SCAQMD RULE 1421 CONTROL OF PERC EMISSIONS FROM DRY CLEANING SYSTEMS
LAST REVISED 06/13/97


(Adopted December 9, 1994)(Amended June 13, 1997)

RULE 1421. CONTROL OF PERCHLOROETHYLENE EMISSIONS FROM DRY CLEANING SYSTEMS.

(a) Purpose

The purpose of the rule is to protect public health by reducing perchloroethylene emissions from dry cleaning systems. This rule will implement the federal National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Source Categories: Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaning Facilities (40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] 63.320, et seq) and the state Airborne Toxic Control Measure (ATCM) for Emissions of Perchloroethylene from Dry Cleaning Operations (17 California Code of Regulations [CCR] 93109, et seq). This will be accomplished by requiring perchloroethylene dry cleaning facilities to: phase out transfer, vented, and self-service machines; require the use of a closed-loop, dry-to-dry machine; install primary and/or secondary controls as appropriate; and institute good operating, reporting, and recordkeeping practices.

(b) Applicability

The rule applies to all persons owning or operating a perchloroethylene dry cleaning facility.

(c) Definitions

For the purposes of this rule, the following definitions shall apply.

  1. ADSORPTIVE CARTRIDGE FILTER means a replaceable cartridge filter that contains diatomaceous earth or activated clay as the filter medium.
  2. CARTRIDGE FILTER means a replaceable cartridge filter that contains one of the following as the filter medium: paper, activated carbon, or paper and activated carbon. A cartridge filter contains no diatomaceous earth or activated clay. Cartridge filters include, but are not limited to: standard filters, split filters, "jumbo" filters, and all carbon polishing filters.
  3. CLOSED-LOOP MACHINE means dry cleaning equipment in which washing, extraction, and drying are all performed in the same single unit (also known as dry-to-dry) and which recirculates the perchloroethylene-laden vapor through a primary control system with no exhaust to the atmosphere during the drying cycle. A closed-loop machine may allow for venting to the ambient air through a fugitive control system after the drying cycle is completed and while the machine door is open.
  4. CO-LOCATED WITH A RESIDENCE means sharing a common wall, floor, or ceiling with a residence. For the purposes of this definition, "residence" means any dwelling or housing which is owned, rented, or occupied by the same person for a period of 180 days or more, excluding short-term housing such as a motel or hotel room rented and occupied by the same person for a period of less than 180 days.
  5. CONVERTED MACHINE means an existing vented machine that has been modified to be a closed-loop machine by eliminating the aeration step, and installing a primary control system, and providing for recirculation of the perchloroethylene-laden vapor with no exhaust to the atmosphere. A converted machine allows for venting to the ambient air through a fugitive control system after the drying cycle is complete and only while the machine door is open.
  6. COOL DOWN means the portion of the drying cycle that begins when the heating mechanism deactivates and the refrigerated condenser continues to reduce the temperature of the air recirculating through the drum to reduce the concentration of perchloroethylene in the drum.
  7. COMPLIANCE PERIOD means the time from the effective date of this rule in the District until a facility must be in compliance with the specific requirements of this rule.
  8. DESORPTION means the regeneration of an activated carbon bed, or any other type of vapor adsorber, by removal of the adsorbed solvent using hot air, steam, or other means.
  9. DIP TANK OPERATION means immersion of materials in a solution that contains perchloroethylene, for purposes other than dry cleaning, in a tank or container that is separate from the dry cleaning equipment.
  10. DISTRICT means the South Coast Air Quality Management District.
  11. DRUM means the rotating cylinder or wheel of the dry cleaning machine that holds the materials being cleaned.
  12. DRY CLEANING EQUIPMENT means any machine, device, or apparatus used to dry clean materials with perchloroethylene or to remove residual perchloroethylene from previously cleaned materials. Dry cleaning equipment may include, but is not limited to, a transfer machine, a vented machine, a converted machine, a closed-loop machine, a reclaimer, or a drying cabinet.
  13. DRY CLEANING SYSTEM means all of the following equipment, devices, or apparatus associated with the perchloroethylene dry cleaning process: dry cleaning equipment; filter or purification systems; waste holding, treatment, or disposal systems; perchloroethylene supply systems; dip tanks; pumps; gaskets; piping, ducting, fittings, valves, or flanges that convey perchloroethylene-contaminated air; and control systems.
  14. DRYING CABINET means a housing in which materials previously cleaned with perchloroethylene are placed to dry and which is used only to dry materials that would otherwise be damaged by the heat and tumbling action of the drying cycle.
  15. DRYING CYCLE means the process used to actively remove the perchloroethylene remaining in the materials after washing and extraction. For closed-loop machines, the heated portion of the cycle is followed by cool-down and may be extended beyond cool-down by the activation of a control system. The drying cycle begins when heating coils are activated and ends when the machine ceases rotation of the drum.
  16. ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING PROGRAM means an initial course or a refresher course of the environmental training program for perchloroethylene dry cleaning operation that has been authorized by the Air Resources Board according to the requirements of 17 CCR, Section 93110.
  17. EQUIVALENT CLOSED-LOOP VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM means any device or combination of devices that achieves, in practice, a perchloroethylene recovery performance equal to or exceeding that of refrigerated condensers.
  18. EXISTING FACILITY means any facility that operated dry cleaning equipment prior to December 9, 1994. Facility relocations within the jurisdictional boundaries of the District shall be considered existing facilities for the purpose of this rule.
  19. FACILITY means any person or persons who own or operate perchloroethylene dry cleaning equipment, which are owned or operated by the same person or persons, and are located on the same parcel or contiguous parcels.
  20. FACILITY MILEAGE means the efficiency of perchloroethylene use at a facility, expressed as the pounds of materials cleaned per gallon of perchloroethylene used, and calculated for all dry cleaning machines at the facility over a specified time period.
  21. FUGITIVE CONTROL SYSTEM is a device or apparatus that collects fugitive perchloroethylene vapors from the machine door, button and lint traps, still, or other intentional openings of the dry cleaning system, and routes those vapors to a device that reduces the mass of perchloroethylene prior to exhaust of the vapor to the atmosphere.
  22. FULL-TIME EMPLOYEE means any person who is employed at the dry cleaning facility and averages at least thirty hours per week in any 90-day period.
  23. GALLONS OF PERCHLOROETHYLENE USED means the volume of perchloroethylene, in gallons, introduced into the dry cleaning equipment, and not recovered at the facility for re-use on-site in the dry cleaning equipment, over a specified time period.
  24. HALOGENATED-HYDROCARBON DETECTOR means a portable device capable of detecting vapor concentrations of perchloroethylene of 25 ppmv or less and indicating an increasing concentration by emitting an audible signal or visual indicator that varies as the concentration changes.
  25. LIQUID LEAK means a leak of liquid containing perchloroethylene of more than 1 drop every 3 minutes.
  26. MAJOR SOURCE is any dry cleaning facility that emits or has the potential to emit more than 9.1 megagrams per year (10 tons per year) of perchloroethylene to the atmosphere. In lieu of measuring a facility's potential to emit perchloroethylene emissions or determining a facility's potential to emit perchloroethylene emissions, a dry cleaning facility is a major source if:

    (A) it includes only dry-to-dry machine(s) and has a total yearly perchloroethylene consumption greater than 8,000 liters (2,100 gallons); or

    (B) it includes only transfer machine system(s) or both dry-to-dry machines(s) and transfer machine system(s) and has a total yearly perchloroethylene consumption greater than 6,800 liters (1,800 gallons).

  27. MATERIALS mean wearing apparel, draperies, linens, fabrics, textiles, rugs, leather, and other goods that are being dry cleaned.
  28. MUCK COOKER means a device for heating perchloroethylene-laden waste material to volatilize and recover perchloroethylene.
  29. NEW FACILITY means a facility that did not operate any dry cleaning equipment before December 9, 1994. Facility relocations, within the jurisdictional boundaries of the District, shall not be considered new facilities for the purposes of this control measure.
  30. PERCHLOROETHYLENE (PERC) means the substance with the chemical formula C2Cl4, also known by the name tetrachloroethylene, which has been identified by the Air Resources Board and listed as a toxic air contaminant in 17 CCR, Section 93000.
  31. PERCHLOROETHYLENE DRY CLEANING OR DRY CLEANING means the process used to remove soil, greases, paints, and other unwanted substances from materials with perchloroethylene.
  32. POUNDS OF MATERIALS CLEANED PER LOAD means the total dry weight, in pounds, of the materials in each load dry cleaned at the facility, as determined by weighing each load on a scale prior to dry cleaning and recording the value.
  33. PRIMARY CONTROL SYSTEM means a refrigerated condenser, or an equivalent closed-loop vapor recovery system approved by the District.
  34. RECLAIMER means a machine, device, or apparatus used only to remove residual perchloroethylene from materials that have been previously cleaned in a separate piece of dry cleaning equipment.
  35. REASONABLY AVAILABLE, as it applies to an initial course for the environmental training program, means that the course is offered within 200 miles of the District boundaries and that all such courses have a capacity, in the aggregate, that is adequate to accommodate at least one person from each facility within the District boundaries required to certify a trained operator at that time.
  36. REFRIGERATED CONDENSER means a closed-loop vapor recovery system into which perchloroethylene vapors are introduced and trapped by cooling below the dew point of the perchloroethylene.
  37. SECONDARY CONTROL SYSTEM means a device or apparatus that reduces the concentration of perchloroethylene in the recirculating air at the end of the drying cycle, beyond the level achievable with a refrigerated condenser alone. An "integral" secondary control system is designed and offered as an integral part of a production package with a single make and model of dry cleaning machine and primary control system. An "add-on" secondary control system is designed or offered as a separate retrofit system for use on multiple machine makes and models.
  38. SELF-SERVICE DRY CLEANING MACHINE means a perchloroethylene dry cleaning machine that is loaded, activated, or unloaded by the customer.
  39. SEPARATOR means any device used to recover perchloroethylene from a water-perchloroethylene mixture.
  40. STILL means a device used to volatilize and recover perchloroethylene from contaminated solvent removed from the cleaned materials.
  41. TRAINED OPERATOR means the owner, the operator, or an employee of the facility, who has completed and holds a valid record of completion for the initial course of an environmental training program and maintains her/his status by successfully completing the refresher courses as required.
  42. TRANSFER MACHINE means a combination of perchloroethylene dry cleaning equipment in which washing and extraction are performed in one unit and drying is performed in a separate unit.
  43. VAPOR ADSORBER means a bed of activated carbon or other adsorbent into which perchloroethylene vapors are introduced and trapped for subsequent desorption.
  44. VAPOR LEAK means an emission of perchloroethylene vapor from unintended openings in the dry cleaning system, as indicated by a rapid audible signal or visual signal from a halogenated-hydrocarbon detector or a concentration of perchloroethylene exceeding 50 ppmv as methane as indicated by a portable analyzer. This definition applies on and after June 9, 1996.
  45. VENTED MACHINE means dry cleaning equipment in which washing, extraction, and drying are all performed in the same single unit and in which fresh air is introduced into the drum in the last step of the drying cycle and exhausted to the atmosphere, either directly or through a control device.
  46. WASTE WATER EVAPORATOR means a device that vaporizes perchloroethylene contaminated waste water through the addition of thermal or chemical energy, or through physical action.
  47. WATER-REPELLING OPERATIONS means the treatment of materials with a water repellent solution that contains perchloroethylene.

(d) Equipment Requirements

The owner/operator shall comply with the following prohibitions and requirements.

  1. Prohibition.

    (A) On or after December 9, 1994, a person shall not install a transfer machine, a vented dry cleaning machine, or a self-service dry cleaning machine.

    (B) On or after June 9, 1996, a person shall not install a converted machine or modify a vented dry cleaning machine to a converted machine.

    (C) On or after October 1, 1998, a person shall not operate any transfer system, any vented dry cleaning machine, or any self-service dry cleaning machine.

  1. Required Equipment. The owner/operator of each new or existing facility shall not operate dry cleaning equipment unless the applicable requirements of Table 1 and the specifications contained in subparagraph (3) are met:

    (A) For an existing facility, replacement of existing equipment and installation of new equipment which occur in accordance with the time periods shown in column 2 of Table 1 shall comply with the applicable requirements shown in column 1 of Table 1.

    (B) For a new facility, the owner/operator shall install, operate, and maintain the required equipment shown in column 1 of Table 1 for new facilities.

  2. Specifications for Required Equipment. Required equipment shall meet the following specifications:

    (A) A primary control system shall:

    (i) operate during both the heated and cool-down phases of the drying cycle and shall reduce the perchloroethylene drum concentration in the recirculating air stream to 8,600 ppmv;

    (ii) not exhaust to the atmosphere or workroom;

    (iii) not require the addition of any form of water to the primary control system that results in the physical contact between water and perchloroethylene; and

    (iv) consists of a refrigerated condenser which shall:

    (I) achieve an outlet vapor temperature, downstream of any bypass, of less than or equal to 45oF (7.2oC) during cool-down; and

    (II) have a graduated thermometer with a minimum range from 0oF (-18oC) to 150oF (66oC), which measures the temperature of the outlet vapor stream, downstream of any bypass of the condenser, and is easily visible to the operator.

    (v) An approved equivalent closed-loop vapor recovery system may be used in lieu of a primary control system, if it:

    (I) uses a technology that has been demonstrated, pursuant to the requirements of subsection (j), to achieve a perchloroethylene drum concentration of 8,600 ppmv or less in each test; and

    (II) has a device that measures the perchloroethylene concentration, or a demonstrated surrogate parameter, in the drum at the end of each drying cycle, before the machine door is opened and any fugitive control system activates, and indicates if the concentration is above or below 8,600 ppmv. This device shall be installed such that the reading is easily visible to the operator.

    (B) A secondary control system shall:

    (i) be designed to function with a primary control system or be designed to function as a combined primary control system and secondary control system that meets all of the following applicable requirements;

    (ii) not exhaust to the atmosphere or workroom;

    (iii) not require the addition of any form of water to the secondary control system that results in physical contact between the water and perchloroethylene;

    (iv) use a technology that has been demonstrated, pursuant to the requirements of subsection (j), to achieve a perchloroethylene concentration in the drum of 300 ppmv or less in each test;

    (v) have a holding capacity of two hundred percent (200%) or greater of the maximum quantity of perchloroethylene vapor expected in the drum prior to the activation of the system; and

    (vi) for add-on secondary control systems only, the system shall be sized and capable of reducing the perchloroethylene concentration in the drum from 8,600 ppmv or greater to 300 ppmv or less in the maximum volume of recirculating air in the dry cleaning machine and all contiguous piping.

  3. Specifications for Other Equipment.

    (A) A drying cabinet shall:

    (i) be fully enclosed; and

    (ii) be exhausted via one of the following methods:

    (I) to a control system that has been demonstrated, pursuant to the requirements of subsection (j), to achieve a perchloroethylene concentration of 100 ppmv or less in each test, measured at the outlet without dilution; or

    (II) to a control system that reduces the concentration of perchloroethylene in a closed system with no exhaust to the atmosphere or workroom.

    (B) A converted machine shall meet all of the following requirements, as demonstrated on-site to the District, upon conversion and on or before June 9, 1996:

    (i) All process vents that exhaust to the atmosphere or workroom during washing, extraction, or drying shall be sealed.

    (ii) The converted machine shall use an appropriately-sized primary control system to recover perchloroethylene vapor during the heated and cool-down phases of the drying cycle.

    (I) A refrigerated condenser shall be considered appropriately sized, for a machine converted on or after May 4, 1994, if the water-cooled condensing coils are replaced with refrigerant-cooled condensing coils; and the compressor of the refrigerated condenser shall have a capacity, in horsepower (hp) that is no less than the minimum capacity, determined as follows:

    (II) A refrigerated condenser shall be considered appropriately sized, for a machine converted prior to May 4, 1994, if the refrigerated condenser meets the specifications for new conversions in subclause (d)(4)(B)(i)(I); or the refrigerated condenser achieves, and maintains for 3 minutes, an outlet vapor temperature, measured downstream of the condenser and any bypass of the condenser, of less than or equal to 45oF (7.2oC) within 10 minutes of the initiation of cool-down.

    (III) An equivalent closed-loop vapor recovery system shall be considered appropriately sized for the conversion of a vented machine if the system does not extend the total drying time by more than five minutes to meet the specifications of clause (d)(3)(A)(v).

    (iii) The converted machine shall operate with no liquid leaks and no vapor leaks. Any seal, gasket, or connection determined to have a liquid leak or vapor leak shall be replaced.

(e) Good Operating Practices

The owner/operator shall not operate dry cleaning equipment after the applicable dates shown in column 4 and column 5 of Table 1, unless all of the following requirements are met:

  1. Operation and maintenance requirements. The trained operator, or his/her designee, shall operate and maintain all components of the dry cleaning system in accordance with the requirements of this section and the conditions specified in the facility's operating permit beginning on the applicable date specified in column 5 of Table 1. For operations not specifically addressed, the components shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

    (A) Each operation and maintenance function and the date performed shall be recorded on the checklist provided by the District. The operation and maintenance checklist shall include, at a minimum, the following requirements:

    (i) Refrigerated condensers shall be operated to ensure that exhaust gases are recirculated until the air-vapor stream temperature on the outlet side of the refrigerated condenser, downstream of any bypass, is less than or equal to 45oF (7.2oC).

    (ii) Primary control systems, other than refrigerated condensers, shall be operated to ensure that exhaust gases are recirculated until the perchloroethylene concentration in the drum is less than or equal to 8,600 ppmv at the end of the drying cycle, before the machine door is opened and any fugitive control system activates.

    (iii) Vapor adsorbers used as a primary control system or secondary control system shall be operated to ensure that exhaust gases are recirculated at the temperature specified by the District, based on the manufacturer's recommendations for optimum adsorption. These vapor adsorbers shall be desorbed according to the conditions specified by the District in the facility's operating permit, including a requirement that no perchloroethylene vapors shall be routed to the atmosphere during routine operation or desorption.

    (iv) An existing facility with a transfer machine or a vented machine shall operate any existing carbon adsorber, which functions during the drying cycle, to meet the following requirements:

    (I) Desorption shall be performed periodically, at the frequency specified by the District. The frequency, at a minimum, shall be each time all dry cleaning equipment exhausted to the device has cleaned a total of three pounds of materials for each pound of activated carbon. Desorption shall be performed with the minimum steam pressure and air flow capacity specified by the District.

    (II) Once desorption is complete, the carbon bed shall be fully dried according to the manufacturer's instructions.

    (III) No vented perchloroethylene vapors shall bypass the carbon adsorber to the atmosphere.

    (v) Cartridge filters and adsorptive cartridge filters shall be handled using one of the following methods:

    (I) Drained in the filter housing, before disposal, for no less than 24 hours for cartridge filters and 48 hours for adsorptive cartridge filters. If the filters are then transferred to a separate device to further reduce the volume of perchloroethylene, this treatment shall be done in a system that routes any vapor to a primary control system, with no exhaust to the atmosphere or workroom.

    (II) Dried, stripped, sparged, or otherwise treated, within the sealed filter housing, to reduce the volume of perchloroethylene contained in the filter.

    (vi) A still, and any muck cooker, shall not exceed 75 percent of its capacity, or an alternative level recommended by the manufacturer. A still, and any muck cooker, shall cool to 100oF (38oC) or less before emptying or cleaning.

    (vii) Button and lint traps shall be cleaned each working day and the lint placed in a tightly sealed container.

    (viii) All parts of the dry cleaning system where perchloroethylene may be exposed to the atmosphere or workroom shall be kept closed at all times except when access is required for proper operation and maintenance.

    (ix) Waste water evaporators shall be operated to ensure that no liquid perchloroethylene or visible emulsion is allowed to vaporize.

  1. Leak check and repair requirements. The trained operator, or her/his designee, shall inspect the dry cleaning system for liquid leaks and perceptible vapor leaks beginning on the applicable date shown in column 5 of Table 1. The trained operator, or her/his designee, shall record the status of each component on the checklist provided by the District.

    (A) The dry cleaning system shall be inspected at least once per week for liquid leaks and for vapor leaks, beginning June 9, 1996, using one of the following techniques:

    (i) a halogenated-hydrocarbon detector; or

    (ii) a portable gas analyzer or an alternative method approved by the District.

    (B) Any liquid leak or vapor leak that has been detected by the operator shall be noted on the checklist and repaired according to the requirements of this subparagraph. If the leak is not repaired at the time of detection, the leaking component shall be physically marked or tagged in a manner that is readily observable by a District inspector.

    (C) Any liquid leak or vapor leak detected by the District, which has not been so noted on the checklist and marked on the leaking component of the dry cleaning system, shall constitute a violation of this section. For enforcement purposes, the District shall identify the presence of a vapor leak by determining the concentration of perchloroethylene with a portable analyzer:

    (i) according to ARB Test Method 21 (17 CCR, Section 94124, March 28, 1986); and

    (ii) measured 1 cm away from the dry cleaning system.

    (D) Any liquid leak or vapor leak shall be repaired within 24 hours of detection.

    (i) If repair parts are not available at the facility, the parts shall be ordered within two working days of detecting such a leak. Such repair parts shall be installed within five working days after receipt. A facility with a leak that has not been repaired by the end of the 15th working day after detection shall not operate the dry cleaning equipment, until the leak is repaired, unless a leak-repair extension is granted from the District.

    (ii) The District may grant a leak-repair extension to a facility, for a single period of 30 days or less, if the District makes these findings:

    (I) the delay in repairing the leak could not have been avoided by action on the part of the facility;

    (II) the facility used reasonable preventive measures and acted promptly to initiate the repair;

    (III) the leak would not significantly increase perchloroethylene exposure near the facility; and

    (IV) the facility is in compliance with all other requirements of this section and has a history of compliance.

  2. Environmental training requirements. The facility shall have one or more trained operators beginning on the applicable date shown in column 4 of Table 1.

    (A) A trained operator shall be the owner, the operator, or another employee of the facility, who successfully completes the initial course of an environmental training program to become a trained operator. Evidence of successful completion of the initial course shall be the original record of completion issued pursuant to 17 CCR, Section 93110. The trained operator shall be a full-time employee of the facility. Except for the provisions of clause (e)(3)(C)(ii), one person cannot serve as the trained operator for two or more facilities simultaneously.

    (B) Each trained operator shall successfully complete the refresher course of an environmental training program at least once every three years. Evidence of successful completion of each refresher course shall be the date of the course and the instructor's signature on the original record of completion.

    (C) If the facility has only one trained operator and the trained operator leaves the employ of the facility, the facility shall:

    (i) notify the District in writing within 30 days of the departure of the trained operator;

    (ii) obtain certification for a replacement trained operator within 3 months, except that a trained operator who owns or manages multiple facilities may serve as the interim trained operator at two of those facilities simultaneously for a maximum period of 4 months, by which time each facility must have its own trained operator; and

    (iii) if the District determines that the initial course of an environmental training program is not reasonably available, the District may extend the certification period for a replacement trained operator until 1 month after the course is reasonably available.

(f) Water-repelling and Dip Tank Operations

No person shall perform water-repelling or dip tank operations, after the applicable date shown in column 3 of Table 1, unless all of the following requirements are met:

  1. All materials to be treated with perchloroethylene water-repelling solutions shall be treated in a closed-loop machine, a converted machine, or a dip tank
  2. For dip tank operations:

    (A) The dip tank shall be fitted with a cover that prevents the escape of perchloroethylene vapors from the tank and shall remain covered at all times, except when materials are placed in and removed from the dip tank or while the basket is moved into position for draining.

    (B) After immersion, the materials shall be drained within the covered dip tank until dripping ceases.

    (C) All materials removed from a dip tank shall be immediately placed into a closed-loop machine or a converted machine for drying and not removed from the machine until the materials are dry.

(g) Initial Notification

  1. By the applicable date shown in column 6 of Table 1, the owner/operator shall provide the District with all of the following information, in writing:

    (A) the name(s) of the owner and operator of the facility;

    (B) the facility name and location;

    (C) whether or not the facility is co-located with a residence;

    (D) the number, types, and capacities of all dry cleaning equipment;

    (E) any control systems for each dry cleaning machine; and

    (F) for existing facilities only, the gallons of perchloroethylene purchased by the facility during the previous calendar year.

(h) Annual Reporting

The owner/operator shall maintain an annual report by the applicable dates shown in column 7 of Table 1, which shall be furnished to the District upon request. The annual report shall include all of the following:

  1. a copy of the record of completion for each trained operator;
  2. the total of the pounds of materials cleaned per load and the gallons of perchloroethylene used for all solvent additions in the reporting period; and
  3. the average facility mileage, determined from all solvent additions in the reporting period, as follows:

(i) Recordkeeping

The owner/operator shall maintain records starting from the applicable dates shown in column 8 of Table 1. These records or copies thereof, shall be accessible at the facility at all times.

  1. All of the following records shall be retained for at least 2 years or until the next District inspection of the facility, whichever period is longer.

    (A) For each dry cleaning machine, a log showing the date and the pounds of materials cleaned per load.

    (B) Purchase and delivery receipts for perchloroethylene.

    For those facilities with solvent tanks that are not directly filled by the perchloroethylene supplier upon delivery, the date(s) and gallons of perchloroethylene added to the solvent tank of each dry cleaning machine.

    (C) The completed leak inspection checklists required by paragraph (e)(2) and the operation and maintenance checklists required by subparagraph (e)(1)(A).

    (D) For liquid leaks or vapor leaks that were not repaired at the time of detection, a record of the leaking component(s) of the dry cleaning system awaiting repair and the action(s) taken to complete the repair. The record shall include copies of purchase orders or other written records showing when the repair parts were ordered and/or service was requested.

  1. For dry cleaning equipment installed after December 9, 1994, the manufacturer's operating manual for all components of the dry cleaning system shall be retained for the life of the equipment.
  2. The original record of completion for each trained operator shall be retained during the employment of that person. A copy of the record of completion shall be retained for an additional period of two years beyond the separation of that person from employment at the facility.

(j) Equipment Testing

For a given design, a single test program shall be conducted, in accordance with the following procedures, to meet the specifications in paragraphs (d)(3) and (d)(4). The person or organization conducting the test program shall prepare a written test plan that describes, in detail, the dry cleaning machine and control systems being tested, the test protocol, and the test method.

  1. Test Program and Scope. A minimum of three tests shall be conducted for each test program on each control system design. All tests for a single test program shall be conducted on a single dry cleaning machine.

    (A) Test results for a primary control system design, or an add-on secondary control system design, may be applied to a different make/model of dry cleaning machine if the equipment designer or facility demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the District, that:

    (i) the test results would be representative of the performance of the control system design on the different make/model of dry cleaning machine; and

    (ii) the control system design is properly sized for the maximum volume of recirculating air in the dry cleaning machine during the drying cycle.

    (B) Test results for an integral secondary control system design may not be applied to a different make/model of dry cleaning machine.

  1. Test Conditions. Testing shall be conducted under normal operating conditions, unless otherwise specified.

    (A) For primary control systems and secondary control systems, each test shall be conducted during the cleaning of one load of materials.

    (i) The machine shall be filled to no less than 75 percent of its capacity with materials for each test.

    (ii) The weight of materials shall be recorded for each test.

    (B) A primary control system shall be tested on a closed-loop machine, or a converted machine, both without a secondary control system.

    (C) A secondary control system shall be tested on a closed-loop machine.

    (i) An integral secondary control system shall be tested with the primary control system operating normally.

    (ii) An add-on secondary control system shall be tested independent of a primary control system and the initial perchloroethylene concentration in the drum shall be 8,600 ppmv or greater.

    (D) For a control system on the exhaust of a drying cabinet, each test shall be conducted following the placement of materials cleaned with perchloroethylene in the drying cabinet. The materials shall be transferred to the drying cabinet and testing shall begin no later than 15 minutes after the end of the washing and extraction process.

    (i) The drying cabinet shall be filled to no less than 50 percent of its capacity with materials for each test.

    (ii) The weight of materials shall be recorded for each test.

  2. Test Method. Equipment shall be tested in accordance with the following methods.

    (A) For primary control systems and secondary control systems:

    (i) the temperature of the air in the drum shall be measured and recorded continuously during the entire drying cycle, including the operation of the secondary control system;

    (ii) sampling shall be conducted as follows:

    (I) for primary control systems and integral secondary control systems, sampling shall begin at the end of the drying cycle and be completed within 5 minutes;

    (II) for add-on secondary control systems, sampling shall be done when the concentration of perchloroethylene is 8,600 ppmv or greater and again when the concentration reaches 300 ppmv or less; and

    (III) sampling shall be completed prior to the opening of the machine door and activation of any fugitive control system.

    (iii) The perchloroethylene concentration in the drum shall be determined by one of the following methods: (I) A sampling port and valve shall be appropriately placed to draw a sample from the interior of the drum or the lint filter housing. The sampling port shall be connected to a gas chromatograph by one-quarter (1/4) inch, outside diameter, Teflon tubing. Any sampling pump shall have Teflon diaphragms. The gas chromatograph shall measure the concentrations of perchloroethylene in accordance with ARB Method 422 (17 CCR, Section 94132, December 31, 1991) or NIOSH Method 1003 (NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, August 15, 1987).

    (II) A sampling port and valve shall be appropriately placed to draw a sample from the interior of the drum or the lint filter housing. The sampling port shall be connected by one-quarter (1/4) inch outside diameter Teflon tubing to a Tedlar bag. Any sampling pump shall have Teflon diaphragms. The concentration of perchloroethylene in the air sampled shall be measured in accordance with ARB Method 422 (17 CCR, Section 94132, December 31, 1991) or NIOSH Method 1003 (NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, August 15, 1987) within 24 hours of sampling. If an independent laboratory is contracted to perform the analysis of the samples, the chain of custody procedures contained in ARB Method 422 or NIOSH Method 1003 shall be followed.

    (B) For a control device on the exhaust of a drying cabinet, sampling and analysis shall be conducted using ARB Method 422 (17 CCR, Section 94132, December 31, 1991) or NIOSH Method 1003 (NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, August 15, 1987).

    (C) An alternative test method deemed acceptable by the Executive Officer of the District and the Executive Officer of the Air Resources Board.

  3. All test plans and test results shall be made available to the District and the Executive Officer of the California Air Resources Board upon request.

(k) Compliance Schedules

A facility shall comply with all provisions of this rule as follows:

  1. By the applicable dates of compliance specified in column 2 through column 8 of Table 1.
  2. For compliance with paragraph (e)(3) "Environmental Training Requirements," an alternative date of compliance shall apply if the District determines that the initial course of an environmental training program for perchloroethylene dry cleaning operations is not reasonably available.

    (A) For existing facilities in the District, if the initial course is not reasonably available within 12 months of the effective date of this rule in the District, the alternative date of compliance for paragraph (e)(3) only shall be 6 months from the date the District determines that the initial course is reasonably available.

    (B) For each new facility within the boundaries of the District, if the initial course is not reasonably available within the period from 3 months prior to 2 months following commencement of operation, the alternative date of compliance for paragraph (e)(3) only shall be 1 month from the date the District determines that the initial course is reasonably available.

(l) Major Sources

All major sources must comply with the requirements of 40 CFR Section 63.320, et. seq.

TABLE 1
Rule 1421 Requirements and Summary of Compliance Dates
for Existing and New Facilities

Equipment Requirements

DATE OF COMPLIANCE

Facility Type

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Column 5

Column 6

Column 7

Column 8

Compliance Option(s) Required Dry Cleaning Equipment Equipment Requirements Water-Repelling and Dip Tank Requirements Environmental Training Requirements Leak Check and Repair, Operation & Maintenance Requirements Initial Notification Annual Reporting (available on request) Record keeping
EXISTING FACILITIES

Replacement
of Existing Equipment

Closed-Loop Machine with Primary Control System

Before 12/9/98


6/9/96


10/9/96


2/9/95


2/9/95


12/9/96


2/9/95

Closed-Loop Machine with Primary Control System and a Secondary Control System

After 12/9/98

Adding Equipment
(Not Replacement)

Closed-Loop Machine with Primary Control System and a Secondary Control System

After 6/9/96

NEW FACILITIES

Closed-Loop Machine with Primary Control System and a Secondary Control System Upon commencement of operation Upon commencement of operation 3 months following commencement of operation Upon commencement of operation Upon application for permit 14 months after commencement of operation Upon commencement of operation
SCAQMD RULE 1421 CONTROL OF PERC. EM. FROM DRY CLEANING SYS     
LAST REVISED 12/09/94     




                                (Adopted December 9, 1994)

RULE 1421.    CONTROL OF PERCHLOROETHYLENE EMISSIONS FROM DRY
              CLEANING SYSTEMS.

(a)    Purpose
        The purpose of the rule is to protect public health by
      reducing perchloroethylene emissions from dry cleaning
      systems.  This rule will implement the federal National
      Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)
      for Source Categories: Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaning
      Facilities (40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] 63.320,
      et seq) and the state Airborne Toxic Control Measure
      (ATCM) for Emissions of Perchloroethylene from Dry
      Cleaning Operations (17 California Code of Regulations
      [CCR] 93109, et seq).  This will be accomplished by
      requiring perchloroethylene dry cleaning facilities to:
      phase out transfer, vented, and self-service machines;
      require the use of a closed loop machine; install primary,
      secondary, and fugitive controls as appropriate; control
      evaporator and separator emissions; and institute good
      operating, reporting, and recordkeeping practices.
 (b)  Applicability
      The rule applies to all persons owning or operating a
      perchloroethylene dry cleaning facility.
 (c)  Definitions
      For the purposes of this rule, the following definitions
      shall apply.
     (1)  ADD-ON or RETROFIT is a system that is designed,
           offered, purchased, or installed as a separate device
           to reduce perchloroethylene emissions from the
           original machine and often accommodates multiple
           makes and models.
     (2)  ADSORPTIVE FILTER CARTRIDGE is a replaceable filter
           cartridge that uses pleated paper and diatomaceous
           earth or activated clay as the filtering medium to
           capture impurities in the solvent.
     (3)  AREA SOURCE is any dry cleaning facility that
           purchases less than 2,100 gallons of
           perchloroethylene over any given 12 month period.
     (4)  CARB means the California Air Resources Board.
     (5)  CLOSED LOOP DRY CLEANING MACHINE is any dry cleaning
           machine with a design that recirculates the
           perchloroethylene laden vapor through a primary
           control system with no vent to the atmosphere or work
           room during the drying cycle, and vents to the
           atmosphere only through a fugitive control system
           after the drying cycle is complete and whenever the
           machine door is open.
     (6)  COLORIMETRIC TUBE is any glass tube (sealed prior to
           use), containing material impregnated with a chemical
           sensitive to perchloroethylene that is designed to
           measure the perchloroethylene concentration in air.
     (7)  CONVERTED MACHINE is a vented dry cleaning machine
           that is modified to be a closed loop machine by
           eliminating the aeration step and installing a
           primary control system that recirculates the
           perchloroethylene laden vapor and reduces the drum
           concentration to 8,600 parts per million by volume
           (ppmv) perchloroethylene or less, with no vent to the
           atmosphere or work room during the drying cycle.  A
           converted machine vents to the atmosphere only
           through a fugitive control system after the drying
           cycle is complete and whenever the machine door is
           open.
     (8)  COOL DOWN is the portion of the drying cycle
           beginning after the heating mechanism is deactivated
           and ending when the drum stops rotating.
     (9)  DESORPTION is a process used for the regeneration of
           activated carbon or other activated material, that
           is, the removal of the perchloroethylene that has
           accumulated on the activated carbon or material.
     (10) DIP TANK OPERATION is the process of immersing
           materials in a tank that holds a solution containing
           perchloroethylene for purposes other than dry
           cleaning.
     (11) DIVERTER VALVE is an air flow control device that
           prevents the air drawn into the dry cleaning machine
           when the door is open from passing through the add-on
           or retrofit refrigerated condenser.
     (12) DRUM is the perforated cylinder of the dry cleaning
           machine that holds the materials being cleaned during
           the cleaning cycle.
     (13) DRY is a descriptive quality achieved by the
           materials being cleaned that have gone through a
           complete drying cycle as recommended by the
           manufacturer or distributor and are free from any
           liquid drips.
     (14) DRY CLEANING MACHINE is any machine, device, or
           apparatus used to clean materials with
           perchloroethylene or to remove residual
           perchloroethylene from previously cleaned materials.
     (15) DRY CLEANING SYSTEM is any one or combination of the
           following machines or systems: washer; dryer;
           emission control system; filter, regeneration,
           distillation, or purification systems; waste holding,
           storage, disposal, or reduction system;
           perchloroethylene supply system; dip tank; pump;
           gasket; and associated piping, ducting, hoses,
           fittings, flanges, and valves.
     (16) DRY-TO-DRY MACHINE is a dry cleaning machine that
           washes, extracts, and dries a batch of materials
           within a single machine in one unbroken cycle that
           starts with dry materials and ends with dry
           materials.
     (17) DRYER or RECLAIMER is a machine used to remove the
           cleaning solution, such as perchloroethylene, from
           previously washed materials by tumbling them in a
           heated air stream.
     (18) DRYING CYCLE is the process of removing residual
           perchloroethylene from the materials being cleaned
           after perchloroethylene washing and extraction.  The
           drying cycle begins when the heating coils are
           activated and ends when the fan is deactivated.
     (19) ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING PROGRAM is a training and
           certification program approved by the California Air
           Resources Board pursuant to the provisions of 17 CCR,
           Section 93110.
     (20) EQUIVALENT PERCHLOROETHYLENE RECOVERY SYSTEM is any
           device or combination of devices that achieves, in
           practice, a perchloroethylene recovery equal to or
           exceeding that of refrigerated condensers.
     (21) EXISTING EQUIPMENT is dry cleaning machine permitted
           and operating before December 9, 1994.
     (22) EXISTING FACILITY is any facility where the most
           recent dry cleaning machine was installed or modified
           before December 9, 1991.  Relocations on or after
           December 9, 1994 shall be treated as new facilities.
     (23) FACTORY ORIGINAL is a system that is purchased and
           operated as originally designed, offered, and
           installed by the manufacturer or distributor without
           modifications.
     (24) FILTER is a porous device through which a solution,
           such as perchloroethylene, is passed to remove
           various contaminants.  A filter includes, but is not
           limited to, the lint and button trap, filter
           cartridge, tubular filter, regenerative filter,
           prefilter, polishing filter, and spin disk filter.
     (25) FUGITIVE CONTROL SYSTEM is any device or combination
           of devices that collects the perchloroethylene vapors
           escaping from the main door, button trap, lint trap,
           and still whenever any one of these access points are
           open and routes these vapors to a control device that
           reduces the concentration of perchloroethylene prior
           to venting to the atmosphere.
     (26) FULLTIME EMPLOYEE is a person who is employed at the
           dry cleaning facility and averages at least thirty
           (30) hours per week over any consecutive ninety (90)
           day period.
     (27) MAJOR SOURCE is any dry cleaning facility that
           purchases 2,100 gallons of perchloroethylene or more
           over a 12 month period, at any point in time.
     (28) MATERIAL is any wearing apparel, draperies, linens,
           fabrics, textiles, rugs, leather, and other goods
           that are being dry cleaned.
     (29) MUCK COOKER is a heating device used to volatilize
           and recover perchloroethylene from liquid and solid
           waste.
     (30) NEW FACILITY is any facility where the most recent
           dry cleaning machine was installed or modified on or
           after December 9, 1991.  Relocations on or after
           December 9, 1994 shall be treated as new facilities.
     (31) PERCHLOROETHYLENE [CCl2CCl2, Chemical Abstract Service
           (CAS) Number 127-18-4] is a chlorinated hydrocarbon
           that is used as a cleaning solvent and is also known
           as 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethene, tetrachloroethylene,
           PCE, and PERC.
     (32) PERCHLOROETHYLENE CONSUMPTION is the total volume of
           perchloroethylene purchased over the previous twelve
           (12) months and based upon purchase receipts or other
           reliable measures.
     (33) PERCHLOROETHYLENE DRY CLEANING is a process for
           removing soil, grease, paint, and other undesirable
           substances from materials by washing the materials
           with perchloroethylene and detergent additives, and
           then removing the perchloroethylene from the
           materials by spinning and air drying.
     (34) PERSON is any firm, business, establishment,
           association, partnership, corporation, government
           entity, charitable organization, or individual,
           acting as a principal, agent, employee, or other
           functioning capacity.
     (35) PLAIN FILTER CARTRIDGE is any replaceable filter
           cartridge that uses paper, activated carbon, or a
           combination of the two as the filtering medium.  A
           plain filter cartridge contains no diatomaceous earth
           or activated clay.  Plain filter cartridges include,
           but are not limited to, standard cartridges, split
           cartridges, "jumbo" cartridges, and all carbon
           polishing cartridges.
     (36) PERCEPTIBLE LEAK is the detection of any vapor or
           liquid perchloroethylene escaping from the dry
           cleaning system.
     (37) PRIMARY CONTROL SYSTEM is any device or combination
           of devices that achieves a perchloroethylene
           concentration of 8,600 ppmv or less in the
           recirculating air of the drum during the drying
           cycle, such as a refrigerated condenser or equivalent
           perchloroethylene recovery system.
     (38) REFRIGERATED CONDENSER is a device that reduces the
           temperature of the recirculating air in the drum,
           condenses the perchloroethylene in the air, and
           reduces the concentration of perchloroethylene in the
           drum.
     (39) RESPONSIBLE OFFICIAL is any one of the following
           persons:
          (A)  for a corporation, a president, vice president,
                treasurer, or secretary of the corporation in
                charge of a principal business function; any
                other person who performs similar policy or
                decision making functions for the corporation;
                or a duly authorized representative of such
                person if the representative is responsible for
                the overall operation of one or more dry
                cleaning facilities;
          (B)  for a partnership, a general partner;
          (C)  for a sole proprietorship, the owner; or
          (D)  for a municipal, state, federal, or other public
                agency, either a principal executive officer or
                ranking official.
     (40) SCAQMD means the South Coast Air Quality Management
           District.
     (41) SECONDARY CONTROL SYSTEM is any device or apparatus
           that achieves a perchloroethylene concentration of
           300 ppmv or less in the recirculating air of the drum
           during the drying cycle, a level beyond the use of a
           refrigerated condenser alone.  An INTEGRAL secondary
           control system is designed, offered, purchased, and
           installed on a specific make and model of the factory
           original dry cleaning machine and primary control
           system.  
     (42) SELF-SERVICE DRY CLEANING MACHINE is a dry cleaning
           machine that is loaded, activated, or unloaded by the
           general public.
     (43) SEPARATOR is a device that allows the condensate or
           separator water to physically separate into two (2)
           phases: perchloroethylene and water.
     (44) STILL is a device used to volatilize and recover
           perchloroethylene from contaminated
           perchloroethylene.
     (45) TEMPERATURE SENSOR is a thermometer or thermocouple
           that can measure the specified temperature range with
           an accuracy of plus or minus two degrees Fahrenheit
           (ñ2oF) or plus or minus one and one-tenth degrees
           Centigrade (ñ1.1oC).
     (46) TRAINED OPERATOR is any fulltime employee who
           successfully completes the initial course, and the
           refresher course every three (3) years thereafter, of
           an environmental training program that is offered
           pursuant to 17 CCR, Section 93110.  A responsible
           official may serve as the trained operator if that
           responsible official is present at the facility on an
           average of thirty (30) hours per week over any
           consecutive ninety (90) day period.
     (47) TRANSFER SYSTEM is a dry cleaning system that
           involves the physical or manual transfer of materials
           from a washer to a dryer or reclaimer.  Transfer
           systems include, but are not limited to, wet-to-dry
           processes, washers, dryers, reclaimers, and drying
           cabinets.
     (48) US EPA means the United States Environmental
           Protection Agency.
     (49) VENTED DRY CLEANING MACHINE is a dry cleaning machine
           that was originally designed and manufactured to vent
           to the atmosphere during aeration and is absent of
           primary controls.]
     (50) WASHER is any machine used to wash, rinse, and clean
           materials by saturating with and then removing most
           of the cleaning solution, such as detergent and
           perchloroethylene.
     (51) WASTEWATER is perchloroethylene contaminated water
           produced from the steam press(es), refrigerated
           condenser(s), distillation unit(s), or from the
           desorption of a carbon adsorber.
     (52) WASTEWATER ELIMINATION SYSTEM is any device that
           reduces or eliminates the liquid effluent from a
           separator.
 (d)  Dry Cleaning System Requirements
      A person who owns or operates a perchloroethylene dry
      cleaning system shall comply with all of the following
      applicable system requirements.
     (1)  Prohibition.  
          (A)  On or after December 9, 1994, a person shall not
                install a transfer system, a vented dry cleaning
                machine, or a self-service dry cleaning machine.
          (B)  On or after June 9, 1996, a person shall not
                install a converted machine or modify a vented
                dry cleaning machine to a converted machine.
          (C)  On or after December 9, 1998, a person shall not
                operate any transfer system, any vented dry
                cleaning machine, or any  self-service dry
                cleaning machine.
     (2)  Existing Equipment.  All dry cleaning equipment and
           floor pickups shall vent through a control system. 
           The control system shall meet one the following
           requirements.
          (A)  The concentration of perchloroethylene at the
                outlet of a carbon adsorber shall not exceed one
                hundred (100) ppm as measured over a period of
                one (1) minute before dilution.  OR
          (B)  The air temperature at the outlet of a
                refrigerated condenser shall reach 45oF or less
                at the end of the cool down.  A temperature
                gauge with a minimum range from 0oF to 150oF must
                be installed on the condenser outlet duct.  OR
          (C)  The demonstrated control efficiency for any
                other control device must be ninety percent by
                weight (90%wt) emission reduction or greater,
                prior to the discharge to the atmosphere
                measured over a complete drying cycle, based
                upon the amount of perchloroethylene entering
                the control device.
     (3)  Replacement of Existing Equipment.  Before December
           9, 1998, closed loop, dry-to-dry machines replacing
           existing equipment shall be equipped with at least
           integral primary controls as specified in paragraph
           (e)(1) and fugitive controls as specified in
           paragraph (e)(3).  On or after December 9, 1998,
           factory original, closed loop, dry-to-dry machines
           replacing existing equipment shall be equipped with
           integral primary, secondary, and fugitive controls as
           specified in subdivision (e).
     (4)  Conversion of Vented Machines.  If the vented
           machines are modified to converted machines, the
           primary controls shall meet the applicable
           requirements below and those specified in paragraph
           (e)(1), and fugitive control requirements specified
           in paragraph (e)(3).  The requirement to install
           fugitive controls may be waived upon approval by the
           Executive Officer or designee provided that fugitive
           controls are installed to the extent possible and
           that complete controls are not physically possible.
          (A)  Primary Controls.
               (i)  Existing Converted Machines with
                     Refrigerated Condensers.  Converted
                     machines installed before December 9, 1994
                     shall maintain an outlet air temperature
                     of 45oF (7.2oC) or less for at least three
                     (3) minutes and within ten (10) minutes of
                     the start of cool down.  The outlet air
                     temperature shall be measured downstream
                     of the condenser and any bypasses.
               (ii) New Converted Machines with Refrigerated
                     Condensers.  Converted machines installed
                     on or after December 9, 1994 shall include
                     the following modifications.
                    (I)  Condensing Coils.  The water cooled
                          condensing coils of existing
                          converted equipment shall be replaced
                          with refrigerant cooled condensing
                          coils; and
                    (II) Condenser Compressor.  The compressor
                          of the refrigerant cooled condenser
                          shall have a minimum rating
                          (horsepower) that is equal to or
                          greater than the maximum capacity of
                          the machine (pounds of clothing)
                          divided by twelve (12).
               (iii)     Converted Machines with Equivalent
                     Perchloroethylene Recovery Systems.  For
                     converted machines with perchloroethylene
                     recovery systems that are deemed
                     equivalent as specified in subsection
                     (e)(4), the total drying time for a
                     converted machine shall not be extended by
                     more than five (5) minutes over the drying
                     time of the original vented machine.
          (B)  Process Vents.  All process vents on the
                machine, originally designed to vent directly to
                the atmosphere during the washing, extraction,
                or drying cycles, shall be sealed.
          (C)  Perceptible Leaks.  The converted machine shall
                have no perceptible leaks as specified paragraph
                (f)(3).  Any seal or gasket determined to have
                a perceptible leak shall be immediately
                replaced, according to the time schedule
                contained in paragraph (f)(7).
     (5)  New Equipment.  On or after December 9, 1994, major
           sources installing dry cleaning machines that do not
           replace existing equipment shall install factory
           original, closed loop, dry-to-dry machines equipped
           with integral primary, secondary, and fugitive
           controls as specified in subdivision (e).  Before
           June 9, 1996, area sources installing dry cleaning
           machines that do not replace existing equipment shall
           install closed loop, dry-to-dry machines equipped
           with at least integral primary controls as specified
           in paragraph (e)(1) and fugitive controls as
           specified in paragraph (e)(3).  On or after June 9,
           1996, area sources installing dry cleaning machines
           not replacing existing equipment shall install
           factory original, closed loop, dry-to-dry machines
           equipped with integral primary, secondary, and
           fugitive controls as specified in subdivision (e).
     (6)  Wastewater Elimination System.  On or after June 9,
           1996, a person shall not operate a wastewater
           elimination system without a separator, located and
           operating immediately before the wastewater
           elimination system.  A person shall not bypass the
           separator by loading or adding wastewater directly to
           the wastewater elimination system.  A person shall
           not load or add still bottoms or residue to the
           separator or the wastewater elimination system.
     (7)  Dip Tank Cover.  On or after June 9, 1996, a person
           shall not operate the dip tank without a cover that
           prevents the escape of perchloroethylene vapors from
           the tank.
     (8)  Certified Equipment List.  The SCAQMD may issue a
           list of certified equipment that will indicate which
           machines have been demonstrated to meet the system
           requirements and specifications provided in
           subdivisions (d), (e), and (g).  The manufacturer or
           distributor shall submit a permit application and
           complete a full permit and technical evaluation
           before being added to the list.  The manufacturer or
           distributor successfully completing the Certified
           Equipment Permit Program shall be granted a Certified
           Equipment Permit.  The list will include
           certification for the following devices:
          (A)  dry cleaning system, which includes:
               (i)  factory original closed loop dry-to-dry
                     machine;
               (ii) primary and secondary control systems; and
               (iii)     monitoring devices;
          (B)  a combined separator and wastewater elimination
                system; or
          (C)  a dip tank.
 (e)  Control System Specifications
      A person who owns or operates a perchloroethylene dry
      cleaning facility shall comply with all of the following
      applicable control system specifications.  
     (1)  Primary Control System.  A primary control system
           shall:
          (A)  operate during the drying cycle to reduce the
                perchloroethylene concentration in the
                recirculating air stream to 8,600 ppmv;
          (B)  not vent to the atmosphere or workroom;
          (C)  not require the addition of any form of water to
                the primary control system that results in the
                physical contact between water and
                perchloroethylene; and
          (D)  consist of one of the following systems:  
                (i)  Refrigerated Condenser.  The air
                     temperature at the outlet of the
                     refrigerated condenser shall not exceed
                     45oF (7.2oC) at the end of the cool down
                     period.  If the refrigerated condenser is
                     an add-on or retrofit, it shall also be
                     operated with a diverter valve; or
                (ii) Other Control Device.  Any other control
                     device must meet or exceed all of the
                     following criteria:
                    (I)  result in a perchloroethylene drum
                          concentration of 8,600 ppmv or less
                          at the end of the drying cycle, and
                          before the fugitive control system
                          is activated;
                    (II) have a device that measures the
                          perchloroethylene concentration, or
                          a demonstrated surrogate parameter,
                          in the drum at the end of each
                          drying cycle, before the machine
                          door is opened and any fugitive
                          control system activates; indicates
                          if the concentration is above or
                          below 8,600 ppmv; has a display that
                          is easily visible to the operator.  
                    (III)     preclude the direct contact of
                          any form of water to
                          perchloroethylene in order to
                          operate, maintain, or regenerate the
                          perchloroethylene control device.
     (2)  Secondary Control System.  A secondary control
           system shall:
          (A)  operate with the primary control system so
                that the combined system reduces the
                perchloroethylene concentration in the
                recirculating air stream to 300 ppmv;
          (B)  not vent to the atmosphere or workroom;
          (C)  not require the addition of any form of water
                to the primary control system that results in
                the physical contact between water and
                perchloroethylene;
          (D)  have a holding capacity of two hundred percent
                (200%) or greater of the maximum amount of
                vapor perchloroethylene expected in the drum
                prior to the activation of the secondary
                control system; and
          (E)  for an external add-on, the system shall be
                sized to include the maximum volume of
                recirculating air in the dry cleaning machine
                and all associated piping.
     (3)  Fugitive Control System.  A fugitive control system
           shall:
          (A)  operate after the drying cycle is completed;
          (B)  be activated whenever the main door, button
                trap, lint trap, or still is open; and
          (C)  vent through an air pollution control device
                approved by the Executive Officer or designee.
     (4)  Equivalent Perchloroethylene Recovery Systems.  The
           Executive Officer's designee shall deem
           "equivalent", for the purposes of this rule, any
           control technology determined to be equivalent by
           US EPA pursuant to 40 CFR, Section 63.325 and by
           CARB pursuant to 17 CCR, Section 93109(h).  Such
           equivalent control technology may be used in lieu
           of the required control elements described in
           paragraphs (e)(1) or (e)(2).
     (5)  Wastewater Separator or Elimination System.
          (A)  The perchloroethylene concentration of the
                liquid effluent of any wastewater separator or
                elimination system shall not exceed 150 ppm.
          (B)  The perchloroethylene concentration of the
                vapor emissions of any wastewater elimination
                system shall not exceed 25 ppmv.
          (C)  The wastewater separator shall be constructed
                so that no vapor emissions of
                perchloroethylene are emitted to the
                atmosphere.
 (f)  Operating Requirements
      A person who owns or operates a perchloroethylene dry
      cleaning facility shall comply with all of the following
      applicable operating requirements in accordance with the
      compliance schedule in section (j).
     (1)  Trained Operator.  Each facility shall employ at
           least one trained operator at all times and be
           responsible for compliance by the trained operator
           of this rule's requirements.
          (A)  A person shall not serve as the trained
                operator for two (2) or more facilities.
          (B)  In the event that a facility loses all or its
                only trained operator, the facility shall:
               (i)  enter the name and the date of loss of
                     the last or sole trained operator into
                     the Facility Record of Trained
                     Operator(s) and Employee(s) within one
                     (1) day of the loss;
               (ii) designate an interim trained operator to
                     fulfill all of the requirements specified
                     in this rule within one (1) month of the
                     loss; and
               (iii)     obtain certification for a
                     replacement trained operator according to
                     the schedule specified in subparagraph
                     (j)(1)(E).
     (2)  Trained Employees.  The trained operator shall
           train all employees operating the dry cleaning or
           corresponding control devices in the proper
           operation and maintenance of the dry cleaning and
           corresponding control devices in accordance with
           the equipment manufacturer's specifications and
           recommendations.
     (3)  Perceptible Leak Detection.
          (A)  Before June 9, 1996, the detection of a
                perceptible leak of perchloroethylene shall be
                based on the following method:
               (i)  the odor of perchloroethylene;
               (ii) the sight of any system drip in excess of
                     one drop per three minutes or any pool of
                     liquid perchloroethylene; or
               (iii)     the feel of perchloroethylene
                     emissions by passing the fingers over the
                     surface of the machine.
          (B)  On or after June 9, 1996, the detection of a
                perceptible leak of perchloroethylene shall be
                based on the measurement of vapor
                perchloroethylene concentrations in excess of
                twenty five (25) ppmv with one of the
                following devices:
               (i)  a portable halogenated hydrocarbon
                     detector, reading 50 ppmv if calibrated
                     to methane; or
               (ii) a gas analyzer equipped with a rapid
                     audible or visual signal.
     (4)  Good Operating Practices.  A person who operates
           any perchloroethylene dry cleaning facility shall
           comply with the following requirements:
          (A)  all materials being cleaned are dry before
                removal from the machine;
          (B)  there are no perceptible leaks of
                perchloroethylene;
          (C)  all doors, traps, and other access points that
                may emit perchloroethylene remain closed at
                all times except for proper system operation,
                maintenance, or repair;
          (D)  button and lint traps are cleaned at the
                beginning of each working day and before the
                system is started, and the lint placed in a
                tightly sealed container;
          (E)  the backwash from the filter(s) is treated in
                a still or muck cooker where;
               (i)  the still or muck cooker does not exceed
                     seventy-five percent (75%) of its
                     capacity;
               (ii) the still or muck cooker is allowed to
                     cool to 100oF (38oC) or less before
                     emptying or cleaning;
               (iii)     the backwash from all diatomaceous
                     earth filters is treated so that the
                     residue contains no more than twenty-five
                     percent by weight (25%wt)
                     perchloroethylene; and
                    (iv) the backwash from filters other than
                     diatomaceous earth is treated so that the
                     residue contains no more than sixty
                     percent by weight (60%wt) perchloroethylene;
          (F)  filter cartridges are handled in one of the
                following manners to reduce the volume of
                perchloroethylene contained in the filter:
               (i)  plain filter cartridges are drained in
                     the filter housing, before disposal, for
                     at least twenty-four (24) hours;
               (ii) adsorptive filter cartridges are drained
                     in the filter housing, before disposal,
                     for at least forty-eight (48) hours;
               (iii)     filters are dried in an active dryer
                     equipped with the approved
                     perchloroethylene control system, with no
                     vent to the atmosphere or workroom, for
                     at least twelve (12) continuous hours; or
               (iv) filters are dried, stripped, sparged, or
                     otherwise treated within the sealed
                     filter housing or in a component of the
                     dry cleaning system specifically designed
                     for this purpose in accordance with the
                     manufacturer's specifications;
          (G)  all waste containing perchloroethylene is
                stored in sealed containers that are free of
                perceptible leaks and disposed in accordance
                with all applicable local, state, and federal
                regulations; and
          (H)  untreated wastewater is not air or fan dried
                in open containers, boilers, or cooling
                towers.
     (5)  Daily Visual Inspection.  The trained employee
           shall visually inspect the dry cleaning facility
           daily for perceptible leaks before the system is
           started.  At a minimum, an inspection shall include
           the following components:
          (A)  hose connections, unions, couplings, and
                valves;
          (B)  machine door gaskets and seatings;
          (C)  filter head gaskets and seatings;
          (D)  pumps;
          (E)  base tanks and storage containers;
          (F)  wastewater evaporators or separators;
          (G)  filter sludge recovery units;
          (H)  distillation units;
          (I)  diverter valves;
          (J)  lint baskets; and
          (K)  cartridge filters.
     (6)  Weekly Checklist Inspection.  The trained operator
           shall inspect the dry cleaning facility weekly for
           perceptible leaks while the dry cleaning system is
           operating and according to the operation and
           maintenance checklist provided by the Executive
           Officer's designee.
          (A)  Operation and Maintenance Checklist.  At a
                minimum, the checklist shall verify the proper
                operation and maintenance (i.e., no
                perceptible leaks) of the following
                components. 
               (i)  hose connections, unions, couplings, and
                     valves;
               (ii) machine door gaskets and seatings;
               (iii)     filter head gaskets and seatings;
               (iv) pumps;
               (v)  base tanks and storage containers;
               (vi) wastewater evaporators or separators;
               (vii)     filter sludge recovery units;
               (viii)    distillation units;
               (ix) diverter valves;
               (x)  lint baskets; and
               (xi) filter cartridges.
     (7)  Repairs.  The trained operator shall immediately
           repair or order repair service or parts for dry
           cleaning or corresponding control system with any
           perceptible leaks and according to the following
           schedules.
          (A)  Immediate Repair.  All perceptible leaks from
                the dry cleaning or control systems shall be
                repaired within twenty-four (24) hours or
                repair service(s) or part(s) shall be ordered
                within two (2) working days of detecting the
                leak.
          (B)  Leak Marking.  If repair service or parts are
                ordered, the leaking component(s) shall be
                clearly marked or tagged with the date that
                the leak is detected.
          (C)  Immediate Installation.  The ordered repair
                parts shall be installed within five (5)
                working days of receipt.
          (D)  Repair Duration.  The cumulative duration of
                the repair service(s) and part(s) order shall
                not exceed fifteen (15) working days.
          (E)  Recordkeeping.  The date that a perceptible
                leak is detected and the nature and date of
                their repair shall be noted in the Facility
                Log of System Maintenance and Repair.
     (8)  Reporting and Recordkeeping.  The trained operator
           shall prepare and maintain all reporting and
           recordkeeping requirements as specified in
           subdivisions (h) and (i).
     (9)  Water Repelling and Dip Tank Operations.  On or
           after June 9, 1996, the trained employee performing
           water repelling or dip tank operations shall comply
           with the following requirements.
          (A)  Water Repelling.  All materials to be treated
                with perchloroethylene water repelling
                solutions shall be treated in a factory
                original or converted closed loop machine, or
                a covered dip tank.
          (B)  The dip tank shall remain covered at all
                times, except when materials are placed in or
                removed from the dip tank or while the basket
                is moved into position.
          (C)  After immersion, the materials shall be
                drained within the covered dip tank until
                dripping ceases.
          (D)  All materials removed from the dip tank shall
                be immediately, within one (1) minute, placed
                and treated in a closed loop machine for
                drying and shall not be removed from the
                machine until the materials are dry.
     (10) Transfer or Vented Machine with a Carbon Adsorber. 
           A dry cleaning facility with a transfer or vented
           machine and operating a carbon adsorber as
           specified in paragraph (d)(2), which functions
           during the during cycle, shall meet the following
           requirements.
          (A)  Desorption shall be performed each time all
                dry cleaning equipment exhausted to the device
                has cleaned a total of three (3) pounds of
                materials for each pound of activated carbon. 
                Desorption shall be performed with the minimum
                steam pressure and air flow capacity
                recommended by the manufacturer.
          (B)  Once desorption is complete, the carbon bed
                shall be fully dried according to the
                manufacturer's instructions.
          (C)  No vented perchloroethylene vapors shall
                bypass the carbon adsorber to the atmosphere.
 (g)  Monitoring Requirements
      A person who owns or operates a perchloroethylene dry
      cleaning facility shall comply with all of the following
      applicable monitoring requirements.
     (1)  Weekly Testing of Integral Control Systems.
          (A)  Carbon Adsorber.  The trained operator shall
                monitor the carbon adsorber weekly.
               (i)  Outlet Measurement.  If used to monitor
                     the outlet of the carbon adsorber, the
                     colorimetric detector tube shall be
                     designed to measure a perchloroethylene
                     concentration of 100 ppmv in air to an
                     accuracy of ñ10 ppmv and operated
                     according to the manufacturer's
                     instructions.  The vent outlet shall be
                     easily accessible and at least eight (8)
                     stack or duct diameters downstream and
                     two (2) stack or duct diameters upstream
                     from any flow disturbances such as a
                     bend, expansion, contraction, inlet, or
                     outlet.
               (ii) Drum Measurement.  If used to monitor the
                     drum, the colorimetric detector tube
                     shall be designed to measure a
                     perchloroethylene concentration of 300
                     ppmv in air to an accuracy of ñ30 ppmv
                     and operated according to the
                     manufacturer's instructions.
          (B)  Refrigerated Condenser.  The trained operator
                shall monitor the refrigerated condenser
                weekly.
               (i)  Temperature Sensors.  Temperature sensors
                     shall be installed on the outlet duct of
                     the refrigerated condenser, measure the
                     vapor phase, and be easily visible to the
                     trained operator or trained employee. 
                     The outlet sensor shall be downstream
                     from any bypass.
               (ii) Manufacturer's Instructions.  The
                     temperature sensor shall be operated
                     according to the manufacturer's
                     instructions.
               (iii)     Sensor Range.  The temperature
                     sensor shall have a minimum range of 0oF
                     (-18oC) to 150oF (66oC) with an accuracy
                     of ñ2oF (ñ1.1oC).
          (C)  Equivalent Perchloroethylene Recovery Systems. 
                Dry cleaning machines that are equipped with
                an equivalent perchloroethylene recovery
                system shall have a monitoring device that
                measures the perchloroethylene concentration,
                or a demonstrated surrogate parameter, in the
                back of the drum above the materials being
                processed.  This monitoring device shall
                indicate if the perchloroethylene
                concentration is greater or less than 8,600
                ppmv at the end of the drying cycle and before
                the machine door is opened and any fugitive
                control system is activated.  The display
                portion of this monitoring device shall be
                easily visible to the operator.
     (2)  Perchloroethylene Detector.  A dry cleaning machine
           having a perchloroethylene detector shall be exempt
           from the weekly testing requirements of integral
           control systems as specified in paragraph (g)(1).
          (A)  The display portion of the perchloroethylene
                detector shall be easily visible to the
                operator.
          (B)  The perchloroethylene detector shall operate
                whenever the dry cleaning machine is in use.
          (C)  The perchloroethylene detector shall be
                located in the back of the drum and above the
                materials being cleaned.
          (D)  The perchloroethylene detector for a machine
                equipped with a primary, but not a secondary,
                control system shall indicate if the
                perchloroethylene concentration is greater or
                less than 8,600 ppmv at the end of the drying
                cycle and before any fugitive control system
                is activated.
          (E)  The perchloroethylene detector for a machine
                equipped with primary and secondary control
                systems shall indicate if the
                perchloroethylene concentration is greater or
                less than 300 ppmv at the end of the drying
                cycle and before any fugitive control system
                is activated.
          (F)  The perchloroethylene detector shall have an
                auditory and visual signal.  The visual signal
                shall not be capable of being manually
                disabled.
          (G)  The dry cleaning machine shall have a sampling
                port that provides access to the same air
                measured by the perchloroethylene detector.
 (h)  Reporting Requirements
      A person who owns or operates a perchloroethylene dry
      cleaning facility shall comply with all of the
      applicable reporting requirements set forth below,
      according to the schedule specified in paragraphs (j)(2)
      and (j)(3).  The facility shall maintain these reports
      for at least five (5) years or until the next
      inspection, whichever period is longer.  The responsible
      official or trained employee shall maintain, and
      immediately make available upon request, the following
      reports at the facility at all times for the first two
      (2) years.  These reports may be kept anywhere else for
      the remaining three (3) years but must be delivered to
      the SCAQMD within two (2) working days of request.
     (1)  Initial Report.  At a minimum, the initial report
           shall include the following elements:
          (A)  a signature by a responsible official
                certifying that the initial report is accurate
                and true;
          (B)  the name and mailing address of the
                responsible official;
          (C)  the business address of the dry cleaning
                facility;
          (D)  documentation or estimation of
                perchloroethylene purchased over the previous
                twelve (12) months;
          (E)  a description of each dry cleaning machine
                currently installed and used at the facility,
                including the type and capacity;
          (F)  the date that each dry cleaning machine was
                installed; and 
          (G)  a description of each air pollution control
                device currently installed and used at the
                facility.
     (2)  Compliance Report.  At a minimum, the compliance
           report shall include the following elements:
          (A)  a signature by a responsible official
                certifying that the compliance report is
                accurate and true;
          (B)  the name and mailing address of the
                responsible official;
          (C)  the business address of the dry cleaning
                facility;
          (D)  documentation of perchloroethylene purchased
                over the previous twelve (12) months;
          (E)  a description of each compliant dry cleaning
                and air pollution control device currently
                installed and used at the facility or of
                future actions being undertaken to comply with
                this rule;
          (F)  the date that each compliant dry cleaning and
                air pollution control device was or will be
                installed; and
          (G)  a statement recognizing the requirements and
                certifying implementation of:
               (i)  control system;
               (ii) good operating practices; and
               (iii)     recordkeeping.
     (3)  Annual Report.  At a minimum, the annual report
           shall include the following elements:
          (A)  a signature by a responsible official
                certifying that the annual report is accurate
                and true;
          (B)  a copy of the record of completion for each
                trained operator for the facility;
          (C)  the total pounds of materials cleaned and
                total gallons of perchloroethylene used over
                the previous twelve (12) months;
          (D)  the average facility mileage, based on the
                following formulae;
               Average Facility Mileage =    
                                    
                           Materials Cleaned (pounds)
                           ---------------------------
                         Perchloroethylene Used (gallons)
                
          (E)  a perchloroethylene balance sheet presented in
                terms of amounts of perchloroethylene in initial
                inventory; additionally purchased; disposed of;
                and in ending inventory over the previous twelve
      (12) months, and perchloroethylene emitted to
                the atmosphere, based on the following formula:
                
                Annual Emission (pounds)  =

Initial Inventory (pounds)+Additional Purchases (pounds)-Annual Disposal
  (pounds)-Ending Inventory (pounds)
               
          (F)  a system statement itemizing and describing
                    the perchloroethylene dry cleaning and
                          corresponding control system currently
                          installed at the facility;
          (G)  a pollution prevention statement itemizing and
                    describing all good operating practices,
                          inspections, reporting, recordkeeping, and
                          training activities currently in practice at
                          the facility;
          (H)  a description and schedule for any planned
                    changes to the system or activities at the
                          facility;
          (I)  a summary of the inspection and repair logs;
                    and
          (J)  a summary of the training record.
      (4) Reporting Relief.  The SCAQMD may elect to reduce
          or eliminate portions of these reporting requirements
                should the information being required be available or
                maintained through other means or be redundant and
                unchanging.
(i)  Recordkeeping Requirements
      A person who owns or operates a perchloroethylene dry
      cleaning facility shall comply with all of the
      applicable recordkeeping requirements set forth below,
      according to the schedule specified in paragraphs (j)(2)
      and (j)(3).  The facility shall maintain these reports
      for at least five (5) years or until the next SCAQMD
      inspection, whichever period is longer.  The responsible
      official or employee shall maintain, and immediately
      make available upon request, the following records at
      the facility at all times for the first two (2) years. 
      These reports may be kept anywhere else for the
      remaining three (3) years but must be delivered to the
      SCAQMD within two (2) working days of request.
     (1)  Daily Machine Log.  For each dry cleaning machine,
           the facility shall maintain a daily log showing the
           date and the pounds of materials cleaned per load.
     (2)  Daily Facility Log.  The facility shall maintain a
           daily log showing the date and the name of the
           person performing the following activities.
          (A)  Perchloroethylene Purchased, Delivered, Used,
                and Disposed.  The facility shall maintain
                copies of purchase, delivery, and disposal
                receipts in the log.
          (B)  Daily Visual Inspection.  The trained employee
                performing the inspection shall record the
                time of the inspection and make a statement in
                the log regarding the presence or absence of
                any perceptible leaks.
     (3)  Weekly Facility Log.  The facility shall maintain a
           weekly log showing the date and the name of the
           trained operator performing the following
           activities.
          (A)  Carbon Adsorber Efficiency.  The results of
                the carbon adsorber outlet or drum measurement
                during dry cleaning machine operation shall be
                recorded in the log.
          (B)  Refrigerated Condenser Efficiency.  The
                temperature difference across the refrigerated
                condenser during dry cleaning machine
                operation shall be recorded in the log.
          (C)  Weekly Checklist Inspection.  The facility
                shall maintain copies of the completed
                checklists in the log.
     (4)  Monthly Facility Log of Annual Perchloroethylene
           Purchased.  On  the first operating day of every
           month, the trained operator or employee shall sum
           up the volume of perchloroethylene purchased over
           the previous twelve (12) months.
     (5)  Facility Log of System Maintenance And Repair.  The
           log shall contain the date and a description of the
           required repair(s) and action being taken to
           complete the repair(s), and copies of dated service
           or part(s) order(s).
     (6)  Operation and Maintenance Manuals.  The facility
           shall keep the operation and maintenance manuals of
           the perchloroethylene dry cleaning and
           corresponding control system for the life of the
           machine or system.
     (7)  Facility Record of Trained Operator(s) and
           Employee(s).
          (A)  The facility shall maintain the original
                record of successful completion for each
                trained operator during the employment of that
                person.  Successful completion of an
                environmental training program shall be
                evidenced by a dated and instructor signed
                record of completion.
          (B)  The facility shall keep a copy of the record
                of completion for each trained operator and
                for two (2) additional years after termination
                of employment at the facility.
          (C)  The facility shall maintain a record of the
                date and nature of the training of each
                employee during and for two (2) additional
                years after the termination of employment at
                the facility.
     (8)  Recordkeeping Relief.  The SCAQMD may elect to
           reduce or eliminate portions of these recordkeeping
           requirements should the information being required
           be available or maintained through other means or
           be redundant and unchanging.
(j)  Compliance Schedule
      A person who owns or operates a perchloroethylene dry
      cleaning facility shall comply with all of the following
      applicable provisions of the compliance schedule:
     (1)  All Dry Cleaning Facilities.
          (A)  Immediate Requirements.  On or after December
                9, 1994, all facilities are subject to the
                following provisions:
               (i)  good operating practices, according to
                     paragraph (f)(4);
               (ii) daily visual inspections, according to
                     paragraph (f)(5);
               (iii)     weekly checklist inspections,
                     according to paragraph (f)(6);
               (iv) immediate repairs, according to paragraph
                     (f)(7);
               (v)  daily log of perchloroethylene purchased,
                     used, and disposed, according to
                     subparagraph (i)(2)(A); and
               (vi) weekly facility log, according to
                     paragraph (i)(3).
          (B)  Monthly Log of Annual Perchloroethylene
                Purchased.  Before December 9, 1995, the
                responsible official or trained employee shall
                begin, and maintain on the first day of each
                subsequent month, a monthly log of the
                perchloroethylene purchased over the previous
                twelve (12) months.
          (C)  Trained Operator Refresher Course.  The
                trained operator shall successfully complete
                the refresher course of an environmental
                training program offered pursuant to 17 CCR,
                Section 93110 once every three (3) years after
                initial certification.
          (D)  Interim Trained Operator.  The term of an
                interim trained operator shall not exceed four
                (4) months.  The Executive Officer's designee
                may extend the term of the interim trained
                operator by one (1) month after the next
                available initial course.
          (E)  Replacement Trained Operator.  The responsible
                official shall obtain certification of a
                replacement trained operator within three (3)
                months of the loss of the last or sole trained
                operator.  The Executive Officer's designee
                may extend the time schedule for certification
                of the replacement trained operator by one (1)
                month after the next available initial course.
          (F)  Written Training Extension Request.  A
                responsible official may request an extension
                to comply with the time limits specified in
                subparagraphs (j)(1)(C), (j)(1)(D), (j)(1)(E),
                (j)(2)(D), (j)(2)(E), (j)(3)(C), and (j)(3)(D)
                in writing thirty (30) calendar days before
                the given time period expires.
     (2)  Existing Facilities.
          (A)  Initial Report.  Before February 9, 1995, the
                responsible official or trained operator shall
                prepare and submit to the SCAQMD a completed
                initial report for the existing facility,
                pursuant to paragraph (h)(1).
          (B)  Compliance Report.  Before December 9, 1995,
                the responsible official or trained operator
                shall prepare and submit to the SCAQMD a
                completed compliance report for the existing
                facility, pursuant to paragraph (h)(2).
          (C)  Annual Report.  Within one (1) year after the
                compliance report, the responsible official or
                trained operator shall prepare and submit to
                the SCAQMD an annual report for the existing
                facility, pursuant to paragraph (h)(3), and
                update and submit the annual report every year
                thereafter.
          (D)  Trained Operator.  On or after June 9, 1996,
                each existing facility shall have at least one
                (1) trained operator.  The Executive Officer's
                designee may extend the time schedule for
                certification of the trained operator by six
                (6) months after the next available initial
                course.
          (E)  Trained Employees.  On or after December 9,
                1996, the trained operator shall train each
                employee of the existing facility.  The
                Executive Officer's designee may extend the
                time schedule for employee training by six (6)
                months after the trained operator has
                successfully completed the initial course.
     (3)  New Facilities.
          (A)  Compliance Report.  Within sixty (60) calendar
                days of the date of issuance of the Permit to
                Operate, the responsible official or trained
                operator shall prepare and submit to the
                SCAQMD a completed compliance report for the
                new facility, pursuant to paragraph (h)(2).
          (B)  Annual Report.  Within one (1) year after the
                compliance report, the responsible official or
                trained operator shall prepare and submit to
                the SCAQMD an annual report for the existing
                facility, pursuant to paragraph (h)(3), and
                update and submit the annual report every year
                thereafter.
          (C)  Trained Operator.  Within three (3) months of
                the date of issuance of the Permit to Operate,
                each new facility shall have at least one (1)
                trained operator.  The Executive Officer's
                designee may extend the time schedule for
                certification of the trained operator by one
                (1) month after the next available initial
                course.
          (D)  Trained Employees.  Within nine (9) months of
                the date of issuance of the Permit to Operate,
                the trained operator shall train each employee
                of the new facility.  The Executive Officer's
                designee may extend the time schedule for
                employee training by six (6) months after the
                trained operator has successfully completed
                the initial course.
(k)  Test Methods
     (1)  The control efficiency of the control system shall
           be determined according to US EPA Test Method 18.
     (2)  The verification of a perceptible leak of
           perchloroethylene shall be determined according to
           CARB Test Method 21, measured at the surface of the
           leaking component.