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newsrel -- CARB releases major report on the future of ultra-clean and zero-emission vehicles

Posted: 18 Jan 2017 12:36:22
Please consider the following news release from the California
Air Resources Board:



January 18, 2017



Stanley Young
(916) 322-2990

Dave Clegern
(916) 322-2990

CARB releases major report on the future of ultra-clean and
zero-emission vehicles

In-depth California Midterm Review finds electric drive
technology accelerating and ahead of schedule 

SACRAMENTO — The most exhaustive evaluation to date of the
California passenger vehicle market and technology finds that the
greenhouse gas (GHG) emission standards currently in place for
model years 2022-2025 are readily feasible at or below the costs
estimated back in 2012 – when the standards were adopted with
support from many automakers. Continuing on the path to meeting
the 2025 standards will deliver significant clean-air and public
health benefits for Californians and cost-savings for consumers.

The 667-page Midterm Review of Advanced Clean Cars Program report
released today confirms that the previously adopted package of
GHG standards, technology-forcing zero-emission vehicle
standards, and the most health-protective particulate matter
standards in the world are appropriate. The report indicates that
existing programs in California will add at least 1 million
zero-emission vehicles on its roads and highways by 2025.

“The recent Detroit auto show shined a spotlight on the fact that
we are fully engaged in a global transformation towards
autonomous vehicles, with hybrid cars an industry norm and
electric models appearing across models and platforms,” said CARB
Chair Mary D. Nichols. “Our standards need to recognize and keep
pace with that market reality to keep California and the nation
fully competitive in the global automobile marketplace. The
conclusion is inescapable: California’s vehicle future is

In addition to its vehicle GHG and zero-emission vehicle rules,
California, with nearly half of all zero-emission vehicles in the
nation, has several programs in place to further support the
growing electric car marketplace. The state offers rebates to new
buyers or lessees of zero-emission vehicles, is developing an
initial hydrogen fueling infrastructure to support fuel cell
electric vehicles, and agencies are pursuing nearly 200 actions
to support the market, as identified in the Governor’s 2016 ZEV
Action Plan.  Additionally, California’s utilities are making
significant investments in electric charging infrastructure and a
broad public-private partnership is supporting public education
and outreach campaigns through the California Plug-In Electric
Vehicle Collaborative, the California Fuel Cell Partnership, and

The California Midterm Review

CARB agreed to undertake this Midterm Review, which relies
heavily on the Technical Assessment Report
(https://www.arb.ca.gov/newsrel/newsrelease.php?id=843) released
jointly this past summer by CARB, the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) and the National Highway &
Transportation Safety Administration. One element of CARB’s
Midterm Review was participation in the recently concluded
federal midterm evaluation that evaluated and then concluded that
the adopted national vehicle GHG emission standards for model
years 2022-2025 remain appropriate.  Similar to the federal
evaluation, CARB staff’s analysis found that conventional
technology to achieve those standards is moving at a faster pace
than originally expected, and that achieving those vehicle
emission limits is feasible, and will result in cost-savings for

CARB staff’s recommendations align with the Final Determination
signed on January 12, 2017, by U.S. EPA confirming the federal
GHG vehicle standards for the 2022-2025 model years are
appropriate. Maintaining the existing national GHG program
through 2025 will help California meet its greenhouse gas
reduction requirements and unique environmental challenges for
the immediate future, avoiding the need for California-only
requirements. But staff also finds that the national program is
very modest in terms of promoting electrification needed to meet
California’s public health and environmental needs beyond 2025.
Staff therefore recommends that California make a major push now
to develop new post-2025 standards while working with automakers,
federal regulators and partner states to further develop the
market for electric cars.

The report also demonstrates that the California zero-emission
vehicle regulation is working as intended -- helping to drive
technological and market development that accelerate the
manufacturing efficiency, vehicle improvements and cost
reductions that come with increased production.

ZEV technology advancing

As with conventional cars, zero-emission vehicle technology is
advancing at a much faster pace than anticipated. California has
more than a quarter-million ZEVs on the road and there are more
than a half-million nationally. Worldwide there are now more than
2 million of these vehicles, and the market is growing. Virtually
every major automaker now produces or has in development at least
one zero-emission vehicle model.  December 2016 sales of
zero-emission cars in the U.S. exceeded previous monthly highs.

In the next few years, the zero-emission market will see more
than 20 new electric and plug-in model introductions. Many future
offerings will have greater driving range -- more than 200 miles
-- at mass-market prices and provide consumers with more choices
of body styles, brands, and consumer utility, including SUVs and

The current regulations also have a national impact, putting more
zero-emission vehicles into other states throughout the nation
which have adopted California’s rules.  Those states, together
with California, comprise more than one-quarter of all new car
sales nationally.

Includes first ZEV consumer review and analysis

The staff report also presents the first comprehensive in-depth
analysis of the zero-emission vehicle market in California,
including valuable new research on consumers to fully assess the
benefits and use profiles of the ZEVs now operating in

Components of this unique new consumer review include an analysis
of detailed data provided by seven auto manufacturers for more
than 90,000 electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles, accounting for
more than 1 billion miles driven and more than 40 million
charging events. Additionally, survey responses from more than
32,000 current and past electric car and plug-in hybrid drivers
on their prior ownership patterns, purchase motivations, charging
availability, and vehicle satisfaction will help inform actions
to address existing challenges to expand the zero-emission
vehicle market, and accelerate commercialization of zero-emission
vehicle technology.

The report identifies these challenges and the need for more
charging and fueling infrastructure and greater consumer
awareness of the benefits and drivability of ZEVs.

Goals through 2030

CARB staff recommends that California’s efforts now focus on
stronger regulations for greenhouse gas reduction beyond 2025 and
increased emphasis on a broad framework to support zero-emission
vehicles. CARB’s Mobile Source Strategy document
released in May 2016 calls for putting more than 4 million
zero-emission vehicles on the road by 2030, and further annual
reductions in fleet-wide new car greenhouse gas emissions of 4-5


You can find the CARB Midterm Review here:

You can find the Technical Assessment Report, and U.S. EPA’s
Final Determination here:

Next Steps: 

The CARB Board will consider the Midterm Review at the March
23-24 Board hearing in Riverside, California.

Additional information about the CARB Midterm Review, including
the Board hearing notice, the Midterm Review report, and
supporting documentation, may be obtained from CARB’s website at

Stakeholders may submit comments on this report to the docket up
to March 20, 2017. To make a public comment, visit:

California is in a drought emergency.
Visit www.SaveOurH2O.org for water conservation tips.

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