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Low-Income Barriers Study: Overcoming Barriers to Zero-Emission and Near Zero-Emission Transportation and Mobility Options

 NEW! Final Guidance Document – Low-Income Barriers Study, Part B: Overcoming Barriers to Clean Transportation Access for Low-Income Residents

In February 2018, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) released the Final Guidance Document - Low Income Barriers Study, Part B: Overcoming Barriers to Clean Transportation Access for Low-Income Residents (Guidance Document).  The final document incorporates public comments and additional feedback resulting from CARB’s public process following the release of the Draft Guidance Document in April 2017.  CARB’s Guidance Document is an initial step in identifying the main barriers low income residents, including those in disadvantaged communities, face in accessing clean transportation and mobility options. Recommendations to overcome these barriers include both short-term and longer-term implementable actions that the Legislature, communities, State and local planning, transportation, public health, and air quality agencies can take to formulate innovative, meaningful solutions.  Six recommendations are prioritized to begin implementing over the next two years:

  • Expand assessments of low-income residents' transportation and mobility needs to ensure feedback is incorporated in transportation planning. 
  • Develop an outreach plan targeting low-income residents across California to increase residents’ awareness of clean transportation and mobility options. 
  • Develop regional one‑stop‑shops to increase consumer awareness and provide technical assistance. 
  • Develop guiding principles for grant and incentive solicitations to increase access to programs and maximize low-income resident participation. 
  • Maximize economic opportunities and benefits for low-income residents from investments in clean transportation and mobility options by expanding workforce training and development. 
  • Identify and expand funding and financing for clean transportation and mobility projects, including infrastructure, to meet the accessibility needs of low-income and disadvantaged communities.

Senate Bill 350 Background

Clean Transportation and Mobility Options Include:

  • Active transportation such as biking and walking
  • Zero-emission and near zero-emission light-duty cars and trucks 
  • Zero-emission and near zero-emission transit and school buses
  • Zero-emission and near zero-emission cars near public transit for public use, ride share, car share, vanpools, bike share, and mobility hubs, etc.
  • Supporting infrastructure for vehicle charging and fueling and safe biking and walking, etc.
In 2015, Governor Brown and the California Legislature passed the Clean Energy and Pollution Reduction Act of 2015 (SB 350,
De León, Chapter 547, Statutes of 2015) directing CARB to conduct a study to better understand the barriers low-income residents must overcome to increase access to zero-emission and near zero emission transportation and mobility options, and to develop recommendations to increase access.

SB 350 established as a State priority the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through the promotion of various clean energy policies, including widespread transportation electrification, for the benefit of all Californians.  Transportation electrification, including access to clean transportation and mobility options, is the cornerstone of California’s future towards meeting air quality, public health, and climate goals, along with ensuring economic prosperity, social equity, and energy security needs.

Public Participation 

Starting in 2016, CARB staff undertook a public process, directly engaging local community members, including low-income residents, across the State in discussions to understand issues they face with transportation in their communities, and to identify the main barriers to clean transportation access.  This also provided CARB opportunities to inform residents of opportunities currently available to improve clean transportation access and empower transportation decisions.  Recognizing that California has regional differences, and that barriers differ by region, CARB identified case study and literature review communities statewide, including rural, urban, suburban and tribal community types that cover different California regions, (e.g., Northern California, San Francisco Bay Area, Central Valley and San Joaquin Valleys, and inland and coastal areas of Southern California).  CARB also consulted with the California Energy Commission and other State and local transportation and planning agencies on barriers and opportunities, and in the formulation of recommendations.  

CARB incorporated input received from this process into the Draft Guidance Document – Low Income Barriers Study, Part B: Overcoming Barriers to Clean Transportation Access for Low Income Residents, published in April, 2017 for public review and comment.  Following release of the draft document, CARB returned to meet with stakeholders and residents from the case study communities, and continued the public engagement process.  The Final Guidance Document – Low-Income Barriers Study, Part B: Overcoming Barriers to Clean Transportation Access for Low-Income Residents, reflects this additional community and stakeholder feedback, and public comments submitted on the draft document.   

Join our email list to receive email notices on CARB’s SB 350 efforts including future meetings and opportunities to be involved. 

    California Energy Commission Companion Study on Overcoming Energy Efficiency and Renewables for Low-Income Residents and Small Business Contracting Opportunities in Disadvantaged Communities  

    SB 350 also requires the Energy Commission to explore the barriers and opportunities to expand low-income residents’ access to energy efficiency, weatherization, and renewable energy investments, and contracting with small businesses located in disadvantaged communities.  CARB’s Guidance Document is a companion to the California Energy Commission’s report Low Income Barriers Study, Part A: Overcoming Barriers to Energy Efficiency and Renewables for Low Income Customers and Small Business Contracting Opportunities in Disadvantaged Communities, available on the Energy Commission’s SB 350 Barriers Study Website, and through this direct link:  CEC Final SB 350 Low-Income Barriers Study (published December 2016)

    Contact Information

    For questions or comments regarding CARB’s SB 350 efforts, please contact:

    Ms. Ashley Georgiou, Lead Staff
    Phone: (626) 459-4385
    Email: Ashley.Georgiou@arb.ca.gov

    Archive

    Draft SB 350 Clean Transportation Access Guidance Document (PDF-356 KB) (published April 2017)

    Draft SB 350 Clean Transportation Access Guidance Document - Appendices (PDF-761 KB) (published April 2017)

    Meeting Name:  Public Roundtable Meeting 
    Date and Time:  Monday, May 8, 2017, 9:00 AM to 11:30 AM Pacific Time
    Location:  CalEPA Headquarters Building, Sierra Hearing Room (Sacramento)
    Materials: Agenda (PDF-196 KB) CARB Staff Presentation (PDF-652 KB)  CEC Barriers Study Overview Presentation (PDF-644KB)

    Meeting Name:  Informational Board Update 
    Date and Time:  Thursday, May 25, 2017, 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM Pacific Time.
    Location:  CalEPA Headquarters Building, Byron Sher Auditorium (Sacramento)
    Materials:
     Agenda, Webcast Archive, and Board Transcripts 
    CARB Board Meeting Webpage:
     https://www.arb.ca.gov/board/meetings.htm#future

    Meeting Name:  July 2016 Informational Board Update
    Date and Time:  Thursday, July 21, 2016, 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM Pacific Time
    Location:  Sacramento, CAL/EPA Building (1001 I Street)
    Materials:  Agenda (PDF-68.5KB) Staff Presentation with Overview of Project (PDF-769KB)

    Meeting Name:  Overcoming Barriers to Zero and Near-Zero Emission Transportation Options in Low-income Communities Study Roundtable Discussion #2
    Date and Time:  
    Wednesday, June 1, 2016, 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM Pacific Time
    Location: Huntington Park (Southeast Los Angeles) - Communities for a Better Environment
    Materials:  
    Agenda (PDF-196 KB)

    Meeting Name:
     Overcoming Barriers to Zero and Near-Zero Emission Transportation Options in Low-income Communities Study Roundtable Discussion #1
    Date and Time:  Wednesday, March 30, 2016, 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM Pacific Time
    Location: Sacramento
    Materials: Notice (PDF-980 KB) Agenda (PDF-150 KB)

    Media Inquiries

    For media related questions, please contact CARB's Public Information Office at (916) 322-2990.
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