(Adopted July 8, 1983)(Amended December 5, 1986)(Amended February 6, 1987) (Amended April 3, 1987)(Amended August 7, 1987)(Amended December 2, 1988) (Amended February 3, 1989)(Amended April 7, 1989)(Amended March 2, 1990)(Amended November 2, 1990)(Amended December 7, 1990)(Amended August 2, 1991) (Amended January 10, 1992) (Amended March 8, 1996)(Amended February 14, 1997)


RULE 1145. PLASTIC, RUBBER, AND GLASS COATINGS

(a) Purpose and Applicability

The purpose of Rule 1145 is to reduce volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions from the application of coatings to any plastic, rubber or glass products.

(b) Definitions

For the purposes of this rule, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) AEROSOL COATING PRODUCT is a pressurized coating product containing pigments or resins that dispenses product ingredients by means of a propellant, and is packaged in a disposable can for hand-held application, or for use in specialized equipment for ground traffic/marking applications.

(2) AIR BRUSH OPERATIONS are conducted with a type of coating application equipment that operates at air pressure between 25 psi and 116 psi and an air volume of .7 cfm and 1.75 cfm respectively. These operations apply a very thin film of coating to a substrate from a paint reservoir of eight ounces or less.

(3) CARPET BACKING is the material applied to the unnapped surface of a carpet.

(4) CLEAR COATING is a colorless coating which contains binders, but no pigment, and is formulated to form a transparent film.

(5) COATING means a layer of material applied on a substrate that forms a film.

(6) COATING APPLICATION EQUIPMENT is any equipment used to apply coating to a substrate. Coating application equipment includes coating distribution lines, coating hoses, pressure-pots, spray guns, and hand-application equipment.

(7) DIP COATER is a type of application equipment that coats an object by submerging the object in a vat of coating, and subsequently withdrawing the object and draining off the excess coating.

(8) ELECTRIC DISSIPATING COATING is a coating that rapidly dissipates a high-voltage electric charge.

(9) ELECTROSTATIC APPLICATION is a method of applying coating whereby atomized paint droplets are charged and subsequently deposited on the substrate by electrostatic attraction.

(10) EMI/RFI SHIELDING is a coating used on electrical or electronic equipment to provide shielding against electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, or static discharge.

(11) EXEMPT COMPOUNDS (See Rule 102-Definition of Terms).

(12) FLOW COATER is a type of coating application equipment that coats an object by flowing a stream of coating over the object and draining off any excess coating.

(13) GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF COATING, LESS WATER AND LESS EXEMPT COMPOUNDS, is the weight of VOC per combined volume of VOC and coating solids and can be calculated by the following equation:

Grams of VOC per Liter of Coating, Less Water and

Less Exempt Compounds = (note: unable to convert graphic, please contact the District for a copy)

Where:
Ws = weight of volatile compounds in grams
Ww = weight of water in grams
Wes = weight of exempt compounds in grams
Vm = volume of material in liters
Vw = volume of water in liters
Ves = volume of exempt compounds in liters

(14) GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF MATERIAL is the weight of VOC per volume of material and can be calculated by the following equation:

Grams of VOC per Liter of Material = (note: unable to convert graphic, please contact the District for a copy)

Where:
Ws = weight of volatile compounds in grams
Ww = weight of water in grams
Wes = weight of exempt compounds in grams
Vm = volume of material in liters

(15) HAND-APPLICATION METHODS are the methods used to apply coating to substrate by manually held, non-mechanically operated equipment. Such equipment includes paint brushes, hand rollers, caulking guns, trowels, spatulas, syringe daubers, rags, and sponges.

(16) HIGH-VOLUME, LOW-PRESSURE (HVLP) SPRAY is a coating application system which is operated at air pressure between 0.1 and 10 pounds per square inch gauge (psig)

(17) HIGHWAY CONES are cones used to regulate traffic.

(18) INK is a fluid that contains dyes and/or colorants, and is used to make markings but not to protect surfaces.

(19) MASK COATING is thin film coating applied through a template to coat a small portion of a substrate.

(20) METALLIC COATING is a coating which contains more than 5 grams of metal particles per liter of coating as applied.

(21) METAL PARTICLES are pieces of a pure elemental metal or a combination of elemental metals.

(22) MILITARY SPECIFICATION COATING is a coating which has a formulation approved by the United States Military Agency for use on military equipment.

(23) MIRROR BACKING is the coating applied over the silvered surface of a mirror.

(24) MOLD SEAL COATING is the initial coating applied to a new mold or a repaired mold to provide a smooth surface which, when coated with a mold release coating, prevents products from sticking to the mold.

(25) MOTOR VEHICLE is a passenger car, light-duty truck, medium-duty vehicle, or heavy-duty vehicle as defined in Section 1900, Title 13, California Administrative Code.

(26) MULTI-COLORED COATING is a coating which exhibits more than one color when applied, and which is packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat.

(27) ONE-COMPONENT COATING is a coating that is ready for application as it comes out of its container to form an acceptable dry film. A thinner necessary to reduce the viscosity is not considered a component.

(28) OPTICAL COATING is a coating applied to an optical lens.

(29) REPAIR COATING is a coating used to re-coat portions of a previously coated product which has sustained mechanical damage to the coating following normal coating operations.

(30) ROLL COATER is a type of coating application equipment that utilizes a series of mechanical rollers to form a thin coating film on the surface of a roller, which is then applied to a substrate by moving the substrate underneath the roller.

(31) SHOCK-FREE COATING is a coating applied to electrical components to protect the user from electric shock. The coating has characteristics of being of low capacitance and high resistance, and having resistance to breaking down under high voltage.

(32) STENCIL COATING is an ink or a coating which is rolled or brushed onto a template or stamp in order to add identifying letters and/or numbers.

(33) TOUCH-UP COATING is a coating used to cover minor imperfections appearing after the main coating operation.

(34) TRANSFER EFFICIENCY is the ratio of the weight or volume of coating solids adhering to an object to the total weight or volume, respectively, of coating solids used in the application process, expressed as a percentage.

(35) TRANSLUCENT COATING is a coating which contains binders and pigment, and is formulated to form a colored, but not opaque, film.

(36) TWO-COMPONENT COATING is a coating requiring the addition of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a catalyst, before application to form an acceptable dry film.

(37) VACUUM METALIZING is the process whereby metal is vaporized and deposited on a substrate in a vacuum chamber.

(38) VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) is any compound which contains the element carbon, excluding methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonate, and exempt compounds.

(c) Requirements

(1) Prohibition of Specifications

A person shall not specify the use, in the District, of any coating to be applied to any glass, rubber, or plastic subject to the provisions of this rule that does not meet the limits and requirements of this rule. The requirements of this paragraph shall apply to all written or oral contracts.

(2) A person shall not apply on plastics, glass, or rubber any coatings which are applied with a VOC content in excess of the limits specified below:

COATING VOC LIMITS

Less Water and Less Exempt Compounds

Current On and After 1-1-98
g/L lbs/gal g/L lbs/gal
General Coatings
One-component 275 2.3 275 2.3
Two-component 420 3.5 420 3.5
Military Spec. Coating
One-component 340 2.8 340 2.8
Two-component 420 3.5 420 3.5
Multi-Colored Coatings 685 5.7 685 5.7
Mold Seal Coatings 750 6.3 750 6.3
Vacuum Metalizing Coatings 800 6.7 800 6.7
Mirror Backing
Curtain Coated 500 4.2 500 4.2
Roll Coated 430 3.6 430 3.6
Optical Coatings 800 6.7 800 6.7
Electric Dissipating Coatings and Shock-Free Coatings

800


6.7


360


3.0
Metallic Coatings 420 3.5 420 3.5

(3) Solvent Cleaning Operations; Storage and Disposal of VOC-containing Materials. Solvent cleaning operations and the storage and disposal of VOC-containing materials are subject to the provisions of Rule 1171 - Solvent Cleaning Operations.

(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (c)(2), a person shall not apply on plastics, rubber, or glass any automotive coating used to match the existing coating of motor vehicles, including any VOC-containing materials added to the original coating as supplied by the manufacturer, in excess of the limits specified in Table 1 of subparagraph (c)(1)(A) of Rule 1151 for parts to be used on Group I Vehicles, as defined in Rule 1151, and in Table 2 of subparagraph (c)(1)(B) of Rule 1151 for parts to be used on Group II Vehicles, as defined in Rule 1151.

The provisions of this paragraph shall apply provided that the applicator submits a petition, in writing, to the Executive Officer which demonstrates the need to apply such coatings and receives written approval from the Executive Officer prior to the application of such coatings.

(5) Transfer Efficiency

A person shall not apply coatings unless the coating is applied with equipment operated according to the manufacturer's specifications, and by the use of one of the following methods:

(A) electrostatic application; or

(B) flow coater; or

(C) roll coater; or

(D) dip coater; or

(E) hand application methods; or

(F) high-volume, low-pressure (HVLP) spray; or

(G) such other coating application methods as are demonstrated to the Executive Officer to be capable of achieving at least 65 percent transfer efficiency, and for which written approval of the Executive Officer and the USEPA has been obtained.

(6) Air Pollution Control Equipment

A person may comply with the provisions of paragraph (c)(2), (c)(4), or (c)(5) by using air pollution control equipment, provided that the VOC emissions from such operations or materials are reduced in accordance with provisions of (A) and (B) below:

(A) The control device shall reduce VOC emissions from an emission collection system by at least 95 percent, by weight, or the concentration of VOC in the output of the air pollution control device shall be less than 50 PPM calculated as carbon with no dilution.

(B) The owner/operator demonstrates that the system collects at least 90 percent, by weight, of the VOC emissions generated by the sources of emissions.

(d) Recordkeeping Requirements

Records shall be maintained pursuant to Rule 109.

(e) Compliance Test Methods

For the purpose of this rule, the following test methods shall be used:

(1) The VOC content of materials subject to the provisions of this rule shall be determined by:

(A) The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Reference Method 24 (Determination of Volatile Matter Content, Water Content, Density, Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings, Code of Federal Regulations Title 40, Part 60, Appendix A). The exempt compounds' content shall be determined by SCAQMD Method 303 (Determination of Exempt Compounds) contained in the SCAQMD "Laboratory Methods of Analysis for Enforcement Samples" manual or,

(B) SCAQMD Method 304 [Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC's) in Various Materials] contained in the SCAQMD "Laboratory Methods of Analysis for Enforcement Samples" manual.

(C) Exempt Perfluorocarbon Compounds

The following classes of compounds: cyclic branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes; cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations; cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations; and sulfur-containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine, will be analyzed as exempt compounds for compliance with paragraph (c), only at such time as manufacturers specify which individual compounds are used in the coating formulations and identify the United States Environmental Protection Agency, California Air Resources Board, and the SCAQMD approved test methods, used to quantify the amount of each exempt compound.

(2) Determination of Efficiency of Emission Control System

(A) Capture efficiency specified in paragraph (c)(6), shall be determined by the procedures presented in the USEPA technical guidance document, "Guidelines for Determining Capture Efficiency, January 9, 1995." Notwithstanding the test methods specified by the Guidelines, any other method approved by the USEPA, the California Air Resources Board, and the SCAQMD Executive Officer may be substituted.

(B) The efficiency of the control device of the emission control system as specified in paragraph (c)(6) and the VOC content in the control device exhaust gases, measured and calculated as carbon, shall be determined by the USEPA Test Method 25, 25A, or SCAQMD Method 25.1 (Determination of Total Gaseous Non-Methane Organic Emissions as Carbon) as applicable. USEPA Test Method 18, or ARB Method 422 shall be used to determine emissions of exempt compounds.

(3) Multiple Test Methods

When more than one test method or set of methods are specified for any testing, a violation of any requirement of this rule established by any one of the specified test methods or set of test methods shall constitute a violation of the rule.

(4) Demonstration of transfer efficiency shall be conducted in accordance with SCAQMD method "Spray Equipment Transfer Efficiency Test Procedure for Equipment User, May 24, 1989."

(5) All test methods referenced in this section shall be the most recently approved version.

(f) Alternative Emission Control

A person may achieve compliance with paragraph (c)(2) or (c)(4) by means of an Alternative Emission Control Plan pursuant to Rule 108.

(g) Rule 442 Applicability

Any coating, coating operation, or facility which is exempt from all or a portion of this rule shall comply with the provisions of Rule 442.

(h) Exemptions

(1) The provisions of paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to the following:

(A) Touch-up and repair coatings;

(B) Stencil coatings applied on clear or transparent substrates;

(C) Clear or translucent coatings, except for those subject to paragraph (c)(4);

(D) Coatings applied at a paint manufacturing facility while conducting performance tests on the coatings;

(E) Any individual coating category used in volumes less than 50 gallons in any one year, if substitute compliant coatings are not available provided that the total usage of all such coatings does not exceed 200 gallons per year, per facility;

(F) Reflective coating applied to highway cones;

(G) Mask coatings.

(i) Coatings that are less than 0.5 millimeter thick (dried) and the area coated is less than 25 square inches; or

(ii) Coatings that are less than 0.5 millimeter thick (dried) and/or the area coated is more than 25 square inches, and provided that a written petition is submitted to the Executive Officer which demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Executive Officer, that compliant coatings are not available, and written approval is granted by the Executive Officer;

(H) EMI/RFI shielding coatings; and

(I) Heparin-benzalkonium chloride (HBAC)-containing coatings applied to medical devices, provided that the total usage of all such coatings does not exceed 100 gallons per year, per facility.

(2) The provisions of this rule shall not apply to aerosol coating products.

(3) The provisions of paragraph (c)(5) shall not apply to airbrush operations using 5 gallons or less per year.

SCAQMD RULE 1145 PLASTIC, RUBBER AND GLASS COATINGS                 
LAST REVISED 03/08/96
                 
                 
(Adopted July 8, 1983) (Amended December 5, 1986) (Amended February 6, 1987)
(Amended April 3, 1987) (Amended August 7, 1987) (Amended December 2, 1988)
(Amended February 3, 1989) (Amended April 7, 1989) (Amended March 2, 1990)
(Amended November 2, 1990) (Amended December 7, 1990) (Amended August 2, 1991)
(Amended January 10, 1992) (Amended March 8, 1996)


          RULE 1145.  PLASTIC, RUBBER, AND GLASS COATINGS

          (a) Definitions

              For the purposes of this rule, the following definitions shall
              apply:

              ( 1) AEROSOL COATING PRODUCT is a pressurized coating product
                   containing pigments or resins that dispenses product 
                   ingredients by means of a propellant, and is packaged in 
                   a disposable can for hand-held application, or for use in 
                   specialized equipment for ground traffic/marking 
                   applications.

              ( 2) CARPET BACKING is the material applied to the un-napped
                   surface of a carpet.

              ( 3) CLEAR COATING is a colorless coating which contains
                   binders, but no pigment, and is formulated to form a 
                   transparent film.

              ( 4) COATING means a layer of material applied on a substrate
                   that forms a film.

              ( 5) COATING APPLICATION EQUIPMENT is any equipment used to
                   apply coating to a substrate.  Coating application 
                   equipment includes coating distribution lines, coating 
                   hoses, pressure-pots, spray guns, and hand-application 
                   equipment.

              ( 6) DIP COATER is a type of application equipment that coats
                   an object by submerging the object in a vat of coating, 
                   and subsequently withdrawing the object and draining off 
                   the excess coating.

              ( 7) ELECTRIC DISSIPATING COATING is a coating that rapidly
                   dissipates a high-voltage electric charge.

              ( 8) ELECTROSTATIC APPLICATION is a method of applying coating
                   whereby atomized paint droplets are charged and 
                   subsequently deposited on the substrate by electrostatic 
                   attraction.

              ( 9) EMI/RFI SHIELDING is a coating used on electrical or
                   electronic equipment to provide shielding against 
                   electromagnetic interference, radio frequency 
                   interference, or static discharge.

              (10) EXEMPT COMPOUNDS (See Rule 102-Definition of Terms).
             
              (11) FLOW COATER is a type of coating application equipment
                   that coats an object by flowing a stream of coating over 
                   the object and draining off any excess coating.

              (12) GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF COATING, LESS WATER AND LESS
                   EXEMPT COMPOUNDS, is the weight of VOC per combined 
                   volume of VOC and coating solids and can be calculated by 
                   the following equation:

                     Grams of VOC per Liter of Coating, Less Water and
                       Less Exempt Compounds  =  Ws - Ww - Wes
                                                 _____________
                                              
                                                 Vm - Vw - Ves

                   Where:  Ws   =  weight of volatile compounds in grams
                           Ww   =  weight of water in grams
                           Wes  =  weight of exempt compounds in grams
                           Vm   =  volume of material in liters
                           Vw   =  volume of water in liters
                           Ves  =  volume of exempt compounds in liters

              (13) GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF MATERIAL is the weight of VOC
                   per volume of material and can be calculated by the 
                   following equation:

                     Grams of VOC per Liter of Material  =  Ws - Ww - Wes
                                                            _____________
                                                      
                                                                 Vm

                   Where:  Ws   =  weight of volatile compounds in grams
                           Ww   =  weight of water in grams
                           Wes  =  weight of exempt compounds in grams
                           Vm   =  volume of material in liters

              (14) HAND-APPLICATION METHODS are the methods used to apply
                   coating to substrate by manually held, non-mechanically 
                   operated equipment.  Such equipment includes paint 
                   brushes, hand rollers, caulking guns, trowels, spatulas, 
                   syringe daubers, rags, and sponges.

              (15) HIGH-VOLUME, LOW-PRESSURE (HVLP) SPRAY is a coating
                   application system which is operated between 0.1 and 
                   10 psig flow pressure at the air cap/tip of the spray 
                   gun.

              (16) HIGHWAY CONES are cones used to regulate traffic.

              (17) INK is a fluid that contains dyes and/or colorants, and 
                   is used to make markings but not to protect surfaces.

              (18) MASK COATING is thin film coating applied through a
                   template to coat a small portion of a substrate.

              (19) METALLIC COATING is a coating which contains more than 
                   5 grams of metal particles per liter of coating as 
                   applied.

              (20) METAL PARTICLES are pieces of a pure elemental metal or 
                   a combination of elemental metals.

              (21) MILITARY SPECIFICATION COATING is a coating which has a
                   formulation approved by the United States Military Agency 
                   for use on military equipment.

              (22) MIRROR BACKING is the coating applied over the silvered
                   surface of a mirror.

              (23) MOLD SEAL COATING is the initial coating applied to a new
                   mold or a repaired mold to provide a smooth surface which, 
                   when coated with a mold release coating, prevents 
                   products from sticking to the mold.

              (24) MOTOR VEHICLE is a passenger car, light-duty truck,
                   medium-duty vehicle, or heavy-duty vehicle as defined in 
                   Section 1900, Title 13, California Administrative Code.

              (25) MULTI-COLORED COATING is a coating which exhibits more
                   than one color when applied, and which is packaged in a 
                   single container and applied in a single coat.

              (26) ONE-COMPONENT COATING is coating that is ready for
                   application to form an acceptable dry film.  A thinner 
                   necessary to reduce the viscosity is not considered a 
                   component.

              (27) OPTICAL COATING is a coating applied to an optical lens.

              (28) REPAIR COATING is a coating used to re-coat portions of a
                   previously coated product which has sustained mechanical 
                   damage to the coating following normal coating operations.

              (29) ROLL COATER is a type of coating application equipment
                   that utilizes a series of mechanical rollers to form a 
                   thin coating film on the surface of a roller, which is 
                   then applied to a substrate by moving the substrate 
                   underneath the roller.

              (30) SHOCK-FREE COATING is a coating applied to electrical
                   components to protect the user from electric shock.  The 
                   coating has characteristics of being of low capacitance 
                   and high resistance, and having resistance to breaking 
                   down under high voltage.

              (31) STENCIL COATING is an ink or a coating which is rolled or
                   brushed onto a template or stamp in order to add 
                   identifying letters and/or numbers.

              (32) TOUCH-UP COATING is a coating used to cover minor
                   imperfections appearing after the main coating operation.

              (33) TRANSFER EFFICIENCY is the ratio of the weight or volume
                   of coating solids adhering to an object to the total 
                   weight or volume, respectively, of coating solids used in 
                   the application process, expressed as a percentage.

              (34) TRANSLUCENT COATING is a coating which contains binders
                   and pigment, and is formulated to form a colored, but not 
                   opaque, film.

              (35) TWO-COMPONENT COATING is a coating requiring the addition
                   of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a 
                   catalyst, before application to form an acceptable dry 
                   film.

              (36) VACUUM METALIZING is the process whereby metal is
                   vaporized and deposited on a substrate in a vacuum 
                   chamber.

              (37) VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) is any compound which
                   contains the element carbon, excluding methane, carbon 
                   monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic 
                   carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonate, and exempt 
                   compounds other than carbon tetrachloride.

          (b) Requirements

              ( 1) Prohibition of Specifications

                   A person shall not specify the use, in the District, of 
                   any coating to be applied to any glass, rubber, or plastic 
                   subject to the provisions of this rule that does not meet 
                   the limits and requirements of this rule.  The 
                   requirements of this paragraph shall apply to all written 
                   or oral contracts.

              ( 2) A person shall not apply on plastics, glass, or rubber 
                   any coatings which are applied with a VOC content in 
                   excess of the limits specified below:
                    
                       COATING                  VOC LIMITS
                                    Less Water and Less Exempt Compounds
                                                 g/L    lbs/gal
                   General Coatings
                      One-component              275      2.3
                      Two-component              420      3.5
                   Military Spec. Coating
                      One-component              340      2.8
                      Two-component              420      3.5
                   Multi-Colored Coatings        685      5.7
                   Mold Seal Coatings            750      6.3
                   Vacuum Metalizing Coatings    800      6.7
                   Mirror Backing
                      Curtain Coated             500      4.2
                      Roll Coated                430      3.6
                   Optical Coatings              800      6.7
                   Electric Dissipating Coatings 
                    and Shock-Free Coatings      800      6.7
                   Metallic Coatings             420      3.5

              ( 3) A person shall not use VOC-containing materials which
                   contain more than 200 grams of VOC per liter of material 
                   for surface preparation or cleanup, excluding coating 
                   application equipment cleaning.

              ( 4) Containers shall be used for the disposal of VOC-laden
                   cloth or paper used in surface preparation, cleanup, and 
                   the removal of uncured coating, and shall be closed 
                   except when depositing or removing VOC-laden cloth or 
                   rags from the container.

              ( 5) Containers shall be used for the disposal of VOC-laden
                   cloth or paper used in stripping of cured coatings, and 
                   shall be closed except when depositing or removing 
                   VOC-laden cloth or paper from the container.

              ( 6) A person shall not use VOC-containing materials for the
                   cleanup of equipment used in coating operations unless:

                   (A) the VOC is collected in a container which is closed 
                       when not in use and properly disposed of, such that 
                       VOC is not emitted to the atmosphere; or

                   (B) the spray equipment is disassembled and cleaned in 
                       a solvent vat, and the vat is closed when not in use; 
                       or

                   (C) the cleanup materials contain 200 grams or less, by
                       weight, of VOC per liter of material.

              ( 7) A person shall not use VOC-containing materials which
                   contain more than 200 grams of VOC per liter of material 
                   for the stripping of cured coatings.

              ( 8) Solvent Cleaning Operations; Storage and Disposal of 
                   VOC-containing Materials.  Paragraphs (b)(3), (b)(4), 
                   and (b)(6) above shall be superseded by 
                   paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(4), and (c)(6) of 
                   Rule 1171 - Solvent Cleaning Operations, on and after 
                   July 1, 1992.

              ( 9) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (b)(2), a
                   person shall not apply on plastics, rubber, or glass any
                   automotive coating used to match the existing coating of 
                   motor vehicles, including any VOC-containing materials 
                   added to the original coating as supplied by the 
                   manufacturer, in excess of the limits specified in 
                   Table 1 of subparagraph (c)(1)(A) of Rule 1151 for parts 
                   to be used on Group I Vehicles, as defined in Rule 1151, 
                   and in Table 2 of subparagraph (c)(1)(B) of Rule 1151 
                   for parts to be used on Group II Vehicles, as defined in 
                   Rule 1151.

                   The provisions of this paragraph shall apply provided 
                   that the applicator submits a petition, in writing, to 
                   the Executive Officer which demonstrates the need to 
                   apply such coatings and receives written approval from 
                   the Executive Officer prior to the application of such 
                   coatings.
             
              (10) Transfer Efficiency

                   Effective July 1, 1992, a person shall not apply coatings
                   unless the coating is applied with equipment operated 
                   according to manufacturer's specifications, and by the 
                   use of one of the following methods:

                   (A) electrostatic application; or

                   (B) flow coater; or

                   (C) roll coater; or

                   (D) dip coater; or

                   (E) hand application methods; or

                   (F) high-volume, low-pressure (HVLP) spray; or

                   (G) such other alternative spray application methods as 
                       are demonstrated, in accordance with the provisions 
                       of paragraph (d)(4), to be capable of achieving 
                       equivalent or better transfer efficiency than the 
                       application method listed in subparagraph (b)(10)(F), 
                       and for which written approval of the Executive
                       Officer has been obtained.

              (11) Air Pollution Control Equipment

                   A person may comply with the provisions of 
                   paragraph (b)(2), (b)(9), or (b)(10) by using air 
                   pollution control equipment, provided that the VOC 
                   emissions from such operations or materials are reduced 
                   in accordance with provisions of (A) and (B) below:

                   (A) The control device shall reduce VOC emissions from an
                       emission collection system by at least 95 percent, by 
                       weight, or the concentration of VOC in the output of 
                       the air pollution control device shall be less than 
                       50 PPM calculated as carbon with no dilution.

                   (B) The owner/operator demonstrates that the system 
                       collects at least 90 percent, by weight, of the 
                       VOC emissions generated by the sources of emissions.

          (c) Recordkeeping Requirements

              Records shall be maintained pursuant to Rule 109.

          (d) Compliance Test Methods

              For the purpose of this rule, the following test methods shall
              be used:

              (1) The VOC content of materials subject to the provisions of
                  this rule shall be determined by:

                  (A) The United States Environmental Protection Agency 
                      (U.S. EPA) Reference Method 24 (Determination of 
                      Volatile Matter Content, Water Content, Density, 
                      Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings, 
                      Code of Federal Regulations Title 40, Part 60, 
                      Appendix A).  The exempt compound's content shall be
                      determined by the South Coast Air Quality Management 
                      District's (SCAQMD) Laboratory Methods of Analysis for 
                      Enforcement Samples - Section III, Methods 19 and 22; 
                      or

                  (B) SCAQMD's Laboratory Methods of Analysis for 
                      Enforcement Samples - Section III, Methods 16, 17, 
                      19, 22, and 24. 
                
                  (C) The following classes of compounds:  cyclic branched, 
                      or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes; cyclic, 
                      branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers 
                      with no unsaturations; cyclic, branched, or linear, 
                      completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no 
                      unsaturations; and sulfur-containing perfluorocarbons 
                      with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to 
                      carbon and fluorine, will be analyzed as exempt 
                      compounds for compliance with paragraph (b), only at 
                      such time as manufacturers specify which individual 
                      compounds are used in the coating formulations and 
                      identify the test methods, which, prior to such 
                      analysis, have been approved by the U.S. EPA and the 
                      SCAQMD, that can be used to quantify the amounts of 
                      each exempt compound.  VOC emissions determined to 
                      exceed any limits established by this rule through 
                      the use of the above-referenced test methods shall
                      constitute a violation of the rule.

              (2) The capture efficiency of the emissions collection system
                  shall be determined by the U.S. EPA method cited in 55 FR
                  (Federal Register) 26865, June 29, 1990.

              (3) The efficiency of the control device, and the VOC content
                  measured and calculated as carbon in the control device 
                  exhaust gases, shall be determined by U.S. EPA's Test 
                  Method 18, or Air Resources Board (ARB) Method 422 for 
                  the determination of emissions of exempt compounds and, 
                  U.S. EPA's Test Method 25, 25A, or SCAQMD's Method 25.1 
                  (Determination of Total Gaseous Non-Methane Organic 
                  Emissions as Carbon) for the determination of total 
                  organic compound emissions.  Emissions determined to 
                  exceed any limits established by this rule through the 
                  use of any of the above-referenced test methods shall 
                  constitute a violation of the rule.

              (4) The transfer efficiency of alternative coating application
                  methods shall be determined in accordance with the SCAQMD 
                  method "Spray Equipment Transfer Efficiency Test Procedure 
                  for Equipment User, May 24, 1989."

          (e) Alternative Emission Control

              A person may achieve compliance with paragraph (b)(2) or 
              (b)(9) by means of an Alternative Emission Control Plan 
              pursuant to Rule 108.

          (f) Rule 442 Applicability

              Any coating, coating operation, or facility which is exempt 
              from all or a portion of this rule shall comply with the 
              provisions of Rule 442.

          (g) Exemptions

              (1) The provisions of paragraph (b)(2) shall not apply to the
                  following:

                  (A) Touch-up and repair coatings;

                  (B) Stencil coatings applied on clear or transparent
                      substrates;

                  (C) Clear or translucent coatings, except for those 
                      subject to paragraph (b)(9);

                  (D) Coatings applied at a paint manufacturing facility 
                      while conducting performance tests on the coatings;

                  (E) Any individual coating category used in volumes less
                      than 50 gallons in any one year, if substitute 
                      compliant coatings are not available, provided that 
                      the total usage of all such coatings does not exceed 
                      200 gallons per year, per facility;

                  (F) Reflective coating applied to highway cones;

                  (G) Mask coatings.

                      (i)  Coatings that are less than 0.5 millimeter thick
                           (dried) and the area coated is less than 
                           25 square inches; or

                      (ii) Coatings that are less than 0.5 millimeter thick
                           (dried) and/or the area coated is more than 
                           25 square inches, and provided that a written 
                           petition is submitted to the Executive Officer 
                           which demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the 
                           Executive Officer, that compliant coatings are 
                           not available, and written approval is granted 
                           by the Executive Officer;

                  (H) EMI/RFI shielding coatings; and

                  (I) Heparin-benzalkonium chloride (HBAC) - containing
                      coatings applied to medical devices, provided that 
                      the total usage of all such coatings does not exceed 
                      100 gallons per year, per facility.

              (2) The provisions of paragraph (b)(3) shall not apply to the
                  cleaning of polycarbonates.

              (3) The provisions of this rule shall not apply to aerosol
                  coating products.