Projects in Action

Cap-and-Trade dollars are helping California transition to cleaner transportation options – from improving consumer access to passenger cars to supporting the development of cleaner commercial trucks and equipment that operate throughout the state. Below are highlights from each of these categories.

Light-Duty Vehicle Investments

This category of projects increases the number of clean cars on California’s roadways and increases access to clean vehicles in disadvantaged communities and for lower-income households.

The Clean Cars 4 All program (formerly known as the Enhanced Fleet Modernization Plus-Up Program – EFMP+) has been available in the South Coast Air Quality Management District, Replace Your Ride, and San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District, Tune In and Tune Up, since July 1, 2015. The program statistics below represent data reported from the start of this program through September 30, 2017.

  • Replaced 2,660 vehicles in the South Coast Air District (65%) and San Joaquin Valley Air District (35%)
  • Of the 2,660 replacement vehicles:
    • 416 (16%) are battery electric vehicles (BEV)
    • 831 (31%) are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)
    • 1,052 (40%) are conventional hybrid electric vehicles (HEV)
    • 359 (13%) are fuel-efficient gasoline engine vehicles
    • 2 (<1%) are for alternate mobility options
    • 97% of participants live in or near a disadvantaged community (in a zip code containing a disadvantaged community)
    • 91% of all participants have household incomes equal to or less than 225% of the federal poverty level
In fiscal year 2017-2018, an approved budget of $20 million will help expand the program to disadvantaged communities in other parts of California.
Provides consumers with vehicle rebates on a first-come, first-served basis for new passenger plug-in hybrid (PHEV) or battery electric vehicles (BEV). The program is available to California residents that meet income eligibility requirements and California based businesses. Consumers with household incomes less than or equal to 300 percent of the federal poverty level are eligible for an increased rebate amount.

As of January 9, 2018, the rebate program has:
  • Provided 218,528 rebates throughout California
  • 15,765 rebates have been issued to individuals that reside and businesses based within a disadvantaged community
  • An interactive graphical tool that provides access to additional, current data is available at:
In fiscal year 2017-2018, an approved budget of $140 million will help allow the rebate program to continue. The program now includes new income eligibility limits and higher rebates for low-income consumers, including an additional $25 million specifically for lower-income consumers.
Financing assistance helps eligible consumers access loans to buy or lease a new or used clean vehicle, such as a conventional hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV), or battery electric vehicle (BEV) at a reduced price.

In 2016, a small financing assistance pilot project was launched in the Bay Area.
  • The $900,000 project combines a loan loss reserve program with vehicle price buy-down.
  • The goal is to provide 100 loans for clean vehicles through 2018.
In 2016-2017, a budget of $6 million was approved to fund local financing assistance projects and to help launch a statewide financing assistance program.
The program is intended to help launch car sharing services that use clean transportation options, including plug-in hybrid (PHEV) or battery electric vehicles (BEV), and serve disadvantaged communities.

Since 2014, $3.1 million is being used to develop two car sharing services in Los Angeles and Sacramento. Both programs are expected to launch in early 2017.

  • City of Los Angeles, “Los Angeles Leading by Example,” will provide 100 BEVs and 200 charging stations in disadvantaged communities currently not served by car sharing programs. The program is expected to serve over 7,000 residents.
  • Sacramento Metropolitan AQMD, “Our Community Car Share Sacramento” will provide eight electric vehicles and charging stations for a car sharing system in three disadvantaged community subsidized housing projects. The program is expected to serve up to 2,000 residents.

In 2016-2017, an approved budget of $8 million will help launch additional car sharing and mobility option services in other disadvantaged communities and expand existing projects.
Agricultural Worker Vanpools in the San Joaquin Valley is a new pilot project that will provide expanded access to reliable, clean transportation vanpools for agricultural workers in the San Joaquin Valley’s disadvantaged communities. In 2016-2017, $3 million has been allocated but has not yet been awarded to help launch this project.
Increased public fleet incentives is a set-aside within the Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) that provides increased incentives for public entities that own and operate vehicles in disadvantaged communities. The Public Fleet Pilot Project rebate replaces the standard CVRP rebate for eligible public entities and offers rebates of up to $15,000 for fuel cell electric vehicles, $10,000 for battery electric vehicles, and $5,250 for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

In 2016-2017, $3 million has been allocated to public fleet projects. The program is anticipated to begin accepting applications in February 2017.

Heavy-Duty Vehicles and Off-Road Equipment Investments

This project category supports the transformation of the on-road and off-road fleet to clean technologies by demonstrating new technologies and advancing commercial viability through pilot projects. All demonstration projects will either be located in or will benefit disadvantaged communities.

Statewide program provides vouchers for California purchasers of up to $175,000 for zero-emission buses, up to $300,000 for fuel cell buses and Class 7 and 8 trucks, up to $40,000 for Low NOx trucks and buses, and up to $30,000 for eligible hybrid trucks and buses. The program helps offset the higher costs of clean vehicles and additional incentives are available for providing disadvantaged community benefits. As of March 31, 2018:
  • HVIP and Low NOx Engine Incentives have supported the purchase of 936 zero emission trucks and buses, 2,385 hybrid trucks, 644 low NOx engines, and 133 trucks outfitted with electric power take off systems (ePTOs) by California fleets.
  • Low NOx Engine incentives
    • $8 million is available to small fleets with no renewable fuel requirement.
    • $8 million is available with a 100% renewable fuel requirement.
    • Once Low NOx Engine Incentives allocation is spent, Low NOx engines will be funded from the HVIP allocation.
Battery and fuel cell buses better serve communities’ transit needs, substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions, eliminate criteria pollutants, and provide economic benefits.

San Joaquin Valley Transit Electrification Project - $13.4 million
Project includes fifteen (15) Proterra battery electric buses, thirteen (13) depot charging stations including two (2) fast chargers along bus routes. The made-in-California buses will be operated by transit agencies in Fresno, Stockton, Modesto, and Visalia. The first two (2) buses arrived in the Fall of 2017 at Stockton RTD.

City of Porterville Transit Electrification Project - $9.5 million
Project includes the purchase and operation of ten (10) GreenPower, 40-foot zero-emission all electric transit buses with depot charging. Buses will be deployed on all fixed routes based from the Porterville Transit Center. The first two buses will be in service by early Spring 2018.

SunLine Transit Agency Fuel Cell Bus Deployment - $12.6 million
Project includes five (5) New Flyer fuel cell buses with Hydrogenics fuel cells and upgrades to the agencies hydrogen refueling station with onsite renewable generation. The buses will be operated on two routes daily from Indio to Mecca/Oasis. The first bus is expected in Fall 2018.

Center for Transportation and the Environment Fuel Cell Bus Project - $22.3 million
Project proposes to build twenty (20) fuel cell electric buses to operate in Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (25 routes) in the Bay Area and the Orange County Transportation Authority (5 routes) in Southern California. The first bus is expected in Summer 2018.
Sacramento Regional Zero-Emission School Bus Deployment Project - $7.6 million
Project includes twenty-nine (29) state-of-the-art zero-emission school buses with 29 charging ports. The project will serve as a large-scale success story that battery electric buses best serve school’s transportation needs, substantially reduce GHG emissions, and eliminate toxic emission exposures to children.
Eight (8) eLion zero-emission buses are already in service and picking up students at Twin Rivers School District.

Rural School Bus Pilot Project - $10 million
Statewide program to replace older school buses with new cleaner technology options. Funding is also available for charging and/or fueling equipment. The program is designed to give preference to school districts in small and medium sized air districts. The application process is expected to begin in February 2017.

  • The project will fund about 30 to 60 new school buses, and is expected to reduce carbon dioxide by 10,000 metric tons.
Green On-Road Linen Delivery Project - $7.1 million
Project includes twenty (20) zero-emission all-electric walk-in-van delivery vehicles to be used in linen deliveries. AmeriPride’s locations in Fresno, Bakersfield, Stockton and Merced allow them as a business to demonstrate the technology in disadvantaged communities. This will also allow them to evaluate the technology for use in their other locations throughout North America.

  • AmeriPride provides linen, uniforms, floor mats, restroom and cleaning products to nearly 150,000 customers every week.
  • The residents of San Joaquin Valley will benefit from a reduction in carbon emissions and criteria pollutants.

Los Angeles County Repowering Electric Delivery - $3.8 million
Project includes twenty-one (21) BYD repowered UPS delivery trucks with battery electric technology at four depots located in Southern California (Los Angeles, Anaheim, Baldwin Park and Visalia).

  • The technology is expected to reduce carbon dioxide by 341 metric tons per year and criteria pollutants by nearly a half ton per year.

Goodwill Industries Electric Delivery Vehicle Project - $2.7 million
Project includes eleven (11) BYD zero-emission battery electric trucks within the Goodwill collection donation areas in the Bay Area.

  • Goodwill Industries serves disadvantaged communities in the San Francisco Bay Area by increasing job readiness and career opportunities through workforce development programs.
  • The project will build a national model for electrifying Goodwill Industries' fleet of trucks.

USPS Zero-Emission Delivery Truck Pilot Commercial Deployment Project - $4.5 million
Effort to deploy fifteen (15) zero-emission battery electric USPS “step vans” and associated charging infrastructure across two USPS hubs in Stockton and Fresno.

  • The project is expected to reduce carbon dioxide by 247.9 metric per year.
  • The project will also provide economic, environmental, and public health co-benefits to disadvantaged communities, while demonstrating the practicality and economic viability of the widespread adoption of a variety of zero-emission medium and heavy-duty vehicle technologies.
Battery Electric Drayage Truck Demonstration - $23.7 million
A statewide demonstration of forty-four (44) zero-emission battery electric and plug-in hybrid drayage trucks serving major California ports, including the Ports of Los Angeles and Oakland. The class 8 trucks and charging infrastructure will be used in five air districts (South Coast, Bay Area, San Joaquin Valley, Sacramento, and San Diego) providing emission reduction benefits in key areas of California. The first trucks began operation early in 2018 with a second wave of deployments starting in 2019.
  • This is the first large-scale demonstration of zero-emission Class 8 trucks that involves major manufacturers, including BYD, Kenworth, Peterbilt and Volvo.
  • Freight transport in California is a major economic engine for the state but also accounts for about half of toxic diesel particulate matter (PM 2.5), 45 percent of the emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) that form ozone and fine particulate matter in the atmosphere, and 6 percent of all GHG emissions in California.
San Bernardino County Transportation Authority MSF Demonstration Project - $9.1 million
In San Bernardino, Commerce, and Fontana, twenty-six (26) BYD zero-emission battery electric yard trucks and service trucks will replace diesel powered trucks at freight facilities. The trucks will operate at two BNSF rail yards and a Daylight Transport truck freight facility. This project will accelerate the commercialization of heavy-duty advanced, zero-emission technologies. The first truck is expected to start operating in early 2017.

  • The zero-emission trucks are expected to reduce carbon dioxide by 3,500 tons, nitrogen oxide by 3,250 pounds, and diesel soot (PM10) by 170.
  • The truck electrification will help provide a model that could be scaled to any facility.

Opposed Piston Engine Class 8 Heavy Duty On-Road Demonstration -
$7 million

This project will build and demonstrate opposed piston engine equipped class 8 heavy-duty line haul trucks that will demonstrate the CARB ultra-low NOx emissions target (0.02 g / bhp-hr) with at least a 15% reduction in CO2 when compared to a 2017 commercial vehicle equipped with a current diesel engine.

  • Walmart and Tyson Foods will run these demonstration vehicles in revenue service on regional long haul routes, based from disadvantaged community locations in the central valley and LA area.
  • This engine will improve fuel consumption and NOx emissions in segment by 30-50% once mass adoption is achieved.

San Joaquin Valley Electric Tractor Development and Demonstration -
$1.5 million

In partnership with Project Clean Air, HummingbirdEV will develop, design and deploy four 50 HP all-electric tractors to be tested at multiple Moonlight Companies’ facilities. HummingbirdEV will also build an electric Class 6 truck for Moonlight Companies with the purpose of replacing the current diesel Class 6 trucks.

  • The Fresno State Transportation Institute will provide third party data collection and analysis.
  • A key component of the analysis will include the paring of an electric tractor with a diesel tractor and the two will perform identical tasks to show true GHG and emission reductions.
Port of LA Multi-Source Facility Demonstration Project - $14.5 million
The Los Angeles Harbor Department (Port of LA) will operate multiple near zero- or zero-emission technologies to move goods from ships through the Green Omni Terminal.

  • The electrified cargo handling equipment includes four (4) yard tractors, three (3) 21-ton forklifts, and two on-road drayage trucks.
  • An at-berth vessel emissions control system will be integrated into the project to address the largest source of GHG and priority pollutant emissions at the terminal.
  • A 1-megawatt rooftop solar photovoltaic array will be added to the terminal to supplement current power usage and to help meet 100% of electricity demands for terminal operations.
  • Each year, the project is expected to reduce carbon dioxide by 2,269 tons, diesel soot (PM10) by 0.53 tons, and nitrogen oxide by 17.21 tons.
  • This project will help initiate change in the port complex and provide cost-effective and scalable solutions for thousands of other marine terminals and distribution facilities.

Fast Track Fuel Cell Truck Project - $5 million
GTI and TransPower will deploy a total of five (5) fuel cell- electric hybrid trucks in Southern California, operated by two major truck fleet operators in a phased roll-out. The three trucks deployed in the first phase will be operated for 15 months at the Port of Los Angeles. Two additional trucks, using a different fuel cell, will be deployed in a second phase and will be operated for 12 months throughout the San Diego and Los Angeles regions.

  • The trucks will be supported by charging and mobile hydrogen fueling infrastructure located at the Ports of Los Angeles and San Diego, much of which is already planned or in place.
  • Frontier Energy will coordinate training, data collection and reporting and Center for Sustainable Energy will coordinate local community outreach.
  • The proposed project will benefit disadvantaged communities near the Ports of Los Angeles and San Diego, and other disadvantaged communities through which the trucks will operate.

C-PORT: The Commercialization of POLB Off-Road Technology Demonstration Project - $5.3 million
C-PORT will advance the economic viability of three types of pre-commercial, zero-emission cargo handling equipment at the Port of Long Beach. The demonstration will include a head-to-head comparison of battery electric and fuel cell electric yard trucks at a single site in addition to three battery-electric top handers, helping to identify the benefits of each technology as relevant to specific duty cycles and applications. The equipment will include:

  • Three (3) battery-electric top handlers, equipment that is critical in Port of Long Beach's ongoing operations.
  • A battery-electric yard truck, featuring TransPower's battery-electric drivetrain, advanced automated manual transmission.
  • A fuel cell-electric yard truck using LOOP Energy's advanced, pre-commercial eFlow hydrogen fuel cell system that increases fuel cell power production per unit of fuel cell area by 40 percent.
  • This project will be located in a disadvantaged community and will directly benefit the community via targeted education and outreach through high school and community college programs.
  • The project will annually reduce in disadvantaged communities:
    • 347 metric tons of CO2e
    • 0.69 tons of NOx
    • 0.159 tons of ROG
    • 0.0212 tons of PM10
    • 1.274 tons of weighted criteria pollutants

Demonstration of Zero-Emission Technologies for Freight Operations at Ports - $6.5 million
The project team, led by the Center for Transportation and the Environment, will build an electric top loader with wireless inductive charging and fuel cell range extender for demonstration at the Port of Los Angeles.

The electric top loader with a fuel cell range extender will be developed, integrated, and built by Hyster Yale Group, with the fuel cell engine provided by Nuvera and wireless charging provided by WAVE. The vertical integration of zero-emission equipment by a major OEM provides a clear path towards commercialization and represents the commitment of the OEMs to develop and commercialize advanced technologies that are necessary to meet California's air quality and climate goals.

The project will annually reduce in disadvantaged communities:
  • 127.2 metric tons of CO2e
  • 0.193 tons of NOx
  • 0.044 tons of ROG
  • 0.006 tons of PM10
  • 0.357 tons of weighted criteria pollutants

Zero-Emission Hydrogen Ferry Demonstration Project - $3 million
This project will deploy a zero-emission hydrogen fuel ferry potentially providing cargo transportation, excursion cruises, and possibly passenger service, serving the Port of San Francisco, Port of Oakland, Port of Redwood City and the City of Martinez.

  • The project will annually reduce:
    • 280 metric tons of greenhouse gases
    • 2.95 tons of NOx
    • 0.37 tons of Reactive Organic Gases
    • 0.052 tons of PM10
  • This will increase access to clean transportation for disadvantaged community residents.

San Joaquin Valley Zero-Emission Cargo Handling Demonstration Project - $772,555
The San Joaquin Valley Zero-Emission Cargo Handling Demonstration Project will accelerate the commercial deployment of zero-emission off-road technologies by demonstrating state-of-the-art battery-electric heavy-duty forklifts at the Port of Stockton.

  • The project will demonstrate two heavy-duty, 30,000-pound lift capacity, fully battery-electric forklifts that will provide economic and environmental benefits and demonstrate the scalability, practicality, and economic viability of widespread transformation of zero-emission heavy-duty cargo handling equipment.
  • The project will annually reduce in disadvantaged communities:
    • 46.8 tons of CO2e
    • 0.0156 tons of weighted criteria pollutants and emissions

Port of Los Angeles Zero-Emission Track-Miles Locomotive Demonstration Project - $2.8 million
This demonstration project is the first switcher locomotive to operate zero-emission track-miles throughout the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. The battery-electric technology will be developed by VeRail technologies and the project is also supported by the South Coast Air Quality Management District, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, and the Coalition for a Safe Environment.

  • Successful implementation of this project will serve as a catalyst for change in the San Pedro Bay Port complex, demonstrating the technical feasibility of zero-emission switcher locomotive service in rigorous goods movement operation.
  • The project will annually reduce in disadvantaged communities:
    • 0.888 tons of NOx
    • 0.109 ROG
    • 0.019 PM10
    • 462.31 CO2e (78% GHG reduction)