YOLO-SOLANO AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT

RULE 2.22 - GASOLINE TRANSFER TO MOTOR VEHICLE TANKS
(Revised January 11, 1995)

INDEX

100 GENERAL

101 PURPOSE

102 APPLICABILITY

110 EXEMPTIONS

200 DEFINITIONS

201 BALANCE SYSTEM

202 CARB CERTIFIED VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM

203 GASOLINE

204 GASOLINE DISPENSING FACILITY

205 LEAK FREE

206 LIQUID REMOVAL DEVICE

207 MOTOR VEHICLE

208 PHASE II

209 TOPPING OFF

210 VAPOR TIGHT


300 STANDARDS

301 VAPOR RECOVERY REQUIRED

302 CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

303 TOPPING OFF

304 PROHIBITION OF USE

305 OPERATING PRACTICES

306 CONTINGENT VAPOR RECOVERY REQUIREMENTS

307 POSTING OF OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION AND MODIFICATION

402 CERTIFICATION OF NEW INSTALLATIONS

403 COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE

404 VIOLATIONS

405 TESTING


500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 TEST METHODS

502 RECORDS





100 GENERAL

101 PURPOSE: The purpose of this Rule is to limit the emissions of organic compounds into the atmosphere when motor vehicle fuel tanks are being filled.
102 APPLICABILITY: This Rule applies to all persons who transfer gasoline to motor vehicles from gasoline dispensing facilities.
110

EXEMPTIONS: The provisions of Section 301 of this Rule shall not apply to:

110.1 Stationary storage containers that are used exclusively for the fueling of implements of husbandry.

110.2 Delivery of fuel to vehicle tanks of a class of vehicles where it is determined by the Air Pollution Control Officer, in writing, that fill-neck configuration, location, or other design features makes the requirements of this Rule inapplicable.

110.3 Dispensing systems of 250 gallons capacity or less.

110.4 Any existing facility with an aggregate facility throughput of less than or equal to 24,000 gallons per calendar year.

110.5 Vehicle to vehicle refueling.

110.6 Facilities which exclusively refuel aircraft.

110.7 Facilities which exclusively refuel motor vehicle tanks with a capacity of 5 gallons or less.

110.8 The exemption contained in Section 110.2 of this Rule shall not exempt any gasoline dispensing facility from installing and using vapor recovery systems required by this Rule.

200 DEFINITIONS

201 BALANCE SYSTEM: Phase II vapor recovery that operates on the principle of vapor displacement.
202 CARB CERTIFIED VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM: A vapor recovery system which has been certified by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) pursuant to Section 41954 of the California Health and Safety Code.
203 GASOLINE: Any organic liquid (including petroleum distillates and methanol) having a Reid vapor pressure of 4 pounds per square inch or greater, determined in accordance with ASTM Test Method D-323-82, and used as a motor vehicle fuel or any fuel which is commonly or commercially known or sold as gasoline.
204 GASOLINE DISPENSING FACILITY: Any stationary facility that dispenses gasoline directly into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles. This facility shall be treated as a single source which includes all necessary equipment for the exclusive use of the facility, such as nozzles, dispensers, pumps, vapor return lines, plumbing, and storage tanks.
205 LEAK FREE: A liquid leak of no more than three (3) drops per minute.
206 LIQUID REMOVAL DEVICE: A device designed specifically to remove liquid from the vapor return portion of a coaxial hose.
207 MOTOR VEHICLE: Any self-propelled vehicle registered for use on the highways.
208 PHASE II: Gasoline vapor recovery during motor vehicle or utility equipment fueling operations from stationary tanks.
209 TOPPING OFF: To attempt to dispense gasoline to a motor vehicle or utility equipment fuel tank after the vapor recovery dispensing nozzle primary shutoff mechanism has engaged. The filling of those vehicle tanks, which, because of the nature and configuration of the fill pipe, causes premature shut off of the dispensing nozzle, and which are filled only after the seal between the fill pipe and the nozzle is broken, shall not be considered topping off.
210 VAPOR TIGHT: A vapor leak of less than 21,000 ppm hydrocarbon concentration, as determined by EPA Reference Test Method 21, using an appropriate analyzer calibrated with propane.

300 STANDARDS

301

VAPOR RECOVERY: A person shall not transfer or allow the transfer of gasoline to a motor vehicle fuel tank with a capacity of greater than 5 gallons from a gasoline dispensing system unless all of the following requirements are met:

301.1 The transfer is made with a dispensing unit that is equipped with a CARB certified Phase II vapor recovery system to recover or process displaced gasoline vapors at an efficiency of at least 95 percent by weight.

301.2 All Phase II vapor recovery systems shall be maintained as per the most recent CARB certifications.

301.3 All Phase II vapor recovery equipment shall be maintained and operated as specified by the manufacturer and free of defects. For the purpose of this Rule, the following is a list of defects that substantially impair the effectiveness of gasoline vapor recovery systems in reducing refueling gasoline vapor emissions:

  1. Absence or disconnection of any component that is required to be used in the CARB Executive Order(s) that certified the system;
  2. A vapor hose that is crimped or flattened such that the vapor passage is blocked, or the pressure drop through the vapor hose exceeds by a factor of two or more the requirements of the system certified by the CARB Executive Order(s) applicable to the system;
  3. A nozzle boot which is torn in one or both of the following manners:
    1. A triangular-shaped or similar tear more than 1/2 inch on a side or a hole more than 1/2 inch in diameter; or
    2. A slit 1 inch or more in length;
  4. A faceplate or flexible cone which is damaged in the following manner;
    1. For balance nozzles and for nozzles for aspirator and eductor assist type systems, damage shall be such that the capability to achieve a seal with a fill pipe interface is affected for at least 1/4 of the circumference of the faceplated (accumulated); or
    2. For vacuum-assist type system nozzles, more than 1/4 of the flexible cone is missing;
  5. A nozzle shutoff mechanism that malfunctions in any manner;
  6. Vapor return lines, including such components as swivels, antirecirculation valves, and underground piping, that malfunction or blocked, or are restricted such that the pressure drop through the lines exceeds by a factor of two or more the requirements specified in the CARB Executive Order(s) that certified the system;
  7. A vapor processing system that is inoperative or malfunctioning;
  8. A vacuum producing device that is inoperative or malfunctioning;
  9. Pressure/vacuum relief valves, vapor check valves or dry breaks that are inoperative; or
  10. Any equipment defect that is identified in a CARB Executive Order certifying a system pursuant to the Certification Procedures incorporated in Section 94001 of Title 17, California Code of Regulations, as substantially impairing the effectiveness of the system in reducing refueling vapor emissions.

301.4 Any component identified as defective but does not substantially impair the effectiveness of the vapor recovery system pursuant to Section 41960.2(e) of the California Health and Safety Code shall be repaired and replaced within seven days.

301.5 All Phase II vapor recovery equipment shall be maintained to be leak-free and vapor tight.

302 CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS: A person shall not offer for sale, sell or install within the District any Phase II vapor recovery equipment unless such equipment is CARB certified. In addition, all new or rebuilt vapor recovery equipment shall be clearly identified or marked by the certified manufacturing company and/or the certified rebuilding company.
303 TOPPING OFF: A person shall not top off motor vehicle fuel tanks.
304 PROHIBITION OF USE: Whenever the Air Pollution Control Officer determines that a Phase II vapor recovery system, or any component thereof, contains a defect specified by the California Air Resources Board pursuant to Section 41960.2(c) of the California Health and Safety Code, the Air Pollution Control Officer shall mark such a system or component "Out of Order". No person shall use or permit the use of such marked component or system until it has been repaired, replaced, or adjusted, as necessary, and the Air Pollution Control Officer has reinspected it or has authorized its use pending reinspection.
305 OPERATING PRACTICES: Gasoline shall not be spilled, discarded into sewers, stored in open containers, or handled in any other manner that would result in evaporation to the atmosphere.
306 CONTINGENT VAPOR RECOVERY REQUIREMENTS:

306.1 Facilities which are equipped with Phase II vapor recovery shall also comply with the applicable requirements of Section 303 of Rule 2.21, VAPOR CONTROL FOR ORGANIC LIQUID STORAGE AND TRANSFER.

306.2 Effective January 1, 1996, all open pipe vents on stationary tanks at gasoline dispensing facilities shall be equipped with a pressure-vacuum relief valve. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable CARB Executive Order, pressure relief shall be set at 3 ± 0.5 inches water column and vacuum relief shall be set at 8 ± 0.5 inches water column. For the purpose of this Section, vent pipes of gasoline storage tanks may be manifolded according to the applicable CARB Executive Order.

306.3 No person shall install any balance system vapor recovery nozzle unless a vapor check valve is located in the nozzle after January 11, 1995. In addition, a balance system shall not be operated with more than one check valve per nozzle and hose assembly.

306.4 Effective January 1, 1996, all liquid removal devices required by CARB Executive Orders shall maintained to achieve a minimum liquid removal rate of five milliliters per gallon transferred. This standard shall apply at dispensing rates exceeding five gallons per minute, unless a higher removal rate is specified by the applicable Executive Order.

306.5 Effective January 11, 1995, all persons that commence modifications or repairs on any gasoline dispensing facility subject to the provisions of this Rule shall comply with the equipment standards set forth in Section 306.4 of this Rule.
307

POSTING OF OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: The owner or operator of each retail facility utilizing a Phase II system shall conspicuously post operating instructions for the system in the gasoline dispensing area. The instructions shall clearly describe how to fuel vehicles correctly with vapor recovery nozzles utilized at the facility, and shall include a warning that topping off may result in spillage or recirculation of gasoline and is prohibited. Additionally the instructions shall include prominent display of the Yolo-Solano Air Quality Management District's or the California Air Resources Board's toll free telephone number for complaints. A dispenser that is never used to fuel motor vehicles shall have a sign posted on it restricting its use for vehicles. All required signs shall conform to the following:

307.1 For decal signs:

  1. Each sign shall be located adjacent to the dispenser price indicator (per gallon) on each side next to the driveway it serves; and
  2. The sign shall be readable from a distance of at least three feet.

307.2 For all other signs:

  1. For pump toppers, one double-back sign per island;
  2. For permanent (non-decal) signs, two single-sided or one double-sided sign(s) per two dispensers; and
  3. All signs shall be readable from a distance of at least 6 feet.

400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION AND MODIFICATION: A person shall not install or modify Phase II gasoline vapor recovery equipment, exclusive of repair or replacement of like parts, unless an Authority to Construct has been obtained.
402 CERTIFICATION OF NEW INSTALLATIONS: Any person who installs or modifies underground Phase II vapor recovery piping under an Authority to Construct shall provide written certification, where applicable, pursuant to the California Health and Safety Code Section 41954, that the Phase II vapor recovery system meets the dynamic backpressure requirements.
403 COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE: Any person exempt from Phase II vapor recovery requirements before January 11, 1995, who operates a facility that exclusively refuels vehicles which are not motor vehicles as defined by the California Motor Vehicle Code shall comply with the following schedule:

403.1 By July 1, 1995, submit a petition to the Air Pollution Control Officer for exemption under Section 110 of this Rule; or

403.2 By July 1, 1995, submit an application for Authority to Construct to the Air Pollution Control Officer and by October 1, 1995, be in final compliance with this Rule.
404

VIOLATIONS: Any equipment subject to the provisions of this Rule that fails to meet the requirements contained in Section 300 of this Rule shall be tagged "Out of Order". Such failures shall constitute a violation of this Rule. Except during repair activity, the "Out of Order" tag shall not be removed and the tagged equipment shall not be used, permitted to be used, or provided for use unless all of the following conditions are met:

404.1 The tagged equipment has been repaired, replaced, or adjusted, as necessary;

404.2 The District has been notified of the repairs by completing and signing the form supplied by the District; and

404.3 The tagged equipment has be reinspected and/or authorized for use by the District.

Failure of any of the test methods specified in Section 501 of this Rule shall constitute a violation of this Rule.

405 TESTING:

405.1 Each CARB certified vapor recovery system shall be tested within 60 days of installation or major modification. A major modification is considered to be replacing, repairing, or upgrading 75 percent or more of a CARB certified vapor recovery system. In addition, excavated underground Phase II piping shall be subject to District inspection for proper installation prior to burial.

405.2 Each gasoline dispensing facility shall notify the District at least 15 days prior to any compliance testing and inspection of Phase II underground piping.

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501

TEST METHODS:

501.1 Dynamic Backpressure:

Dynamic back pressure shall be determined in accordance with Bay Area AQMD Source Test Procedure ST-27.

501.2 Static Leak Testing:

Static leak tests shall be conducted using Bay Area AQMD Source Test Procedures ST-30 for underground tanks and ST-38 for aboveground vaulted tanks.

501.3 Liquid Removal Devices:

Testing of liquid removal devices shall be conducted in accordance with Bay Area AQMD Source Test Procedure ST-37.

502 RECORDS:

502.1 Each gasoline dispensing facility exempt under Section 110 of this Rule shall maintain gasoline throughput records which will allow the determination of the gasoline throughput for any calendar year. These records shall be maintained on the premises as long as exempt status is claimed.

502.2 Any gasoline dispensing facility previously exempt under Section 110 of this Rule whose gasoline throughput exceeds the exemption levels specified in Section 110.4 of this Rule shall notify the District within thirty days.

502.3 Verification that each CARB certified vapor recovery system meets or exceeds the requirements of the tests specified in Section 501 of this Rule shall be maintained. These test results shall be dated and shall contain the name, addresses, and telephone numbers of the companies responsible for system installation and testing. These records shall be maintained for a period of two years from the date of the latest testing.