Specially Produced Motor Vehicles

This page last reviewed May 9, 2018

Background

Specially Produced Motor Vehicles

In 2015, the United States (US) congress passed H.R. 22, the “Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act.”  The legislation allowed less stringent emissions and safety requirements for low volume manufacturers of new light-duty vehicles that look like previously produced vehicles or specially produced motor vehicles (SPMV).  US Environmental Protection Agency and National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration were directed to develop emissions and safety regulations to provide a path to compliance for the manufacturers of SPMV.  Industry was interested in having similar requirements applicable in California. 

California Air Resources Board (CARB) began the process to gather input by meeting with interested parties and conducted workgroups and a public workshop, in 2017, to present an initial outline of proposed changes to the current new light-duty vehicle emission requirements. CARB has provided draft regulations, for review, and requested comments from interested parties by April 18, 2018.

What is SPMV?

A SPMV is a turnkey passenger car or light-duty truck produced by a low-volume manufacturer.  A low volume manufacturer as defined in H.R. 22 is a manufacturer who produces less than 5,000 vehicles worldwide and limits the sale of SPMV to 325 per year nationwide.  A SPMV must resemble the body of a motor vehicle that was produced for sale not less than 25 years ago.   It is commonly referred to as a “Replica Car”, like a 1960’s Camaro or Mustang.  The vehicle is a newly produced vehicle by a manufacturer for sale to the public.  The SPMV is different than a specially constructed vehicle which is a vehicle produced by an individual for their own private use. CARB has separate regulations to certify clean engine packages for use in specially constructed vehicles.

Existing Laws and Procedures


Exhaust Regulations and Test Procedures.   The following are California's regulations and test procedures for low-emission vehicles (LEV) in the passenger car, light-duty truck, and chassis certified medium-duty vehicle classes.
  • The "California 2015 and Subsequent Model Criteria Pollutant Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures and 2017 and Subsequent Model Greenhouse Gas Exhaust Emission Standards and Test Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks, and Medium-Duty Vehicles," as of October 8, 2015, (last amended September 2, 2015.)(PDF - 1.37M) 
The California exhaust regulations reference the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (U.S. EPA's) test procedures in Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 86, Subparts B, C, and S. These procedures are available from the U.S. EPA's  Certification and Compliance for Onroad Vehicles and Engines web  page.

Evaporative and Refueling Test Procedures.   The following are California's evaporative and refueling regulations and test procedures for passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and chassis certified medium-duty vehicles.
  • The "California Evaporative Emission Standards and Test Procedures for 2001 and Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles," last amended September 2, 2015. (PDF - 887K) 
  • The “CaliforniaRefueling Emission Standards And Test Procedures For 2001 And Subsequent Model Motor Vehicles,” last amended September 2, 2015. (PDF - 200K
The California evaporative regulations reference the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (U.S. EPA's) test procedures in Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 86, Subparts A, B, and S. These procedures are available from the U.S. EPA's  Certification and Compliance for Onroad Vehicles and Engines web page.

What's New:

Draft-Specially Produced Motor Vehicles Regulations. (PDF - 269K)

Workshops:

Workshop (08/24/17): Public Workshop to Discuss Certification for Engines for Specially Produced Motor Vehicles (SPMV).

  • Webinar Information: Public Workshop to Discuss Certification for Engines for Specially Produced Motor Vehicles (SPMV).
  • Mailout #: ECARS 17-06: Public Workshop to Discuss Certification for Engines for Specially Produced Motor Vehicles (SPMV).
  • Slide Presentation: Public Workshop to Discuss Certification for Engines for Specially Produced Motor Vehicles (SPMV) 8/24/2017.(PDF - 1,420K)

Workgroup (05/05/17):

  • Talking Points for Replica Car Engine Regulation.(PDF - 24K)

Contacts:

For more information, please contact Richard Muradliyan, Air Resources Engineer, at (626) 575-6798 or Tony Martino manager, at (626) 575 6848.

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