SOUTH COAST AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT
 
 

(Adopted April 7, 1989)(Amended March 2, 1990)(Amended Feb. 1, 1991)

(Amended July 19, 1991)(Amended August 2, 1991)

(Amended December 4, 1992)(Amended December 10, 1993)

(Amended April 11, 1997)(Amended February 13, 1998)

RULE 1168 - ADHESIVE APPLICATIONS

(a)    Purpose and Applicability

(b)    Definitions

 

  1. ACRYLONITRILE-BUTADIENE-STYRENE (ABS) plastic is made by reacting monomers of acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene and is normally identified with an ABS marking.
  2. ADHESIVE is any substance that is used to bond one surface to another surface by attachment. Adhesives include, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, adhesive primers for plastics, and any other primer.
  3. ADHESIVE BONDING PRIMER is an adhesive applied to a surface to improve the bond of subsequent adhesives and sometimes to inhibit corrosion.
  4. ADHESIVE PRIMER is a coating applied to a substrate, prior to the application of an adhesive, to provide a bonding surface.
  5. ADHESIVE PRIMER FOR PLASTIC is a material applied to a plastic substrate before applying an adhesive in order to obtain better adhesion.
  6. ADHESIVE PROMOTER is a coating applied to a substrate in a monomolecular thickness to promote wetting and form a chemical bond with the subsequently applied material.
  7. ADHESIVE SOLID is the nonvolatile portion of an adhesive that remains after heating a sample of the material at 110oC for one hour.
  8. AEROSOL ADHESIVE is a mixture of rubber, resins, and liquid and gaseous solvents and propellants packaged in a disposable container for hand-held application.
  9.  AEROSOL SPRAY CAN is a hand held, pressurized, non-refillable container which expels adhesives from the container in a finely divided spray when a valve on the container is depressed.
  10.  AEROSPACE COMPONENT is the fabricated part, assembly of parts, or completed unit of any aircraft or space vehicle (excluding tires), and includes models, mock-ups, prototypes, and test coupons.
  11. AIRCRAFT means any machine designed to travel through the air, without leaving the earth's atmosphere, whether heavier or lighter than air, including airplanes, balloons, dirigibles, helicopters, and missiles.
  12. AIRCRAFT TIRE REPAIR is the repair and retreading of used tires used on aircraft. This includes the repair of damage to the tire casing, removal of old tread rubber and tread reinforcing materials, and application of new tread and tread reinforcing materials.
  13. ANY OTHER PRIMER is a coating or adhesive applied to a substrate to improve adhesion of subsequently applied adhesive, except adhesive primer and adhesive bonding primer.
  14. ARCHITECTURAL SEALANT is any sealant to be applied to stationary structures, including mobile homes, and their appurtenances. Appurtenances to an architectural structure include, but are not limited to: hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, fences, rain gutters and downspouts, and windows.
  15. ARCHITECTURAL SEALANT PRIMER is any sealant primer to be applied to stationary structures, including mobile homes, and their appurtenances. Appurtenances to an architectural structure include, but are not limited to: hand railings, cabinets, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, fences, rain gutters and downspouts, and windows.
  16. CARPET PAD INSTALLATION is the installation on a floor or comparable surface of carpet pad (or cushion) which is used beneath a carpet.
  17. CERAMIC TILE INSTALLATION is the installation of ceramic tile products.
  18. CERAMIC TILES are a ceramic surfacing unit made from clay or a mixture of clay and other materials.
  19. CHLORINATED POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (CPVC) plastic is a polymer of the chlorinated polyvinyl monomer that contains 67% chlorine and is normally identified with a CPVC marking.
  20. COATING SOLID is the nonvolatile portion of a coating that remains after heating a sample of the material at 110oC for one hour.
  21. COMPUTER DISKETTE MANUFACTURING is the process where the fold-over flaps are glued to the body of a vinyl jacket.
  22. COVE BASE INSTALLATION is the installation of cove base (or wall base), which is generally made of vinyl or rubber, on a wall or vertical surface at floor level.
  23. DRY WALL INSTALLATION is the installation of gypsum dry wall to studs or solid surfaces.
  24. EXEMPT COMPOUNDS are as defined in Rule 102.
  25. FACILITY MEANS any permit unit or grouping of permit units or other air contaminant-emitting activities which are located on one or more contiguous properties within the District, in actual physical contact or separated solely by a public roadway or other public right-of-way, and are owned or operated by the same person (or by persons under common control). Such above-described groupings, if not contiguous, but connected only by land carrying a pipeline, shall not be considered one facility.
  26. FIBERGLASS is fine filaments of glass.
  27. FOAM is a rigid or spongy cellular mass with gas bubbles dispersed throughout.
  28. GLUE is a hard gelatin obtained from hides, tendons, cartilage, bones, etc., of animals. Through general use, the term "glue" is synonymous with the term "adhesive."
  29. GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF ADHESIVE OR SEALANT, LESS WATER AND LESS EXEMPT COMPOUNDS, is the weight of VOC per combined volume of VOC and adhesive or sealant solids, and can be calculated by the following equation:

Grams of VOC per Liter of Adhesive or Sealant, Less Water and Less

Exempt Compounds = Undisplayed Graphic

Where:  Ws  weight of volatile compounds, in grams 
  Ww  weight of water, in grams 
  Wes  weight of exempt compounds, in grams 
  Vm  volume of material, in liters 
  Vw  volume of water, in liters 
  Ves  volume of exempt compounds, in liters
 

For adhesives or sealants that contain reactive diluents, the VOC content of the adhesive or sealant is determined after curing. The grams of VOC per liter of adhesive or sealant shall be calculated by the following equation:

Grams of VOC per Liter of Adhesive or Sealant, Less Water and Less

Exempt Compounds = Undisplayed Graphic

Where:  Wrs  weight of volatile compounds not consumed during curing, in grams 
  Wrw  weight of water not consumed during curing, in grams 
  Wres  weight of exempt compounds not consumed during curing, in grams 
  Vrm  volume of material prior to reaction, in liters 
  Vrw  volume of water not consumed during curing,in liters 
  Vres  volume of exempt compounds not consumed during curing, in liters
 
 
  1. Grams of VOC per Liter of Material is the weight of VOC per volume of material and can be calculated by the following equation:

Grams of VOC per Liter of Material = Undisplayed Graphic

Where:  Ws  weight of volatile compounds, in grams 
  Ww  weight of water, in grams 
  Wes  weight of exempt compounds, in grams 
  Vm  volume of material, in liters
 
 
  1. HAND APPLICATION METHODS is the application of adhesive or sealant by manually held equipment. Such equipment includes paint brush, hand roller, trowel, spatula, dauber, rag, sponges, and mechanically- and/or pneumatic-driven syringes without atomization of the materials.
  2. HIGH-VOLUME, LOW-PRESSURE (HVLP) SPRAY is equipment used to spray a coating by means of a gun that operates between 0.1 and 10 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) air pressure.
  3. INDOOR CARPET INSTALLATION is the installation of a carpet that is in an enclosure and is not exposed to ambient weather conditions during normal use.
  4. LOW-SOLIDS ADHESIVE is an adhesive which has less than one pound of solids per gallon of material (or 120 grams of solids per liter of material).
  5. LOW-SOLIDS ADHESIVE PRIMER is an adhesive primer which has less than one pound of solids per gallon of material (or 120 grams of solids per liter of material).
  6. MARINE DECK SEALANT is any sealant to be applied to wooden marine decks.
  7. MARINE DECK SEALANT PRIMER is any sealant primer to be applied to wooden marine decks.
  8. MODIFIED BITUMINOUS PRIMER consist of bituminous materials, and a high flash solvent used to prepare a surface by (1) improving the adhesion and (2) absorbing dust from the surface for adhesive, or flashing cement bitumen membrane.
  9. MODIFIED BITUMINOUS MATERIALS are materials obtained from natural deposit of asphalt or residues from the distillation of crude oil petroleum or coal which consist mainly of hydrocarbons, and include, but are not limited to, asphalt, tar, pitch, and asphalt tile that are soluble in carbon disulfide.
  10. MULTIPURPOSE CONSTRUCTION ADHESIVE is any adhesive to be used for the installation or repair of various construction materials, including but not limited to: drywall, subfloor, panel, fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP), ceiling tile, and acoustical tile.
  11. NONMEMBRANE ROOF ADHESIVE is any adhesive to be used for the installation or repair of nonmembrane roofs. This category includes plastic or asphalt roof cement, asphalt roof coatings, and cold application cement.
  12. NONMEMBRANE ROOF SEALANT is any sealant to be used for installation or repair of nonmembrane roofs. This category includes plastic or asphalt roof cement, asphalt roof coatings, and cold application cement.
  13. OUTDOOR CARPET INSTALLATION is the installation of carpet that is not in an enclosure and is exposed to ambient weather conditions during normal use.
  14. PANEL INSTALLATION is the installation of plywood, pre-decorated hardboard (or tileboard), fiberglass reinforced plastic, and similar pre-decorated or non-decorated panels to studs or solid surfaces.
  15. PERCENT VOC BY WEIGHT is the ratio of the weight of the VOC to the weight of the material, expressed as a percentage of VOC by weight. The percent VOC by weight can be calculated as follows:
          % VOC weight = Undisplayed Graphic x 100

 

Where:  Wv  weight of the VOCs, in grams 
  weight of material, in grams
 
 
  1. PERSON is any individual, firm, association, organization, partnership, business, trust, corporation, company, contractor, supplier, installer, user or owner, or any state or local governmental agency or public district or any other officer or employee thereof. Person also means the United States or its agencies to the extent authorized by Federal law.
  2. PLASTIC CEMENT WELDING is the use of adhesives made of resins and solvents which are used to dissolve the surrfaces of plastic, except ABS, CPVC, and PVC plastic, to form a bond between mating surfaces.
  3. PLASTIC FOAM is a foam constructed of plastics.
  4. PLASTICS are various synthetic materials chemically formed by the polymerization of organic (carbon-based) substances. Plastics are usually compounded with modifiers, extenders, and/or reinforcers. They are used to produce pipe, solid sheet, film, or bulk products.
  5. POLYURETHANE FOAMS are plastic foams, as defined in "Whittington's Dictionary of Plastics," page 329, and may be either rigid or flexible.
  6. POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) plastic is a polymer of the chlorinated vinyl monomer that contains 57 percent chlorine and is normally identified with a PVC marking.
  7. POROUS MATERIAL is a substance which has tiny openings, often microscopic, in which fluids may be absorbed or discharged. Such materials include, but are not limited to, wood, fabric, paper, corrugated paperboard, and plastic foam.
  8. PROPELLANT is a fluid under pressure which expels the contents of a container when a valve is opened.
  9. REACTIVE DILUENT is a liquid which is a VOC during application and one in which, through chemical and/or physical reactions, such as polymerization, 20 percent or more of the VOC becomes an integral part of a finished material.
  10. ROADWAY SEALANT is any sealant to be applied to public streets, highways, and other surfaces, including but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.
  11. ROLL COATER is a series of mechanical rollers that form a thin coating or adhesive film on the surface roller, which is applied to a substrate by moving the substrate underneath the roller.
  12. RUBBER FLOORING INSTALLATION is the installation of flooring material in which both the back and the top surface are made of synthetic rubber, and which may be in sheet or tile form.
  13. RUBBER FOAM is a foam constructed of natural or synthetic rubber.
  14. SEALANT is any material with adhesive properties that is formulated primarily to fill, seal, or waterproof gaps or joints between two surfaces. Sealants include sealant primers and caulks.
  15. SEALANT PRIMER is any product applied to a substrate, prior to the application of a sealant, to enhance the bonding surface.
  16. SINGLE-PLY ROOF MEMBRANE ADHESIVE is any adhesive sealant to be used for the installation or repair of single-ply roof membrane. Installation includes, but is not limited to attaching the edge of the membrane to the edge of the roof and applying flashings to vents, pipes, or ducts that protrude through the membrane. Repair includes, but is not limited to gluing the edges of tears together, attaching a patch to a hole, and reapplying flashings to vents, pipes, or ducts installed through the membrane.
  17. SINGLE-PLY ROOF MEMBRANE SEALANT is any sealant to be used for the installation or repair of single-ply roof membrane to the edge of the roof and applying flashings to vents, pipes, or ducts that protrude through the membrane. Repair includes, but is not limited to gluing the edges of tears together, attaching a patch to a hole, and reapplying flashings to vents, pipes, or ducts installed through the membrane.
  18. SOLVENT WELDING is the softening of the surfaces of two substrates by wetting them with solvents and/or adhesives, and joining them together with a chemical and/or physical reaction(s) to form a fused union.
  19. SPACE VEHICLE is a vehicle designed to travel beyond Earth's atmosphere.
  20. STRUCTURAL GLAZING ADHESIVE is any adhesive to be used to adhere glass, ceramic, metal, stone, or composite panels to exterior building frames.
  21. SUBFLOOR INSTALLATION is the installation of subflooring material over floor joists; and includes the construction of any load bearing joints in joists or trusses.
  22. THIN METAL LAMINATING is a process of bonding multiple layers of metal to metal or metal to plastic in the production of electronic or magnetic components in which the thickness of the bond line(s) is less than 0.25 mil.
  23. TIRE REPAIR is the expanding of a hole, tear, fissure, or blemish in a tire casing by grinding or gouging, applying adhesive, and filling the hole or crevice with rubber.
  24. TIRE RETREAD ADHESIVE is any adhesive to be applied to the back of precured tread rubber and to the casing and cushion rubber, or to be used to seal buffed tire casings to prevent oxidation while the tire is being prepared for a new tread.
  25. TRAFFIC MARKING TAPE is preformed reflective to be applied to public streets, highways, and other surfaces, including but not limited to curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots.
  26. TRAFFIC MARKING TAPE ADHESIVE PRIMER is any adhesive primer to be applied to surfaces prior to installation of traffic marking tape.
  27. TRANSFER EFFICIENCY is the ratio of the weight or volume of coating solids adhering to an object to the total weight or volume, respectively, of coating solids used in the application process, expressed as a percentage.
  28. VCT means vinyl composition tile.
  29. VISCOSITY is the internal friction of a liquid that makes it resistant to flow.
  30. VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) is any volatile compound which contains the element carbon, excluding methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonate, and excluding exempt compounds.
  31. WOOD FLOORING INSTALLATION is the installation of a wood floor surface, which may be in the form of parquet tiles, planks, or strip-wood.
  32. WOOD PARQUET FLOORING is wood flooring in tile form constructed of smaller pieces of wood which are joined together in a pattern by the maker to form the tile.
  33. WOOD PLANK FLOORING is solid or laminated wood in plank form.

(c)    Requirements

  1. After January 1, 1993, a person shall not apply adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, or any other primer which have a VOC content in excess of 250 g/L less water and less exempt compounds unless otherwise specified in paragraph (c)(2).
  2.  A person shall not apply adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, sealants, sealant primers, or any other primer which have a VOC content in excess of the limits specified below:

    (A)    For adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, or any other primer used in the following welding or installation operations:
     

     

    Limit 
    VOC - Less Water and Less Exempt Compounds 

     

    Grams Per Liter 

     

    Effective 

    Effective 

    Effective 

    Effective 

    Effective 

    Operation 

    1/1/93 

    1/1/94 

    4/11/97 

    2/13/98 

    1/1/03 

    Non-Vinyl Backed 
    Indoor Carpet Installation 

    150 

           
    Carpet Pad Installation 

    150 

           
    Wood Flooring Installation 

    150 

           
    Ceramic Tile Installation 

    130 

           
    Dry Wall and Panel Installation 

    200 

           
    Subfloor Installation 

    200 

           
    Rubber Floor Installation 

    150 

           
     

    Limit 
    VOC - Less Water and Less Exempt Compounds 

     

    Grams Per Liter 

     

    Effective 

    Effective 

    Effective 

    Effective 

    Effective 

    Operation 

    1/1/93 

    1/1/94 

    4/11/97 

    2/13/98 

    1/1/03 

    VCT and Asphalt Tile Installation 

    150 

           
    PVC Welding 

    850 

    450 

    510 

     

    285 

    CPVC Welding 

    850 

    450 

    490 

     

    270 

    ABS Welding 

    850 

    350 

    400 

       
    Plastic Cement Welding 

    850 

    350 

       

    250 

    Cove Base Installation 

    150 

           
    Adhesive Primer for Plastic 

    650 

         

    250 

    Computer Diskette Mfg     

    350 

       
    Multipurpose Construction       

    200 

     
    Structural Glazing       

    100 

     
    Single-Ply Roof Membrane       

    250 

     
    Tire Retread       

    100 

     
    Adhesive Primer for Traffic Marking Tape       

    150 

     
    (B)    For adhesives, adhesive bonding primers, or any other primer not regulated by (c)(2)(A) and applied to the following substrates, the following limits shall apply:
     
     

    Limit 

    VOC-Less Water and Less 

    Exempt Compounds 

    Grams Per Litter 

    Substrate 

    Effective 1/1/93 

    Metal to Metal 

    30 

    Plastic Foams 

    120 

    Porous Material (except wood) 

    120 

    Wood 

    30 

    Fiberglass 

    200

     
    If an adhesive is used to bond dissimilar substrates together the adhesive with the highest VOC content shall be allowed.

    (C)    For sealants or sealant primers, the following limits shall apply:
     

     

    Limit 
    VOC - Less Water and Less 
    Exempt Compounds 

     

    Grams Per Liter 

    SEALANTS 

    Effective 2/13/98 

    Architectural 

    250 

    Marine Deck 

    760 

    Nonmembrane Roof 

    300 

    Roadway 

    250 

    Single-Ply Roof Membrane 

    450 

    Other 

    420 

    SEALANT PRIMERS 

     
    Architectural   
    Non Porous 

    250 

    Porous 

    775 

    Modified Bituminous 

    500 

    Marine Deck 

    760 

    Other 

    750

     
  3. For low-solids adhesives and sealants, the appropriate limits in paragraph (c)(1), and paragraph (c)(2) shall be expressed in grams of VOC per liter of material.
  4. Containers used to dispose of VOC-laden cloth or paper used in stripping cured adhesives or sealants shall be closed except when depositing or removing VOC-laden cloth or paper from the container.
  5. Solvent Cleaning Operations; storage and disposal of VOC-containing materials shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of (Rule 1171 - Solvent Cleaning Operations).
  6. Transfer Efficiency
  7. A person shall not apply adhesives or sealants unless the adhesive or sealant is applied with properly operating equipment in accordance with operating procedures specified by either the equipment manufacturer or the Executive Officer. Application of adhesives or sealants shall be accomplished only by the use of one of the following methods:

    (A)    Electrostatic application; or

    (B)    Flow coat; or

    (C)    Dip coat; or

    (D)    Roll coater; or

    (E)    High-Volume, Low-Pressure (HVLP) spray; or

    (F)    Hand application methods; or

    (G)    Such other adhesive or sealant application methods as are demonstrated to the Executive Officer to be capable of achieving at least 65 percent transfer efficiency and for which prior written approval of the Executive Officer has been obtained; or

    (H)    For adhesives and sealants with a viscosity of 200 centipoise or greater, as applied, airless spray, air-assisted airless, and air-atomized spray may also be used.
     

  8. A person may comply with the provisions of paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), or (c)(6), or all three, by using approved air pollution control equipment, provided that the VOC emissions from such operations and/or materials are reduced by 80 percent overall, by weight.
  9. A person may comply with the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) by means of an Alternative Emission Control Plan pursuant to Rule 108.
  10. If anywhere on the container of any adhesive or sealant, on any sticker or label affixed thereto, or in any sales or advertising literature, any representation is made that the adhesive or sealant may be used for any another source specific rule application, for which there is a lower VOC standard, then the lowest VOC standard shall apply.

(d)     Air Quality Management Plan (AQMP) Technology Assessment

(e)    Recordkeeping Requirements

(f)     Methods of Analysis
 

  1. The VOC content of cleaning materials and adhesives or sealants shall be determined by using USEPA Reference Method 24 (Determination of Volatile matter Content, Water Content, Density Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coating, Code of Federal Regulations Title 40, Appendix A, utilizing Procedure B of ASTM Method D2369), or the SCAQMD Method 304.
  2. The exempt compound's content shall be determined by Methods 302 and 303 in the South Coast Air Quality Management District's (SCAQMD) "Laboratory Methods of Analysis for Enforcement Samples" or ASTM Method D4457-85.
  3. The VOC content of PVC, CPVC, and ABS pipe cements, adhesive primer for plastic shall be determined by Method 316a in the South Coast Air Quality Management District's (SCAQMD) "Laboratory Method of Analysis for Enforcement Samples."

(g)    Test Methods
 

  1. The efficiency of the control device and the VOC content measured and calculated as carbon in the control device exhaust gases shall be determined by USEPA'S Test Method 18, or Air Resources Board (ARB) Method 422 for the determination of emissions of Exempt Compounds and USEPA's Test Methods 25, 25A, or SCAQMD's Method 25.1 (Determination of Total Gaseous Non-Methane Organic Emissions as Carbon) for the determination of total organic compound emissions. Emissions determined to exceed any limits established by this rule through the use of any of the above-referenced test methods shall constitute a violation of the rule.
  2. Viscosity will be determined by ASTM D 1084-88.
  3. The following classes of compounds: cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes; cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations; cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations; and sulfur-containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine, will be analyzed as exempt compounds for compliance with subdivision (c), only at such time as manufacturers specify which individual compounds are used in the coating formulations and identify the test methods, which, prior to such analysis, have been approved by the USEPA and the SCAQMD, that can be used to quantify the amounts of each exempt compound.

(h)    Prohibition of Specifications
 

  1. A person shall not solicit or require any other person to use, in the District, any adhesives or sealants or combination of adhesives or sealants in violation of the requirements of this rule.
  2. The requirements of this paragraph shall apply to all written or oral agreements executed or entered into after July 1, 1989.

(i)    Rule 442 Applicability

(j)    Exemptions

  1. The provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)2) shall not apply to the following:
    (A)     Adhesives used in tire repair; or

    (B)     Adhesives and/or adhesive application processes in compliance with Rules 1104, 1106, 1128, 1130 and 1130.1.
     

  2. The provisions of this rule shall not apply to aerospace components that are subject to Rule 1124.
  3. The provisions of paragraph (c)(6) and subdivision (e) shall not be applied to the application of adhesives or sealants that contain less than 20 g/L of VOC per liter of adhesives, less water and less exempt compounds.
  4. The provisions of paragraph (c)(1) of this rule shall not apply to adhesives or sealants which are sold or supplied by the manufacturers or suppliers in the following containers:

    (A)    Tubes that have a capacity of eight liquid ounces or less; or

    (B)    Any other container, that has a capacity of 5 liquid ounces or less.
     

  5. The provisions of this rule shall not apply to any facility that uses less than one pint of total adhesives and sealants in any one day.
  6. The provisions of subdivision (c) shall not apply to research and development programs and quality assurance labs, provided that:

    (A)    A record is kept of:

    (B) Such records shall be retained in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (e) of this rule.
     
  7. The provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to non-compliant adhesives, adhesive primers, adhesive bonding primers, sealants, and sealant primers that are used in total volumes of less than 55 gallons per facility per rolling 12-month period .
  8. The provisions of this rule shall not apply to adhesives used to glue whole flowers to parade floats.
  9. The provisions of subdivision (c) shall not apply to solvent welding operations used in the manufacturing of medical devices, such as, but not limited to, catheters, heart valves, blood cardioplegia machines, tracheotomy tubes, blood oxygenators, and cardiatory reservoirs.
  10. The provisions of this rule shall not apply to aerosol adhesives and primers dispensed from aerosol spray cans.
  11. Until January 1, 1998, the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to any adhesive used exclusively for computer diskette manufacturing, provided that the adhesive contains less than 550 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied and the facility uses a total of four gallons per day or less of these adhesives.
  12. Until January 1, 2003, the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to any adhesive used exclusively for thin metal laminating operations, provided that the adhesive contains less than 780 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied, and the facility uses a total of three gallons per day or less of these adhesives.
  13. Until January 1, 1998, the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to any adhesive based on a monthly average used exclusively for applying fabric to neoprene sponge in wet suit manufacturing operations, provided that the adhesive contains less than 625 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied, and the facility uses a total of nine gallons per day or less of these adhesives.
  14. Until January 1, 1998, the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to any hot bond adhesive used exclusively for rubber gasket splicing operations, provided that the adhesive contains less than 625 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied, and the facility uses a total of two gallons per day or less of these adhesives.
  15. Until January 1, 1998, the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to any hot bond adhesive used exclusively for inflatable rubber seal manufacturing operations, provided that the adhesive contains less than 625 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied, and the facility uses a total of two gallons per day or less of these adhesives.
  16. Until January 1, 1998, the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to any hot bond adhesive used exclusively for the manufacture of molded rubber components with metal or resin inserts, provided that the adhesive contains less than 650 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied, and the facility uses a total of three gallons per day or less of these adhesives.
  17. Until January 1, 2000, the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) and paragraph (c)(2) shall not apply to any adhesive and primer used exclusively for rubber sheet-applied lining operations, provided that the adhesive contains less than 850 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive or primer, less water and less exempt compounds, as applied, and the facility uses a total of ten gallons per day or less of these adhesives.