ARB Research Seminar
This page updated March 10, 2017
Developing a New Methodology for Analyzing Potential Displacement
Karen Chapple, Ph.D., Professor of City & Regional Planning, UC Berkeley; and
Miriam Zuk, Ph.D., Director at Center for Community Innovation, UC Berkeley
March 29, 2017
Cal EPA Headquarters, 1001 "I" Street, Sacramento, CA
In 2008 California passed Senate Bill 375 requiring metropolitan planning organizations (MPO) to develop Sustainable Communities Strategies (SCS) as part of their regional transportation planning process. While the implementation of these strategies has the potential for environmental and economic benefits, rising housing costs and changing neighborhood conditions may compel low-income residents and households to move out of transit-oriented neighborhoods. This out-migration is called “displacement.”
The study examined the relationship between fixed-rail transit neighborhoods and displacement in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area. The researchers modeled patterns of neighborhood change in relation to transit-oriented development (TOD), and found that TOD is associated with changes in the stability of the surrounding neighborhood, such as increases in housing costs and the loss of low-income households. The research found mixed evidence as to whether gentrification and displacement in rail station areas would cause an increase in auto usage and vehicle miles traveled (VMT). The results support the consideration of displacement in the development of SCSs, and the research also explored the possibility of considering displacement in travel demand models used by the LA and San Francisco MPOs and via off-model tools. Finally, researchers examined the effectiveness of anti-displacement strategies, and the results may be useful for MPOs, local jurisdictions, and communities.
Karen Chapple, Ph.D., is a Professor of City and Regional Planning at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Chapple specializes in regional planning, economic development, and housing. Her recent book is entitled "Planning Sustainable Cities and Regions: Towards More Equitable Development" (Routledge, 2015). In 2015 Dr. Chapple's work on climate change and tax policy won the UC-wide competition for the Bacon Public Lectureship, which promotes evidence-based public policy and creative thinking for the public good.
Miriam Zuk, Ph.D., is director and senior researcher at the Center for Community Innovation. She has 15 years of experience in the fields of environmental justice and equitable development. Dr. Zuk currently leads the Center's work on residential displacement. She also teaches research design and writing to graduate students in the Department of City and Regional Planning at UC Berkeley, the same department where she earned her Ph.D. in 2013. Dr. Zuk previously served as the Deputy Director of Air Quality Research for the Mexican Ministry of Environment. She received her M.S. in Technology and Policy from MIT and her B.A. in Environmental Sciences from Barnard College.