YOLO-SOLANO AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT

RULE 2.33 - ADHESIVES OPERATIONS
(Revised August 13, 1997)

INDEX

100 GENERAL

101 PURPOSE

102 APPLICABILITY

110 EXEMPTIONS

200 DEFINITIONS

201 AEROSOL SPRAY ADHESIVE

202 ADHESIVE

203 ADHESIVE PRIMERS

204 ADHESIVE PRODUCTS

205 AIR ASSISTED AIRLESS SPRAY

206 AIRLESS SPRAY

207 ARCHITECTURAL

208 CONTROL SYSTEM

209 ELECTROSTATIC SPRAY

210 EXEMPT COMPOUNDS

211 FLOOR COVERING INSTALLATION

212 GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF MATERIAL

213 GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER LESS WATER AND LESS EXEMPT COMPOUNDS

214 HIGH VOLUME LOW PRESSURE (HVLP)

215 MULTIPURPOSE CONSTRUCTION

216 PERCENT VOC BY WEIGHT

217 PLASTIC CEMENT WELDING

218 PLASTIC FOAM

219 POROUS MATERIALS

220 SINGLE-PLY ROOF MATERIAL INSTALLATION

221 SOLVENT

222 STRUCTURAL GLAZING

223 SOLVENT WELDING

224 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC)

225 WASTE MATERIALS

300 STANDARDS

301 PROCESS AND CONTROL REQUIREMENTS

302 CLEANING MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS

303 STORAGE AND DISPOSAL REQUIREMENTS

304 AEROSOL SPRAY ADHESIVES

400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 COMPLIANCE DATE

402 LABELING REQUIREMENT

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 RECORDS

502 TEST METHODS




100 GENERAL

101 PURPOSE: The purpose of this Rule is to limit the emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from the application of adhesives.

102 APPLICABILITY: The provisions of this rule shall apply to all operations that use adhesives and adhesives supplied or offered for sale.

110 EXEMPTIONS: The provisions of this Rule shall not apply to the following operations:

110.1 The use of 20 gallons or less of adhesives products with a VOC content of 20 grams or more per liter (0.17 lb/gal) in any calendar year at any one facility. Commercial and industrial operations exempted by this Section shall maintain records documenting the type and quantity of adhesive products used and provide the records to the air Pollution Control officer upon request.
110.2 The use of adhesives or adhesive primers containing 20 grams or less per liter (0.17 lb/gal) of VOC.
110.3 The testing and evaluation of adhesives in research laboratories, analytical laboratories, or quality assurance laboratories.
110.4 The use of adhesives in tire repair.
110.5 The use of adhesives that are sold or supplied with 8 fluid ounces or less of adhesive in nonreusable containers.
110.6 Household adhesive products subject to Article 2, Common Products, Sections 945007 - 94517, Title 17, California Code of Regulations.
110.7 Adhesives an sealants applied to surface coating of metal parts and products; can and coil coating operations; aerospace assembly and component manufacturing operations; and graphic arts operations.
110.8 Solvent welding operations used in the manufacturing of medical devices, such as, but not limited to, catheters, heart valves, blood cardioplegia machines, tracheotomy tubes, blood oxygenators, and cardiatory reservoirs.

200 DEFINITIONS

201AEROSOL SPRAY ADHESIVE: A mixture of rubber, resin, liquids, and gaseous solvents and propellants package in a disposable container for hand-held application.

202 ADHESIVE: Any material used to bond two surfaces together.

203 ADHESIVE PRIMERS: Any material applied to a surface prior to applying an adhesive for the purpose of improving adhesion.

204 ADHESIVE PRODUCTS: These products include adhesives and adhesive primers.

205 AIR ASSISTED AIRLESS SPRAY: Equipment used to apply coatings that uses fluid pressure to atomize coating and air pressure between 0.1 and 20 psig to adjust the spray pattern.

206 AIRLESS SPRAY: Equipment used to apply coatings by use of fluid pressure without atomizing air, including heated airless spray.

207 ARCHITECTURAL: Stationary structures including buildings, houses, mobile homes, and their appurtenances.

208 CONTROL SYSTEM: A control device and a collection system.

209 ELECTROSTATIC SPRAY: A method of spray application of adhesives where an electrostatic potential is used for the deposition of adhesives upon substrates.

210 EXEMPT COMPOUNDS: For a current listing of exempt compounds see Section 214 of District Rule 1.1, General Provisions and Definitions.

211 FLOOR COVERING INSTALLATION: An installation of wood flooring, carpet, floor tile, or artificial grass.

212 GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER OF MATERIAL: The weight of VOC per volume of material as calculated by the following equation:

Gm

=

(Ws - Ww - Wes)

   

Vm

where:

Gm = Grams of VOC per liter of material.

Ws = Weight of all volatile compounds in grams.

Ww = Weight of water in grams.

Wes = Weight of exempt compounds in grams.

Vm = Volume of material in liters.

213 GRAMS OF VOC PER LITER LESS WATER AND LESS EXEMPT COMPOUNDS: The weight of VOC per liter less water and exempt compounds as calculated by the following equation:

Gvoc

=

(Ws - Ww - Wes)

   

(Vm - Vm - Vec)

where:

Gvoc = Grams of VOC per liter less water and exempt compounds.

Ws = Weight of volatile compounds in grams.

Ww = Weight of water in grams.

Wes = Weight of exempt compounds in grams.

Vm = Volume of volatile compounds in liters.

Vm = Volume of water in liters.

Vec = Volume of exempt compounds in liters.

214 HIGH VOLUME LOW PRESSURE (HVLP): Spray equipment used to apply coatings by means of a spray gun which operates using air pressure between 0.1 and 10 psig.

215 MULTIPURPOSE CONSTRUCTION: The installation or repair of construction materials including, but not limited to, drywall, subfloor, panelling, baseboards, fiberglass, ceiling tiles, and ceiling panels.

216 PERCENT VOC BY WEIGHT: The ratio of the weight of the VOC to the weight of the material, expressed as a percentage.

217 PLASTIC CEMENT WELDING: Adhesives composed of resins and solvents that are used to dissolve plastic surfaces to form a bond between two surfaces.

218 PLASTIC FOAM: A foam constructed of plastic material.

219 POROUS MATERIALS: Materials with surfaces permeable to liquids. Examples of porous materials include wood, paper, foam plastics, and cardboard.

220 SINGLE-PLY ROOF MATERIAL INSTALLATION: The use of adhesives to apply one layer of roofing membrane.

221 SOLVENT: Liquids used as diluents, thinners, dissolvers, viscosity reducers, or cleaning agents.

222 STRUCTURAL GLAZING: The use of adhesives to bond glass, ceramic, metal, stone, or composite panels to the exterior of a building.

223 SOLVENT WELDING: The softening of the surfaces of two substrates by wetting them with solvents and/or adhesives, and joining them together with a chemical and/or physical reaction(s) to form a fused union.

224 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOC): Any compound containing at least one atom of carbon, except those compounds exempted under Section 214 of Rule 1.1, General Provisions and Definitions.

225 WASTE MATERIALS: Materials, including but not limited to paper or cloth used for cleaning operations, waste adhesives, or spent cleaning materials.

300 STANDARDS

301 PROCESS AND CONTROL REQUIREMENTS:

301.1 The VOC content of adhesives used for specific applications, except as provided in Sections 301.3 and 301.4 of this Rule, shall not exceed the limits set forth inTable 1, expressed as grams of VOC per liter less water and exempt compounds, as applied.

Table 1

LIMITS

VOC - Less Water and Less Exempt Compounds

(Grams per Liter)

Applications

Effective

September 14, 1995

Effective

January 1, 1997

Multipurpose Construction

200

 

Indoor Floor Covering Installation

150

 

Ceramic Tile Installation

150

130

Single-Ply Roof Material Installation

650

250

Structural Glazing

100

 

Plastic Cement Welding Adhesive/Primer

650

450

Solvent Welding Adhesive/Primer

650

450

Adhesive and Wash Primers

250

 

Staple and Nail Manufacturing

640

 

301.2 Effective September 14, 1995, the VOC content of adhesives, except as provided in Sections 301.1, 301.3 and 301.4 of this Rule shall not exceed the limits set forth in Table 2, expressed as grams of VOC per liter less water and exempt compounds, as applied.

Table 2

Material Bonded

Grams VOC per Liter

Metal to Metal

30

Porous Materials

150

Plastic Foam

120

All Other Substrates

250



The higher of the two limits from Table 2 applies to the bonding of two dissimilar substrates.
301.3 Spray application of adhesives shall only be performed using airless, air assisted airless, high volume low pressure, disposable aerosol containers, or electrostatic spray equipment.
301.4 The VOC limits in Sections 301.1 and 301.2 of this Rule shall not apply to operations in which at least 85% of the VOC emitted from adhesives operations are captured and controlled by an emissions control device approved by the Air Pollution Control Officer.

302 CLEANING MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS: The provisions of Rule 2.31, SURFACE PREPARATION AND CLEANUP, shall apply to cleaning materials used in adhesives operations.

303 STORAGE AND DISPOSAL REQUIREMENTS:

303.1 Closed containers shall be used to store adhesive products, cleaning materials, or other VOC-containing materials except when accessed for use.
303.2 Self-closing containers shall be used for the disposal of all adhesive products, cleaning materials, or other unused VOC-containing materials in such a manner as to effectively control VOC emissions.

304 AEROSOL SPRAY ADHESIVES:

304.1 Effective January 1, 1995, a person shall not use, manufacture, or sell for use within the District any aerosol spray adhesive that exceeds 75% VOC by weight.
304.2 Effective January 1, 1997, a person shall not use, manufacture, or sell for use within the District any aerosol spray adhesive that exceeds 25% VOC by weight.

400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS

401 COMPLIANCE DATE: Any person subject to the provisions of this rule shall be in full compliance by September 14, 1995.

402 LABELING REQUIREMENT: Each aerosol spray adhesive container subject to the provisions of this Rule and manufactured after January 1, 1995, shall be labeled with the VOC content expressed as a percentage by weight.

500 MONITORING AND RECORDS

501 RECORDS:

501.1

Any person subject to the provisions of this Rule shall maintain the following records:

  1. Daily records of the type and quantity of all adhesives, primers, and cleaning materials used in each operation.
  2. Records of the VOC content, in grams VOC per liter less water and exempt compounds, of all adhesive materials used or stored at the facility.
  3. Records of the VOC content of all cleaning materials used and stored at the facility.
  4. Records of daily hours of operation and key operating parameters of any add-on control equipment.
501.2 All records required by Section 501.1 of this Rule shall be retained at the facility for a period of at least 24 months and be made available to the Air Pollution Control Officer upon request.

502 TEST METHODS: The analysis of cleaning materials, adhesive products, and control efficiency shall be determined by the following methods:

502.1 Control Efficiency: The control efficiency of add-on control devices shall be determined by using EPA Reference Test Method 25A or Method 25.
502.2 VOC Content: The VOC content of adhesive products and cleaning materials shall be determined using EPA Reference Test Method 24.
502.3 Capture Efficiency: Capture efficiency determinations for add-on control devices shall be in accordance with 40 CFR 52.741.