SHASTA COUNTY AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT
RULE 2:1 - NEW SOURCE REVIEW
(Amended 3-10-92, 12-23-92, 8-31-93, 6-24-97)
PART 100. GENERAL
This Rule shall apply to all new and modified stationary sources that are subject to District permit requirements, and after construction, emit or may emit any affected pollutants. The requirements of this regulation in effect at the time any application for an Authority to Construct is deemed complete shall apply.
103. Effective Date:
This Rule shall become effective on August 31, 1993.
PART 200. DEFINITIONS
For the purpose of this Rule, the definitions below shall apply:
201. Actual Emissions:
Measured or estimated emissions that most accurately represent the emissions from an emissions unit.
202. Actual Emission Reductions:
A reduction in actual emissions from an emissions unit selected for emission offsets or banking. Actual emission reductions shall be calculated pursuant to Part 400 of this Rule and meet the following criteria:
- Required or encumbered by any laws, rules, regulations or orders; or
- Attributed to a control measure noticed for workshop, or proposed or contained in a State implementation plan; or
- Contained as near-term measures in the adopted District Air Quality Plan for attaining annual reductions required for the California Clean Air Act (CCAA).
202.1 Actual emission reductions attributed to a proposed control measure, may be re-eligible as actual emission reductions in the following circumstances:
- For control measures identified in the District air quality plan or state implementation plan, no rule has been adopted within two (2) years from the scheduled adoption date provided, however, that the Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO) has not extended the scheduled adoption date;
- For control measures not identified in the District air quality plan or state implementation plan, no rule has been adopted within two years from the date of the latest public workshop notice.
203. Affected Pollutant:
An air pollutant for which an ambient air quality standard has been established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or the California Air Resources Board (ARB), the precursors to such pollutants, and those substances regulated by the EPA or the ARB, or listed under Section 301.
204. Ambient Air Quality Standards:
Ambient air quality standards shall be interpreted to include federal and state ambient air quality standards. For purposes of applicability of this Rule to the State Implementation Plan (SIP), all references to ambient air quality standards shall be interpreted as National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
205. Best Available Control Technology (BACT): For any emissions unit the more stringent of:
206. Complete Application:
An application that contains all information required by the District to adequately evaluate the nature and extent of potential emissions of the new or modified emissions unit proposed for use in accordance with a list of required information as adopted by the District pursuant to Article 3, Sections 65940 through 65944 of Chapter 4.5 of Division 1, Title 7 of the Government Code.
207. Contiguous Property:
Two or more parcels of land with a common boundary or separated solely by a public or private roadway or other public right-of-way.
A cost-per-pound of emission reduction that is deemed to be acceptable and feasible, on a pollutant and emissions unit basis, by the Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO).
209. Daily Emissions Limitation:
One or a combination of permit conditions specific to an emissions unit that restricts its maximum daily emissions in pounds per day, at or below the emissions associated with the maximum design capacity. A daily emissions limitation must be:
210. Emissions Unit:
An identifiable operation or piece of process equipment such as an article, machine, or other contrivance that emits, may emit, or results in the emissions of any affected pollutant directly or as fugitive emissions.
Elemental fluorine and all fluoride compounds.
212. Fugitive Emissions:
Those emissions that could not reasonably pass through a stack, chimney, vent, or other functionally equivalent opening.
213. Halogenated Hydrocarbons:
For the purposes of this rule, halogenated hydrocarbons are 1,1,1-trichloroethane, methylene chloride, trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11), dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12), chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22), trifluoromethane (HFC-23), 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113), -chloro-1,1-difluro-2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethane (CFC-114), chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115), 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123), 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-124), pentafluoroethane (HFC-125), 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134), 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a), 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b), 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b), 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a), 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a), and the following four classes of perfluorocarbon (PFC) compounds:
Perfluorocarbon compounds will be assumed to be absent from a product or process unless a manufacturer or facility operator identifies the specific individual compounds (from the broad classes of perfluorocarbon compounds) and the amounts present in the product or process and provides a validated test method which can be used to quantify the specific compounds.
214. Impact Analysis:
An air quality modeling analysis used to estimate the maximum ground level concentration of any pollutant subject to this Rule. Maximum ground level concentration added to background levels shall be compared to ambient air quality standards.
Any physical change or operational change to an existing emissions unit, including changing hours of operation or production rate, that would necessitate a change in permit conditions. A modification to a stationary source shall include any modification of its permitted emissions units or addition of any new emissions units. A reconstructed stationary source shall be treated as a new stationary source and not as a modification.
The following shall not be considered a modification:
216. Net Air Quality Benefit:
A net improvement in air quality resulting from actual emission reduction impacting the same general area affected by the new or modified source.
217. Nonattainment Pollutant:
Any pollutant as well as any precursors of such pollutant, that has been designated nonattainment by the EPA in the Federal Register, or that has been designated nonattainment by the ARB pursuant to Section 39607 of the Health and Safety Code.
Particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter smaller than or equal to a nominal ten (10) microns as measured by an applicable reference test method, or methods found in Article 2, Subchapter 6, Title 17, California Code of Regulations (commencing with section 94100).
Precursor means a directly emitted pollutant that, when released to the atmosphere, forms, or contributes to the formation of a secondary pollutant for which an ambient air quality standard has been adopted. The following precursor relationships shall be used:
|Reactive Organic Compounds||a. Photochemical Oxidants (Ozone)
b. The Organic Fraction of PM10
a. Nitrogen Dioxide
b. The Nitrate Fraction of PM10
c. Photochemical Oxidants (Ozone)
a. Sulfur Dioxide
c. The Sulfate Fraction of PM10
220. Reactive Organic Compound (ROC or ROG):
Any compound containing carbon, except methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, ammonium carbonates, and halogenated hydrocarbons.
221. Reconstructed Source:
Any source undergoing physical modification where the fixed capital cost of the new components exceeds 50 percent of the fixed capital cost of a comparable entirely new stationary source. Fixed capital cost means that capital needed to provide all the depreciable components.
222. Reduced Sulfur Compounds:
The sulfur compounds: hydrogen sulfide, carbon disulfide, and carbonyl sulfide.
223. Seasonal Source:
Any source with more than 75 percent of its annual emissions within a consecutive 120-day period.
224. Stationary Source (Facility):
Any building, structure, or emissions unit that emits or may emit any affected pollutant directly or as a fugitive emission. "Emissions Unit" includes any operation, article, machine, equipment or other contrivance that emits or may emit any affected pollutant. "Building or structure" includes all pollutant emitting activities including emissions units that:
225. Total Reduced Sulfur Compounds:
The sulfur compounds: hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, dimethyl sulfide and dimethyl disulfide.
PART 300. REQUIREMENTS
Any emissions unit subject to this Rule shall be subject to the following requirements:
301. Best Available Control Technology (BACT):
An applicant shall apply BACT to any new emissions unit or modification of an existing emissions unit that results in an emission increase and the potential to emit for the emission unit equals or exceeds the following amounts:
Reactive organic compounds
Particulate matter (PM10)
Sulfuric acid mist
Total reduced sulfur compounds
Reduced sulfur compounds
302. Offset Requirements, General: (Repealed 6-24-97)
302.1 (Repealed 6-24-97)
302.2 (Repealed 6-24-97)
303. Location of Offsets and Offset Ratios: (Repealed 6-24-97)
303.1 (Repealed 6-24-97)
303.2 (Repealed 6-24-97)
304. Interpollutant Offsets: (Repealed 6-24-97)
305. PM10 Emissions:
The PM10 emissions from an existing stationary source shall be recalculated from the total suspended particulate (TSP) emissions increases and decreases that have occurred since August 20, 1983, using applicable PM10 emission factors. When applicable PM10 emission factors do not exist, it will assumed that 50 percent of TSP is PM10.
306. Ambient Air Quality Standards:
In no case shall the emissions from the new or modified stationary source cause or make worse the violation of an ambient air quality standard. An impact analysis shall be used to estimate the effects of a new or modified source. In making this determination, the APCO shall take into account the mitigation of emissions through offsets obtained pursuant to this Rule.
307. Denial, Failure to Meet Standards:
The APCO shall deny any Authority to Construct or Permit to Operate if the APCO finds that the subject of the application would not comply with the standards set forth in this Rule.
308. Compliance By Other Owned, Operated Or Controlled Sources:
The owner or operator of the proposed new or modified source shall certify to the APCO that all major stationary sources owned or operated by such person (or by any entity controlling, controlled by, or under common control with such person) in California are subject to emission limitations and are in compliance, or on a schedule for compliance, with all applicable emission limitations and standards under the Clean Air Act.
Amended 8-31-93, 6-24-97
PART 400. CALCULATIONS
401. Purpose: The following calculations procedures shall be used to determine:
402. Definitions: The following terms are used in the calculations procedure and are defined as follows:
The calculation procedure shall be performed separately for each pollutant and each emissions unit. Emission increases and decreases shall be calculated separately for each calendar quarter pursuant to the following procedure:
If an increase is calculated for a pollutant, follow the procedures in sections 302 and 404 to determine the amount of offsets required.
If a decrease is calculated for a pollutant, go to section 404b to determine if emission reduction credits (ERC's) are generated.
For no change in emissions, no further calculations are required.
404. Calculating Emissions Changes:
405.Determining Potential to Emit for a Stationary Source:
The potential to emit for a stationary source shall be equal to the sum of potentials to emit for Permits to Operate (or Authority to Construct for emissions units for which a permit to operate has not been issued), issued prior to March 10, 1992, for each emissions unit within a stationary source.
In addition, emissions increases from new or modified emissions units occurring on or after March 10, 1992, shall be added to the sum of potentials to emit for existing emissions units. In no case shall the potential to emit for a stationary source be adjusted for actual emissions reductions that occur after March 10, 1992.
Part 500. AIR QUALITY IMPACT ANALYSIS
In no case shall emissions from a new or modified emissions unit, cause or make worse the violation of an ambient air quality standard. The Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO) may require an applicant to use an air quality model to estimate the effects of a new or modified emissions unit. For the purpose of performing an impact analysis the following shall apply:
PART 600. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS
The following administrative requirements shall apply to this Rule:
601. Complete Application:
The Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO) shall determine whether the application is complete not later than thirty (30) days after receipt of the application, or after such longer time mutually agreeable to the applicant and the APCO. If the APCO determines that the application is not complete, the applicant shall be notified in writing of the decision and of the required additional information.
Upon receipt of any resubmission of the application, a new 30-day period to determine completeness shall begin. Completeness of an application or resubmitted application shall be evaluated on the basis of the information requirements set forth in District regulations (adopted pursuant to Article 3, Section 65940 through 65944 of Chapter 4.5 of Division 1 of Title 7 of the Government Code) as they exist on the date on which the application or resubmitted application was received.
Upon determination that the application is complete, the APCO shall notify the applicant in writing. The APCO may, during the processing of the application, request an applicant to clarify, amplify, correct, or otherwise supplement the information submitted in the application.
602. Air Quality Models:
Only those models approved by the APCO may be used in the impact analysis.
603. Preliminary Decision:
Following acceptance of an application as complete, the APCO shall perform the evaluations required to determine compliance with this Rule and make a preliminary written decision as to whether a permit to construct should be approved, conditionally approved, or disapproved. The decision shall be supported by a written analysis.
604. Publication and Public Comment:
This section shall only apply to an emissions unit subject to the requirements of Section 302. Within ten calendar days following a preliminary decision on the Authority to Construct, the APCO shall publish in at least one newspaper of general circulation in the district a notice stating the preliminary decision of the APCO noting how pertinent information can be obtained, and inviting written public comment for a 30-day period following the date of publication. Copies of such notice shall be sent to the ARB and the EPA.
605. Public Inspections:
The APCO shall make available for public inspection at the district's office the information submitted by the applicant and the APCO's analysis no later than the time that notice of the preliminary decision is published. All such information shall also be transmitted, no later than the date of publication, to the ARB and the EPA regional office. Information submitted that contains trade secrets shall be handled in accordance with Section 6254.7 of the Government Code and relevant sections of the Administrative Code of the State of California. Further, all such information shall be transmitted, no later than the date of publication, to the ARB and the EPA regional office.
606. Authority to Construct, Final Action:
Within 180 days after acceptance of an application as complete, the APCO shall take final action on the application after considering all written comments.
The APCO shall provide written notice of the final action to the applicant, the EPA, and the ARB, and shall make the notice and all supporting documents available for public inspection at the District's office for all Authorities to Construct issued for emissions units subject to the requirements of Section 301 or 302 of this Rule.
607. Requirements, Permit to Operate:
As a condition for the issuance of a Permit to Operate, the APCO shall require that the new source or modification, and any sources that provide offsets will be operated in the manner assumed in making the analysis to determine compliance with this Rule.
The Permit to Operate shall include daily emission limitations that reflect applicable emissions limitations, including BACT.
As a condition for the issuance of a Permit to Operate, any stationary source that provides emission offsets shall be subject to enforceable permit conditions containing specific emissions limitations, and/or operational limitations that ensure the emission reductions will be provided in accordance with the provisions of this Rule and shall continue for the reasonably expected life of the proposed source.
Where the source of offsets is a non-permitted source, the District shall require the non-permitted source to obtain an enforceable permit, complete with operational and emission limitations. If the source of offsets is a permit-exempt piece of equipment, that particular source must relinquish its exempt status.
If the District, pursuant to State laws or District regulations cannot permit the source of the offsets, the source creating the offsets shall execute a legally binding contract between the applicant and the owner or operator of such offset source, which contract, by its terms, shall be enforceable by the Air Pollution Control Officer. A violation of the emission limitation provisions of any such contract shall be chargeable to the applicant.
608. Issuance, Permit to Operate:
The APCO shall issue a permit to operate for any stationary source that meets the requirements of this Rule.
Any offsets required as a condition of an Authority to Construct or amendment to a Permit to Operate shall commence not later than the initial operation of the new or modified source, and the offsets shall be maintained throughout the operation of the new or modified source that is the beneficiary of the offsets. Further, the APCO shall determine that all conditions specified in the Authority to Construct have been or will be complied with by any dates specified.
Where a new or modified stationary source is, in whole or part, a replacement for an existing stationary source on the same property, the APCO may allow a maximum of ninety (90) days as a start-up period for simultaneous operations of the existing stationary source and the new source or replacement.
609. Regulations in Force Govern:
The granting or denial of an Authority to Construct shall be governed by the requirements of this Rule in force on the date the application is deemed complete. In addition, the APCO shall deny a Permit to Construct for any new stationary source or modification, or any portion thereof, unless the new source or modification, or applicable portion thereof, complies with the provisions of this Rule and all other applicable District Rules and Regulations.
610. Permit Conditions:
The APCO shall have the authority to place conditions on the Authority to Construct and/or Permit to Operate that will ensure that the construction, modification, or operation of such source will comply with all applicable rules and regulations. Such conditions may include, but not be limited to hours of operation; processing parameters; periods of use; and emission limitations on an hourly, daily, or yearly basis.
PART 700. POWER PLANTS
This section shall apply to all power plants proposed to be constructed in a district and for which a Notice of Intention (NOI) or Application for Certification has been accepted by the California Energy Commission (CEC). The APCO may apply for reimbursement of all costs incurred, including lost fees, in order to comply with the provisions of this section.
702. Intent to Participate and Preliminary Report:
Within fourteen days of receipt of an NOI, the APCO shall notify the ARB and the CEC of the district's intent to participate in the NOI proceeding.
If a District chooses to participate in the NOI proceeding, the APCO shall prepare and submit a report to the ARB and the CEC prior to the conclusion of the non-adjudicatory hearing specified in Section 25509.5 of the Public Resources Code. That report shall include, at minimum:
703. Determination of Compliance Review:
Upon receipt of an Application for Certification (AFC) for a power plant, the APCO shall conduct a Determination of Compliance Review. This determination shall consist of a review identical to that which would be performed if an application for a Permit to Construct had been received for the power plant. If the information contained in the AFC does not meet the requirements of this Rule, the APCO shall, within twenty calendar days of receipt of the AFC, so inform the Commission, and the AFC shall be considered incomplete and returned to the applicant for resubmission.
704. Equivalency of Application:
The APCO shall consider the AFC to be equivalent to an application for a Permit to Construct during the Determination of Compliance review, and shall apply all provisions of this rule that apply to application for a Permit to Construct.
705. Need for Additional Information:
The APCO may request from the applicant any information necessary for the completion of the Determination of Compliance review. If the APCO is unable to obtain the information, the APCO may petition the presiding commissioner for an order directing the applicant to supply such information.
706. Preliminary Determination:
Within 180 days of accepting an AFC as complete, the APCO