SOUTH COAST AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT

(Adopted October 15, 1993)(Amended December 7, 1995)(Amended May 10, 1996)

(Amended July 12, 1996)(Amended April 9, 1999)

RULE 2005 NEW SOURCE REVIEW FOR RECLAIM

(a) Purpose
This rule sets forth pre-construction review requirements for new facilities subject to the requirements of the RECLAIM program, for modifications to RECLAIM facilities, and for facilities which increase their allocation to a level greater than their starting allocation plus non-tradable credits. The purpose of this rule is to ensure that the operation of such facilities does not interfere with progress in attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards, and that future economic growth in the South Coast Air Basin is not unnecessarily restricted.

(b) Requirements for New or Relocated RECLAIM Facilities

    (1) The Executive Officer shall not approve the application for a Facility Permit to authorize construction or installation of a new or relocated facility unless the applicant demonstrates that:

    (2) The Executive Officer shall not approve the application for a Facility Permit authorizing operation of a new or relocated facility, unless the applicant demonstrates that:

(c) Requirements for Existing RECLAIM Facilities, Modification to New RECLAIM Facilities, Facilities which Undergo a Change of Operator, or Facilities which Increase an Annual Allocation to a Level Greater Than the Facility's Starting Allocation Plus Non-tradable Credits.

    (1) The Executive Officer shall not approve an application for a Facility Permit Amendment to authorize the installation of a new source or modification of an existing source which results in an emission increase as defined in subdivision (d), unless the applicant demonstrates that:

    (2) The Executive Officer shall not approve an application for a Facility Permit Amendment to authorize operation of the new or modified source which results in an emission increase as defined in subdivision (d), unless the applicant demonstrates that the facility holds sufficient RECLAIM Trading Credits to offset the annual emission increase for the first year of operation at a 1-to-1 ratio.

    (3) The Executive Officer shall not approve an application for Change of Operator for a Facility Permit unless the applicant demonstrates that the facility holds sufficient RECLAIM Trading Credits for the compliance year in which the change of operator permit is issued. Credits must be held in an amount equal to the annual Allocation initially issued to the original Facility Permit holder for the same compliance year.

    (4) The Executive Officer shall not approve an application to increase an annual Allocation to a level greater than the facility's starting Allocation plus non-tradable credits, unless the applicant demonstrates that:

(d) Emission Increase
An increase in emissions occurs if a source's maximum hourly potential to emit immediately prior to the proposed modification is less than the source's post-modification maximum hourly potential to emit. The amount of emission increase will be determined by comparing pre-modification and post-modification emissions on an annual basis by using: (1) an operating schedule of 24 hours per day, 365 days per year; or (2) a permit condition limiting mass emissions.

(e) Trading Zones Restrictions
Any increase in an annual Allocation to a level greater than the facility's starting plus non-tradable Allocations, and all emissions from a new or relocated facility must be fully offset by obtaining RECLAIM Trading Credits originated in one of the two trading zones as illustrated in the RECLAIM Trading Zones Map. A facility in Zone 1 may only obtain RECLAIM Trading Credits from Zone 1. A facility in Zone 2 may obtain RECLAIM Trading Credits from either Zone 1 or 2, or both.

(f) Offsets
Any facility which was required to provide offsets pursuant to paragraphs (b)(2), (c)(2), or subparagraph (c)(4)(B) shall, at the commencement of each compliance year, hold RECLAIM Trading Credits in an amount equal to the amount of such required offsets. The Facility Permit holder may reduce the amount of offsets required pursuant to this subdivision by accepting a permit condition limiting emissions which shall serve in lieu of the starting Allocation plus non-tradable credits for purposes of paragraph (c)(4). Unused RECLAIM Trading Credits acquired to comply with this subdivision or with paragraphs (b)(2), (c)(2), or subparagraph (c)(4)(B) may be sold only during the reconciliation period for the fourth quarter of the applicable compliance year. The Facility Permit for a new or modified facility shall require compliance with this subparagraph, if applicable.

(g) Additional Federal Requirements for Major Stationary Sources
The Executive Officer shall not approve the application for a Facility Permit or an Amendment to a Facility Permit for a new, relocated or modified major stationary source, as defined in the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. Section 7511a(e), unless the applicant:

    (1) certifies that all other major stationary sources in the state which are controlled by the applicant are in compliance or on a schedule for compliance with all applicable federal emission limitations or standards (42 U.S.C. Section 7503(a)(3)); and

    (2) submits an analysis of alternative sites, sizes, production processes and environmental control techniques for the proposed source which demonstrates that the benefits of the proposed source significantly outweigh the environmental and social cost imposed as a result of its location, construction, or modification (42 U.S.C. Section 7503(a)(5));

    (3) Compliance Through California Environmental Quality Act
    The requirements of paragraph (g)(2) may be met through compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act in the following manner.

    (4) Protection of Visibility

(h) Public Notice
The applicant shall provide public notice, if required, pursuant to Rule 212 - Standards for Approving Permits.

(i) Rule 1401
All new or modified sources shall comply with the requirements of Rule 1401 - New Source Review of Carcinogenic Air Contaminants, if applicable.

(j) Compliance with State and Federal New Source Review Requirements
The Executive Officer will report to the District Governing Board regarding the effectiveness of Rule 2005 in meeting the state and federal New Source Review requirements for the preceding year. The Executive Officer may impose permit conditions to monitor and ensure compliance with such requirements. This report shall be incorporated in the Annual Program Audit Report prepared pursuant to Rule 2015(b)(1).

(k) Exemptions

    (1) Functionally identical source replacements are exempt from the requirements of subparagraph (c)(1)(B) of this rule.

    (2) Physical modifications that consist of the installation of equipment where the modification will not increase the emissions rate of any RECLAIM pollutant, and will not cause an increase in emissions above the facility's current year Allocation, shall be exempt from the requirements of paragraph (c)(2).

    (3) Increases in hours of operation or throughput for equipment or processes permitted prior to October 15, 1993 that the applicant demonstrates would not violate any permit conditions in effect on October 15, 1993 which were imposed in order to limit emissions to implement New Source Review offset requirements, shall be exempt from the requirements of this rule.

    (4) Increase to RECLAIM emission concentration limits or emission rates not associated with Best Available Control Technology permit conditions provided that the increase is not a result of any modification to equipment shall be exempt from the requirements of this rule.

    (5) The requirements under subparagraphs (b)(1)(B) and (c)(1)(B), and clause (c)(4)(A)(ii) shall not apply to equipment used exclusively on a standby basis for non-utility electrical power generation or any other equipment used on a standby basis in case of emergency, provided the source does not operate more than 200 hours per year as evidenced by an engine-hour meter or equivalent method and is listed as emergency equipment in the Facility Permit.

    APPENDIX A The following sets forth the procedure for complying with the air quality modeling requirements. An applicant must either (1) provide an analysis, or (2) show by using the Screening Analysis below, that a significant increase in air quality concentration will not occur.

    Table A-1 of the screening analysis is subject to change by the Executive Officer, based on improved modeling data.

    SCREENING ANALYSIS Compare the emissions from the equipment you are applying for to those in Table A-1. If the emissions are less than the allowable emissions, no further analysis is required. If the emissions are greater than the allowable emissions, a more detailed air quality modeling analysis is required.

    Table A-1

    Allowable Emissions

    for Noncombustion Sources and for

    Combustion Sources less than 40 Million BTUs per hour

     

     

     

    Heat Input Capacity

    NOx

    (million BTUs/hr)

    (lbs/hr)

    Noncombustion Source

    0.068

    2

    0.20

    5

    0.31

    10

    0.47

    20

    0.86

    30

    1.26

    40

    1.31

    Table A-2

    Most Stringent Ambient Air Quality Standard and

    Allowable Change in Concentration

    For Each Air Contaminant/Averaging Time Combination

         

     

    Most Stringent

     

    Significant Change in

    Air

     

    Averaging

     

    Air Quality

     

    Air Quality

    Contaminant

     

    Time

     

    Standard

     

    Concentration

                 
    Nitrogen  

    1-hour

      25 pphm 500 ug/m3   1 pphm 20 ug/m3
    Dioxide  

    Annual

      5.3 pphm 100 ug/m3   0.05 pphm 1 ug/m3

    Undisplayed Graphic

    APPENDIX B

    MODELING ANALYSIS FOR VISIBILITY (a) The modeling analysis performed by the applicant shall consider:

      (1) the net emission increase from the new or modified source; and

      (2) the location of the source and its distance to the closest boundary of specified Federal Class I area(s).

    (b) Level 1 and 2 screening analysis for adverse plume impact pursuant to paragraph (g)(4) of this rule for modeling analysis of plume visibility shall consider the following applicable screening background visual ranges:

    Federal Class I Area Screening Background
      Visual Range (km)
    Agua Tibia 171
    Cucamonga 171
    Joshua Tree 180
    San Gabriel 175
    San Gorgonio 192
    San Jacinto 171

    For level 1 and 2 screening analysis, no adverse plume impact on visibility results when the total color contrast value (Delta-E) is 2.0 or less and the plume contrast value (C) is 0.05 or less. If these values are exceeded, the Executive Officer shall require additional modeling. For level 3 analysis the appropriate background visual range, in consultation with the Executive Officer, shall be used. The Executive Officer may determine that there is no adverse visibility impact based on substantial evidence provided by the project applicant.

    (c) When more detailed modeling is required to determine the projectís visibility impact or when an air quality model specified in the Guidelines below is deemed inappropriate by the Executive Officer for a specific source-receptor application, the model may be modified or another model substituted with prior written approval by the Executive Officer, in consultation with the federal Environmental Protection Agency and the Federal Land Managers.

    (d) The modeling analysis for plume visibility required pursuant to paragraph (g)(4) of this rule shall comply with the most recent version of:

      (1) "Guideline on Air Quality Model (Revised)" (1986), supplement A (1987), supplement B (1993) and supplement C (1994), EPA-450/2-78-027R, US EPA, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Research Triangle Park, NC 27711; and

      (2) "Workbook for Plume Visual Impact Screening and Analysis (Revised)," EPA-454-/R-92-023, US EPA, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711;

      (3) "Userís Manual for the Plume Visibility Model (PLUVUE II) (Revised)," EPA-454/B-92-008, US EPA, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (for Level-3 Visibility Analysis)