Benzene - Retail Service Stations

This page last reviewed June 5, 2013


The Toxic Air Contaminant Identification and Control Act (AB 1807, Tanner 1983) created California's program to reduce exposure to air toxics.  Under AB 1807, the Air Resources Board (ARB) is required to identify what substances pose risk to Californians and to reduce exposures to their lowest possible level in consideration of cost and risk.  The ARB has taken action on benzene by both identifying the risk associated with benzene exposures and adopting a control measure to reduce these risks.  The ARB identified benzene, a known human carcinogen, as a toxic air contaminant in 1985.

Subsequently, in May 1988, the ARB adopted the Airborne Toxic Control Measure for Emissions of Benzene from Retail Service Stations (Benzene-Retail Service Stations ATCM).  The Benzene-Retail Service Stations ATCM reflects the use of best available control technology which requires the installation of ARB-certified Phase I and II vapor recovery control equipment at all retail service stations.  The Benzene Retail Service Stations ATCM would reduce, by 95 percent, benzene and total hydrocarbon emissions from uncontrolled stations affected by the measure.  More details on the staff’s evaluation and findings can be found in the Staff Report and Technical Support Document for the Proposed Airborne Toxic Control Measure for Emissions of Benzene from Retail Service Stations.

You may view or download a copy of each of these documents from the links below:

For more information, please contact Carolyn Suer.