Research Program Area: Economic Analysis
Topic Areas: Benefits
This research project was undertaken to obtain a better understanding of the potential quantitative benefits of land use planning and development in conjunction with mulrimodal transportation facilities that provide convenient alternatives to personal vehicle travel. The results of this research are intended to provide information to local governments, air districts, planning organizations, designers, builders and other interested parties. The information may be used in developing land use-related programs that can increase the rate of walking, bicycling and transit use. Such strategies can reduce dependence on automobile travel while ensuring personal mobility and providing cleaner air.
The report suggests community-level performance goals that can reasonably be attained in urban, suburban and rural / exurban communities by implementing packages of transportation-related land use strategies in coordination with a multimodal transportation system. The performance goals arc listed in terms of average annual vehicle travel per household and related vehicular emissions. The report recommends eight packages of transportation-related land use strategies appropriate for urban, suburban and rural / exurban communities. It also provides detailed descriptions of specific strategy characteristics for each type of community, including suggested development densities and mixtures and configurations of land uses. In addition, implementation mechanisms for local governments arc listed and examples provided of existing programs.
The performance goals and recommended strategy packages arc based primarily on data gathered in a recent study of travel behavior, land use and transportation characteristics of twenty- eight sample communities in California. In addition, an extensive review of the literature, as well as travel survey data from communities in California, Oregon and Canada arc used. An extensive annotated bibliography and summary of references on the topic arc also included.
For questions regarding this research project, including available data and progress status, contact: Research Division staff at (916) 445-0753
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