

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Wood Parquet Flooring" means wood flooring in tile form constructed of smaller pieces of wood which are joined together in a pattern by the maker to form the tile.

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Wood Plank Flooring" means solid or laminated wood in plank form.

D. Requirements - Reactive Organic Compound Limits for Specific Applications of Adhesives, Adhesive Bonding Primers, Adhesive Primers, Sealants, Sealant Primers, or Any Other Primer

Except as provided in Sections E and I of this rule, a person shall not apply nonaerosol adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primer that are defined under the Table 353-1 product categories and that have a reactive organic compound content (grams per liter [g/l], less water and exempt compounds) in excess of the Table 353-1 limits. For low-solids adhesives, sealants, or primers, the reactive organic compound content is based on a g/l of material basis.

TABLE 353-1. REACTIVE ORGANIC COMPOUND LIMITS FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS

TYPE

PRODUCT CATEGORY

ROC LIMITS
(less water and exempt compounds)

On and After
08/19/1999

On and After
01/01/2000

(g/l)

(lb/gal)

(g/l)

(lb/gal)

1. Adhesives        
  ABS welding

400

3.3

400

3.3

  Ceramic tile installation

130

1.1

130

1.1

  Computer diskette jacket manufacturing

850

7.1

850

7.1

  Contact bond

540

4.5

250

2.1

  Contact bond-specialty substrates

540

4.5

400

3.3

  Cove base installation

150

1.3

150

1.3

  CPVC welding

490

4.1

490

4.1

  Indoor floor covering installation (except ceramic tile installation)

150

1.3

150

1.3

  Metal to urethane/rubber molding or casting

850

7.1

850

7.1

  Multipurpose construction (except cove base installation)

200

1.7

200

1.7

  Nonmembrane roof installation/repair

300

2.5

300

2.5

  Other plastic cement welding

510

4.3

510

4.3

  Outdoor floor covering installation

250

2.1

250

2.1

  Perimeter bonded sheet vinyl flooring installation

660

5.5

660

5.5

  PVC welding

510

4.3

510

4.3

  Sheet-applied rubber installation

850

7.1

850

7.1

  Single-ply roof membrane installation/repair

250

2.1

250

2.1

  Structural glazing

100

0.8

100

0.8

  Thin metal laminating

780

6.5

780

6.5

  Tire retread

100

0.8

100

0.8

  Traffic marking tape

150

1.3

150

1.3

  Waterproof resorcinol glue

170

1.4

170

1.4

2. Sealants        
  Architectural

250

2.1

250

2.1

  Marine deck

760

6.3

760

6.3

  Nonmembrane roof installation/repair

300

2.5

300

2.5

  Roadway

250

2.1

250

2.1

  Single-ply roof membrane

450

3.8

450

3.8

  Other

420

3.5

420

3.5

3. Adhesive Primers        
  Automotive glass

700

5.8

700

5.8

  Plastic cement welding

650

5.4

650

5.4

  Single-ply roof membrane

250

2.1

250

2.1

  Traffic marking tape

150

1.3

150

1.3

  Other

250

2.1

250

2.1

4. Sealant Primers        
  Architectural - non porous

250

2.1

250

2.1

  Architectural - porous

775

6.5

775

6.5

  Marine deck

760

6.3

760

6.3

  Other

750

6.3

750

6.3

E. Requirements - Reactive Organic Compound Limits for Nonspecific Applications of Adhesives, Adhesive Bonding Primers, Adhesive Primers, Sealants, Sealant Primers, or Any Other Primer onto Substrates

Except as provided below and in Section I of this rule, a person shall not apply nonaerosol adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primer to a substrate that have a reactive organic compound content (g/l, less water and exempt compounds) in excess of the Table 353-2 limits. For low-solids adhesives, sealants, or primers, the reactive organic compound content is based on a g/l of material basis.

The limit for a nonspecific application onto a substrate where an operator:

  1. Bonds dissimilar substrates together, is the applicable substrate category with the highest reactive organic compound content.

  2. Uses an adhesive or sealant listed in Table 353-1, is the limit specified in Table 353-1 for that particular product category.

TABLE 353-2. REACTIVE ORGANIC COMPOUND LIMITS FOR NONSPECIFIC APPLICATIONS OF ADHESIVES, ADHESIVE BONDING PRIMERS, ADHESIVE PRIMERS, SEALANTS, SEALANT PRIMERS, OR ANY OTHER PRIMER ONTO SUBSTRATES

SUBSTRATE/APPLICATION

ROC LIMITS
(less water and exempt compounds)

On and After
08/19/1999

 

(g/l)

(lb/gal)

Flexible vinyl

 250

  2.1

Fiberglass 

200

1.7

Metal

30

0.3

Porous material

120

1.0

Rubber

250

2.1

Other substrates250

250

2.1

F. Requirements - Aerosol Adhesives Reactive Organic Compound Limit
Except as provided in Section I of this rule, a person shall not use any aerosol adhesive unless the reactive organic compound content, including the propellant, does not exceed 75 percent by weight.

G. Requirement - Cleanup Solvent and/or Cleanup Method

  1. Except as provided in Section I of this rule, no person shall use materials containing reactive organic compound for the removal of adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primer from surfaces, other than spray application equipment, unless the composite vapor pressure of the solvent used is less than 45 millimeters (mm) of mercury (Hg) at 20 degree (°) Celsius (C).
  2. Spray application equipment: Except as provided in Section I of this rule, either one of the following shall be used for cleaning, flushing or soaking of filters, flushing lines, pipes, pumps, and other parts of the application equipment:
    1. An enclosed cleaning system, or an equivalent cleaning system as determined by the test method referenced in Section N.9 of this rule, or
    2. A solvent with a reactive organic compound content of 70 grams per liter (0.6 lb/gal) or less. Parts containing dried adhesive may be soaked in an organic solvent as long as the composite vapor pressure, excluding water and exempt compounds, of the solvent is 9.5 mm of Hg at 20°C or less and is kept in a closed container, which shall be closed except when depositing or removing parts or materials from the container.


H. Requirements - Surface Preparation Solvent
Except as provided in Section I of this rule and for single-ply roofing, no person shall use materials containing reactive organic compounds for surface preparation unless the reactive organic compound content of the solvent is 70 grams per liter (0.6 lb/gal) or less. For single-ply roofing surface preparation solvent, the composite vapor pressure, excluding water and exempt compounds, shall not exceed 45 mm of Hg at 20°C.

I. Requirements - Alternative Compliance Provision
A person may comply with the provisions of Sections D, E, F, G, and H of this rule by using approved add-on air pollution control equipment, provided that:

  1. The reactive organic compound emissions from such operations and/or materials are reduced by at least 85 percent overall capture and destruction efficiency, by weight,
  2. Combustion temperature is continuously monitored when operating a thermal incinerator,
  3. Inlet and exhaust gas temperatures are continuously monitored when operating a catalytic incinerator,
  4. Control device efficiency is continuously monitored when operating a carbon adsorber or control device other than a thermal or catalytic incinerator, and
  5. Written approval for such equipment, in the form of an Authority to Construct and a Permit to Operate, is received from the Control Officer.

J. Requirements - Storage of Reactive Organic Compound Containing Materials
All reactive organic compound containing materials, including reactive organic compound-laden cloth or paper used in stripping cured adhesives, shall be stored or disposed in non-absorbent containers, which shall be closed except when depositing or removing materials from the container.

K. Requirements - Prohibition of Sales

  1. Except as provided in Section B.3 of this rule, after the specified effective dates, no person shall supply, sell, or offer for sale any adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primer that, at the time of sale, exceeds the corresponding reactive organic compound limit listed in Table 353-1 and is defined under a product category in Table 353-1.
  2. Except as provided in Section B.3 of this rule, no person shall supply, sell, or offer for sale, any aerosol adhesive unless, at the time of sale, the reactive organic compound content, including the propellant, does not exceed 75 percent by weight.

L. Requirements - Manufacturer Compliance Statement
The manufacturer of any adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primer subject to this rule shall display the maximum volatile organic compound content as supplied, determined by the appropriate test method, on labels or containers. This designation shall display recommendations regarding thinning, reducing, or mixing with any other volatile organic compound containing material. This information shall include the maximum volatile organic compound content on an as-applied basis when used in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

M. Requirements - Prohibition of Specification
No person shall solicit, require for use, or specify the application of any adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primer, if such use or application results in a violation of the provisions of this rule. This prohibition shall apply to all written or oral contracts.

N. Monitoring

  1. The volatile organic compound and solids content of all nonaerosol adhesives, adhesive primers, and cleaning solvents, except as specified in Section N.4 of this rule, shall be determined using Environmental Protection Agency Reference Method 24 (40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A) or South Coast Air Quality Management District Method 304.
  2. Exempt organic compounds shall be determined using ASTM D4457-91. For exempt compounds where no reference test method is available, a facility requesting the exemption shall provide appropriate test methods approved by the Control Officer and approvable by the Environmental Protection Agency.
  3. The volatile organic compound content of aerosol adhesives and aerosol adhesive primers shall be determined using South Coast Test Method 305 or Air Resources Board Method 310 upon the Environmental Protection Agency approval of Method 310.
  4. The volatile organic compound content of any plastic welding cement adhesive or primer shall be determined using South Coast Air Quality Management District Method 316A.
  5. The composite vapor pressure of organic compounds in cleaning materials shall be determined by quantifying the amount of each compound in the blend using gas chromatographic analysis (ASTM E260-96) for organics and ASTM D3792-91 for water content, as applicable, and the following equation:
  6. The vapor pressure of each single component compound may be determined from ASTM D2879-96 or may be obtained from a published source approved by the Control Officer, such as the sources referenced in 40 CFR 52.741, or the most current edition of a published source, including, but not limited to: a). The Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances, Boublik, Fried, and Hala; Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, New York; b). Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Company; c). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Chemical Rubber Publishing Company; and d) Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, John Dean, editor, McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  7. The measurement of capture efficiency of an emission control system shall be conducted and reported in accordance with the recently approved Environmental Protection Agency Technical Document "Guidelines for Determining Capture Efficiency," issued January 9, 1995, or a District capture efficiency determination method approved by the Environmental Protection Agency.
  8. The measurement of control efficiency shall be in accordance with Environmental Protection Agency Methods 25, 25A, 25B, or Air Resources Board Method 100.
  9. The active and passive solvent losses from spray gun cleaning systems shall be determined using South Coast Air Quality Management District's "General Test Method for Determining Solvent Losses from Spray Gun Cleaning Systems," dated October 3, 1989. The test solvent for this determination shall be any lacquer thinner with a minimum vapor pressure of 105 mm of Hg at 20°C, and the minimum test temperature shall be 15°C.
  10. To determine if a diluent is a reactive diluent, the percent of the reactive organic compound that becomes an integral part of the finished material shall be determined using the South Coast Air Quality Management District Method 316A.

O. Recordkeeping
Any person subject to this rule that manufactures or applies adhesive, adhesive bonding primer, adhesive primer, sealant, sealant primer, or any other primer shall:

  1. Maintain a current list of each adhesive, adhesive bonding primer, adhesive primer, sealant, sealant primer, any other primer, and solvent in use and in storage. The file shall provide all of the data necessary to evaluate compliance and shall include, but not be limited to, the following information, as applicable:
    1. A data sheet or material list giving the material name, manufacturer identification, and material application.
    2. Any catalysts, reducers, or other components used and the mix ratio.
    3. The applicable reactive organic compound content limit or vapor pressure limit from Sections D, E, F, G, and H of this rule and the actual reactive organic compound content, as applied, or vapor pressure of the adhesive, sealant, primer, or solvent.
  2. Maintain records of the monthly volume of each adhesive, adhesive bonding primer, adhesive primer, sealant, sealant primer, other primers, or solvent used.
  3. When compliance is achieved through the use of add-on control equipment, maintain records on a daily basis of key operating parameters for the emission control equipment, including, but not limited to:
    1. Hours of operation.
    2. Routine and nonroutine maintenance.
    3. The applicable information specified in Section I of this rule.
    4. The daily volume of each noncompliant adhesive, sealant, primer, or solvent used.
  4. All records shall be maintained on site for at least two (2) years and shall be available for inspection. Thereafter, the records shall be maintained either on site or readily available for expeditious inspection and review for an additional three (3) years.

P. Rule Effective Date
Unless otherwise specified, the provisions of this rule become effective on August 19, 1999.