SOUTH COAST AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT
 
 

(Adopted February 4, 1977)(Amended April 1, 1977)

(Amended September 2, 1977)(Amended November 4, 1988)

(Amended July 9, 1993)(Amended November 17, 1995)

(Amended March 13, 1998)

RULE 102. DEFINITION OF TERMS

Except as otherwise specifically provided in these rules and except where the context otherwise indicates, words used in these rules are used in exactly the same sense as the same words are used in Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code.

AGRICULTURAL BURNING means open outdoor fires used in agricultural operations in the growing of crops or raising of fowls or animals, or open outdoor fires used in forest management, range improvement, or the improvement of land for wildlife and game habitat or disease and pest prevention. Agricultural burning also includes open outdoor fires used in the operation or maintenance of a system for the delivery of water for the purposes specified above.

AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS means any operation occurring on a ranch or farm directly related to the growing of crops, or raising of fowls or animals for the primary purpose of making a profit or for a livelihood.

AGRICULTURAL WASTES means unwanted or unsalable materials produced wholly from agricultural operations, other than forest or range management operations, directly related to the growing of crops or animals for the primary purpose of making a profit or for a livelihood. The term does not include wastes created by land use conversion to non-agricultural purposes unless the destruction of such waste by open outdoor fire is ordered by the County or State Agricultural Commissioner upon his determination that the waste is infested with infections transmittable or contagious plant disease which is an immediate hazard to agricultural operations conducted on adjoining or nearby property.

AIR POLLUTION CONTROL OFFICER means the Executive Officer, or designee of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

AIR CONTAMINANT or air pollutant means any discharge, release, or other propagation into the atmosphere directly or indirectly caused by man and includes, but is not limited to, smoke, charred paper, dust, soot, grime, carbon, fumes, gases, odors, particulate matters, acids or any combination thereof.

ATMOSPHERE (This definition was adopted on November 16, 1954 for the Metropolitan Zone and on November 23, 1973 for the Southern Zone. It is currently applicable only to the Metropolitan and Southern Zones.) "Atmosphere" means the air that envelopes or surrounds the earth. Where air pollutants are emitted into a building not designed specifically as a piece of air pollution control equipment, such emission into the building shall be considered an emission into the atmosphere.

BASIC EQUIPMENT means any article, machine, equipment or contrivance which causes the issuance of air contaminants.

BREAKDOWN means a condition caused by an accidental fire or non-preventable mechanical or electrical failure.

CLEAN AIR SOLVENT is a VOC-containing material used to perform solvent cleaning, solvent finishing, or surface preparation operations or activities which:

COMBUSTIBLE REFUSE means any solid or liquid combustible waste material containing carbon in a free or combined state.

COMBUSTION CONTAMINANTS are particulate matter discharged into the atmosphere from the burning of any kind of material containing carbon in a free or combined state.

COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE means the date or dates by which a source or category of sources is required to comply with specific emission limitations contained in any air pollution rule, regulation, or statute and with any increment of progress toward such compliance.

CONTROL EQUIPMENT means air pollution control equipment which eliminates, reduces or controls the issuance of air contaminants.

DISTRICT means the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

DUSTS are minute solid particles released into the air by natural forces or by mechanical processes including, but not limited to, crushing, grinding, milling, drilling, demolishing, shoveling, conveying, covering, bagging, and sweeping.

EXECUTIVE OFFICER means the Executive Officer or designee of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

EQUIPMENT means any article, machine, or other contrivance.

EXEMPT Compounds are any of the following compounds:

The use of Group II compounds and/or carbon tetrachloride may be restricted in the future because they are either toxic, potentially toxic, upper-atmosphere ozone depleters, or cause other environmental impacts. By January 1, 1996, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform), and carbon tetrachloride were phased out in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulation Title 40, Part 82 (December 10, 1993).

Whenever there is a conflict between the definition of exempt compounds of VOCs in this rule and the definition of exempt compounds of VOCs in another District rule, the definition in Rule 102 shall apply.

FLEET VEHICLES means gasoline-powered motor vehicles as defined by Section 415 of the Vehicle Code and which are operated from one business address.

FUGITIVE DUST means any solid particulate matter that becomes airborne, other than that emitted from an exhaust stack, directly or indirectly as a result of the activities of man.

GASOLINE means any petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 200 mm Hg (3.9 pounds per square inch), or greater.

HEARING BOARD means the Hearing Board of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

INCREMENTS OF PROGRESS means steps to be taken by an owner or operator to bring a source of air contaminants into compliance. (See definition of "Schedule of Increments of Progress.")

LOADING FACILITY means any aggregation or combination of organic liquid loading equipment which is both possessed by one person, and located so that all the organic liquid loading outlets, for such aggregation or combination of loading equipment can be encompassed within any circle of 90 meters (295 feet) in diameter.

MOTOR VEHICLE is a vehicle which is self-propelled.

MULTIPLE-CHAMBER INCINERATOR means any equipment, structure or part of a structure, used to dispose of combustible refuse by burning, consisting of three or more refractory lined combustion chambers, physically separated by refractory walls, interconnected by gas passage ports or ducts.

OIL-EFFLUENT WATER SEPARATOR means any tank, box, sump or other container in which any petroleum or product thereof, floating on or entrained or contained in water entering such tank, box, sump, or other container, is physically separated and removed from such water prior to outfall, drainage, or recovery of such water.

ORCHARD HEATER or citrus grove heater means any equipment burning any type of fuel or material capable of being used, for the purpose of giving protection from frost damage. Equipment commonly known as Wind Machines are not included.

ORGANIC MATERIAL means a chemical compound of carbon excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides, metallic carbonates and ammonium carbonate.

ORGANIC SOLVENTS include diluents and thinners and are defined as organic materials which are liquids at standard conditions and which are used as dissolvers, viscosity reducers or cleaning agents, except that such material exhibiting a boiling point higher than 104oC (219oF) at 0.5 mm Hg absolute pressure or having an equivalent vapor pressure shall not be considered to be solvents unless exposed to temperatures exceeding 104oC (219oF).

OZONE-DEPLETING COMPOUNDS (ODCs) are Class I substances identified in 40 CFR, Part 82, Appendix A, Subpart A, including, but not limited to the following compounds:

PARTICULATE MATTER means any material, except uncombined water, which exists in a finely divided form as a liquid or solid at standard conditions.

PPM means parts per million by volume.

PERSON means any individual, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, company, contractor, supplier, installer, user or owner, or any state or local governmental agency or public district or any other officer or employee thereof. PERSON also means the United States or its agencies to the extent authorized by Federal law.

PHOTOCHEMICALLY REACTIVE SOLVENT means any solvent with an aggregate of more than 20 percent of its total volume composed of the chemical componds classified below or which exceeds any of the following individual percentage composition limitations, referred to the total volume of solvent:

Whenever any organic solvent or any constituent of an organic solvent may be classified from its chemical structure into more than one of the above groups of organic compounds, it shall be considered as a member of the most reactive chemical group, that is, that group having the least allowable percent of the total volume of solvents.

PM-10 means the particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than or equal to 10 microns as measured by applicable State and Federal reference test methods.

PROCESS WEIGHT means the total weight of all materials introduced into any specific process which may discharge contaminants into the atmosphere. Solid fuels charged will be considered as part of the process weight, but liquid gaseous fuels and air will not.

PROCESS WEIGHT PER HOUR means the total process weight divided by the number of hours in one complete operation from the beginning of any given process to the completion thereof, excluding any time during which the equipment is idle.

RECEPTOR AREA means that specified geographic area in which the air contaminants emitted from a source area are present or to which they may be transported.

REDUCTION OF ANIMAL MATTER means any heated process, used for rendering, cooking, drying, dehydrating, digesting, evaporating and protein concentrating of animal matter.

REGULATION means one of the major subdivisions of the Rules of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

RULE means a rule of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

SCHEDULE OF INCREMENTS OF PROGRESS means a statement of dates when various steps are to be taken to bring a source of air contaminants into compliance with emission standards and shall include, to the extent feasible, the following:

SMALL BUSINESS means a business which is independently owned and operated and meets the following criteria, or if affiliated with another concern, the combined activities of both concerns shall meet these criteria:

For the purpose of qualifying for assistance offered by the District's Small Business Assistance Office only, a small business means a business with total gross annual receipts of $5,000,000 or less, or a business with a total number of employees of 100 or less.

SOLID PARTICULATE MATTER means particulate matter which exists as a solid at standard conditions.

SOURCE AREA means that specified geographic area in which air contaminants are emitted.

STANDARD CONDITIONS are a gas temperature of 60oF and a gas pressure of 760 mm Hg (14.7 pounds per square inch) absolute.

SUBMERGED FILL PIPE means any fill pipe the discharge opening of which is completely submerged when the liquid level is 15 centimeters (6 inches) above the bottom of the container; or when applied to a container which is loaded from the side, it means any fill pipe the opening of which is entirely submerged when the liquid level is 45 centimeters (18 inches) above the bottom of the container.

VEHICLE is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) is any volatile compound of carbon, excluding methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonate, and exempt compounds.






SOUTH COAST AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT
 

(Adopted February 4, 1977)(Amended April 1, 1977)

(Amended September 2, 1977)(Amended November 4, 1988)

(Amended July 9, 1993)(Amended November 17, 1995)

(Amended June 13, 1997)

RULE 102. DEFINITION OF TERMS

Except as otherwise specifically provided in these rules and except where the context otherwise indicates, words used in these rules are used in exactly the same sense as the same words are used in Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code.

AGRICULTURAL BURNING means open outdoor fires used in agricultural operations in the growing of crops or raising of fowls or animals, or open outdoor fires used in forest management, range improvement, or the improvement of land for wildlife and game habitat or disease and pest prevention. Agricultural burning also includes open outdoor fires used in the operation or maintenance of a system for the delivery of water for the purposes specified above.

AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS means any operation occurring on a ranch or farm directly related to the growing of crops, or raising of fowls or animals for the primary purpose of making a profit or for a livelihood.

AGRICULTURAL WASTES means unwanted or unsalable materials produced wholly from agricultural operations, other than forest or range management operations, directly related to the growing of crops or animals for the primary purpose of making a profit or for a livelihood. The term does not include wastes created by land use conversion to non-agricultural purposes unless the destruction of such waste by open outdoor fire is ordered by the County or State Agricultural Commissioner upon his determination that the waste is infested with infections transmittable or contagious plant disease which is an immediate hazard to agricultural operations conducted on adjoining or nearby property.

AIR POLLUTION CONTROL OFFICER means the Executive Officer, or designee of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

AIR CONTAMINANT or air pollutant means any discharge, release, or other propagation into the atmosphere directly or indirectly caused by man and includes, but is not limited to, smoke, charred paper, dust, soot, grime, carbon, fumes, gases, odors, particulate matters, acids or any combination thereof.

ATMOSPHERE (This definition was adopted on November 16, 1954 for the Metropolitan Zone and on November 23, 1973 for the Southern Zone. It is currently applicable only to the Metropolitan and Southern Zones.) "Atmosphere" means the air that envelopes or surrounds the earth. Where air pollutants are emitted into a building not designed specifically as a piece of air pollution control equipment, such emission into the building shall be considered an emission into the atmosphere.

BASIC EQUIPMENT means any article, machine, equipment or contrivance which causes the issuance of air contaminants.

BREAKDOWN means a condition caused by an accidental fire or non-preventable mechanical or electrical failure.

CLEAN AIR SOLVENT is a VOC-containing material used to perform solvent cleaning, solvent finishing, or surface preparation operations or activities which:

    (a) Contains no more than fifty (50) grams of VOC per liter of material, as applied:

    (b) Has a VOC composite partial vapor pressure less than 5 mm Hg at 20oC (68oF);

    (c) Reacts to form ozone at a rate not exceeding that of toluene;

    (d) Contains no compounds classified as Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) by the Federal Clean Air Act, or Ozone Depleting Compounds (ODCs) and Global Warming Compounds (GWCs) as defined by the District, and

    (e) Has been certified by the District to meet the criteria stated in (A) through (D) according to test methods and procedures approved by the District.

COMBUSTIBLE REFUSE means any solid or liquid combustible waste material containing carbon in a free or combined state.

COMBUSTION CONTAMINANTS are particulate matter discharged into the atmosphere from the burning of any kind of material containing carbon in a free or combined state.

COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE means the date or dates by which a source or category of sources is required to comply with specific emission limitations contained in any air pollution rule, regulation, or statute and with any increment of progress toward such compliance.

CONTROL EQUIPMENT means air pollution control equipment which eliminates, reduces or controls the issuance of air contaminants.

DISTRICT means the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

DUSTS are minute solid particles released into the air by natural forces or by mechanical processes including, but not limited to, crushing, grinding, milling, drilling, demolishing, shoveling, conveying, covering, bagging, and sweeping.

EXECUTIVE OFFICER means the Executive Officer or designee of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

EQUIPMENT means any article, machine, or other contrivance.

EXEMPT COMPOUNDS are any of the following compounds

    (A) Group I

    1,1,1,2,3,4,4,5,5,5-decafluoropentane (HFC-43-10mee)

    1,3-dichloro-1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane (HCFC 225cb)

    3,3-dichloro-1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoropropane (HCFC 225ca)

    acetone

    ethane

    chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22)
    trifluoromethane (HFC-23)
    2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123)
    2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-124)
    pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)
    1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134)
    1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)
    1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b)
    1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b)
    1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a)
    1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a)

    cyclic branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes

    cyclic branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations

    cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations

    sulfur-containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine.

    (B) Group II

    methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

    1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform)

    trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11)
    dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12)
    1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113)
    1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (CFC-114)
    chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115)

    parachlorobenzotrifluoride (PCBTF)

    cyclic, branched, or linear, completely methylated siloxanes (VMS)

    tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)*

* The listing of tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene) as a Group II Exempt Compound shall become effective December 2, 1997.

The use of Group II compounds and/or carbon tetrachloride may be restricted in the future because they are either toxic, potentially toxic, upper-atmosphere ozone depleters, or cause other environmental impacts. By January 1, 1996, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform), and carbon tetrachloride were phased out in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulation Title 40, Part 82 (December 10, 1993).

Whenever there is a conflict between the definition of exempt compounds of VOCs in this rule and the definition of exempt compounds of VOCs in another District rule, the definition in Rule 102 shall apply.

FLEET VEHICLES means gasoline-powered motor vehicles as defined by Section 415 of the Vehicle Code and which are operated from one business address.

FUGITIVE DUST means any solid particulate matter that becomes airborne, other than that emitted from an exhaust stack, directly or indirectly as a result of the activities of man.

GASOLINE means any petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 200 mm Hg (3.9 pounds per square inch), or greater.

HEARING BOARD means the Hearing Board of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

INCREMENTS OF PROGRESS means steps to be taken by an owner or operator to bring a source of air contaminants into compliance. (See definition of "Schedule of Increments of Progress.")

LOADING FACILITY means any aggregation or combination of organic liquid loading equipment which is both possessed by one person, and located so that all the organic liquid loading outlets, for such aggregation or combination of loading equipment can be encompassed within any circle of 90 meters (295 feet) in diameter.

MOTOR VEHICLE is a vehicle which is self-propelled.

MULTIPLE-CHAMBER INCINERATOR means any equipment, structure or part of a structure, used to dispose of combustible refuse by burning, consisting of three or more refractory lined combustion chambers, physically separated by refractory walls, interconnected by gas passage ports or ducts.

OIL-EFFLUENT WATER SEPARATOR means any tank, box, sump or other container in which any petroleum or product thereof, floating on or entrained or contained in water entering such tank, box, sump, or other container, is physically separated and removed from such water prior to outfall, drainage, or recovery of such water.

ORCHARD HEATER or citrus grove heater means any equipment burning any type of fuel or material capable of being used, for the purpose of giving protection from frost damage. Equipment commonly known as Wind Machines are not included.

ORGANIC MATERIAL means a chemical compound of carbon excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides, metallic carbonates and ammonium carbonate.

ORGANIC SOLVENTS include diluents and thinners and are defined as organic materials which are liquids at standard conditions and which are used as dissolvers, viscosity reducers or cleaning agents, except that such material exhibiting a boiling point higher than 104oC (219oF) at 0.5 mm Hg absolute pressure or having an equivalent vapor pressure shall not be considered to be solvents unless exposed to temperatures exceeding 104oC (219oF).

OZONE-DEPLETING COMPOUNDS (ODCs) are Class I substances identified in 40 CFR, Part 82, Appendix A, Subpart A, including, but not limited to the following compounds:

PARTICULATE MATTER means any material, except uncombined water, which exists in a finely divided form as a liquid or solid at standard conditions.

PPM means parts per million by volume.

PERSON means any individual, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, company, contractor, supplier, installer, user or owner, or any state or local governmental agency or public district or any other officer or employee thereof. PERSON also means the United States or its agencies to the extent authorized by Federal law.

PHOTOCHEMICALLY REACTIVE SOLVENT means any solvent with an aggregate of more than 20 percent of its total volume composed of the chemical compounds classified below or which exceeds any of the following individual percentage composition limitations, referred to the total volume of solvent:

    (a) A combination of hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, ethers, esters or ketones having an olefinic or cycloolefinic type of unsaturation except perchloroethylene: 5 percent;

    (b) A combination of aromatic compounds with eight or more carbon atoms to the molecule except ethylbenzene, methyl benzoate and phenyl acetate: 8 percent;

    (c) A combination of ethylbenzene, ketones having branched hydrocarbon structures, trichloroethylene or toluene: 20 percent.

Whenever any organic solvent or any constituent of an organic solvent may be classified from its chemical structure into more than one of the above groups of organic compounds, it shall be considered as a member of the most reactive chemical group, that is, that group having the least allowable percent of the total volume of solvents.

PM-10 means the particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than or equal to 10 microns as measured by applicable State and Federal reference test methods.

PROCESS WEIGHT means the total weight of all materials introduced into any specific process which may discharge contaminants into the atmosphere. Solid fuels charged will be considered as part of the process weight, but liquid gaseous fuels and air will not.

PROCESS WEIGHT PER HOUR means the total process weight divided by the number of hours in one complete operation from the beginning of any given process to the completion thereof, excluding any time during which the equipment is idle.

RECEPTOR AREA means that specified geographic area in which the air contaminants emitted from a source area are present or to which they may be transported.

REDUCTION OF ANIMAL MATTER means any heated process, used for rendering, cooking, drying, dehydrating, digesting, evaporating and protein concentrating of animal matter.

REGULATION means one of the major subdivisions of the Rules of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

RULE means a rule of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.

SCHEDULE OF INCREMENTS OF PROGRESS means a statement of dates when various steps are to be taken to bring a source of air contaminants into compliance with emission standards and shall include, to the extent feasible, the following:

    (a) The dates of submittal of the final plan for the control of emissions of air contaminants from that source to the District.

    (b) The date by which contracts for emission control systems or process modifications will be awarded, or the date by which orders will be issued for the purchase of component parts to accomplish emission control or process modification.

    (c) The date of initiation of on-site construction or installation of emission control equipment or process change.

    (d) The date by which on-site construction or installation of emission control equipment or process modification is to be completed.

    (e) The date by which final compliance is to be achieved.

    (f) Such other dates by which other appropriate and necessary steps shall be taken to permit close and effective supervision of progress toward timely compliance.

SMALL BUSINESS means a business which is independently owned and operated and meets the following criteria, or if affiliated with another concern, the combined activities of both concerns shall meet these criteria:

    (a) the number of employees is 10 or less; and

    (b) the total gross annual receipts are $500,000 or less; or

    (c) not-for-profit training center.

For the purpose of qualifying for assistance offered by the District's Small Business Assistance Office only, a small business means a business with total gross annual receipts of $5,000,000 or less, or a business with a total number of employees of 100 or less.

SOLID PARTICULATE MATTER means particulate matter which exists as a solid at standard conditions.

SOURCE AREA means that specified geographic area in which air contaminants are emitted.

STANDARD CONDITIONS are a gas temperature of 60oF and a gas pressure of 760 mm Hg (14.7 pounds per square inch) absolute.

SUBMERGED FILL PIPE means any fill pipe the discharge opening of which is completely submerged when the liquid level is 15 centimeters (6 inches) above the bottom of the container; or when applied to a container which is loaded from the side, it means any fill pipe the opening of which is entirely submerged when the liquid level is 45 centimeters (18 inches) above the bottom of the container.

VEHICLE is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) is any volatile compound of carbon, excluding methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonate, and exempt compounds.


SCAQMD RULE 102 DEFINITION OF TERMS
LAST REVISED 11/17/95
 

(Adopted February 4, 1977)(Amended April 1, 1977)

(Amended September 2, 1977)(Amended November 4, 1988)

(Amended July 9, 1993)(Amended November 17, 1995)

RULE 102. DEFINITION OF TERMS

Except as otherwise specifically provided in these rules and except where the context otherwise indicates, words used in these rules are used in exactly the same sense as the same words are used in Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code.

  1. AGRICULTURAL BURNING means open outdoor fires used in agricultural operations in the growing of crops or raising of fowls or animals, or open outdoor fires used in forest management, range improvement, or the improvement of land for wildlife and game habitat or disease and pest prevention. Agricultural burning also includes open outdoor fires used in the operation or maintenance of a system for the delivery of water for the purposes specified above.
  2. AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS means any operation occurring on a ranch or farm directly related to the growing of crops, or raising of fowls or animals for the primary purpose of making a profit or for a livelihood.
  3. AGRICULTURAL WASTES means unwanted or unsalable materials produced wholly from agricultural operations, other than forest or range management operations, directly related to the growing of crops or animals for the primary purpose of making a profit or for a livelihood. The term does not include wastes created by land use conversion to non-agricultural purposes unless the destruction of such waste by open outdoor fire is ordered by the County or State Agricultural Commissioner upon his determination that the waste is infested with infections transmittable or contagious plant disease which is an immediate hazard to agricultural operations conducted on adjoining or nearby property.
  4. AIR POLLUTION CONTROL OFFICER means the Executive Officer, or designee of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.
  5. AIR CONTAMINANT or air pollutant means any discharge, release, or other propagation into the atmosphere directly or indirectly caused by man and includes, but is not limited to, smoke, charred paper, dust, soot, grime, carbon, fumes, gases, odors, particulate matters, acids or any combination thereof.
  6. ATMOSPHERE (This definition was adopted on November 16, 1954 for the Metropolitan Zone and on November 23, 1973 for the Southern Zone. It is currently applicable only to the Metropolitan and Southern Zones.) "Atmosphere" means the air that envelopes or surrounds the earth. Where air pollutants are emitted into a building not designed specifically as a piece of air pollution control equipment, such emission into the building shall be considered an emission into the atmosphere.
  7. BASIC EQUIPMENT means any article, machine, equipment or contrivance which causes the issuance of air contaminants.
  8. BREAKDOWN means a condition caused by an accidental fire or non-preventable mechanical or electrical failure.
  9. COMBUSTIBLE REFUSE means any solid or liquid combustible waste material containing carbon in a free or combined state.
  10. COMBUSTION CONTAMINANTS are particulate matter discharged into the atmosphere from the burning of any kind of material containing carbon in a free or combined state.
  11. COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE means the date or dates by which a source or category of sources is required to comply with specific emission limitations contained in any air pollution rule, regulation, or statute and with any increment of progress toward such compliance.
  12. CONTROL EQUIPMENT means air pollution control equipment which eliminates, reduces or controls the issuance of air contaminants.
  13. DISTRICT means the South Coast Air Quality Management District.
  14. DUSTS are minute solid particles released into the air by natural forces or by mechanical processes including, but not limited to, crushing, grinding, milling, drilling, demolishing, shoveling, conveying, covering, bagging, and sweeping.
  15. EXECUTIVE OFFICER means the Executive Officer or designee of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.
  16. EQUIPMENT means any article, machine, or other contrivance.
  17. EXEMPT COMPOUNDS are any of the following compounds

    (A) Group I

      acetone
      ethane
      chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22)
      trifluoromethane (HFC-23)
      2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123)
      2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-124)
      pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)
      1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134)
      1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)
      1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b)
      1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b)
      1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a)
      1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a)
      cyclic branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes
      cyclic branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations
      cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations
      sulfur-containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine.
    (B) Group II
      methylene chloride (dichloromethane)
      1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform)
      trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11)
      dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12)
      1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113)
      1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (CFC-114)
      chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115)
      parachlorobenzotrifluoride (PCBTF)
      cyclic, branched, or linear, completely methylated siloxanes (VMS)
    The use of Group II compounds and/or carbon tetrachloride may be restricted in the future because they are either toxic, potentially toxic, upper-atmosphere ozone depleters, or cause other environmental impacts. By January 1, 1996, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform), and carbon tetrachloride will be phased out in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulation Title 40, Part 82 (December 10, 1993).

    Whenever there is a conflict between the definition of exempt compounds of VOCs in this rule and the definition of exempt compounds of VOCs in another District rule, the definition in Rule 102 shall apply.

  18. FLEET VEHICLES means gasoline-powered motor vehicles as defined by Section 415 of the Vehicle Code and which are operated from one business address.
  19. FUGITIVE DUST means any solid particulate matter that becomes airborne, other than that emitted from an exhaust stack, directly or indirectly as a result of the activities of man.
  20. GASOLINE means any petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 200 mm Hg (3.9 pounds per square inch), or greater.
  21. HEARING BOARD means the Hearing Board of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.
  22. INCREMENTS OF PROGRESS means steps to be taken by an owner or operator to bring a source of air contaminants into compliance. (See definition of "Schedule of Increments of Progress.")
  23. LOADING FACILITY means any aggregation or combination of organic liquid loading equipment which is both possessed by one person, and located so that all the organic liquid loading outlets, for such aggregation or combination of loading equipment can be encompassed within any circle of 90 meters (295 feet) in diameter.
  24. MOTOR VEHICLE is a vehicle which is self-propelled.
  25. MULTIPLE-CHAMBER INCINERATOR means any equipment, structure or part of a structure, used to dispose of combustible refuse by burning, consisting of three or more refractory lined combustion chambers, physically separated by refractory walls, interconnected by gas passage ports or ducts.
  26. OIL-EFFLUENT WATER SEPARATOR means any tank, box, sump or other container in which any petroleum or product thereof, floating on or entrained or contained in water entering such tank, box, sump, or other container, is physically separated and removed from such water prior to outfall, drainage, or recovery of such water.
  27. ORCHARD HEATER or citrus grove heater means any equipment burning any type of fuel or material capable of being used, for the purpose of giving protection from frost damage. Equipment commonly known as Wind Machines are not included.
  28. ORGANIC MATERIAL means a chemical compounds of carbon excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides, metallic carbonates and ammonium carbonate.
  29. ORGANIC SOLVENTS include diluents and thinners and are defined as organic materials which are liquids at standard conditions. and which are used as dissolvers, viscosity reducers or cleaning agents, except that such material exhibiting a boiling point higher than 104oC (219oF) at 0.5 mm Hg absolute pressure or having an equivalent vapor pressure shall not be considered to be solvents unless exposed to temperatures exceeding 104oC (219oF).
  30. PARTICULATE MATTER means any material, except uncombined water, which exists in a finely divided form as a liquid or solid at standard conditions.
  31. PPM means parts per million by volume.
  32. PERSON means any individual, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, company, contractor, supplier, installer, user or owner, or any state or local governmental agency or public district or any other officer or employee thereof. PERSON also means the United States or its agencies to the extent authorized by Federal law.
  33. PHOTOCHEMICALLY REACTIVE SOLVENT means any solvent with an aggregate of more than 20 percent of its total volume composed of the chemical compounds classified below or which exceeds any of the following individual percentage composition limitations, referred to the total volume of solvent:
      (a) A combination of hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, ethers, esters or ketones having an olefinic or cycloolefinic type of unsaturation except perchloroethylene: 5 percent;

      (b) A combination of aromatic compounds with eight or more carbon atoms to the molecule except ethylbenzene, methyl benzoate and phenyl acetate: 8 percent;

      (c) A combination of ethylbenzene, ketones having branched hydrocarbon structures, trichloroethylene or toluene: 20 percent.

    Whenever any organic solvent or any constituent of an organic solvent may be classified from its chemical structure into more than one of the above groups of organic compounds, it shall be considered as a member of the most reactive chemical group, that is, that group having the least allowable percent of the total volume of solvents.
  34. PM-10 means the particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than or equal to 10 microns as measured by applicable State and Federal reference test methods.
  35. PROCESS WEIGHT means the total weight of all materials introduced into any specific process which may discharge contaminants into the atmosphere. Solid fuels charged will be considered as part of the process weight, but liquid gaseous fuels and air will not.
  36. PROCESS WEIGHT PER HOUR means the total process weight divided by the number of hours in one complete operation from the beginning of any given process to the completion thereof, excluding any time during which the equipment is idle.
  37. RECEPTOR AREA means that specified geographic area in which the air contaminants emitted from a source area are present or to which they may be transported.
  38. REDUCTION OF ANIMAL MATTER means any heated process, used for rendering, cooking, drying, dehydrating, digesting, evaporating and protein concentrating of animal matter.
  39. REGULATION means one of the major subdivisions of the Rules of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.
  40. RULE means a rule of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.
  41. SCHEDULE OF INCREMENTS OF PROGRESS means a statement of dates when various steps are to be taken to bring a source of air contaminants into compliance with emission standards and shall include, to the extent feasible, the following:
      (a) The dates of submittal of the final plan for the control of emissions of air contaminants from that source to the District.

      (b) The date by which contracts for emission control systems or process modifications will be awarded, or the date by which orders will be issued for the purchase of component parts to accomplish emission control or process modification.

      (c) The date of initiation of on-site construction or installation of emission control equipment or process change.

      (d) The date by which on-site construction or installation of emission control equipment or process modification is to be completed.

      (e) The date by which final compliance is to be achieved.

      (f) Such other dates by which other appropriate and necessary steps shall be taken to permit close and effective supervision of progress toward timely compliance.

  42. SMALL BUSINESS means a business which is independently owned and operated and meets the following criteria, or if affiliated with another concern, the combined activities of both concerns shall meet these criteria:
      (a) the number of employees is 10 or less; and

      (b) the total gross annual receipts are $500,000 or less; or

      (c) not-for-profit training center.

    For the purpose of qualifying for assistance offered by the District's Small Business Assistance Office only, a small business means a business with total gross annual receipts of $5,000,000 or less, or a business with a total number of employees of 100 or less.
  43. SOLID PARTICULATE MATTER means particulate matter which exists as a solid at standard conditions.
  44. SOURCE AREA means that specified geographic area in which air contaminants are emitted.
  45. STANDARD CONDITIONS are a gas temperature of 60oF and a gas pressure of 760 mm Hg (14.7 pounds per square inch) absolute.
  46. SUBMERGED FILL PIPE means any fill pipe the discharge opening of which is completely submerged when the liquid level is 15 centimeters (6 inches) above the bottom of the container; or when applied to a container which is loaded from the side, it means any fill pipe the opening of which is entirely submerged when the liquid level is 45 centimeters (18 inches) above the bottom of the container.
  47. VEHICLE is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
  48. VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) is any volatile compound of carbon, excluding methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonate, and exempt compounds.

SCAQMD RULE 102 DEFINITION OF TERMS           LAST REVISED 07/09/93                         (Adopted February 4, 1977)(Amended April 1, 1977)             (Amended September 2, 1977)(Amended November 4, 1988)(Amended                                                             July 9, 1993)           RULE 102.    DEFINITION OF TERMS                Except  as  otherwise specifically provided in these rules           and except where the context otherwise indicates, words used in           these rules are used  in  exactly  the  same  sense as the same           words are used in Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code.                AGRICULTURAL  BURNING  means  open outdoor fires  used  in           agricultural operations in the growing  of  crops or raising of           fowls  or  animals,  or  open  outdoor  fires  used  in  forest           management, range improvement, or the improvement  of  land for           wildlife  and  game  habitat  or  disease  and pest prevention.           Agricultural burning also includes open outdoor  fires  used in           the  operation  or maintenance of a system for the delivery  of           water for the purposes specified above.                AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS means any operation occurring on a           ranch or farm directly  related  to  the  growing  of crops, or           raising of fowls or animals for the primary purpose of making a           profit or for a livelihood.                AGRICULTURAL WASTES means unwanted or unsalable  materials           produced wholly from agricultural operations, other than forest           or range management operations, directly related to the growing           of crops or animals for the primary purpose of making a  profit           or  for a livelihood.  The term does not include wastes created           by land  use conversion to non-agricultural purposes unless the           destruction  of  such  waste by open outdoor fire is ordered by           the  County  or  State  Agricultural   Commissioner   upon  his           determination  that  the  waste  is  infested  with  infections           transmittable or contagious plant disease which is an immediate           hazard  to  agricultural  operations conducted on adjoining  or           nearby property.                AIR POLLUTION CONTROL  OFFICER means the Executive Officer           of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.                AIR  CONTAMINANT  or air pollutant  means  any  discharge,           release, or other propagation  into  the atmosphere directly or           indirectly caused by man and includes,  but  is not limited to,           smoke, charred paper, dust, soot, grime, carbon,  fumes, gases,           odors, particulate matters, acids or any combination thereof.                ATMOSPHERE  (This  definition was adopted on November  16,           1954 for the Metropolitan Zone and on November 23, 1973 for the           Southern  Zone.   It  is  currently   applicable  only  to  the           Metropolitan and Southern Zones.)  "Atmosphere"  means  the air           that  envelopes  or  surrounds the earth.  Where air pollutants           are emitted into a building  not  designed  specifically  as  a           piece  of  air  pollution control equipment, such emission into           the  building  shall   be   considered  an  emission  into  the           atmosphere.                BASIC EQUIPMENT means any  article,  machine, equipment or           contrivance which causes the issuance of air contaminants.                BREAKDOWN means a condition caused by  an  accidental fire           or non-preventable mechanical or electrical failure.                COMBUSTIBLE  REFUSE means any solid or liquid  combustible           waste material containing carbon in a free or combined state.                COMBUSTION CONTAMINANTS  are particulate matter discharged           into the atmosphere from the burning  of  any  kind of material           containing carbon in a free or combined state.                COMPLIANCE  SCHEDULE means the date or dates  by  which  a           source or category  of  sources  is  required  to  comply  with           specific  emission  limitations  contained in any air pollution           rule, regulation, or statute and with any increment of progress           toward such compliance.                CONTROL  EQUIPMENT means air pollution  control  equipment           which eliminates,  reduces  or  controls  the  issuance  of air           contaminants.                DISTRICT  means  the  South  Coast  Air Quality Management           District.                DUSTS are minute solid particles released  into the air by           natural  forces or by mechanical processes including,  but  not           limited to, crushing, grinding, milling, drilling, demolishing,           shoveling, conveying, covering, bagging, and sweeping.                EQUIPMENT   means   any   article,   machine,   or   other           contrivance.                EXEMPT COMPOUNDS are any of the following compounds                (A)  Group I                          chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22)                          dichlorotrifluoroethane (HCFC-123)                          tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)                          dichlorofluoroethane (HCFC-141b)                          chlorodifluoroethane (HCFC-142b)                          trifluoromethane (HFC-23)                          2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluorothane (HCFC-124)                          pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)                          1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-143)                          1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a)                          1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a)                          cyclic    branched,    or   linear,   completely                             fluorinated alkanes                          cyclic    branched,   or   linear,    completely                             fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations                          cyclic,   branched,    or   linear,   completely                             fluorinated   tertiary    amines    with   no                             unsaturations                          sulfur-containing   perfluorocarbons   with   no                             unsaturations  and with sulfur bonds only  to                             carbon and fluorine                (B)  Group II                          methylene chloride                          1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform)                          trichlorotrifluoroethane (CFC-113)                          dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12)                          trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11)                          dichlorotetrafluoroethane (CFC-114)                          chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115)                Use of Group II compounds or  carbon  tetrachloride may be                restricted in the future because they are  either toxic or                potentially toxic, or upper-atmosphere ozone depleters, or                cause other environmental impacts.  The District Board has                established  a  policy  to  phase  out chlorofluorocarbons                (CFC) on or before 1997.                Whenever  there is a conflict between  the  definition  of                exempt compounds  of  VOCs in this rule and the definition                of exempt compounds of  VOCs in another District rule, the                definition in Rule 102 shall apply.                FLEET VEHICLES means gasoline-powered  motor  vehicles  as           defined  by  Section  415  of  the  Vehicle  Code and which are           operated from one business address.                FUGITIVE  DUST  means  any solid particulate  matter  that           becomes  airborne, other than  that  emitted  from  an  exhaust           stack, directly  or indirectly as a result of the activities of           man.                GASOLINE means  any  petroleum  distillate  having  a Reid           vapor  pressure  of 200 mm Hg (3.9 pounds per square inch),  or           greater.                HEARING BOARD  means  the Hearing Board of the South Coast           Air Quality Management District.                INCREMENTS OF PROGRESS means steps to be taken by an owner           or  operator  to  bring  a  source  of  air  contaminants  into           compliance.    (See definition  of  "Schedule  of Increments of           Progress".)                LOADING  FACILITY means any aggregation or combination  of           organic liquid loading equipment which is both possessed by one           person, and located  so  that  all  the  organic liquid loading           outlets,  for  such  aggregation  or  combination   of  loading           equipment  can  be  encompassed within any circle of 90  meters           (295 feet) in diameter.                MOTOR VEHICLE is a vehicle which is self-propelled.                MULTIPLE-CHAMBER    INCINERATOR   means   any   equipment,           structure  or  part  of  a  structure,   used   to  dispose  of           combustible  refuse  by  burning, consisting of three  or  more           refractory lined combustion  chambers,  physically separated by           refractory walls, interconnected by gas passage ports or ducts.                OIL-EFFLUENT WATER SEPARATOR means any  tank, box, sump or           other  container  in  which  any petroleum or product  thereof,           floating on or entrained or contained  in  water  entering such           tank,  box,  sump, or other container, is physically  separated           and removed from  such  water  prior  to  outfall, drainage, or           recovery of such water.                ORCHARD HEATER or citrus grove heater  means any equipment           burning any type of fuel or material capable of being used, for           the purpose of giving protection from frost damage.   Equipment           commonly known as Wind Machines are not included.                ORGANIC  MATERIALS  means  a  chemical compounds of carbon           excluding  carbon  monoxide,  carbon  dioxide,  carbonic  acid,           metallic carbides, metallic carbonates and ammonium carbonate.                ORGANIC SOLVENTS include diluents  and  thinners  and  are           defined  as  organic  materials  which  are liquids at standard           conditions.  and  which  are  used  as  dissolvers,   viscosity           reducers   or   cleaning  agents,  except  that  such  material           exhibiting a boiling  point higher than 104oC (219oF) at 0.5 mm           Hg absolute pressure or  having  an  equivalent  vapor pressure           shall  not  be  considered  to  be  solvents unless exposed  to           temperatures exceeding 104oC (219oF).                PARTICULATE MATTER means any material,  except  uncombined           water,  which  exists  in a finely divided form as a liquid  or           solid at standard conditions.                PPM means parts per million by volume.                PERSON   means   any   individual,    firm,   association,           organization,   partnership,   business   trust,   corporation,           company, contractor, supplier, installer, user or owner, or any           state  or local governmental agency or public district  or  any           other officer  or  employee  thereof.   PERSON  also  means the           United  States  or  its  agencies  to the extent authorized  by           Federal law.                PHOTOCHEMICALLY REACTIVE SOLVENT means any solvent with an           aggregate of more than 20 percent of  its total volume composed           of the chemical compounds classified below or which exceeds any           of the following individual percentage composition limitations,           referred to the total volume of solvent:                (a)  A combination of hydrocarbons,  alcohols,  aldehydes,                     ethers,  esters  or  keystones having an olefinic  or                     cycloolefinic    type    of    unsaturation    except                     perchloroethylene:  5 percent;                (b)  A combination of aromatic  compounds  with  eight  or                     more    carbon   atoms   to   the   molecule   except                     ethylbenzene,  methyl benzoate and phenyl acetate:  8                     percent;                (c)  A  combination  of   ethylbenzene,  keystones  having                     branched hydrocarbon structures, trichloroethylene or                     toluene:  20 percent.                Whenever any organic solvent  or  any  constituent  of  an           organic solvent or any constituent of an organic solvent may be           classified  from  its  chemical structure into more than one of           the above groups of organic  compounds,  it shall be considered           as a member of the most reactive chemical  group, that is, that           group having the least allowable percent of the total volume of           solvents.                PROCESS  WEIGHT  means the total weight of  all  materials           introduced  into  any  specific  process  which  may  discharge           contaminants into the atmosphere.   Solid fuels charged will be           considered as part of the process weight,  but  liquid  gaseous           fuels and air will not.                PROCESS  WEIGHT  PER  HOUR  means the total process weight           divided by the number of hours in  one  complete operation from           the beginning of any given process to the  completion  thereof,           excluding any time during which the equipment is idle.                RECEPTOR  AREA  means  that  specified geographic area  in           which  the air contaminants emitted  from  a  source  area  are           present or to which they may be transported.                REDUCTION  OF ANIMAL MATTER means any heated process, used           for  rendering,  cooking,   drying,   dehydrating,   digesting,           evaporating and protein concentrating of animal matter.                REGULATION  means  one  of  the major subdivisions of  the           Rules of the South Coast Air Quality Management District.                RULE  means  a  rule  of  the  South   Coast  Air  Quality           Management District.                SCHEDULE OF INCREMENTS OF PROGRESS means  a  statement  of           dates  when  various steps are to be taken to bring a source of           air contaminants  into  compliance  with emission standards and           shall include, to the extent feasible, the following:                (a)  The  dates of submittal of the  final  plan  for  the                     control  of  emissions  of air contaminants from that                     source to the District.                (b)  The  date  by which contracts  for  emission  control                     systems or process  modifications will be awarded, or                     the  date by which orders  will  be  issued  for  the                     purchase  of  component  parts to accomplish emission                     control or process modification.                (c)  The  date of initiation of  on-site  construction  or                     installation of emission control equipment or process                     change.                (d)  The   date   by   which   on-site   construction   or                     installation of emission control equipment or process                     modification is to be completed.                (e)  The date by which final compliance is to be achieved.                (f)  Such other  dates  by  which  other  appropriate  and                     necessary  steps  shall  be taken to permit close and                     effective  supervision  of  progress   toward  timely                     compliance.           SMALL  BUSINESS  means a business which is independently  owned           and operated and meets the following criteria, or if affiliated           with another concern,  the combined activities of both concerns           shall meet these criteria:                (a)  the number of employees is 10 or less; and;                (b)  the total gross annual receipts are $500,000 less or                (c)  not-for-profit training center.                For the purpose of  qualifying  for  assistance offered by           the District's Small Business Assistance Office  only,  a small           business  means a business with total gross annual receipts  of           $5,000,000  or  less,  or  a  business  with  a total number of           employees of 100 or less.                SOLID  PARTICULATE MATTER means particulate  matter  which           exists as a solid at standard conditions.                SOURCE AREA  means that specified geographic area in which           air contaminants are emitted.                STANDARD CONDITIONS  are  a  gas temperature of 60oF and a           gas  pressure  of  760  mm  Hg (14.7 pounds  per  square  inch)           absolute.                SUBMERGED FILL PIPE means  any  fill  pipe  the  discharge           opening of which is completely submerged when the liquid  level           is 15 centimeters (6 inches) above the bottom of the container;           or  when  applied to a container which is loaded from the side,           it means any  fill  pipe  the  opening  of  which  is  entirely           submerged  when  the liquid level is 45 centimeters (18 inches)           above the bottom of the container.                VEHICLE is a device by which any person or property may be           propelled, moved,  or  drawn upon a highway, excepting a device           moved by human power or  used exclusively upon stationary rails           or tracks.                VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND  (VOC)  is any volatile compound           of carbon, excluding methane, carbon monoxide,  carbon dioxide,           carbonic   acid,  metallic  carbides  or  carbonates,  ammonium           carbonate, and exempt compounds.