2015 Zero Emission Vehicle Credits

This page last reviewed October 17, 2016

To provide greater transparency to interested stakeholders, Air Resources Board (ARB or Board) requested that production data beginning in model year 2009 and credit balances in 2010 be made publicly available.  This request was incorporated into the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Regulation and is in section 1962.1(l).

Manufacturer Volume Status

The ZEV Regulation requires large volume and intermediate volume vehicle manufacturers to bring to and operate in California a certain percent of ZEVs (such as battery electric and fuel cell vehicles), clean plug-in hybrids, clean hybrids and clean gasoline vehicles with near-zero tail pipe emissions.  The table below lists the 2015 vehicle manufacturers subject to the ZEV requirements.

 

2015 Manufacturer Volume Status

Large Volume

Intermediate Volume

Fiat Chrysler
BMW
Ford
Hyundai
GM
Kia
Honda
Jaguar Land Rover
Nissan
Mazda
Toyota
Mercedes Benz

Subaru

Volkswagen

 

Manufacturer Requirement

A vehicle manufacturer’s ZEV requirement is based on a percentage of all passenger cars and light-duty trucks from 0 to 8,500 pounds (lbs.), delivered for sale in California.  The table below is the 2015 California vehicle production of large volume and intermediate volume manufacturers.

 

Large and Intermediate Volume Manufacturer
2015 Vehicle Production Delivered for Sale in CA

Manufacturer

Passenger and LDT

BMW

100,168

Fiat Chrysler

176,212

Ford

173,976

Fuji Heavy Industries/Subaru

62,322

GM

219,062

Honda

274,145

Hyundai

79,869

Jaguar Land Rover

12,379

KIA

82,827

Mazda

46,877

Mercedes Benz

80,598

Nissan

188,286

Toyota

457,055

Volkswagen

105,189

TOTAL

2,109,533

 

LDT = light duty truck 0-8500 lbs

 

Manufacturer Credit Balances

In complying with the ZEV Regulation, manufacturers operate vehicles in California which generate varying credits based on vehicle type.  There are also other parties generating credits that do not have ZEV requirements.  The table below lists the credit balances as of August 31, 2016 generated since the start of the ZEV Regulation in 1990. The credits are in units of ZEV credits.

 

California Zero Emission Vehicle Credit Balances

Manufacturer

ZEV

1.5x/llx

NEV+

TZEV

AT PZEV

PZEV

BMW

7,092.49

13,668.55

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

BYD Motors Inc.

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Fiat Chrysler

68,308.20

0.00

0.00

0.00

16,257.32

2,416.66

Ford

62,566.16

0.00

16,802.68

39728.36

8,883.97

12,488.82

Fuji Heavy Industries/Subaru

31,000.00

0.00

1,177.11

0.00

795.50

14,300.20

GM

23,740.07

0.00

10,691.78

68319.52

8,062.90

1,644.36

Honda

32,294.07

0.00

13,987.47

0.00

11,200.38

54,235.94

Hyundai

1,481.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

6,868.71

10,868.57

Jaguar Land Rover

1,358.49

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

511.72

KIA

2,295.09

0.00

0.00

0.00

5,627.70

10,514.40

Mazda

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

5,063.30

5,621.80

Mercedes Benz

24,447.37

0.00

1,232.63

274.35

99.38

10,332.00

Miles

0.00

0.00

5.14

0.00

0.00

0.00

Mitsubishi

67.50

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

1,468.43

Nissan

35,165.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

1,931.60

Polaris

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Tesla

3,530.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Toyota

42,709.02

0.00

0.00

10462.31

205,211.21

0.00

Vantage

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Volkswagen

8,999.86

0.00

0.00

0.00

756.54

5,122.69

Volvo

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

3,740.86

Zenith

62.50

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Zipcar

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

612.51

488.09

TOTAL

345,116.82

13,668.55

43,896.81

118,784.54

269,439.42

135,686.14

 


ZEV = Zero Emission Vehicle
NEV = Neighborhood Electric Vehicle
TZEV = Transitional Zero Emission Vehicle
AT PZEV = Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicle
PZEV = Partial Zero Emission Vehicle



Manufacturer Transfers

Manufacturers may transfer credits between manufacturers and third parties.  Below are the ZEV credit transfers recorded between October 1, 2015 and August 31, 2016.

 

California ZEV Credit Transfers Recorded
Between October 1, 2015 and August 31, 2016

Transferor

Type of Vehicle

Number of Credits

Miles 

NEV

76.60

Nissan

BEV

6,600.00

Polaris

NEV

33.00

Tesla

BEV

80,227.00

Toyota

AT PZEV

6,840.00

 

TOTAL

93,776.60

 

Transferee

Type of Vehicle

Number of Credits

Fiat Chrysler

BEV

37,450.00

Fiat Chrysler

NEV

33.00

Ford

BEV

35,000.00

Fuji Heavy Industries/Subaru

BEV

6,600.00

GM

NEV

76.60

Honda

BEV

7,777.00

Mazda

AT PZEV

6,840.00

 

TOTAL

93,776.60

 

 

Frequently Asked Questions

How many vehicles have been brought to and operated in California as a result of the ZEV Regulation?
These credit balances reflect ZEV regulation compliance through model year 2015, representing a total of over 4.5 million vehicles including over 575 fuel cell vehicles, 100,000 battery electric and IIxs, 29,700 NEVs, 70,000 clean plug-in hybrids, 700,000 clean hybrids, and over 3.5 million clean gasoline vehicles. 

 

What do these credit balances mean?
All vehicle manufacturers subject to the ZEV Regulation are in compliance through model year 2015.  Positive credit balances represent a successful over compliance with the ZEV Regulation.  Manufacturers can use these balances to provide flexibility in the timing and production of bringing new clean cars to the market to meet the ZEV requirements in coming years.  

 

How far into the future do these credit balances cover the manufacturers’ ZEV requirement?
Each manufacturer is unique in its strategy of compliance with the ZEV Regulation.  It is not possible to predict how and when these credit balances will be spent over the coming years due to the complexity and flexibility of the regulation.  There are also various mechanisms in the ZEV Regulation which limit how credits are spent.  These balances will be taken into account in future amendments to the regulation. 

 

Why are the credit balances in ZEV credits instead of grams per mile Non-Methane Organic Gases (g/mi NMOG)?
For 2015 reporting year and onward credits are expressed in ZEV credits. The purpose of this change is to simplify credit calculations. 2014 balances were divided by .035 to convert g/mile NMOG credits to ZEV credits.

 

How do you calculate a manufacturer’s requirement?
For understanding the calculations involved in the ZEV Regulation, please see the ZEV Tutorial link below.

 

Why is the timeframe for transfers different from previous years?
Previous reports published transfers recorded between October 1 and September 30.  This report aligns with the ZEV Regulation which allows manufacturers to file a Supplemental ZEV data report by August 31.  Transfers occurring between September 1, 2016, and September 30, 2016 will be published next year in the 2016 report.  Starting with the 2016 report, transfers will be published aligned with the September 1 to August 31 reporting period.

 

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